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Bombardier (aircrew)
A bombardier or bomb aimer is the crew member of a bomber aircraft responsible for the targeting of aerial bombs. "Bomb aimer" was the preferred term in the military forces of the Commonwealth, while "bombardier" (from the French word for "bomb thrower" and similar in meaning to "grenadier") was the equivalent position in the United States Armed Forces. In many planes, the bombardier took control of the airplane during the bombing run, using a bombsight such as the Norden bombsight
Norden bombsight
which was connected to the autopilot of the plane
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Non-commissioned Officer
A non-commissioned officer or noncommissioned officer (NCO, colloquially non-com or noncom) is a military officer who has not earned a commission.[1][2][3] Such is also called sub-officer in some countries. Non-commissioned officers, in the English-speaking world, usually obtain their position of authority by promotion through the enlisted ranks.[4] In contrast, commissioned officers hold higher ranks than NCOs, have more legal responsibilities, are paid more, and often have more non-military training such as a university diploma. Commissioned officers
Commissioned officers
usually earn their commissions without having risen through the enlisted ranks
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V Bomber
The term V bomber
V bomber
was used for the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
(RAF) aircraft during the 1950s and 1960s that composed the United Kingdom's strategic nuclear strike force known officially as the V-force or Bomber Command Main Force. The strategic bombers, whose names all started with the letter "V" and which were known collectively as the V-class, included the Vickers Valiant
Vickers Valiant
(first flew 1951, entered service 1955), Avro Vulcan
Avro Vulcan
(first flew 1952, in service 1956) and Handley Page Victor
Handley Page Victor
(first flew 1952, in service 1958). The V-Bomber force reached its peak in June 1964, with 50 Valiants, 70 Vulcans and 39 Victors in service. When it became clear that Soviet surface-to-air missiles like the S-75 Dvina could successfully bring down high flying aircraft, the V bomber force changed to low-level attack methods
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Warrant Officer (United Kingdom)
A warrant officer (WO) in the British Armed Forces
British Armed Forces
is a member of the highest group of non-commissioned ranks, holding the Queen's (or King's) warrant, which is signed by the Secretary of State for Defence. Warrant officers are not saluted as they do not hold the Queen's Commission, however they are to be addressed as 'Sir/Ma'am' by subordinates. Commissioned officers may address warrant officers either by their appointment (e.g. QMSI, RSM or sergeant major) or as "Mister", "Mrs", or "Ms" and then their last name, e.g
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World War II
Pacific WarChina Pacific Ocean South-East Asia South West Pacific Japan Manchuria & Northern Korea Mediterranean and Middle EastNorth Africa East Africa Mediterranean Sea Adriatic Malta Yugoslavia Iraq Syria–Lebanon Iran Italy Dodecanese Southern France Other campaignsAtlantic Arctic Strategic bombing Americas French West Africa Indian Ocean Madagascar Contemporaneous warsSoviet–Japanese border conflicts Franco-Thai War Ecuadorian–Peruvian War Ili Rebellion Afghan tribal revolts World War II Alphabetical indices A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0–9Navigation CampaignsCountriesEquipment TimelineOutlineLists PortalCategoryBibliography vte World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis
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US Army Air Forces
In physics, a force is any interaction that, when unopposed, will change the motion of an object.[1] A force can cause an object with mass to change its velocity (which includes to begin moving from a state of rest), i.e., to accelerate. Force
Force
can also be described intuitively as a push or a pull. A force has both magnitude and direction, making it a vector quantity. It is measured in the SI unit of newtons and represented by the symbol F. The original form of Newton's second law
Newton's second law
states that the net force acting upon an object is equal to the rate at which its momentum changes with time
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Bombardier Badge
The Bombardier Badge
Bombardier Badge
was a military badge of the United States military which was issued between the years of 1918 and 1949. The decoration was intended to recognize the military training and qualification required by those service members who were bombardiers on board military aircraft. Originally known as the Bombing Aviator Badge, the Bombardier Badge was first issued by the United States Army Air Service
United States Army Air Service
during the First World War. The badge consisted of a standard observer badge, centered upon which was a downward facing bomb. The badge remained unchanged until the late 1930s, at which time it was redesignated the Bombardier Badge
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US Air Force
The United States
United States
Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States
United States
Armed Forces. It is one of the five branches of the United States
United States
