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Belgrade
BELGRADE (/ˈbɛlɡreɪd/ BELL-grade ; Serbian : Beograd / Београд; Serbian pronunciation: ( listen ); names in other languages ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia
Serbia
. It is located at the confluence of the Sava
Sava
and Danube
Danube
rivers, where the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkans
Balkans
. Its name translates to "White city". The urban area of the City of Belgrade
Belgrade
has a population of 1.23 million, while over 1.65 million people live within its administrative limits. One of the most important prehistoric cultures of Europe, the Vinča culture , evolved within the Belgrade
Belgrade
area in the 6th millennium BC. In antiquity, Thraco - Dacians inhabited the region, and after 279 BC Celts conquered the city, naming it Singidūn
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Telephone Numbering Plan
A TELEPHONE NUMBERING PLAN is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunication to assign telephone numbers to subscriber telephones or other telephony endpoints. Telephone numbers are the addresses of participants in a telephone network, reachable by a system of destination code routing. Telephone numbering plans are defined in each of administrative regions of the public switched telephone network (PSTN) and they are also present in private telephone networks. For public number systems, geographic location plays a role in the sequence of numbers assigned to each telephone subscriber. Numbering plans may follow a variety of design strategies which have often arisen from the historical evolution of individual telephone networks and local requirements. A broad division is commonly recognized, distinguishing open numbering plans and closed numbering plans
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ISO 3166
ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries , dependent territories , special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states ). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions. CONTENTS * 1 Parts * 2 Editions * 3 ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency * 3.1 Members * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links PARTSIt consists of three parts: * ISO 3166-1 , Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country
Country
codes, defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest
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UTC+2
UTC+02:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +02. In ISO 8601 the associated time would be written as 2017-08-09T10:11:53+02:00
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Central European Summer Time
CENTRAL EUROPEAN SUMMER TIME (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time
Central European Time
(UTC+1 ) during the other part of the year. It corresponds to UTC+2
UTC+2
, which makes it the same as Central Africa Time , South African Standard Time and Kaliningrad Time in Russia
Russia
. CONTENTS * 1 Names * 2 Period of observation * 3 Usage * 4 See also * 5 References NAMESOther names which have been applied to Central European Summer Time are Middle European Summer Time
European Summer Time
(MEST), Central European Daylight Saving Time (CEDT), and Bravo Time (after the second letter of the NATO phonetic alphabet
NATO phonetic alphabet
)
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Central European Time
CENTRAL EUROPEAN TIME (CET), used in most parts of Europe
Europe
and a few North African
North African
countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time
(UTC). The time offset from UTC
UTC
can be written as +01:00 . The same standard time, UTC+01:00 , is also known as MIDDLE EUROPEAN TIME (MET, German: MEZ) and under other names like BERLIN TIME, ROMANCE STANDARD TIME (RST), PARIS TIME or ROME TIME. The 15th meridian east is the central axis for UTC+01:00 in the world system of time zones . As of 2011, all member states of the European Union observe summer time; those that during the winter use CET use Central European Summer Time (CEST) (or: UTC+02:00 , daylight saving time ) in summer (from last Sunday of March to last Sunday of October)
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Daylight Saving Time
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME (abbreviated DST), commonly referred to as DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME in speech, and known as SUMMER TIME in some countries, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Typically, regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895. The German Empire
German Empire
and Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
organized the first nationwide implementation, starting on April 30, 1916. Many countries have used it at various times since then, particularly since the energy crisis of the 1970s . DST is generally not observed near the equator, where sunrise times do not vary enough to justify it
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Names Of European Cities In Different Languages
Many CITIES IN EUROPE have different names in different languages. Some cities have also undergone name changes for political or other reasons. This article attempts to give all known different names for all major cities that are geographically or historically and culturally in Europe
Europe
