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Boulder, Colorado
BOULDER (/ˈboʊldər/ ) is the home rule municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Boulder County , and the 11th most populous municipality in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Colorado
Colorado
. Boulder is located at the base of the foothills of the Rocky Mountains at an elevation of 5,430 feet (1,655 m) above sea level. The city is 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Denver
Denver
. The population of the City
City
of Boulder was 97,385 people at the 2010 United States
United States
Census , while the population of the Boulder, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area was 294,567
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UTC-6
UTC−06:00 is a time offset that subtracts six hours from Coordinated Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time
(UTC). In North America, it is observed in the Central Time Zone
Central Time Zone
during standard time , and in the Mountain Time Zone during the other eight months (see Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
). Several Latin American countries and a few other places use it year round
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ZIP Code
ZIP CODES are a system of postal codes used by the United States Postal Service since 1963. The term ZIP, an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan, was chosen to suggest that the mail travels more efficiently, and therefore more quickly (zipping along), when senders use the code in the postal address . The basic format consists of five digits . An extended 'ZIP+4' code, introduced in 1983, includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, a hyphen , and four additional digits that determine a more specific location within a given ZIP Code. The term ZIP Code
ZIP Code
was originally registered as a servicemark by the U.S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired. USPS style for ZIP is all caps and the "C" in "Code" is also capitalized, although style sheets for some publications use sentence case or lowercase
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Telephone Numbering Plan
A TELEPHONE NUMBERING PLAN is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunication to assign telephone numbers to subscriber telephones or other telephony endpoints. Telephone numbers are the addresses of participants in a telephone network, reachable by a system of destination code routing. Telephone numbering plans are defined in each of administrative regions of the public switched telephone network (PSTN) and they are also present in private telephone networks. Numbering plans may follow a variety of design strategies which have often arisen from the historical evolution of individual telephone networks and local requirements. A broad division is commonly recognized, distinguishing open numbering plans and closed numbering plans. A closed numbering plan imposes a fixed number of digits assigned to every telephone, while an open numbering plan features a variable length of telephone numbers assigned to stations
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Mountain Daylight Time
The MOUNTAIN TIME ZONE of North America
North America
keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time
(UTC) when standard time is in effect, and by subtracting six hours during daylight saving time ( UTC−6 ). The clock time in this zone is based on the mean solar time at the 105th meridian west of the Greenwich Observatory . In the United States, the exact specification for the location of time zones and the dividing lines between zones is set forth in the Code of Federal Regulations at 49 CFR 71. In the United States
United States
and Canada
Canada
, this time zone is generically called MOUNTAIN TIME (MT). Specifically, it is MOUNTAIN STANDARD TIME (MST) when observing standard time , and MOUNTAIN DAYLIGHT TIME (MDT) when observing daylight saving time
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Daylight Saving Time
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME (abbreviated DST), also sometimes erroneously referred to as DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Typically, regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. American inventor and politician Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
proposed a form of daylight time in 1784. He wrote an essay "An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light" to the editor of The Journal of Paris , suggesting, somewhat jokingly, that Parisians could economize candle usage by getting people out of bed earlier in the morning, making use of the natural morning light instead. New Zealander George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895
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Mountain Standard Time
The MOUNTAIN TIME ZONE of North America
North America
keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time
(UTC) when standard time is in effect, and by subtracting six hours during daylight saving time ( UTC−6
UTC−6
). The clock time in this zone is based on the mean solar time at the 105th meridian west of the Greenwich Observatory . In the United States, the exact specification for the location of time zones and the dividing lines between zones is set forth in the Code of Federal Regulations at 49 CFR 71. In the United States
United States
and Canada
Canada
, this time zone is generically called MOUNTAIN TIME (MT). Specifically, it is MOUNTAIN STANDARD TIME (MST) when observing standard time , and MOUNTAIN DAYLIGHT TIME (MDT) when observing daylight saving time
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UTC-7
UTC−07:00 is a time offset that subtracts 7 hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). In North America, it is observed in the Mountain Time Zone during standard time , and in the Pacific Time Zone during the other 8 months (see Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
