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Belgian Air Component
The BELGIAN AIR COMPONENT (Dutch : Luchtcomponent, French : Composante air) is the air arm of the Belgian Armed Forces
Belgian Armed Forces
. The Belgian military aviation was founded in 1909 and is one of the world's oldest air services. The commander is Major General
Major General
aviator Frederik Vansina, appointed on 23 July 2009. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Foundation and early years * 1.2 World War I * 1.2.1 Aircraft procurement difficulties * 1.2.2 Operational summary * 1.3 Between the world wars * 1.4 World War II * 1.5 The Cold War * 1.6 Post-Cold War reforms – COMOPSAIR * 1.7 Retired aircraft * 1.8 1990s * 1.9 2000s * 1.10 2010s * 1.10.1 Joint air policing * 2 Current Structure * 3 Aircraft * 3.1 Current inventory * 4 Future * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 Bibliography * 8 External links HISTORYFOUNDATION AND EARLY YEARSThe Belgian military aviation was founded in 1909 as a branch of the Belgian Army, carrying the name Compagnie des Ouvriers et Aérostiers. King Albert 's interest in the military use of aircraft was the main impetus for its formation. Coincidentally, in the civil aviation sector, Baron
Baron
Pierre de Caters earned the first civil pilot's brevet that same year. Caters would promptly establish an aviation school
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Royal Air Force
The ROYAL AIR FORCE (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force . Formed towards the end of the First World War
First World War
on 1 April 1918, it is the oldest independent air force in the world. Following victory over the Central Powers
Central Powers
in 1918 the RAF emerged as, at the time, the largest air force in the world. Since its formation, the RAF has taken a significant role in British military history , in particular, playing a large part in the Second World War
Second World War
where it fought its most famous campaign, the Battle of Britain
Battle of Britain
. The RAF's mission is to support the objectives of the British Ministry of Defence (MoD), which are to "provide the capabilities needed: to ensure the security and defence of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and overseas territories, including against terrorism; to support the Government’s foreign policy objectives particularly in promoting international peace and security". The RAF describe its mission statement as "... An _agile_, _adaptable_ and _capable_ Air Force that, person for person, is second to none, and that makes a decisive air power contribution in support of the UK Defence Mission". The mission statement is supported by the RAF's definition of air power , which guides its strategy
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Belgium
Coordinates : 50°50′N 4°00′E / 50.833°N 4.000°E / 50.833; 4.000 Kingdom of Belgium * _Koninkrijk België_ (Dutch ) * _Royaume de Belgique_ (French ) * _Königreich Belgien_ (German ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Eendracht maakt macht" (Dutch ) "L'union fait la force" (French ) "Einigkeit macht stark" (German ) "Unity makes Strength" ANTHEM: " La Brabançonne " Location of Belgium (dark green) – in Europe (green "> (green) Capital and largest city Brussels 50°51′N 4°21′E / 50.850°N 4.350°E / 50.850; 4.350 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES Dutch French German ETHNIC GROUPS see _Demographics _ DEMONYM Belgian GOVERNMENT Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy • MONARCH Philippe • PRIME MINISTER
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King Of The Belgians
The MONARCHY OF BELGIUM is a constitutional , popular and hereditary monarchy whose incumbent is titled the King or Queen of the Belgians (Dutch : Koning(in) der Belgen, French : Roi / Reine des Belges, German : König(in) der Belgier) and serves as the country's head of state . There have been seven Belgian monarchs since independence in 1830. The incumbent, Philippe , ascended the throne on 21 July 2013, following the abdication of his father . CONTENTS * 1 Origins * 2 Hereditary
Hereditary
and constitutional * 2.1 Leopold I, Leopold II and Albert I * 2.2 Leopold III and Baudouin * 2.3 Constitutional, political, and historical consequences * 3 List of kings of the Belgians
Belgians
* 4 Title * 5 Constitutional role * 5.1 Inviolability * 6 Popular support * 7 Royal Household * 8 Members of the Belgian royal family * 8.1 Other members of the royal family * 8.2 Other descendants of Leopold III * 8.3 Family tree
Family tree
of members * 9 Deceased members * 10 Royal consorts * 11 See also * 12 References * 13 External links ORIGINSWhen Belgium
Belgium
became independent in 1830 the National Congress chose a constitutional monarchy as the form of government . The Congress voted on the question on 22 November 1830, supporting monarchy by 174 votes to 13
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Air Force
An AIR FORCE, also known in some countries as an AIR ARMY, is in the broadest sense, the national military branch that primarily conducts aerial warfare . More specifically, it is the branch of a nation 's armed services that is responsible for aerial warfare as distinct from an army , navy , or a marine corps . Typically, air forces are responsible for gaining control of the air , carrying out strategic and tactical bombing missions, and providing support to land and naval forces . The term "air force" may also refer to a tactical air force or numbered air force , which is an operational formation either within a national air force or comprising several air components from allied nations. Air forces typically consist of a combination of fighters , bombers , helicopters , transport planes and other aircraft. Many air forces are also responsible for operations of the military space , intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM), and communications equipment. Some air forces may command and control other air defence assets such as anti-aircraft artillery , surface-to-air missiles , or anti-ballistic missile warning networks and defensive systems
