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Belgian People
BELGIANS (Dutch : Belgen, French : Belges, German : Belgier) are people identified with the Kingdom of Belgium
Belgium
, a federal state in Western Europe . As Belgium
Belgium
is a multinational state , this connection may be residential, legal, historical, or cultural. Majority of Belgians, however, belong to two distinct ethnic groups native to the country, Flemings who speak Dutch in the north, on the border with the Netherlands
Netherlands
, and Walloons who speak French and/or Walloon to the south, on the border with France
France
. There is also a substantial Belgian diaspora , which has settled primarily in the United States
United States
, Canada and France
France

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Belgian Revolution
Belgian victory * Main European power recognition of Belgium's de facto independence from the Kingdom of the Netherlands BELLIGERENTS Belgian rebels SUPPORTED BY: French Kingdom United Netherlands
Netherlands
COMMANDERS AND LEADERS Charles Rogier Erasme Surlet de Chokier King Louis-Philippe Étienne Maurice Gérard
Étienne Maurice Gérard
King William I Crown Prince William Prince Frederick STRENGTH Unknown 60,000 men 50,000 men The BELGIAN REVOLUTION (French : Révolution belge, Dutch : Belgische Revolutie/opstand/omwenteling, German : Belgische Revolution) was the conflict which led to the secession of the southern provinces (mainly the former Southern Netherlands
Netherlands
) from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands
Netherlands
and the establishment of an independent Kingdom of Belgium
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Belgian Canadians
BELGIAN CANADIANS (French : Canadiens belges) are Canadian citizens of Belgian ancestry or Belgium
Belgium
-born people who reside in Canada. According to the 2011 Census there were 176,615 Canadians
Canadians
who claimed full or partial Belgian ancestry. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Further reading HISTORYBelgians first arrived in the 1660s. A trickle of artisans came to New France before the 1750s. In the mid-19th century there were enough arrivals to open part-time consulates in Montreal, Quebec City and Halifax. After 1859 the main attraction was free farm land. After 1867 the national government gave immigrants from Belgium
Belgium
a preferred status, and encouraged emigration to the Francophone Catholic communities of Quebec and Manitoba
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Provisional Government Of Belgium
The PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT (Dutch : Voorlopig Bewind; French : Gouvernement provisoire) was formed as a revolutionary committee of notables during the Belgian Revolution
Belgian Revolution
on 24 September 1830 at the Brussels City Hall under the name of ADMINISTRATIVE COMMISSION. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Members of the Provisional Government * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORYOn 26 September the Administrative Commission assumed the title of Provisional Government, and two days later on 28 September it set up a Central Committee. This Central Committee proclaimed the independence of the "provinces of Belgium" on 4 October 1830. Afterwards, the term Provisional Government was increasingly used to refer to the Central Committee. Apart from the Central Committee, there also were Special Committees for War, Internal Affairs, Finance, Justice, Public Safety and Diplomacy
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National Congress Of Belgium
The NATIONAL CONGRESS (French : Congrès national, Dutch : Nationaal Congres) was a temporary legislative assembly in 1830, established shortly after the Belgian Provisional Government had proclaimed national independence following the Belgian Revolution
Belgian Revolution
. Its primary task was to create a constitution for the newly formed state. HISTORYThe National Congress was elected by approximately 30,000 voters on 3 November 1830 and consisted of 200 members. Its president was Baron Erasme Louis Surlet de Chokier
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Gallia Belgica
GALLIA BELGICA ( Belgic
Belgic
Gaul
Gaul
) was a province of the Roman empire located in the north-eastern part of Roman Gaul
Gaul
, in which Belgium
Belgium
is situated today. In 50BC after the conquest by Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
during his Gallic Wars , it became one of the three main provinces of Gaul
Gaul
(known as the Tres Galliae the other two being Gallia Aquitania and Gallia Lugdunensis ). An official Roman province
Roman province
was later created by emperor Augustus
Augustus
in 22 BC
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Belgian Americans
BELGIAN AMERICANS are Americans
Americans
who can trace their ancestry to immigrants of Belgium
Belgium
who emigrated to the United States
United States
. While the first natives of the then- Southern Netherlands
Southern Netherlands
arrived in America in the 17th century, the majority of Belgian immigrants arrived during the 19th and 20th centuries . According to the 2010 US census , there are 361,667 Americans
Americans
