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Belgians
BELGIANS (Dutch : Belgen, French : Belges, German : Belgier) are people identified with the Kingdom of Belgium
Belgium
, a federal state in Western Europe
Western Europe
. As Belgium
Belgium
is a multinational state , this connection may be residential, legal, historical, or cultural. Majority of Belgians, however, belong to two distinct ethnic groups native to the country, Flemings
Flemings
who speak Dutch in the north, on the border with the Netherlands
Netherlands
, and Walloons who speak French and/or Walloon to the south, on the border with France
France
. There is also a substantial Belgian diaspora , which has settled primarily in the United States
United States
, Canada and France
France

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Walloon Language
WALLOON (Walon in Walloon) is a Romance language
Romance language
that was spoken as a primary language in large portions (70%) of Wallonia
Wallonia
in Belgium
Belgium
, in some villages of Northern France
France
(near Givet
Givet
) and in the northeast part of Wisconsin
Wisconsin
until the mid 20th century and in some parts of Canada. It belongs to the langue d\'oïl language family , whose most prominent member is the French language
French language
. The historical background of its formation was the territorial extension since 980 of the Principality of Liège to the south and west. Despite its rich literature , beginning anonymously in the 16th century and with well-known authors since 1756, the use of Walloon has decreased markedly since France's annexation of Wallonia
Wallonia
in 1795
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Gallia Belgica
GALLIA BELGICA ( Belgic
Belgic
Gaul
Gaul
) was a province of the Roman empire located in the north-eastern part of Roman Gaul
Gaul
, in which Belgium
Belgium
is situated today. In 50BC after the conquest by Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
during his Gallic Wars , it became one of the three main provinces of Gaul
Gaul
(known as the Tres Galliae the other two being Gallia Aquitania and Gallia Lugdunensis ). An official Roman province
Roman province
was later created by emperor Augustus
Augustus
in 22 BC
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Roman Province
In Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
, a PROVINCE ( Latin
Latin
: provincia, pl. provinciae) was the basic, and, until the Tetrarchy (293 AD), largest territorial and administrative unit of the empire's territorial possessions outside of Italy
Italy
. The word province in modern English has its origins in the term used by the Romans. Provinces were generally governed by politicians of senatorial rank, usually former consuls or former praetors . A later exception was the province of Egypt, incorporated by Augustus
Augustus
after the death of Cleopatra
Cleopatra
: it was ruled by a governor of equestrian rank only, perhaps as a discouragement to senatorial ambition. This exception was unique, but not contrary to Roman law, as Egypt was considered Augustus' personal property, following the tradition of earlier, Hellenistic kings
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Multinational State
A MULTINATIONAL STATE is a sovereign state that comprises two or more nations . This is in contrast to a nation state , where a single nation accounts for the bulk of the population. Depending on the definition of "nation" (which touches on ethnicity , language, and political identity), a multinational state might also be multicultural or multilingual
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Belgae
The BELGAE (/ˈbɛldʒiː/ or /ˈbɛlɡaɪ/ ) were a large confederation of tribes living in northern Gaul , between the English Channel , the west bank of the Rhine , and northern bank of the river Seine , from at least the third century BC. They were discussed in depth by Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
in his account of his wars in Gaul. Some peoples in Britain were also called Belgae
Belgae
and O\'Rahilly equated them with the Fir Bolg
Fir Bolg
in Ireland
Ireland
. The Belgae
Belgae
gave their name to the Roman province of Gallia Belgica and, much later, to the modern country of Belgium
Belgium

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Dutch Language
DUTCH ( Nederlands (help ·info )) is a West Germanic language that is spoken by around 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands
Netherlands
and about sixty percent of Belgium
Belgium
—and by another 5 million as a second language. It is the third most widely spoken Germanic language , after English and German. Outside of the Low Countries , it is the native language of the majority of the population of Suriname , and also holds official status in Aruba , Curaçao
Curaçao
and Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten
, which are constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Netherlands

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French Language
Phonological history * Oaths of Strasbourg * Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts
Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts
* Anglo-Norman GRAMMAR * Adverbs * Articles and determiners * Pronouns (personal )* Verbs * (conjugation * morphology ) ORTHOGRAPHY * Alphabet * Reforms * Circumflex * Braille PHONOLOGY * Elision * Liaison * Aspirated h * Help:IPA for French * v * t * e FRENCH (le français ( listen ) or la langue française ) is a Romance language
Romance language
of the Indo-European family . It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin
Latin
in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul
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Federation
A FEDERATION (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing states or regions under a central (federal) government. In a federation, the self-governing status of the component states, as well as the division of power between them and the central government, is typically constitutionally entrenched and may not be altered by a unilateral decision of either party, the states or the federal political body. Alternatively, federation is a form of government in which sovereign power is formally divided between a central authority and a number of constituent regions so that each region retains some degree of control over its internal affairs. The governmental or constitutional structure found in a federation is considered to be federalist, or to be an example of federalism . It can be considered the opposite of another system, the unitary state . France
France
, for example, has always been unitary
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Gaul
GAUL ( Latin
Latin
: GALLIA) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France
France
, Luxembourg
Luxembourg
, Belgium
Belgium
, most of Switzerland
Switzerland
, Northern Italy , as well as the parts of the Netherlands
Netherlands
and Germany
Germany
on the west bank of the Rhine . It covered an area of 494,000 km2 (191,000 sq mi)
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Celts
Pontic Steppe * Domestication of the horse * Kurgan
Kurgan
* Kurgan
Kurgan
culture * Steppe cultures * Bug-Dniester * Sredny Sto
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Nationality
NATIONALITY is a legal relationship between an individual person and a state . Nationality
Nationality
affords the state jurisdiction over the person and affords the person the protection of the state. What these rights and duties are vary from state to state. By custom and international conventions, it is the right of each state to determine who its nationals are. Such determinations are part of nationality law . In some cases, determinations of nationality are also governed by public international law —for example, by treaties on statelessness and the European Convention on Nationality
European Convention on Nationality
. Nationality
Nationality
differs technically and legally from citizenship , which is a different legal relationship between a person and a country. The noun national can include both citizens and non-citizens
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Jus Soli
JUS SOLI (English: /dʒʌs ˈsoʊlaɪ/ ; Latin pronunciation: ), meaning "right of the soil", commonly referred to as BIRTHRIGHT CITIZENSHIP, is the right of anyone born in the territory of a state to nationality or citizenship . As an unconditional basis for citizenship, it is the predominant rule in the Americas, but is rare elsewhere. Since the Twenty-seventh Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland
Ireland
was enacted in 2004, no European country grants citizenship based on unconditional jus soli. A study in 2010 found that only 30 of the world's 194 countries grant citizenship at birth to the children of undocumented foreign residents, although definitive information was not available from 19 countries
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Ethnic Group
An ETHNIC GROUP or ETHNICITY is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestral , language , social , cultural or national experiences . Ethnicity is often an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. In some cases, it can be adopted if a person moves into another society. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage , ancestry , origin myth , history , homeland , language or dialect , symbolic systems such as religion , mythology and ritual , cuisine , dressing style, art , and physical appearance . Ethnic groups, derived from the same historical founder population , often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool
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Dutch Republic
The DUTCH REPUBLIC, also known as the REPUBLIC OF THE SEVEN UNITED NETHERLANDS (Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden), REPUBLIC OF THE UNITED NETHERLANDS or REPUBLIC OF THE SEVEN UNITED PROVINCES (Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Provinciën), was a republic in Europe existing from