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Belize
BELIZE (/bəˈliːz/ ( listen )), formerly British Honduras , is an independent country on the eastern coast of Central America . Belize is bordered on the north by Mexico , on the south and west by Guatemala , and on the east by the Caribbean Sea . Its mainland is about 290 km (180 mi) long and 110 km (68 mi) wide. Belize has an area of 22,800 square kilometres (8,800 sq mi) and a population of 387,879 (2017). It has the lowest population density in Central America. The country's population growth rate of 1.87% per year (2015) is the second highest in the region and one of the highest in the Western Hemisphere . Belize's abundance of terrestrial and marine species and its diversity of ecosystems gives it a key place in the globally significant Mesoamerican Biological Corridor . Belize has a diverse society, composed of many cultures and languages that reflect its rich history
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Belize (other)
BELIZE is a country in Central America. BELIZE may also refer to: * Belize
Belize
District , a district of Belize
Belize
* Belize
Belize
City , Belize's largest city * Belize
Belize
River , a river in Belize * Belize, Angola , a town in the Angolan province of Cabinda * Belize
Belize
Inlet , British Columbia, Canada, named for Belize
Belize
CitySEE ALSO * La Balize, Louisiana , established by the French c. 1700 This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title BELIZE. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Belize_(other) additional terms may apply
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Flag Of Belize
The FLAG OF BELIZE was adopted on 21 September 1981, the country's first Independence Day . It consists of the Coat of Arms on a blue field with red stripes at the top and bottom. British Honduras
British Honduras
obtained a coat of arms on 28 January 1907, which formed the basis of the badge used on British ensigns. The coat of arms recalls the logging industry that first led to British settlement there. The figures, tools, and mahogany tree represent this industry. The national motto, Sub Umbra Floreo, meaning "Under the Shade I Flourish", is written in the lower part of the coat of arms. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 History * 3 Historical flags * 4 References * 5 External links DESCRIPTIONThe flag is royal blue, with a white disc at the centre containing the national coat of arms held by a mestizo and a man of African descent
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Coat Of Arms Of Belize
THE COAT OF ARMS OF BELIZE was adopted upon independence, and the current coat of arms is only slightly different from that used when Belize
Belize
was a British colony . The circular border of the coat is formed by fifty leaves. Within the circle is a mahogany tree, in front of which is a shield tierced per pall inverted. Within the shield are the tools of a woodcutter in the upper sections and a ship in the lower one. These are symbolic of the importance of mahogany in the 18th- and 19th-century Belizean economy . The shield is supported by two men of different shades of brown. The one on the left is holding an axe, while the one on the right is holding an oar. Again the importance of the mahogany and its importance to boat building are represented. At the bottom is the national motto: SUB UMBRA FLOREO ("Under the shade I flourish"). The flag of Belize
Belize
features the coat of arms in its centre
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Latin Language
LATIN (Latin: _lingua latīna_, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages . The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet . Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium , in the Italian Peninsula . Through the power of the Roman Republic , it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages , such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian . Latin
Latin
and French have contributed many words to the English language . Latin
Latin
and Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
roots are used in theology , biology , and medicine
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National Anthem Of Belize
"LAND OF THE FREE" is the national anthem of Belize
Belize
. The words were written by Samuel Alfred Haynes and the music by Selwyn Walford Young in 1963. It was officially adopted in 1981. CONTENTS * 1 Lyrics * 2 History and criticism * 2.1 Samuel Haynes * 2.2 Exalting by the PUP * 2.3 Common complaints since * 3 Other uses * 4 References * 5 External links LYRICS O, Land of the Free by the Carib Sea , Our manhood we pledge to thy liberty! No tyrants here linger, despots must flee This tranquil haven of democracy The blood of our sires which hallows the sod, Brought freedom from slavery, oppression\'s rod By the might of truth, and the grace of God
God
, No longer shall we be hewers of wood
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Royal Anthem
The HONORS MUSIC for a person, office or rank is music played on formal or ceremonial occasions in the presence of the person, office-holder, or rank-holder, especially by a military band . The head of state in many countries is honored with a prescribed piece of music; in some countries the national anthem serves this purpose, while others have a separate ROYAL, PRESIDENTIAL, or, historically, IMPERIAL ANTHEM. Other officials may also have anthems, such as the VICE-REGAL SALUTE in several Commonwealth realms for the governor-general , governor, or lieutenant governor. Ruffles and flourishes may be played instead of, or preceding, honors music
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Belmopan
BELMOPAN (/ˌbɛlmoʊˈpæn/ ) is the capital city of Belize
Belize
. Its population in 2010 was 16,451. Although the smallest capital city in the continental Americas
Americas
by population, Belmopan
Belmopan
is the third-largest settlement in Belize, behind Belize
Belize
City
City
and San Ignacio . Founded as a planned community in 1970, Belmopan
Belmopan
is one of the newest national capital cities in the world. Since 2000 Belmopan
Belmopan
has been one of two settlements in Belize
Belize
to hold official city status, along with Belize City. Belmopan