who identify themselves as partially or fully of Belgian ancestry
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Belgian Diaspora
Belgium
Belgium
controlled two colonies during its history: the Belgian Congo from 1885 to 1960 and Ruanda-Urundi
Ruanda-Urundi
from 1916 to 1962. It also had a concession in China
China
, and was a co-administrator of the Tangier International Zone in Morocco
Morocco
. Roughly 98% of Belgium's overseas territory was just one colony (about 76 times larger than Belgium
Belgium
itself) — known as the Belgian Congo . This had originated as the personal property of the country's king, Leopold II , rather than being gained through the political or military action of the Belgian state. Belgians
Belgians
tended to refer to their overseas possessions as "the colonies" rather than "the empire", as in some other European countries
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Multinational State
A MULTINATIONAL STATE is a sovereign state that comprises two or more nations . This is in contrast to a nation state , where a single nation accounts for the bulk of the population. Depending on the definition of "nation" (which touches on ethnicity , language, and political identity), a multinational state might also be multicultural or multilingual
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Walloons
WALLOONS (/wɑːˈluːnz/ ; French : Wallons, IPA: ; Walloon : Walons) are a Romance ethnic people native to Belgium
Belgium
, principally its southern region of Wallonia , who speak French and Walloon . Walloons are a distinctive ethnic community within Belgium. Important historical and anthropological criteria (religion, language, traditions, folklore) bind Walloons to the French people . More generally, the term also refers to the inhabitants of the Walloon Region. Besides French and Walloon, minority of Walloons also speak various regional languages such as Picard and Lorrain . Walloons are the descendants of Gallo-Romans with Germanic Frankish admixture
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Walloon Language
WALLOON (Walon in Walloon) is a Romance language
Romance language
that was spoken as a primary language in large portions (70%) of Wallonia
Wallonia
in Belgium
Belgium
, in some villages of Northern France
France
(near Givet
Givet
) and in the northeast part of Wisconsin
Wisconsin
until the mid 20th century and in some parts of Canada. It belongs to the langue d\'oïl language family , whose most prominent member is the French language
French language
. The historical background of its formation was the territorial extension since 980 of the Principality of Liège to the south and west. Despite its rich literature , beginning anonymously in the 16th century and with well-known authors since 1756, the use of Walloon has decreased markedly since France's annexation of Wallonia
Wallonia
in 1795
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Roman Province
In Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
, a PROVINCE ( Latin
Latin
: provincia, pl. provinciae) was the basic, and, until the Tetrarchy (293 AD), largest territorial and administrative unit of the empire's territorial possessions outside of Italy
Italy
. The word province in modern English has its origins in the term used by the Romans. Provinces were generally governed by politicians of senatorial rank, usually former consuls or former praetors . A later exception was the province of Egypt, incorporated by Augustus
Augustus
after the death of Cleopatra
Cleopatra
: it was ruled by a governor of equestrian rank only, perhaps as a discouragement to senatorial ambition. This exception was unique, but not contrary to Roman law, as Egypt was considered Augustus' personal property, following the tradition of earlier, Hellenistic kings
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Gaul
GAUL ( Latin
Latin
: GALLIA) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France
France
, Luxembourg
Luxembourg
, Belgium
Belgium
, most of Switzerland
Switzerland
, Northern Italy , as well as the parts of the Netherlands
Netherlands
and Germany
Germany
on the west bank of the Rhine . It covered an area of 494,000 km2 (191,000 sq mi)
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Culture Of Belgium
BELGIAN CULTURE involves both the aspects shared by all Belgians regardless of the language they speak, and the differences between the main cultural communities: the Dutch-speaking Flemish and the French-speakers Walloons . Most Belgians
Belgians
view their culture as an integral part of European culture. However, members of each of the two main linguistic groups generally make their cultural choices from within their own community, and then, when going beyond, the Flemish draw intensively from both the English-speaking culture (which dominates sciences, professional life and most news media) and the Netherlands , whereas French-speakers focus on cultural life in France and elsewhere in the French-speaking world , and less outside. Belgian ethnic minorities, such as the Jews who have formed a component of Flemish culture — in particular that of Antwerp
Antwerp
— for over five hundred years, have different cultures
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