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Belgian People
Belgians
Belgians
(Dutch: Belgen, French: Belges, German: Belgier) are people identified with the Kingdom of Belgium, a federal state in Western Europe. As Belgium
Belgium
is a multinational state, this connection may be residential, legal, historical, or cultural rather than ethnic. Majority of Belgians, however, belong to two distinct ethnic groups or communities (Dutch: gemeenschap or French: communauté) native to the country, Flemings
Flemings
who speak Dutch in the north, on the border with the Netherlands, and Walloons who speak French and/or Walloon to the south, on the border with France
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Belgae
The Belgae
Belgae
(/ˈbɛldʒiː/ or /ˈbɛlɡaɪ/[1]) were a large Gaulish confederation[2] of tribes living in northern Gaul, between the English Channel, the west bank of the Rhine, and northern bank of the river Seine, from at least the third century BC. They were discussed in depth by Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
in his account of his wars in Gaul. Some peoples in Britain were also called Belgae
Belgae
and O'Rahilly equated them with the Fir Bolg
Fir Bolg
in Ireland
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National Congress Of Belgium
The National Congress (French: Congrès national, Dutch: Nationaal Congres) was a temporary legislative assembly in 1830, established shortly after the Belgian Provisional Government had proclaimed national independence following the Belgian Revolution. Its primary task was to create a constitution for the newly formed state. History[edit] The National Congress was elected by approximately 30,000 voters on 3 November 1830 and consisted of 200 members
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Multinational State
A multinational state is a sovereign state that comprises two or more nations. This is in contrast to a nation state, where a single nation accounts for the bulk of the population. Depending on the definition of "nation" (which touches on ethnicity, language, and political identity), a multinational state might also be multicultural or multilingual. Present-day examples of multinational states are Afghanistan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, China, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Madagascar, Montenegro, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. Historical multinational states that have since split into multiple sovereign states include Austria-Hungary, British India, Czechoslovakia, the Empire of Japan, the Soviet Union, and Yugoslavia
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Flemings
The Flemish
Flemish
or Flemings (Dutch pronunciation:  Vlamingen (help·info)) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Flanders, in modern Belgium, who speak Dutch, especially any of its dialects spoken in historical Flanders, known collectively as Flemish Dutch.[5] They are one of two principal ethnic groups in Belgium, the other being the French-speaking Walloons. Flemish
Flemish
people make up the majority of the Belgian population (about 60%)
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Walloons
Walloons (/wɑːˈluːnz/; French: Wallons, IPA: [walɔ̃]; Walloon: Walons) are a Romance ethnic people native to Belgium, principally its southern region of Wallonia, who speak French and Walloon
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Walloon Language
Walloon (Walon in Walloon) is a Romance language
Romance language
that is spoken as a primary language in large portions (70%) of Wallonia
Wallonia
in Belgium, in some villages of Northern France
France
(near Givet) and in the northeast part of Wisconsin[3] until the mid 20th century and in some parts of Canada[citation needed]. It belongs to the langue d'oïl language family, whose most prominent member is the French language. The historical background of its formation was the territorial extension since 980 of the Principality of Liège
Principality of Liège
to the south and west. Despite its rich literature, beginning anonymously in the 16th century and with well-known authors since 1756, the use of Walloon has decreased markedly since France's annexation of Wallonia
Wallonia
in 1795
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Belgian Diaspora
Belgium
Belgium
controlled two colonies during its history: the Belgian Congo from 1885 to 1960 and Ruanda-Urundi
Ruanda-Urundi
from 1916 to 1962
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Belgian Americans
Belgian Americans
Americans
are Americans
Americans
who can trace their ancestry to immigrants of Belgium
Belgium
who emigrated to the United States
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Belgian Canadians
Belgian Canadians
Canadians
(French: Canadiens belges) are Canadian citizens of Belgian ancestry or Belgium-born people who reside in Canada. According to the 2011 Census there were 176,615 Canadians
Canadians
who claimed full or partial Belgian ancestry.[1]Contents1 History 2 See also 3 References 4 Further readingHistory[edit] Belgians[clarification needed] first arrived in the 1660s. A trickle of artisans came to New France before the 1750s. In the mid-19th century there were enough arrivals to open part-time consulates in Montreal, Quebec City and Halifax. After 1859 the main attraction was free farm land. After 1867 the national government gave immigrants from Belgium