. It also includes some smaller towns that are important because of their location or history. This article does not offer any opinion about what the "original", "official", "real" or "correct" name of any city is or was. Cities are listed alphabetically by their CURRENT BEST-KNOWN NAME IN ENGLISH. The English version is followed by variants in other languages, in alphabetical order by name, and then by any historical variants and former names. Several cities have diacritics in their listed name in English. It is very common that the press strip the diacritics and that means a parallel diacritic-free version is very often used in English
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Thracians
The THRACIANS (/ˈθreɪʃənz/ ; Ancient Greek : Θρᾷκες Thrāikes, Latin : Thraci) were a group of Indo-European tribes inhabiting a large area in Eastern and Southeastern Europe . They spoke the Thracian language – a scarcely attested branch of the Indo-European language family . The study of Thracians and Thracian culture is known as Thracology
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Frankish Empire
FRANCIA or FRANKIA, also called the KINGDOM OF THE FRANKS ( Latin
Latin
: Regnum Francorum), FRANKISH KINGDOM, FRANKISH EMPIRE, FRANKISH REALM or occasionally FRANKLAND, was the territory inhabited and ruled by the Franks
Franks
, a confederation of West Germanic tribes , during late antiquity and the Early Middle Ages
Middle Ages
. The kingdom was founded by Clovis I
Clovis I
, crowned first King of the Franks
Franks
in 496. Under the nearly continuous campaigns of Pepin of Herstal , Charles Martel
Charles Martel
, Pepin the Short , Charlemagne
Charlemagne
, and Louis the Pious —father, son, grandson, great-grandson and great-great-grandson—the greatest expansion of the Frankish empire was secured by the early 9th century
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Bulgarian Empire
In the medieval history of Europe
Europe
, Bulgaria
Bulgaria
's status as the BULGARIAN EMPIRE (Bulgarian : Българско царство, Balgarsko tsarstvo ), wherein it acted as a key regional power (particularly rivaling Byzantium in Southeastern Europe
Europe
) occurred in two distinct periods: between the seventh and eleventh centuries, and again between the twelfth and fourteenth centuries. The two "Bulgarian Empires" are not treated as separate entities, but rather as one state restored after a period of Byzantine rule over its territory
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Byzantine Empire
The BYZANTINE EMPIRE, also referred to as the EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE, was the continuation of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the East during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, when its capital city was Constantinople
Constantinople
(modern-day Istanbul
Istanbul
, which had been founded as Byzantium
Byzantium
). It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe
Europe

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Town Privileges
TOWN PRIVILEGES or BOROUGH RIGHTS were important features of European towns during most of the second millennium. Judicially, a borough (or burgh ) was distinguished from the countryside by means of a charter from the ruling monarch that defined its privileges and laws . Common privileges involved trade (marketplace, the storing of goods, etc.) and the establishment of guilds . Some of these privileges were permanent and could imply that the town obtained the right to be called a borough , hence the term BOROUGH RIGHTS (German Stadtrecht, Dutch stadsrechten). Some degree of self-government , representation by diet , and tax-relief could also be granted. Multiple tiers existed; for example, in Sweden, the basic royal charter establishing a borough enabled trade, but not foreign trade, which required a higher-tier charter granting staple right
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Dacians
The DACIANS (/ˈdeɪʃənz/ ; Latin
Latin
: Daci, Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Δάκοι, Δάοι, Δάκαι ) were an Indo-European people, part of or related to the Thracians
Thracians
. Dacians
Dacians
were the ancient inhabitants of Dacia
Dacia
, located in the area in and around the Carpathian Mountains and west of the Black Sea
Black Sea

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Augustus
AUGUSTUS (Latin : Imperātor Caesar Dīvī Fīlius Augustus
Augustus
; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was the founder of the Roman Principate and considered the first Roman emperor
Roman emperor
, controlling the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
from 27 BC until his death in AD 14. He was born GAIUS OCTAVIUS into an old and wealthy equestrian branch of the plebeian gens Octavia . His maternal great-uncle Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
was assassinated in 44 BC, and Octavius was named in Caesar's will as his adopted son and heir, then known as OCTAVIANUS (Anglicized as OCTAVIAN). He, Mark Antony , and Marcus Lepidus formed the Second Triumvirate
Second Triumvirate
to defeat the assassins of Caesar
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal , commercial , and social purposes. Time
Time
zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time . Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time
Time
(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12 to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (e.g. Newfoundland Standard Time is UTC−03:30, Nepal
Nepal
Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones
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