). A few places use it year-round
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1870 United States Census
The UNITED STATES CENSUS OF 1870 was the ninth United States Census
United States Census
. Conducted by the Census Bureau
Census Bureau
in June 1870, the 1870 Census
Census
was the first census to provide detailed information on the black population, only years after the culmination of the Civil War when slaves were granted freedom. The population was said to be 38,555,983 individuals, a 22.62% increase since 1860. The 1870 Census' population estimate is controversial, as many believed it underestimated the true population numbers, especially in New York and Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania

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Federal Information Processing Standards
FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARDS (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States federal government for use in computer systems by non-military government agencies and government contractors. FIPS standards are issued to establish requirements for various purposes such as ensuring computer security and interoperability, and are intended for cases in which suitable industry standards do not already exist. Many FIPS specifications are modified versions of standards used in the technical communities, such as the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). CONTENTS * 1 Specific areas of FIPS standardization * 2 Data security standards * 3 Withdrawal of geographic codes * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links SPECIFIC AREAS OF FIPS STANDARDIZATIONThe U.S
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Western American History
Currently the United States
United States
, historically in order of their assimilation: * Indigenous Lands * Thirteen Colonies
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Rocky Mountains
The ROCKY MOUNTAINS, commonly known as the ROCKIES, are a major mountain range in western North America
North America
. The Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
stretch more than 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from the northernmost part of British Columbia , in western Canada
Canada
, to New Mexico
New Mexico
, in the Southwestern United States
United States
. Within the North American Cordillera
North American Cordillera
, the Rockies are somewhat distinct from the Pacific Coast Ranges and the Cascade Range and Sierra Nevada which all lie further to the west. The Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
were initially formed from 80 million to 55 million years ago during the Laramide orogeny , in which a number of plates began to slide underneath the North American plate
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Hippie
A HIPPIE (or HIPPY) is a member of a counterculture , originally a youth movement that started in the United States
United States
and the United Kingdom during the mid-1960s and spread to other countries around the world. The word hippie came from hipster and was initially used to describe beatniks who had moved into New York City's Greenwich Village and San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury
Haight-Ashbury
district. The term hippie was first popularized in San Francisco by Herb Caen
Herb Caen
, who was a journalist for the San Francisco Chronicle
San Francisco Chronicle
. The origins of the terms hip and hep are uncertain. By the 1940s, both had become part of African American jive slang and meant "sophisticated; currently fashionable; fully up-to-date". The Beats adopted the term hip, and early hippies inherited the language and countercultural values of the Beat Generation
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Western Saloon
A WESTERN SALOON is a kind of bar particular to the Old West . Saloons served customers such as fur trappers , cowboys , soldiers , lumberjacks , businessmen, lawmen , miners and gamblers . A saloon might also be known as a "watering trough, bughouse, shebang, cantina, grogshop, and gin mill". The first saloon was established at Brown's Hole, Wyoming
Wyoming
, in 1822, to serve fur trappers. By the late 1850s the term saloon had begun to appear in directories and common usage as a term for an establishment that specialized in beer and liquor sales by the drink, with food and lodging as secondary concerns in some places. By 1880, the growth of saloons was in full swing. In Leavenworth, Kansas
Leavenworth, Kansas
, there were "about 150 saloons and four wholesale liquor houses". Some saloons in the old west were little more than gambling houses , brothels and opium dens
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Geographic Names Information System
The GEOGRAPHIC NAMES INFORMATION SYSTEM (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States
United States
of America and its territories. It is a type of gazetteer . GNIS was developed by the United States
United States
Geological Survey in cooperation with the United States
United States
Board on Geographic Names (BGN) to promote the standardization of feature names. The database is part of a system that includes topographic map names and bibliographic references. The names of books and historic maps that confirm the feature or place name are cited. Variant names, alternatives to official federal names for a feature, are also recorded. Each feature receives a permanent, unique feature record identifier, sometimes called the GNIS identifier
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Prohibition
PROHIBITION is the illegality of the manufacturing , storage in barrels or bottles , transportation , sale, possession, and consumption of alcohol including alcoholic beverages , or a period of time during which such illegality was enforced
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