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Boso Of Provence
BOSO (c. 841 – January 11, 887) was a Frankish nobleman of the Bosonid family who was related to the Carolingian dynasty and who rose to become King of Lower Burgundy and Provence
Provence
. CONTENTS * 1 Family * 2 Service of Charles the Bald * 3 Out of favour * 4 Independent rule * 5 Marriages and issue * 6 Notes FAMILYBoso was the son of Bivin of Gorze , Count
Count
of Lotharingia
Lotharingia
, by Richildis of Arles, the daughter of Boso the Elder by his wife Engeltrude. His maternal aunt Teutberga was the wife of Lothair II
Lothair II
, King of Lotharingia. Boso was also the nephew of the Boso, Count
Count
of Valois, for whom he was named, and of Hucbert , lay abbot of St. Maurice\'s Abbey , to which Boso succeeded in 869. He would later marry Ermengard of Italy , the daughter of Louis II of Italy and granddaughter of the Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor
Lothair I , whom he married at age 35. SERVICE OF CHARLES THE BALDIn 870, Charles the Bald , King of West Francia , married Boso's sister Richilde . This marriage paved the way for Boso's career in the service of his royal brother-in-law
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Charlieu Abbey
CHARLIEU ABBEY or ST. FORTUNATUS\' ABBEY, CHARLIEU (French : Abbaye de Charlieu) was a Benedictine abbey located at Charlieu , Loire , Burgundy , France
France
. It was later a Cluniac priory. HISTORYThe monastery, dedicated to Saint Fortunatus , was founded in 872, in this region of southern Burgundy known as the Forez . Its patrons were Ratbertus, bishop of Valence , and his brother Edward, in a place they called Carus Locus ("dear place"), and dedicated to Saint Stephen and Saint Fortunatus, patron of Valence, with his co-martyrs Felix and Achilles. The abbey was placed under the direct control of the Holy See . The tradition that the abbey church and other structures at the site were erected by Gausmar, the first abbot, and his monks with their own hands is belied by the fine and professional character of the masonry uncovered when remains of the foundations of the Carolingian abbey were uncovered at the site in 1927. Its roof was wooden, for no foundations for interior supporting piers were found. Pencil towers no more than two meters in diameter encircled the corners of its façade and its apsidal east end, which had a semi-subterranean ambulatory ; semi-circular buttresses strengthened the walls at intervals. Late Romanesque tympanum : Christ in a mandorla , surrounded by the symbols of the Four Evangelists
Four Evangelists
, twelfth century
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Protomartyr
A PROTOMARTYR ( Koine Greek , πρότος prótos "first" + μάρτυρας mártyras "martyr ") is the first Christian
Christian
martyr in a country or among a particular group, such as a religious order . Similarly, the phrase THE PROTOMARTYR (with no other qualification of country or region) can mean Saint Stephen
Saint Stephen
, the first martyr of the Christian
Christian
church or Saint Thecla
Thecla
, the first female martyr of the Christian
Christian
church. CONTENTS * 1 Africa * 2 Asia * 3 Europe * 4 North America * 5 South America * 6 Oceania * 7 Notes AFRICA * The Franciscan protomartyrs – Morocco * James Hannington Uganda
Uganda
ASIA * Francis Ferdinand de Capillas China
China
* Rajden the First- Martyr Persia
Persia
* Saint Stephen
Saint Stephen
- Israel
Israel
* St. Peter Baptist (San Pedro Bautista) - Japan
Japan
* St. Lorenzo Ruiz Philippines
Philippines
– executed in Japan
Japan
during the Tokugawa Shogunate * St
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Franks
The FRANKS ( Latin : _Franci_ or _gens Francorum_) were a collection of Germanic peoples that originated in the lands between the Lower and Middle Rhine in the 3rd century AD and eventually formed a large empire dominating much of western and central Europe during the Middle Ages. The Frankish Empire ultimately led to the birth of modern France and Germany and thus the Franks are seen as the forebears of the French and German peoples (in addition to Austrians, the Dutch, Luxembourgers and some other European nations). During ancient times some Franks raided Roman territory, while other Frankish tribes joined the Roman troops of Gaul. The Salian Franks lived on Roman-held soil between the Rhine , Scheldt , Meuse , and Somme rivers in what is now Northern France , Belgium and the central and southern part of the Netherlands . The kingdom was acknowledged by the Romans after 357 AD. Following the collapse of Rome in the West, the Frankish tribes were united under the Merovingians , who succeeded in conquering most of Gaul in the 6th century, which greatly increased their power. The Merovingian dynasty, descendants of the Salians, founded one of the French monarchies that would absorb large parts of the Western Roman Empire
