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Bird Of Prey
BIRD OF PREY or PREDATORY BIRD, also known as RAPTORS, refers to several species of birds that hunt and feed on rodents and other small animals. The term raptor is derived from the Latin word rapere, meaning to seize or take by force. These birds are characterized by keen vision that allows them to detect their prey during flight and powerful talons and beaks . Taken literally, the term bird of prey has a wide meaning that includes many birds that hunt and feed on animals and also birds that eat very small insects. In ornithology , the definition for "bird of prey" has a narrower meaning: birds that have very good eyesight for finding food, strong feet for holding food, and a strong curved beak for tearing flesh. Most birds of prey also have strong curved talons for catching or killing prey
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Carrion
CARRION (from Latin
Latin
caro, meaning "meat") is the decaying dead flesh of an animal. OVERVIEW Carrion
Carrion
is an important food source for large carnivores and omnivores in most ecosystems. Examples of carrion-eaters (or scavengers ) include vultures , hawks , eagles , hyenas , Virginia opossum , Tasmanian devils , coyotes , and Komodo dragons . Many invertebrates such as the carrion and burying beetles , as well as maggots of calliphorid flies and flesh-flies also eat carrion, playing an important role in recycling nitrogen and carbon in animal remains. Play media Zoarcid fish feeding on the carrion of a mobulid ray . Carrion
Carrion
begins to decay the moment of the animal's death, and it will increasingly attract insects and breed bacteria
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Kite (bird)
KITE is a common name for certain birds of prey in the family Accipitridae
Accipitridae
, particularly in subfamilies Milvinae, Elaninae, and Perninae. Some authors use the terms "hovering kite" and "soaring kite" to distinguish between Elanus and the milvine kites, respectively. The groups may also be differentiated by size, referring to milvine kites as "large kites", and elanine kites as "small kites"
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Insect
See text . INSECTS (from Latin
Latin
insectum, a calque of Greek ἔντομον , "cut into sections") are by far the largest class (INSECTA) of hexapod invertebrates within the arthropod phylum ; they have a chitinous exoskeleton , a three-part body (head , thorax and abdomen ), three pairs of jointed legs , compound eyes and one pair of antennae . They are the most diverse group of animals on the planet, including more than a million described species and representing more than half of all known living organisms . The number of extant species is estimated at between six and ten million, and potentially represent over 90% of the differing animal life forms on Earth. Insects may be found in nearly all environments , although only a small number of species reside in the oceans, a habitat dominated by another arthropod group, crustaceans . The life cycles of insects vary but most hatch from eggs
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Vertebrate
Fire salamander (Amphibia), saltwater crocodile (Reptilia), southern cassowary (Aves), black-and-rufous giant elephant shrew (Mammalia), ocean sunfish (Osteichthyes) SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata
Chordata
Clade: Craniata Subphylum: VERTEBRATA J-B. Lamarck , 1801 SIMPLIFIED GROUPING (SEE TEXT) * Fishes
Fishes
* Tetrapods
Tetrapods
SYNONYMS Ossea Batsch, 1788 VERTEBRATES /ˈvɜːrtᵻbrᵻts/ comprise all species of animals within the subphylum VERTEBRATA /-ɑː/ (chordates with backbones ). Vertebrates represent the overwhelming majority of the phylum Chordata , with currently about 66,000 species described. Vertebrates include the jawless fish and the jawed vertebrates , which include the cartilaginous fish (sharks , rays , and ratfish) and the bony fish
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Kookaburra
KOOKABURRAS are terrestrial tree kingfishers of the genus DACELO native to Australia
Australia
and New Guinea
New Guinea
, which grow to between 28–42 cm (11–17 in) in length. The name is a loanword from Wiradjuri guuguubarra, onomatopoeic of its call. The loud distinctive call of the laughing kookaburra is widely used as a stock sound effect in situations that involve an Australian bush setting. They are found in habitats ranging from humid forest to arid savanna, as well as in suburban areas with tall trees or near running water. Even though they belong to the larger group known as "kingfishers ", kookaburras are not closely associated with water
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Stork
STORKS are large, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long, stout bills . They belong to the family called CICONIIDAE. They are the only family in the order CICONIIFORMES, which was once much larger and held a number of families including herons and ibises. Storks dwell in many regions and tend to live in drier habitats than the closely related herons , spoonbills and ibises ; they also lack the powder down that those groups use to clean off fish slime. Bill-clattering is an important mode of communication at the nest. Many species are migratory . Most storks eat frogs , fish , insects , earthworms , small birds and small mammals . There are nineteen living species of storks in six genera . Various terms are used to refer to groups of storks, two frequently used ones being a muster of storks and a phalanx of storks. Storks tend to use soaring , gliding flight, which conserves energy. Soaring requires thermal air currents
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Gull
11, see text Flying subadult silver gulls at Kiama beach, Sydney during Christmas 2013 GULLS or SEAGULLS are seabirds of the family Laridae in the suborder Lari
