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Benjamin Franklin
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN FRS , FRSE (January 17, 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States . Franklin was a renowned polymath and a leading author, printer, political theorist , politician, freemason , postmaster, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. As an inventor, he is known for the lightning rod , bifocals , and the Franklin stove , among other inventions. He facilitated many civic organizations, including Philadelphia's fire department and the University of Pennsylvania , an Ivy League institution. Franklin earned the title of "The First American" for his early and indefatigable campaigning for colonial unity , initially as an author and spokesman in London for several colonies. As the first United States Ambassador to France , he exemplified the emerging American nation. Franklin was foundational in defining the American ethos as a marriage of the practical values of thrift, hard work, education, community spirit, self-governing institutions, and opposition to authoritarianism both political and religious, with the scientific and tolerant values of the Enlightenment
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Benjamin Franklin (other)
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN (1706–1790) was an American statesman, writer, scientist, inventor and printer. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN or BEN FRANKLIN may also refer to: CONTENTS * 1 People * 2 Ships * 3 Arts and literature * 4 Other * 5 See also PEOPLE * Ben Franklin (Canadian politician) (1942–2003), former mayor of Nepean, Ontario * Ben Franklin (Australian politician) (born c. 1974), a current politician in the New South Wales Legislative Council * Benjamin Franklin (clergyman) (1812–1878), American religious leader * Benjamin Franklin (surgeon) (1844–1917), British surgeon * Benjamin Cromwell Franklin (1805–1873), Texas state senator * Benjamin Joseph Franklin (1839–1898), U.S. Representative from Missouri * Benjamin Franklin Bache (1801–1881), U.S. Navy surgeon * Benjamin Franklin Bache (journalist) (1769–1798), American journalistSHIPS * USS Franklin , name for a series of U.S. Navy vessels * USS Benjamin Franklin (SSBN-640) , ballistic missile submarine * Ben Franklin (PX-15) , research submersible * CMA CGM Benjamin Franklin , container cargo vesselARTS AND LITERATURE * The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin * Benjamin Franklin (2002 film) * "Ben Franklin" (The Office) * Benjamin Franklin (Boyle) , an 1899 bronze sculpture of Benjamin Franklin by John J. Boyle * Benjamin Franklin (Jouvenal) , an 1889 Carrara marble statue of Benjamin Franklin by Jacques Jouvenal * Benjamin Franklin, Jr
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Franklin (other)
FRANKLIN may refer to: * Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
(1706–1790), a Founding Father of the United States * John Franklin
John Franklin
(1786–1847), a British Royal Navy officer and explorer * Franklin (class) , a historic social class * Franklin (given name) * Franklin (surname) CONTENTS * 1 Entertainment * 2 Places * 2.1 Australia * 2.2 Canada * 2.3 Cayman Islands * 2.4 New Zealand * 2.5 Poland * 2.6 United States * 3 Ships * 4 Other uses * 5 See also ENTERTAINMENT * Franklin (Peanuts) , character in the comic strip Peanuts * Franklin (TV series)
Franklin (TV series)
, children's television series about a turtle named Franklin * Franklin the Turtle (books) , the book series on which the TV series was based * Franklin Delano Bluth
Franklin Delano Bluth
, a puppet from the TV show Arrested Development * Roosevelt Franklin , a former character on Sesame Street * Franklyn
Franklyn
, a 2008 science fiction movie * Franklin
Franklin
font-style: italic;">This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title FRANKLIN. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article
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List Of Governors Of Pennsylvania
The GOVERNOR OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA is the head of the executive branch of Pennsylvania\'s state government and serves as the commander-in-chief of the state\'s military forces . The governor has a duty to enforce state laws, and the power to approve or veto bills passed by the Pennsylvania Legislature and to convene the legislature. The governor may grant pardons except in cases of impeachment , but only when recommended by the Board of Pardons. There have been seven presidents and 46 governors of Pennsylvania, with two governors serving non-consecutive terms, totaling 55 terms in both offices. The longest term was that of the first governor, Thomas Mifflin , who served three full terms as governor in addition to two years as president. The shortest term belonged to John Bell , who served only 19 days as acting governor after his predecessor resigned. The current governor is Tom Wolf , whose term began on January 20, 2015. CONTENTS* 1 Governors * 1.1 Presidents of the Supreme Executive Council * 1.2 Governors of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania * 2 Other high offices held * 3 The Governor\'s Residence * 4 Living former U.S. governors of Pennsylvania * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 External links GOVERNORS Pennsylvania was one of the original thirteen colonies , and was admitted as a state on December 12, 1787
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Charles Biddle