Belgium
a preferred status, and encouraged emigration to the Francophone Catholic communities of Quebec and Manitoba
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Belgians In France
Belgians in France
France
are divided into Flemish
Flemish
and Walloon. France
France
is one of the most popular destinations for both Walloons and the Flemish, the two linguistic communities in Belgium. Majority of Belgians living in France
France
are Walloons, but there is a growing community of Flemish and German speakers.Contents1 Today 2 Notable people 3 See also 4 ReferencesToday[edit] European immigrants in France
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Belgian Revolution
Belgian victoryMain European power recognition of Belgium's de facto independence from the Kingdom of the NetherlandsBelligerents Belgian rebels Supported by: French Kingdom  United NetherlandsCommanders and leaders King Leopold I Charles Rogier Erasme Surlet de Chokier King Louis-Philippe Étienne Maurice Gérard King William I Crown Prince William Prince FrederickStrength Unknown 60,000 men[1] 50,000 men[2]The Belgian Revolution
Belgian Revolution
(French: Révolution belge, Dutch: Belgische Revolutie/opstand/omwenteling, German: Belgische Revolution) was the conflict which led to the secession of the southern provinces (mainly the former Southern Netherlands) from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands
Netherlands
and the establishment of an independent Kingdom of Belgium. The people of the south were mainly Dutch-speaking Flemings and French-speaking Walloons
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Provisional Government Of Belgium
The Provisional Government (Dutch: Voorlopig Bewind; French: Gouvernement provisoire) was formed as a revolutionary committee of notables during the Belgian Revolution
Belgian Revolution
on 24 September 1830 at the Brussels City Hall
Brussels City Hall
under the name of Administrative Commission.Contents1 History 2 Members of the Provisional Government 3 See also 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] On 26 September the Administrative Commission assumed the title of Provisional Government, and two days later on 28 September it set up a Central Committee. This Central Committee proclaimed the independence of the "provinces of Belgium" on 4 October 1830.[1] Afterwards, the term Provisional Government was increasingly used to refer to the Central Committee
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Gallia Belgica
Gallia Belgica
Gallia Belgica
("Belgic Gaul") was a province of the Roman empire located in the north-eastern part of Roman Gaul, in what is today primarily Belgium, Luxembourg
Luxembourg
and the Netherlands. In 50 BC after the conquest by Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
during his Gallic Wars, it became one of the three main provinces of Gaul
Gaul
(known as the Tres Galliae, the other two being Gallia Aquitania
Gallia Aquitania
and Gallia Lugdunensis).[1] An official Roman province
Roman province
was later created by emperor Augustus
Augustus
in 22 BC. The province was named for the Belgae, as the largest tribal confederation in the area, but also included the territories of the Treveri, Mediomatrici, Leuci, Sequani, Helvetii
Helvetii
and others
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Federation
A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing states or regions under a central (federal) government. In a federation, the self-governing status of the component states, as well as the division of power between them and the central government, is typically constitutionally entrenched and may not be altered by a unilateral decision of either party, the states or the federal political body. Alternatively, federation is a form of government in which sovereign power is formally divided between a central authority and a number of constituent regions so that each region retains some degree of control over its internal affairs.[1][2] The governmental or constitutional structure found in a federation is considered to be federalist, or to be an example of federalism. It can be considered the opposite of another system, the unitary state. France, for example, has been unitary for multiple centuries
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Roman Province
In Ancient Rome, a province (Latin: provincia, pl. provinciae) was the basic, and, until the Tetrarchy
Tetrarchy
(293 AD), largest territorial and administrative unit of the empire's territorial possessions outside Italy. The word province in modern English has its origins in the term used by the Romans. Provinces were generally governed by politicians of senatorial rank, usually former consuls or former praetors. A later exception was the province of Egypt, incorporated by Augustus
Augustus
after the death of Cleopatra: it was ruled by a governor of equestrian rank only, perhaps as a discouragement to senatorial ambition
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