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British East India Company
The East India
India
Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India
India
Company and informally as John Company,[1] was an English and later British joint-stock company,[2] that was formed to pursue trade with the "East Indies"[citation needed] (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China
Qing China
and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent. Originally chartered as the "Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies", the company rose to account for half of the world's trade[citation needed], particularly in basic commodities including cotton, silk, indigo dye, salt, saltpetre, tea, and opium
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Sanjiv Mehta (British Businessman)
Sanjiv Mehta (born October 1961) is an India-born British businessman. He is the owner of "The East India Company", which he launched in 2010, presenting it as a revival of the historic East India Company that was dissolved on 1 June 1874.[1][2]Contents1 Early life 2 Business career2.1 The East India Company3 Personal life 4 ReferencesEarly life[edit] Sanjiv Mehta was born in a Gujarati family in Mumbai, India. His grandfather Gafurchand Mehta lived in Belgium
Belgium
in the 1920s, and started a diamond trading business
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Portuguese India
The State of India
India
(Portuguese: Estado da Índia), also referred as the Portuguese State of India
India
(Estado Português da Índia, EPI) or simply Portuguese India
India
(Índia Portuguesa), was a state of the Portuguese Overseas Empire, founded six years after the discovery of a sea route between Portugal
Portugal
and the Indian Subcontinent
Indian Subcontinent
to serve as the governing body of a string of Portuguese fortresses and colonies overseas. The first viceroy, Francisco de Almeida, established his headquarters in Cochin
Cochin
(Cochim, Kochi). Subsequent Portuguese governors were not always of viceroy rank
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Machinery Of Government
The machinery of government (sometimes MoG) means the interconnected structures and processes of government, such as the functions and accountability of departments in the executive branch of government. The term is used particularly in the context of changes to established systems of public administration where different elements of machinery[1] are created. The phrase "machinery of government" is thought to have originated with John Stuart Mill in Considerations on Representative Government[2] (1861). It was notably used to a public audience by President FD Roosevelt in a radio broadcast[3] in 1934, commenting on the role of the National Recovery Administration (NRA) in delivering the New Deal
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British Crown
The Crown
The Crown
is the state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth realms and their sub-divisions (such as Crown dependencies, provinces, or states). The term is a metonym for both the state[1] and the reigning monarch.[2] A corporation sole, the Crown is the legal embodiment of executive, legislative, and judicial governance in the monarchy of each country. These monarchies are united by the personal union of their monarch, but they are independent states. The concept of the Crown developed first in England as a separation of the literal crown and property of the nation state from the person and personal property of the monarch. It spread through English and later British colonisation and is now rooted in the legal lexicon of the United Kingdom, its Crown dependencies, and the other 15 independent realms
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Bengal Presidency
The Bengal
Bengal
Presidency was once the largest subdivision (presidency) of British India, with its seat in Calcutta
Calcutta
(now Kolkata). It was primarily centred in the Bengal
Bengal
region. At its territorial peak in the 19th century, the presidency extended from the present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan
Pakistan
in the west to Burma, Singapore
Singapore
and Penang
Penang
in the east. The Governor of Bengal
Bengal
was concurrently the Viceroy of India
India
for many years. Most of the presidency's territories were eventually incorporated into other British Indian provinces and crown colonies
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Aristocracy
Aristocracy (Greek ἀριστοκρατία aristokratía, from ἄριστος aristos "excellent", and κράτος kratos "power") is a form of government that places power in the hands of a small, privileged ruling class.[1] The term derives from the Greek aristokratia, meaning "rule of the best".[2] The term is synonymous with hereditary government, and hereditary succession is its primary philosophy, after which the hereditary monarch appoints officers as they see fit. At the time of the word's origins in ancient Greece, the Greeks conceived it as rule by the best qualified citizens—and often contrasted it favourably with monarchy, rule by an individual
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Elizabeth I Of England
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603)[1] was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana