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Aerial Warfare
AERIAL WARFARE is the battlespace use of military aircraft and other flying machines in warfare . Aerial warfare includes bombers attacking enemy installations or a concentration of enemy troops or strategic targets ; fighter aircraft battling for control of airspace ; attack aircraft engaging in close air support against ground targets; naval aviation flying against sea and nearby land targets; gliders , helicopters and other aircraft to carry airborne forces such as paratroopers ; aerial refueling tankers to extend operation time or range; and military transport aircraft to move cargo and personnel. Historically, military aircraft have included lighter-than-air balloons carrying artillery observers ; lighter-than-air airships for bombing cities; various sorts of reconnaissance , surveillance and early warning aircraft carrying observers, cameras and radar equipment; torpedo bombers to attack enemy shipping; and military air-sea rescue aircraft for saving downed airmen . Modern aerial warfare includes missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles . Surface forces are likely to respond to enemy air activity with anti-aircraft warfare
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Belgian Armed Forces
The BELGIAN ARMED FORCES (Dutch : Defensie; French : La Défense) is the national military of Belgium . The Belgian Armed Forces was established after Belgium became independent in October 1830. Since that time Belgian armed forces have fought in World War I, World War II, the Cold War ( Korean War and army of occupation of the Federal Republic of Germany), Kosovo, Somalia and Afghanistan. The ParaCommando Brigade intervened several times in Central-Africa, for maintaining public order and evacuation of Belgian citizens. The Armed Forces comprise four branches: the Land Component , the Air Component , the Marine Component and the Medical Component . It is currently active in Lebanon, Afghanistan, the Gulf of Aden and conducting anti-ISIS operations in Iraq
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Major General
MAJOR GENERAL (short MG or MAJ. GEN.) is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general . The disappearance of the "sergeant" in the title explains the apparently confusing phenomenon whereby a lieutenant general outranks a major general (although a major outranks a lieutenant, a lieutenant outranks a sergeant-major.) In the Commonwealth
Commonwealth
and the United States, it is a division commander's rank subordinate to the rank of lieutenant general and senior to the rank of brigadier or brigadier general . In the Commonwealth, major general is equivalent to the navy rank of rear admiral, and in air forces with a separate rank structure, it is equivalent to air vice-marshal . In some countries, including much of Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
, major general is the lowest of the general officer ranks, with no brigadier-grade rank above colonel
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Dutch Language
DUTCH (_ Nederlands_ (help ·info )) is a West Germanic language that is spoken by around 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent of Belgium —and by another 5 million as a second language. It is the third most widely spoken Germanic language , after English and German. Outside of the Low Countries , it is the native language of the majority of the population of Suriname , and also holds official status in Aruba , Curaçao and Sint Maarten , which are constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands . Historical minorities on the verge of extinction remain in parts of France and Germany , and in Indonesia , while up to half a million native speakers may reside in the United States , Canada and Australia combined. The Cape Dutch dialects of Southern Africa have evolved into Afrikaans , a mutually intelligible daughter language which is spoken to some degree by at least 16 million people, mainly in South Africa and Namibia . Dutch is one of the closest relatives of both German and English and is said to be roughly in between them
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French Language
Phonological history * Oaths of Strasbourg * Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts * Anglo-Norman GRAMMAR * Adverbs * Articles and determiners * Pronouns (personal )* Verbs * (conjugation * morphology ) ORTHOGRAPHY * Alphabet * Reforms * Circumflex * Braille PHONOLOGY * Elision * Liaison * Aspirated h * Help:IPA for French * v * t * e FRENCH (_le français_ (_ listen ) or la langue française_ ) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family . It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire , as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d\'oïl —languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French ( Francien ) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic ) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages , most notably Haitian Creole . A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as "FRANCOPHONE" in both English and French
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Albert I Of Belgium