Belmopan
is located in Cayo District
Cayo District
at an altitude of 76 metres (249 feet) above sea level
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Belize City
BELIZE CITY is the largest city in Belize
Belize
and was once the capital of the former British Honduras
British Honduras
. According to the 2010 census, Belize City
City
has a population of 57,169 people in 16,162 households. It is located at the mouth of the Haulover Creek , which is a tributary of the Belize
Belize
River . The Belize
Belize
River empties into the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
5 miles from Belize
Belize
City
City
on the Philip Goldson Highway on the coast of the Caribbean . The city is the country's principal port and its financial and industrial hub. Several cruise ships drop anchor outside the port and are tendered by local citizens. The city was almost entirely destroyed in 1961 when Hurricane Hattie swept ashore on October 31
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English Language
ENGLISH /ˈɪŋɡlɪʃ/ (_ listen ) is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca _. Named after the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to England , it ultimately derives its name from the Anglia (Angeln) peninsula in the Baltic Sea . It is closely related to the Frisian languages , but its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages particularly Norse (a North Germanic language ), as well as by Latin and Romance languages , particularly French . English has developed over the course of more than 1,400 years. The earliest forms of English, a set of Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the 5th century, are called Old English
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Spanish Language
(see many more ) REGULATED BY Association of Spanish Language Academies ( Real Academia Española and 22 other national Spanish language academies) LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 es ISO 639-2 spa ISO 639-3 spa GLOTTOLOG stan1288 LINGUASPHERE 51-AAA-b Spanish language in the world SPANISH (/ˈspænᵻʃ/ (_ listen ); español_ (help ·info )), also called CASTILIAN (/kæˈstɪliən/ (_ listen ), castellano_ (help ·info )), is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers around the world. It is usually considered the world\'s second-most spoken native language , after Mandarin Chinese
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Ethnic Groups
An ETHNIC GROUP or ETHNICITY is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestral , language , social , cultural or national experiences . Ethnicity is often an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. In some cases, it can be adopted if a person moves into another society. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage , ancestry , origin myth , history , homeland , language or dialect , symbolic systems such as religion , mythology and ritual , cuisine , dressing style, art , and physical appearance . Ethnic groups, derived from the same historical founder population , often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool
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Hispanic Belizean
A HISPANIC BELIZEAN or BELIZEAN MESTIZO is a Belizean of Hispanic and mestizo origin. Currently, they comprise around 52.9% of Belize
Belize
's population. Most Hispanic Belizeans are self-identified mestizos . Most mestizos speak Spanish , Kriol , and English fluently. The mestizo should not be confused with the Yucatec Maya who are also known as "Maya-Mestizos" in Belize
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Belizean Creole People
BELIZEAN CREOLES, also known as KRIOLS, are Creole descendants of Black Africans , enslaved and brought to Belize
Belize
, and English and Scottish log cutters, who were known as the Baymen . Over the years they have also intermarried with Miskito from Nicaragua
Nicaragua
, Jamaicans and other West Indians , Mestizos , and East Indians , who were brought to Belize
Belize
as indentured laborers. These varied peoples have all mixed to create this ethnic group. The Belize
Belize
Kriol language, developed initially among the Africans and Europeans, was historically spoken only by them. The Creoles constituted the majority of the population until the 1980s and became synonymous with the Belizean national identity. As a result, the use of the Kriol language has become more widespread and is now spoken by about 75% of Belizeans, including the many new immigrants since the late 20th century
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Mayan People
The MAYA PEOPLE (sometimes MAYANS) are a group of Indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica
Mesoamerica
. They inhabit southern Mexico
Mexico
, Guatemala
Guatemala
, Belize
Belize
, El Salvador
El Salvador
and Honduras
Honduras
. The overarching term "Maya" is a collective designation to include the peoples of the region that share some degree of cultural and linguistic heritage; however, the term embraces many distinct populations, societies, and ethnic groups that each have their own particular traditions, cultures, and historical identity. The pre-Columbian Maya population was approximately eight million. There were an estimated seven million Maya living in this area at the start of the 21st century
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Garifuna People
The GARIFUNA (/ɡəˈrɪfᵿnə/ gə-RIF-uu-nə ; pl. Garinagu in Garifuna ) are mixed-race descendants of West African, Central African, Island Carib, European , and Arawak
Arawak
people. Although their background is the Lesser Antilles , since 1797, the Garifuna people
Garifuna people
have lived in Central America, along the Caribbean Coast of Honduras
Honduras
, with smaller populations in Belize
Belize
, Guatemala
Guatemala
, Nicaragua
Nicaragua
and in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
. They arrived there after being exiled from the islands of the Lesser Antilles by British colonial administration as Black Carib s after a series of slave revolts. Those Caribs deemed to have had less African admixture were not exiled, and are still living in the islands
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