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Bosonids
The BOSONIDS were a dynasty of Carolingian era
Carolingian era
dukes, counts, bishops and knights descended from Boso the Elder . Eventually they married into the Carolingian dynasty and produced kings and an emperor of the Frankish Empire . The first great scion of the dynasty was Boso V , Count of Arles and of other Burgundian counties in the mid-9th century. Boso rose in favour as a courtier of Charles the Bald
Charles the Bald
. He was even appointed viceroy in Italy in 875. After the death of Charles' son Louis II , Boso refused to recognise both Louis' sons, Carloman and Louis III as kings of France and proclaimed himself King of Provence
King of Provence
in 879 at Vienne , with the support of the nobility. Boso strove throughout the rest of his life to maintain his title in the face of the Emperor Charles III . He died in 887 and was succeeded by his son Louis under the regency of his wife Ermengard , a daughter of the Emperor Louis II . Louis was adopted by Charles III and legitimised in his royal title. With this legal basis, he sought to take the place of his Carolingian relatives on the imperial and Italian thrones in 900. He was crowned in Pavia and then in Rome
Rome
, but could not actually hold on to power there
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Carolingians
Non-agnatic lines: * Robertian dynasty * House of Capet * Bosonid dynasty CAROLINGIAN DYNASTY PIPPINIDS * Pippin the Elder (c. 580–640) * Grimoald (616–656) * Childebert the Adopted (d. 662) ARNULFINGS * Arnulf of Metz (582–640) * Ansegisel (d. 662 or 679) * Chlodulf of Metz (d. 696 or 697) * Pepin of Herstal (635-714) * Grimoald II (d. 714) * Drogo of Champagne (670–708) * Theudoald (d. 741) CAROLINGIANS * Charles Martel (686–741) * Carloman (d. 754) * Pepin the Short (714–768) * Carloman I (751–771) * Charlemagne (742–814) * Pepin the Hunchback (768–811) * Charles the Younger (772–811) * Pepin of Italy (773–810) * Louis the Pious (778–840) * Pepin I of Aquitaine (797–838) AFTER THE TREATY OF VERDUN (843) * Lothair I, Holy Roman Emperor (795–855; Middle Francia ) * Charles the Bald (823–877) (West Francia ) * Louis the German (804–876) (East Francia ) * v * t * e The CAROLINGIAN DYNASTY (known variously as the CARLOVINGIANS, CAROLINGUS, CAROLINGS or KARLINGS) was a Frankish noble family with origins in the Arnulfing and Pippinid clans of the 7th century AD
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King Of Burgundy
The following is a list of the kings of the two Kingdoms of Burgundy , and a number of related political entities devolving from Carolingian machinations over family relations. CONTENTS * 1 Kings of the Burgundians
Burgundians
* 2 Burgundy under Frankish kings * 2.1 Merovingian kings * 2.2 Carolingian kings * 2.3 Kingdom of Upper Burgundy * 3 Kingdom of Burgundy (Arelat) as part of the Holy Roman Empire * 3.1 Salian (Frankish) dynasty * 3.2 Supplinburger * 3.3 Staufen (or Hohenstaufen dynasty) * 3.4 Rectorate of Burgundy * 4 See also * 5 References KINGS OF THE BURGUNDIANSThe Burgundians
Burgundians
had left Bornholm
Bornholm
c. 300 and settled near the Vistula . Jordanes relates that in this area they were thoroughly defeated by the Gepids in the 4th century and then moved to the Rhineland
Rhineland
. * Gebicca (late 4th century – c. 407) * Gundomar I (c. 407 – 411), son of Gebicca * Giselher (c. 407 – 411), son of Gebicca * Gunther (c. 407 – 436), son of Gebicca Flavius Aëtius moves the Burgundians
Burgundians
into Sapaudia (Upper Rhône Basin ). * Gunderic/Gundioc (436–473) opposed by * Chilperic I , brother of Gundioc (443–c
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King Of Provence
The land of Provence
Provence
has a history quite separate from that of any of the larger nations of Europe. Its independent existence has its origins in the frontier nature of the dukedom in Merovingian Gaul
Gaul