CHARLES BIDDLE (1745–1821) was a Pennsylvania statesman and a member of the prominent Biddle family of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania . CONTENTS* 1 Early life and career * 1.1 Career * 2 Personal life * 3 References * 4 External links EARLY LIFE AND CAREERBiddle was born in 1745 to William Biddle, 3rd (1698–1756) and Mary Scull (1709–1789). His siblings included: * Lydia Biddle (1734–1767), married William Macfunn (died 1768) * John "Jacky" Biddle (1736–?) married Sophia Boone * Edward Biddle (1738–1779), lawyer, soldier, delegate to the Continental Congress , married Elizabeth Ross, sister of George Ross * Charles Biddle (1745–1821) * Nicholas Biddle (1750–1778), Revolutionary War Navy captain See also: Biddle family CAREERBiddle served as Vice-President of Pennsylvania from October 10, 1785 until October 31, 1787. During his term, he was an ex officio trustee of the University of the State of Pennsylvania (now the University of Pennsylvania ). He was a member of the Pennsylvania Senate from 1810 to 1814. He also was an associate of Aaron Burr . Although Biddle vacated his seat at Council on October 13, 1787 the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania records that his Vice-Presidential term extended to October 31, the date of the next Presidential and Vice-Presidential elections
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Peter Muhlenberg
JOHN PETER GABRIEL MUHLENBERG (October 1, 1746 – October 1, 1807) was an American clergyman , Continental Army soldier during the American Revolutionary War , and political figure in the newly independent United States. A Lutheran minister, he served in the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate from Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
. CONTENTS * 1 Early life and education * 2 Military career * 3 Political career * 4 Legacy * 5 References * 6 External links EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONMuhlenberg was born to Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
German parents Anna Maria and Henry Muhlenberg in Trappe, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
. He was sent, together with his brothers, Frederick Augustus and Gotthilf Henry Ernst in 1763 to Halle . They were educated in Latin at the Francke Foundations
Francke Foundations
. He left school in 1767 to start as a sales assistant in Lübeck , but returned that same year to Pennsylvania. He served briefly in the British 60th Regiment of Foot , and also served briefly in the German dragoons , earning the nickname "Teufel Piet" (Devil Pete) before returning to Philadelphia in 1767, where he was given a classical education from the Academy of Philadelphia (the modern University of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
)
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David Redick
DAVID REDICK (died 1805) was a Pennsylvania surveyor , lawyer , and politician . CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Family * 1.2 Career * 1.3 Public service * 1.4 Whiskey Rebellion * 1.5 Death * 2 References BIOGRAPHYRedick was born in Ireland , and after coming to America made his home for several years in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania . Redick was a veteran of the American Revolutionary War . He read law and was admitted to the bar in 1782. FAMILYHe married the niece of business associate David Hoge. Redick and his wife had at least three children. A son became a lawyer and died at a young age. His daughter, Nancy, and her husband inherited the Redick home in Washington and lived there until their own deaths. Another daughter married and settled in Louisville, Kentucky . CAREERRedick accompanied Hoge (c. 1780) to survey the latter's land holdings in the Chartiers Valley , in western Pennsylvania. Under Hoge's direction he platted the town of Bassett Town, which was soon renamed Washington, Pennsylvania . At that time, Washington County was in the process of being established, and Hoge apparently wanted to establish a town that could serve as the new county's center of government. Redick purchased a lot on the town's main street and lived there until his death. PUBLIC SERVICERedick was elected to represent Washington County on the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania in 1786
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John Dickinson (Pennsylvania And Delaware)
JOHN DICKINSON (November 8, 1732 – February 14, 1808), a Founding Father of the United States , was a solicitor and politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Wilmington, Delaware known as the "Penman of the Revolution" for his twelve Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania , published individually in 1767 and 1768. As a member of the First Continental Congress , where he was a signee to the Continental Association , Dickinson drafted most of the 1774 Petition to the King , and then as a member of the Second Continental Congress wrote the 1775 Olive Branch Petition , two attempts to negotiate with King George III of Great Britain . When these failed, he reworked Thomas Jefferson 's language and wrote the final draft of the 1775 Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms . When Congress then decided to seek independence, Dickinson served on the committee that wrote the Model Treaty , and then wrote the first draft of the 1776–1777 Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union . Dickinson later served as President of the 1786 Annapolis Convention , which called for the Constitutional Convention of 1787 , which Dickinson then attended as a delegate from Delaware . He also wrote "The Liberty Song " in 1768, was a militia officer during the American Revolution , President of Delaware, President of Pennsylvania, and was among the wealthiest men in the British American colonies