Armed Forces, and one of the seven American uniformed services. Initially formed as a part of the United States Army on 1 August 1907, the USAF was established as a separate branch of the U.S. Armed Forces on 18 September 1947 with the passing of the National Security Act of 1947. It is the youngest branch of the U.S. Armed Forces, and the fourth in order of precedence. The USAF is the largest[13] and most technologically advanced[14] air force in the world. The Air Force articulates its core missions as air and space superiority, global integrated intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance, rapid global mobility, global strike, and command and control. The U.S
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Aircrew Brevet
An aircrew brevet (officially known as an aircrew badge) is the badge worn on the left breast, above any medal ribbons, by qualified aircrew in the Royal Air Force, British Army, Indian Air Force, Pakistan Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, Australian Army, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal New Zealand Air Force, South African Air Force
South African Air Force
and Sri Lanka Air Force.Contents1 United Kingdom1.1 Royal Air Force1.1.1 Previous brevets1.2 Royal Navy 1.3 British Army2 Australia 3 New Zealand 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksUnited Kingdom[edit] Royal Air Force[edit] Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
pilot brevetIn the RAF, the aircrew brevet, commonly referred to as wings, is awarded upon the completion of a significant stage of flying training. Aircrew
Aircrew
first undertake Elementary Flying Training, and are then streamed to either fast jet, helicopter or multi-engine pipelines
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Dr. Strangelove
Dr. Strangelove
Dr. Strangelove
or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb, more commonly known as Dr. Strangelove, is a 1964 political satire black comedy film that satirizes the Cold War
Cold War
fears of a nuclear conflict between the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and the United States. The film was directed, produced, and co-written by Stanley Kubrick, stars Peter Sellers and George C. Scott, and features Sterling Hayden, Keenan Wynn, and Slim Pickens. Production took place in the United Kingdom. The film is loosely based on Peter George's thriller novel Red Alert (1958). The story concerns an unhinged United States
United States
Air Force general who orders a first strike nuclear attack on the Soviet Union
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South African Air Force
The South African Air Force
South African Air Force
(SAAF, Suid-Afrikaanse Lugmag (SALM) in Afrikaans) is the air force of South Africa, with headquarters in Pretoria. The South African Air Force
South African Air Force
was established on 1 February 1920. The Air Force has seen service in World War II and the Korean War. From 1966 the SAAF was involved in providing infantry support in a low intensity war ("The Border War") in Angola, South-West Africa (Namibia) and Rhodesia. As the war progressed, the intensity of air operations increased until in the late 1980s, the SAAF were compelled to fly fighter missions against Angolan aircraft in order to maintain tactical air superiority. On conclusion of the Border War in 1990, aircraft numbers were severely reduced due to economic pressures as well as the cessation of hostilities with neighbouring states
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Yossarian
Capt. John Yossarian is a fictional character, the protagonist of Joseph Heller's satirical novel Catch-22
Catch-22
and its sequel Closing Time. In Catch-22, Yossarian is a 28-year-old captain in the 256th squadron of the Army Air Forces where he serves as a B-25 bombardier stationed on the small island of Pianosa
Pianosa
off the Italian mainland during World War II
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Catch-22
Catch-22
Catch-22
is a satirical novel by American author Joseph Heller. He began writing it in 1953; the novel was first published in 1961. Often cited as one of the most significant novels of the twentieth century,[2] it uses a distinctive non-chronological third-person omniscient narration, describing events from the points of view of different characters. The separate storylines are out of sequence so the timeline develops along with the plot. The novel is set during World War II, from 1942 to 1944. It mainly follows the life of Captain John Yossarian, a U.S. Army Air Forces B-25
B-25
bombardier. Most of the events in the book occur while the fictional 256th Squadron is based on the island of Pianosa, in the Mediterranean Sea, west of Italy
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Catch-22 (film)
Catch-22
Catch-22
is a 1970 American black comedy war film adapted from the novel of the same name by Joseph Heller
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B-25
The North American B-25 Mitchell
North American B-25 Mitchell
is an American twin-engine, medium bomber manufactured by North American Aviation
North American Aviation
(NAA). The design was named in honor of Major General William "Billy" Mitchell, a pioneer of U.S. military aviation
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Angus Lennie
Angus Wilson Lennie (18 April 1930 – 14 September 2014) was a Scottish film and theatre character actor with a 50-year career span. His numerous credits include the character of Flying Officer
Flying Officer
Archibald Ives in The Great Escape, and Shughie McFee in the television soap opera Crossroads.[1]Contents1 Early life 2 Television 3 Film 4 Stage 5 Death 6 Filmography 7 References 8 External linksEarly life[edit] Lennie was born and raised in Glasgow
Glasgow
receiving formal education there at Eastbank Academy
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