. In this position, influenced and affected by several different cultures on different sides, the Provençals maintained a unity which was reinforced when it was created a separate kingdom in the Carolingian decline of the later ninth century. Provence
Provence
was eventually joined to the other Burgundian kingdom , but it remained ruled by its own powerful, and largely independent, counts. In the eleventh century, Provence
Provence
became disputed between the traditional line and the counts of Toulouse , who claimed the title of "Margrave of Provence." In the High Middle Ages , the title of COUNT OF PROVENCE belonged to local families of Frankish origin, to the House of Barcelona , to the House of Anjou
Anjou
and to a cadet branch of the House of Valois . After 1032, the county was part of the Holy Roman Empire . It was inherited by King Louis XI of France
Louis XI of France
in 1481, and definitively incorporated into the French royal domain by his son Charles VIII in 1484
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Bivin Of Gorze
BIVIN OF GORZE (810/830–863) was a Frank from the Bosonid family. He was married to a daughter of Boso the Elder , who may have been called Richildis. During his life he functioned as lay abbot of the Gorze Abbey
Gorze Abbey
. His offspring includes: * Richildis , who married King Charles the Bald
Charles the Bald
; * Richard the Justiciar , Duke of Burgundy; * Boso , King of Provence; * possibly Bivin, Count of Metz.NOTES * ^ A B Pierre Riche, The Carolingians: The Family who Forged Europe, transl. Michael Idomir Allen, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983), 198.SOURCES * Pierre Riché, The Carolingians, a family who forged Europe. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bivin_of_Gorze additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Count
COUNT (male) or COUNTESS (female) is a title in European countries for a noble of varying status, but historically deemed to convey an approximate rank intermediate between the highest and lowest titles of nobility. The word _count_ came into English from the French _comte_, itself from Latin _comes _—in its accusative _comitem_—meaning “companion”, and later “companion of the emperor, delegate of the emperor”. The adjective form of the word is "comital". The British and Irish equivalent is an earl (whose wife is a "countess", for lack of an English term). Alternative names for the "count" rank in the nobility structure are used in other countries, such as _ Graf _ in Germany and _ Hakushaku _ during the Japanese Imperial era
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Lotharingia
LOTHARINGIA (Latin: _Lotharii regnum_) was a medieval successor kingdom of the Carolingian Empire , comprising the present-day Netherlands
Netherlands
, Belgium
Belgium
, Luxembourg
Luxembourg
, North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany), Rhineland-Palatinate (Germany), Saarland
Saarland
(Germany), and Lorraine (France). It was named after King Lothair II who received this territory after the kingdom of Middle Francia of his father Lothair I was divided among his sons in 855. Lotharingia
Lotharingia
was born out of the tripartite division in 855 of the kingdom of Middle Francia , which itself was formed after the threefold division of the Carolingian Empire by the Treaty of Verdun of 843. Conflict between East and West Francia
Francia
over Lotharingia
Lotharingia
was based on the fact that these were the old Frankish homelands of Austrasia , so possession of them was of great prestige
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Boso The Elder
BOSO (or BOSON) "THE ELDER" (c. 800 – 855) was a Frankish Count of Turin and Count of Valois of the Bosonid dynasty. FAMILY AND ISSUEHe was married to Engeltrude. They had the following issue: * Boso, Count of Valois (d. 874) * Teutberga (d. before November 25, 875), married Lothair II
Lothair II
* Richildis (d. 883), married Bivin of Gorze * Hucbert , Count of Valois, lay abbot of St
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Teutberga
TEUTBERGA (died 11 November 875) was a daughter of Bosonid Boso the Elder and sister of Hucbert , the lay-abbot of St. Maurice\'s Abbey . For political reasons, to forge ties of kinship with the Carolingian dynasty , the imperial family of Francia , in 855 she was married to the Carolingian Lothair II , the second son of Emperor Lothair I . It is very probably that Lothar II, at the time of marriage, already had a mistress named Waldrada, who, according to historian Baron Ernouf, was of noble Gallo-Roman family, whose brother, Thietgaud , was the bishop of Trier and her uncle, Ghunter , was archbishop of Cologne , while, according to the Annales Novienses, she was the sister of Ghunter. According to the Vita Sancti Deicoli, Waldrada was related to Eberhard II, Count of Nordgau (included Strasbourg