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Thomas Mifflin
THOMAS MIFFLIN (January 10, 1744 – January 20, 1800) was an American merchant and politician from Philadelphia , Pennsylvania . He was a major general in the Continental Army and the 1st and 3rd Quartermaster General during the American Revolution , a member of the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly , a Continental Congressman from Pennsylvania, President of the Continental Congress , and a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 . Several of these activities qualify him to be counted among the Founding Fathers . He served as Speaker of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives , President of the Pennsylvania Supreme Executive Council and the first Governor of Pennsylvania . CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 American Revolution * 3 Political career * 4 Death and legacy * 4.1 Entities named after Mifflin * 5 Footnotes * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY LIFE Coat of Arms of Thomas Mifflin Thomas Mifflin was born January 10, 1744 in Philadelphia in the Province of Pennsylvania . He was the son of John Mifflin and Elizabeth Bagnall. His great-grandfather John Mifflin, Jr. (1661–1714) was born in Warminster , Wiltshire , England and settled in the Province of Pennsylvania
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United States Ambassador To Sweden
The UNITED STATES AMBASSADOR TO SWEDEN (Swedish : USA:s ambassadör i Sverige) serves as the official diplomatic representative of the President and the Government of the United States of America to the King and the Government of the Kingdom of Sweden . Diplomatic relations between Sweden and the United States began with the signing of the Treaty of Amity and Commerce in 1783. In addition, from 1814 to 1905 the United States Chief of Mission in Sweden also represented United States interest with respect to Norway ; as the latter was during that period of time aligned with Sweden, for purposes of foreign relations, in the Union between Sweden and Norway . The contemporary tendency of American presidents (of both parties) is to appoint keen political fundraisers and/or prominent supporters from previous presidential election campaigns, rather than promoting professional members of the United States Foreign Service to the top position. The current acting Ambassador is David Lindwall , who assumed his duties in 2017. CONTENTS * 1 Residence * 2 List of American Chiefs of Mission to Sweden * 2.1 18th century * 2.2 1814-1854 (Non-Resident Minister) * 2.3 1854-1885 (Minister Resident) * 2.4 1885-1947 (Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary) * 2.5 1947-present day (Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary) * 3 Notes * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links RESIDENCE The residence ("Villa Åkerlund") of the U.S
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Congress Of The Confederation
The CONGRESS OF THE CONFEDERATION, or the CONFEDERATION CONGRESS, formally referred to as the UNITED STATES IN CONGRESS ASSEMBLED, was the governing body of the United States of America that existed from March 1, 1781, to March 4, 1789. A unicameral body with legislative and executive function, it comprised delegates appointed by the legislatures of the several states . Each state delegation had one vote. It was preceded by the Second Continental Congress (1775–1781) and governed under the newly adopted _ Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union _, which were proposed 1776–1777, adopted by the Continental Congress in July 1778 and finally agreed to by a unanimous vote of all thirteen states by 1781, held up by a long dispute over the cession of western territories beyond the Appalachian Mountains to the central government led by Maryland and a coalition of smaller states without western claims. The newly reorganized Congress at the time continued to refer itself as the Continental Congress throughout its eight-year history, although modern historians separate it from the earlier bodies, which operated under slightly different rules and procedures until the later part of American Revolutionary War
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Jonathan Russell
JONATHAN RUSSELL (February 27, 1771 – February 17, 1832) was a United States Representative from Massachusetts and diplomat. Born in Providence, Rhode Island on February 27, 1771, Russell graduated from Brown University (then Rhode Island College) in 1791. He studied law and was admitted to the bar, but did not practice. He engaged in mercantile pursuits for a number of years. In 1808 he was appointed Collector of the Port of Bristol . He was appointed by President James Madison to the Diplomatic Service in France in 1811. He transferred to England , where he was Chargé d\'Affaires when war was declared by the United States in 1812 . He was Minister to Sweden and Norway from January 18, 1814 to October 16, 1818. "Jonathan Russell and the Capture of the Guerriere," by Lawrence S. Kaplan in The William and Mary Quarterly,Third Series, Vol. 24, No. 2 (Apr., 1967), published by the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, discusses the circumstances of Russell's authorship of a patriotic poem about the famous sea battle found in Russell's private papers (now mainly at Brown University's Library). The article quotes the entirety of the poem, dates it to approximately 1812, and speculates that Russell was motivated to write this anti-British work by the humiliation he had suffered while at the Court of St. James. Russell was one of the five commissioners who negotiated the Treaty of Ghent with Great Britain in 1814, ending the War of 1812
