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Brahma Jinalaya
JAIN TEMPLE, LAKKUNDI Brahma
Brahma
Jinalaya BASIC INFORMATION LOCATION Lakkundi
Lakkundi
, Karnataka
Karnataka
AFFILIATION Jainism
Jainism
DEITY Mahavira
Mahavira
FESTIVALS Mahavir Jayanti ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION CREATOR Kalyani Chalukyas DATE ESTABLISHED mid-11th centuryThe JAIN TEMPLE, LAKKUNDI or BRAHMA JINALAYA is located in the historically important temple town Lakkundi
Lakkundi
in the Gadag District of Karnataka
Karnataka
state, India. Known as Lokkigundi in medieval times, the town was of considerable importance during the 11-12th century A.D. Western Chalukya
Western Chalukya
rule
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Lakshmi
LAKSHMI (Sanskrit: लक्ष्मी, lakṣmī, ˈləkʂmiː) is the Hindu
Hindu
goddess of wealth, health, fortune and prosperity. She is the wife and shakti (energy) of Vishnu
Vishnu
, a major god in Hinduism
Hinduism
. Lakshmi
Lakshmi
is also an important deity in Jainism
Jainism
and found in Jain temples. Lakshmi
Lakshmi
has also been a goddess of abundance and fortune for Buddhists, and was represented on the oldest surviving stupas and cave temples of Buddhism
Buddhism
. In Buddhist
Buddhist
sects of Tibet, Nepal
Nepal
and southeast Asia, goddess Vasudhara mirrors the characteristics and attributes of the Hindu
Hindu
goddess Lakshmi
Lakshmi
with minor iconographic differences
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Citron
The CITRON is a large fragrant citrus fruit with a thick rind , botanically classified as CITRUS MEDICA by both the Swingle and Tanaka botanical name systems . It is one of the four original citrus fruits (the others being pomelo , mandarin and papeda ), from which all other citrus types developed through natural hybrid speciation or artificial hybridization . CONTENTS* 1 Etymology * 1.1 Other languages * 2 Uses * 2.1 Culinary * 2.2 Medicinal * 2.3 Religious * 2.3.1 In Judaism * 2.3.2 In Buddhism * 2.4 Perfumery * 3 Description and variation * 3.1 Fruit * 3.2 Plant * 3.3 Varieties and hybrids * 4 Origin and distribution * 5 Antiquity * 5.1 Theophrastus
Theophrastus
* 5.2 Pliny the Elder * 6 See also * 7 Gallery * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 External links ETYMOLOGYThe fruit's English name "citron" derives ultimately from Latin, citrus, which is also the origin of the genus name
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Tirthankar
In Jainism
Jainism
, a TIRTHANKARA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
tīrthaṅkara) is a saviour and spiritual teacher of the dharma (righteous path). The word tirthankara signifies the founder of a tirtha , which is a fordable passage across the sea of interminable births and deaths, the saṃsāra . According to Jains, a tirthankara is a rare individual who has conquered the saṃsāra, the cycle of death and rebirth, on his own and made a path for others to follow. After understanding the true nature of the Self or soul, the Tīrthaṅkara attains Kevala Jnana (omniscience), and the first Tirthankara
Tirthankara
refounds Jainism
Jainism
. Tirthankara
Tirthankara
provides a bridge for others to follow the new teacher from saṃsāra to moksha (liberation)
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OCLC
OCLC, currently incorporated as OCLC
OCLC
ONLINE COMPUTER LIBRARY CENTER, INCORPORATED, is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs". It was founded in 1967 as the OHIO COLLEGE LIBRARY CENTER. OCLC
OCLC
and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat , the largest online public access catalog (OPAC) in the world. OCLC
OCLC
is funded mainly by the fees that libraries have to pay for its services (around $200 million annually as of 2016 )
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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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Saraswati
SARASWATI ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: सरस्वती, Sarasvatī) is the Hindu goddess of knowledge, music, arts, wisdom, and learning worshipped throughout Nepal
Nepal
and India
India
. She is a part of the trinity ( Tridevi
Tridevi
) of Saraswati, Lakshmi
Lakshmi
and Parvati
Parvati
. All the three forms help the trinity of Brahma
Brahma
, Vishnu
Vishnu
and Shiva
Shiva
to create, maintain and regenerate-recycle the Universe respectively. The earliest known mention of Saraswati
Saraswati
as a goddess is in the Rigveda
Rigveda
. She has remained significant as a goddess from the Vedic period through modern times of Hindu
Hindu
traditions
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Brahma
BRAHMA (/ˈbrəhmɑː/ ; Brahmā) ( Sanskrit ब्रह्मा) is a creator god in Hinduism
Hinduism
. He has four faces. Brahma
Brahma
is also known as Svayambhu
Svayambhu
(self-born), Vāgīśa (Lord of Speech), and the creator of the four Vedas , one from each of his mouths. Brahma
Brahma
is sometimes identified with the Vedic god Prajapati
Prajapati
, as well as linked to Kama and Hiranyagarbha (the cosmic egg) . He is more prominently mentioned in the post-Vedic Hindu
Hindu
epics and the mythologies in the Puranas
Puranas
. In the epics, he is conflated with Purusha
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Kirtimukha