ALBERT I (8 April 1875 – 17 February 1934) reigned as the third King of the Belgians from 1909 to 1934. This was an eventful period in the history of Belgium , which included the period of World War I (1914–1918), when 90 percent of Belgium was overrun, occupied, and ruled by the German Empire . Other crucial issues included the adoption of the Treaty of Versailles , the ruling of the Belgian Congo as an overseas possession of the Kingdom of Belgium along with the League of Nations mandate of Ruanda-Urundi , the reconstruction of Belgium following the war, and the first five years of the Great Depression (1929–1934). King Albert died in a mountaineering accident in eastern Belgium in 1934, at the age of 58, and he was succeeded by his son Leopold
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Baron
BARON is a title of honour, often hereditary. The female equivalent is BARONESS. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Continental Europe * 2.1 France * 2.2 Germany * 2.3 Italy * 2.4 The Low Countries * 2.5 Nordic countries * 2.6 Russia * 2.7 Spain * 3 United Kingdom and the Commonwealth * 3.1 Ireland * 3.2 Scotland * 3.3 Style of address * 3.4 Coronet * 4 Other * 5 See also * 6 Sources * 7 References ETYMOLOGYThe word _baron_ comes from the Old French _baron_, from a Late Latin _baro_ "man; servant, soldier, mercenary" (so used in Salic Law ; Alemannic Law has _barus_ in the same sense). The scholar Isidore of Seville in the 7th century thought the word was from Greek βαρύς "heavy" (because of the "heavy work" done by mercenaries), but the word is presumably of Old Frankish origin, cognate with Old English _beorn_ meaning "warrior, nobleman". Cornutus in the first century already reports a word _barones_ which he took to be of Gaulish origin. He glosses it as meaning _servos militum_ and explains it as meaning "stupid", by reference to classical Latin _bārō_ "simpleton, dunce"; because of this early reference, the word has also been suggested to derive from an otherwise unknown Celtic _*bar_, but the _ Oxford English Dictionary _ takes this to be "a figment"
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Pierre De Caters
BARON PIERRE DE CATERS ( Berchem
Berchem
, 25 December 1875 – Paris
Paris
, 21 March 1944) was a Belgian adventurer , aviator and car and motorboat racer . He was the first Belgian to fly an aircraft in 1908. Voisin de Caters the Antwerp Aviation Week 1909. He was also the first Belgian to receive a pilot license from the Belgian air club on 2 December 1909 and received a gold medal for the first kilometer in the same year. He was the first aircraft manufacturer in Belgium
Belgium
and the first instructor of the military aviation. He also took part in car and motorboat races in Belgium
Belgium
and France. Briefly in 1904, he held the World Land Speed Record
World Land Speed Record
, driving a DMG Mercedes Simplex at 97.25 mph. over a 1 km. course on a beach in Ostend , Belgium. In World War I
World War I
he joined the Belgian military aviation, commanding the flying school of Étampes . CONTENTS * 1 Journey to India * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links JOURNEY TO INDIAOn 16 November 1910, de Caters embarked to India with two Aviator airplanes. He was accompanied by Jules Tyck , another Belgian pilot
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Aircrew Brevet
An AIRCREW BREVET (officially known as an AIRCREW BADGE) is the badge worn on the left breast, above any medal ribbons , by qualified aircrew in the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
, British Army , Indian Air Force
Indian Air Force
, Pakistan Air Force , Royal Canadian Air Force , Australian Army , Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
, Royal New Zealand Air Force , South African Air Force and Sri Lanka Air Force . CONTENTS* 1 United Kingdom * 1.1 Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
* 1.2 Royal Navy
Royal Navy
* 1.3 British Army * 2 Australia * 3 New Zealand * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links UNITED KINGDOMROYAL AIR FORCE Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
pilot brevet In the RAF , aircrew 'wings' are awarded upon the completion of a significant stage of flying training . Aircrew first undertake Elementary Flying Training, and are then streamed to either fast jet, helicopter or multi-engine pipelines
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Lewis Machine Gun
The LEWIS GUN (or LEWIS AUTOMATIC MACHINE GUN or LEWIS AUTOMATIC RIFLE) is a First World War -era light machine gun of US design that was perfected and mass-produced in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, and widely used by British and British Empire troops during the war. With its distinctive barrel cooling shroud and top-mounted pan magazine, the Lewis served to the end of the Korean War . It was also widely used as an aircraft machine gun, almost always with the cooling shroud removed, during both world wars. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Production * 3 Design details * 4 Service * 4.1 First World War * 4.1.1 Aircraft use * 4.2 Second World War * 5 Variants * 5.1 British service * 5.2 Canadian service * 5.3 US service * 5.4 Other users * 5.5 Experimental projects * 6 Influence on later designs * 7 Users * 8 See also * 9 Notes * 10 References * 11 Further reading * 12 External links HISTORYThe Lewis gun was invented by U.S. Army colonel Isaac Newton Lewis in 1911, based on initial work by Samuel Maclean. Despite its origins, the Lewis gun was not initially adopted by the US military, most likely because of political differences between Lewis and General William Crozier , the chief of the Ordnance Department. Lewis became frustrated with trying to persuade the U.S
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