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United States Ambassador To France
The UNITED STATES AMBASSADOR TO FRANCE is the official representative of the President of the United States to the head of state of France. There has been a U.S. Ambassador to France since the American Revolution . The United States sent its first envoys to France in 1776, towards the end of the four-centuries-old Bourbon dynasty . The American diplomatic relationship with France has continued throughout that country's five republican regimes , two periods of French empire, the Bourbon Restoration , and its July Monarchy . After the Battle of France , the United States maintained diplomatic relations with Vichy France until France severed them on the date Operation Torch was launched in November 1942; the Embassy was reopened December 1944
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Arthur Lee (diplomat)
ARTHUR LEE (20 December 1740 – 12 December 1792) was a physician and opponent of slavery in colonial Virginia in North America who served as an American diplomat during the American Revolutionary War . He was educated in medicine and law at the University of Edinburgh and in London, respectively. After passing the bar, he practiced law in London for several years. He stayed in London during the Revolutionary War, representing the colonies to Britain and France and also serving as an American spy to track their activities. After his return to Virginia, he served as a delegate to the Continental Congress. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Ancestry * 3 References * 4 Further reading * 5 External links LIFEBorn in Virginia, Arthur Lee was the youngest son of Hon. Thomas Lee (1690–1750) and Hannah Harrison Ludwell (1701–1750). Three of his five surviving elder brothers, Richard Henry Lee (1732–1794), Francis Lightfoot Lee (1734–1797) and William Lee (1739–1795), also became Revolutionary-era diplomats. He attended Eton College in England and studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh , where he graduated in 1764. The title description of his thesis is: Dissertatio medica inauguralis, de cortice peruviano: quam ... ex auctoritate ... Gulielmi Robertson ... Academiae Edinburgenae praefecti ... pro gradu doctoratus ... eruditorum examini subjicit, Arthur Lee, Virginiensis. Ad diem septembris ... – Edinburgi : in aedibus A. Donaldson et J. Reid, MDCCLXIV
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Silas Deane
SILAS DEANE (January 4, 1738 – September 23, 1789) was an American merchant , politician , and diplomat , and a supporter of American independence. Deane served as a delegate to the Continental Congress , then as the first foreign diplomat from the United States
United States
to France . Near the end of the war, Congress charged Deane with financial impropriety, and the British intercepted and published some letters in which he had implied that the American cause was hopeless. After the war, Deane lived in Ghent
Ghent
and London
London
and died under mysterious circumstances while attempting to return to America. CONTENTS * 1 Early life and family * 2 Continental Congress * 3 France * 4 Accusations in Congress * 5 After the war and death * 6 Legacy * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links EARLY LIFE AND FAMILY Silas Deane
Silas Deane
was born on January 4, 1738 in Groton, Connecticut
Connecticut
to blacksmith Silas Deane
Silas Deane
and his wife Hannah Barker. The younger Silas was able to obtain a full scholarship to Yale and graduated in 1758. In April 1759, he was hired to tutor a young Edward Bancroft in Hartford, Connecticut
Connecticut

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John Adams
JOHN ADAMS (October 30 1735 – July 4, 1826) was an American patriot who served as the second President of the United States (1797–1801) and the first Vice President (1789–97). He was a lawyer, diplomat, statesman, political theorist, and, as a Founding Father , a leader of the movement for American independence from Great Britain . He was also a dedicated diarist and correspondent, particularly with his wife and closest advisor Abigail . He collaborated with his cousin, revolutionary leader Samuel Adams , but he established his own prominence prior to the American Revolution . After the Boston Massacre , he provided a successful (though unpopular) legal defense of the accused British soldiers, in the face of severe local anti-British sentiment and driven by his devotion to the right to counsel and the "protect of innocence" . Adams was a delegate from Massachusetts to the Continental Congress , where he played a leading role in persuading Congress to declare independence. He assisted Thomas Jefferson in drafting the Declaration of Independence in 1776, and was its foremost advocate in the Congress. As a diplomat in Europe , he helped negotiate the eventual peace treaty with Great Britain , and acquired vital governmental loans from Amsterdam bankers
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