KIRTIMUKHA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
kīrtimukha, mistakenly also kīrttimukha, a bahuvrihi compound translating to "glorious face") is the name of a swallowing fierce monster face with huge fangs, and gaping mouth, very common in the iconography of Hindu temple architecture in India and Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
, and often also found in Buddhist architecture . In Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
it is often referred to as KALA and in China
China
it is known as the taotie (t'ao t'ieh etc), meaning (Monster of Greed). Unlike other Hindu legendary creatures, for example the makara sea-monster, the kirtimukha is essentially an ornamental motif in art , without much background in narrative Hindu stories
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Pilaster
The PILASTER is an architectural element in classical architecture used to give the appearance of a supporting column and to articulate an extent of wall, with only an ornamental function. It consists of a flat surface raised from the main wall surface, usually treated as though it were a column , with a capital at the top, plinth (base) at the bottom, and the various other elements. In contrast to a pilaster, an engaged column or buttress can support the structure of a wall and roof above. CONTENTS * 1 Definition * 2 See also * 3 Gallery * 4 Notes DEFINITIONIn discussing Leon Battista Alberti 's use of pilasters, which Alberti reintroduced into wall-architecture, Rudolf Wittkower wrote, "The pilaster is the logical transformation of the column for the decoration of a wall
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Pavilion
In architecture , a PAVILION (from French pavillon, from Latin papilio) has several meanings. In architectural terminology it refers to a subsidiary building that is either positioned separately or as an attachment to a main building. Often its function makes it an object of pleasure. In the traditional architecture of Asia, palaces or other large houses may have one or more subsidiary pavilions that are either freestanding or connected by covered walkways, as in the Forbidden City , Topkapi Palace in Istanbul
Istanbul
, and in the Red Fort
Red Fort
and other buildings of Mughal architecture
Mughal architecture
. In another more specific meaning applied to large palaces , it refers to symmetrically placed subsidiary building blocks that appear to be attached to each end of a main building block or to the outer ends of wings that extend from both sides of a central building block – the corps de logis
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Aedicula
In ancient Roman religion , an AEDICULA (plural AEDICULAE) is a small shrine . The word aedicula is the diminutive of the Latin
Latin
aedes , a temple building. Many aediculae were household shrines that held small altars or statues of the Lares and Penates . The Lares were Roman deities protecting the house and the family household gods. The Penates were originally patron gods (really genii ) of the storeroom, later becoming household gods guarding the entire house. Other aediculae were small shrines within larger temples , usually set on a base, surmounted by a pediment and surrounded by columns. In Roman architecture the aedicula has this representative function in the society. They are installed in public buildings like the Triumphal arch , City gate
City gate
, or Thermes . The Celsus
Celsus
Library in Ephesus
Ephesus
(2. c. AD) is a good example
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Library Of Congress Control Number
The LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CONTROL NUMBER (LCCN) is a serially based system of numbering cataloging records in the Library of Congress in the United States. It has nothing to do with the contents of any book, and should not be confused with Library of Congress Classification . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Format * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe LCCN numbering system has been in use since 1898, at which time the acronym LCCN originally stood for Library of Congress Card Number. It has also been called the Library of Congress Catalog Card Number, among other names. The Library of Congress prepared cards of bibliographic information for their library catalog and would sell duplicate sets of the cards to other libraries for use in their catalogs. This is known as centralized cataloging. Each set of cards was given a serial number to help identify it
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Ahinsa Sthal
AHINSA STHAL is a Jain temple
Jain temple
located in Mehrauli
Mehrauli
, Delhi
Delhi
. The main deity of the temple is Mahavira
Mahavira
, the 24th and last Tirthankara
Tirthankara
(human spiritual guide) of present half cycle of time . A magnificent statue of Tirthankara
Tirthankara
Mahāvīra is installed here. CONTENTS * 1 Statue * 2 Gallery * 3 See also * 4 References STATUEThe statue of Mahavira
Mahavira
was carved out of a granite rock in Karkala . The height of the statue is 13 feet 6 inches. Its weight is around 30 tonnes. The height of the lotus pedestal is 2 feet 8 inches and it weighs around 17 tonnes
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Jainism In Gujarat