Lari
. They are most closely related to the terns (family Sternidae) and only distantly related to auks , skimmers , and more distantly to the waders . Until the 21st century, most gulls were placed in the genus Larus
Larus
, but this arrangement is now known to be polyphyletic , leading to the resurrection of several genera . An older name for gulls is MEW, cognate with German Möwe, Danish måge, Dutch meeuw, and French mouette; this term can still be found in certain regional dialects. Gulls are typically medium to large birds, usually grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They typically have harsh wailing or squawking calls, stout, longish bills , and webbed feet
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Skua
See text . The SKUAS /ˈskjuːə/ are a group of seabirds with about seven species forming the family STERCORARIIDAE and the genus STERCORARIUS. The three smaller skuas are called JAEGERS in American English. The English word "skua" comes from the Faroese name skúgvur for the great skua , with the island of Skúvoy
Skúvoy
renowned for its colony of that bird. The general Faroese term for skuas is kjógvi . The word "jaeger" is derived from the German word Jäger, meaning "hunter". The genus name Stercorarius is Latin and means "of dung"; the food disgorged by other birds when pursued by skuas was once thought to be excrement. Skuas nest on the ground in temperate and Arctic regions , and are long-distance migrants . They have even been sighted at the South Pole
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Buzzards
BUZZARD is the common name of several species of bird of prey: BUTEO SPECIES * Archer\'s buzzard , (Buteo archeri) * Augur buzzard , (Buteo augur) * Broad-winged hawk (Buteo platypterus ) * Common buzzard (Buteo buteo) * Eastern buzzard
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Grassland
GRASSLANDS are areas where the vegetation is dominated by grasses ( Poaceae ), however sedge ( Cyperaceae ) and rush ( Juncaceae
Juncaceae
) families can also be found. Grasslands occur naturally on all continents except Antarctica
Antarctica
. Grasslands are found in most ecoregions of the Earth
Earth
. For example, there are five terrestrial ecoregion classifications (subdivisions) of the temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biome (ecosystem ), which is one of eight terrestrial ecozones of the Earth's surface
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Neotropics
The NEOTROPICAL REALM is one of the eight biogeographic realms constituting the Earth's land surface. Physically, it includes the tropical terrestrial ecoregions of the Americas
Americas
and the entire South American temperate zone
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Vulturine Parrot
Pionopsitta vulturina (Kuhl, 1820) Gypopsitta vulturina The VULTURINE PARROT ( Pyrilia vulturina), not to be confused with Pesquet\'s parrot (Psittrichas fulgidus), is a Neotropical parrot , which is endemic to humid forest and adjacent habitats in the eastern Amazon of Brazil
Brazil
. TAXONOMYUntil recently, it was placed in the genus Pionopsitta , which now is restricted to the type species , P. pileata . Furthermore, individuals previously believed to be immature vulturine parrots were described as a new species , the bald parrot ( Pyrilia aurantiocephala), in 2002. DESCRIPTIONThe vulturine parrot has a total length of c. 24 centimetres (9.4 in). It has a rather short, squarish tail, and a mainly green plumage , which typically is tinged blue, especially below. The chest is olive-brown. The underwing coverts are bright red, and when perched this can be hinted as an orange-red shoulder-patch
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Owls
Strigidae Tytonidae Ogygoptyngidae (fossil ) Palaeoglaucidae (fossil ) Protostrigidae (fossil ) Sophiornithidae (fossil ) Range of the owl, all species. SYNONYMS Strigidae sensu Sibley and the Tytonidae family of barn-owls
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New World
The NEW WORLD is one of the names used for the majority of Earth
Earth
's Western Hemisphere , specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean
Caribbean
and Bermuda
Bermuda
). The term originated in the early 16th century after Europeans made landfall in what would later be called the Americas in the age of discovery , expanding the geographical horizon of classical geographers , who had thought of the world as consisting of Africa
Africa
, Europe
Europe
, and Asia
Asia
, collectively now referred to as the Old World (a.k.a. Afro-Eurasia ). The term was coined by Florentine explorer Amerigo Vespucci
Amerigo Vespucci
. The Americas were also referred to as the "fourth part of the world"
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Falcon
About 37; see text. SYNONYMS * Aesalon * Lithofalco * Tinnunculus Linnaeus, 1766 * Hierofalco Cuvier , 1817 * Cerchneis Boie, 1826 * Hypotriorchis Boie, 1826 * Rhynchodon Nitzsch, 1829 * Ieracidea Gould , 1838 * Hieracidea Strickland , 1841 (unjustified emendation) * Gennaia Kaup , 1847 * Jerafalco Kaup , 1850 (unjustified emendation) * Harpe Bonaparte, 1855 (non Lacepède 1802: preoccupied ) * Dissodectes Sclater , 1864 * Genaïe Heuglin , 1867 (unjustified emendation) * Harpa Sharpe , 1874 (non Pallas 1774: preoccupied ) * Gennadas Heine "> (unjustified emendation) * Nesierax Oberholser , 1899 * Nesihierax Dubois, 1902 (unjustified emendation) * Asturaetus De Vis , 1906 (non Asturaetos Brehm 1855: preoccupied) * Plioaetus Richmond , 1908 * Sushkinia Tugarinov, 1935 (non Martynov 1930: preoccupied ) – see belowFALCONS (/ˈfɒlkən, ˈfɔːl-, ˈfæl-/ ) are birds of prey in the genus Falco, which includes about 40 species
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