Strasbourg
) family of Etichonids . Soon after their marriage, Lothair's father died and Lothair II inherited Middle Francian territory west of the Rhine
Rhine
stretching from the North Sea to the Jura mountains
Jura mountains
. Teutberga was not capable of bearing children and Lothair's reign was chiefly occupied by his efforts to obtain an annulment of their marriage, prompted also by his affection for Waldrada
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Lothair II
LOTHAIR II (835 – August 8, 869) was the king of Lotharingia
Lotharingia
from 855 until his death. He was the second son of Emperor Lothair I and Ermengarde of Tours . He was married to Teutberga (died 875), daughter of Boso the Elder . CONTENTS * 1 Reign * 2 Succession * 3 Descendants * 4 Ancestry * 5 References * 6 Bibliography REIGN Lothar II For political reasons, his father made him marry Teutberga in 855. Upon his father's death in 855, he received the Middle Francia territory west of the Rhine
Rhine
stretching from the North Sea
North Sea
to the Jura mountains . It became known as Regnum Lotharii and early in the 10th century as Lotharingia
Lotharingia
or Lorraine (a designation subsequently applied only to the duchy of Lorraine ). His elder brother Louis II received northern Italy
Italy
and the title of Emperor , and his younger brother Charles received the western parts of his father's domains, Burgundy and the Provence
Provence
. On the death of his brother Charles in 863, Lothair added some lands south of the Jura to this realm, but except for a few feeble expeditions against the Norman pirates he seems to have done little for its government or its defense
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Hucbert
HUCBERT (820 - 864) was a Frank and son of Boso the Elder . Therefore, he was a Bosonid . His sister was Teutberga , who married Lothair II , a prince of the Carolingian dynasty , the imperial family of Francia . Hucbert was lay-abbot of the Abbey of Saint Maurice-in-Valais . Lothair's reign was chiefly occupied by his efforts to obtain a divorce from his wife Theutberga, and his relations with his uncles Charles the Bald
Charles the Bald
and Louis the German were influenced by his desire to obtain their support for this endeavor. Lothair, whose desire for the divorce was prompted by his affection for a woman named Waldrada, put away Theutberga, but Hucbert took up arms on her behalf. Hucbert is the father of Theobald of Arles (c. 854 - c. 895). This European biographical article is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= Hucbert additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Lay Abbot
LAY ABBOT (_abbatocomes_, _abbas laicus_, _abbas miles_) is a name used to designate a layman on whom a king or someone in authority bestowed an abbey as a reward for services rendered; he had charge of the estate belonging to it, and was entitled to part of the income. The custom existed principally in the Frankish Empire
Frankish Empire
from the eighth century until the ecclesiastical reforms of the eleventh. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 History * 3 See also * 4 Notes BACKGROUNDNumerous synods held in France in the sixth and seventh centuries passed decrees against this abuse of church property. The Merovingians had bestowed church lands on laymen, or at least allowed them their possession and use, though not ownership. The Merovingian kings were also in the habit of appointing abbots to monasteries which they had founded; moreover, many monasteries, though not founded by the king, placed themselves under royal patronage in order to share his protection, and so became possessions of the Crown. HISTORYThis custom of the Merovingian rulers was taken as a precedent by the French kings for rewarding laymen with abbeys, or giving them to bishops _in commendam _. Charles Martel
Charles Martel
was the first to bestow outright extensive existing ecclesiastical property upon laymen, political friends and soldiers. St
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