Gloriana
or Good Queen Bess, Elizabeth was the last monarch of the House of Tudor. Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII
Henry VIII
and Anne Boleyn, his second wife, who was executed two-and-a-half years after Elizabeth's birth. Anne's marriage to Henry VIII
Henry VIII
was annulled, and Elizabeth was declared illegitimate. Her half-brother, Edward VI, ruled until his death in 1553, bequeathing the crown to Lady Jane Grey
Lady Jane Grey
and ignoring the claims of his two half-sisters, Elizabeth and the Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Mary, in spite of statute law to the contrary. Edward's will was set aside and Mary became queen, deposing Lady Jane Grey
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Saltpetre
Niter, or nitre (chiefly British[4]), is the mineral form of potassium nitrate, KNO3, also known as saltpeter or saltpetre. Historically, the term niter was not well differentiated from natron, both of which have been very vaguely defined but generally refer to compounds of sodium or potassium joined with carbonate or nitrate ions. Related minerals are soda niter (sodium nitrate), ammonia niter or gwihabaite (ammonium nitrate), nitrostrontianite (strontium nitrate), nitrocalcite (calcium nitrate), nitrobarite (barium nitrate) and in fact all of the natural elements in the first three columns of the periodic table and numerous other cations form nitrates which are uncommonly found for the reasons given, but have been described
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Indigo Dye
Indigo
Indigo
dye is an organic compound with a distinctive blue color (see indigo). Historically, indigo was a natural dye extracted from the leaves of certain plants, and this process was important economically because blue dyes were once rare
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Indian Subcontinent
The Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
or the subcontinent is a southern region of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate
Indian Plate
and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
from the Himalayas
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Maritime Southeast Asia
Maritime Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
is the maritime region of Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
as opposed to mainland Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
and comprises what is now Malaysia, Brunei, the Philippines, Singapore, Indonesia, and Timor Leste.[1] Maritime Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
is sometimes also referred to as "island Southeast Asia" or "insular Southeast Asia"
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British Rule In Burma
Rangoon
Rangoon
(1853–1948)Languages English (official) BurmeseReligion Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, IslamPolitical structure ColonyMonarch •  1862–1901 Victoria •  1901–1910 Edward VII •  1910–1936 George V •  1936 Edward VIII •  1936–1947 George VIGovernor •  1923–1927 Sir Harcourt Butler (first) •  1946–1948 Sir
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Portuguese East India Company
The Portuguese East India Company (Portuguese: Companhia do commércio da Índia or Companhia da Índia Oriental) was a short-lived ill-fated attempt by Philip III of Portugal to create a national chartered company to look after interests in Portuguese India in the face on encroachment by the Dutch and English following the personal union of the Portuguese and Spanish Crowns.Contents1 Background 2 Proposal 3 The Company 4 The end 5 See also 6 References 7 Further readingBackground[edit] Portuguese trade with India had been a crown monopoly since the Portuguese captain Vasco da Gama opened the sea route to India in 1497-99. The monopoly had been managed by the Casa da Índia, the royal trading house founded around 1500. The Casa was responsible for the yearly India armadas
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Casa Da Índia
Casa da Índia
Casa da Índia
(Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈkazɐ dɐ ˈĩdiɐ], India
India
House) was the Portuguese organization that managed all overseas territories during the heyday of the Portuguese Empire
Portuguese Empire
in the 16th century. It was both the central authority for managing all aspects of overseas trade, the central shipment point and clearing house. As an economic institution, it worked like a feitoria (factory, trading post),[1] being the most important economic institution in Portugal
Portugal
of the time
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Partition Of India
The Partition of India
India
was the division of British India[a] in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India
India
and Pakistan.[1] The Dominion
Dominion
of India
India
is today the Republic of India, and the Dominion
Dominion
of Pakistan
Pakistan
is today the Islamic Republic
Islamic Republic
of Pakistan
Pakistan
and the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The partition involved the division of three provinces, Assam, Bengal
Bengal
and the Punjab, based on district-wide Hindu
Hindu
or Muslim
Muslim
majorities
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