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Belgian Air Component
The BELGIAN AIR COMPONENT (Dutch : Luchtcomponent, French : Composante air) is the air arm of the Belgian Armed Forces . The Belgian military aviation was founded in 1909 and is one of the world's oldest air services. The commander is Major General aviator Frederik Vansina, appointed on 23 July 2009
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Houthulst
HOUTHULST (Dutch pronunciation: ) ( West Flemish : Outulst) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders . The municipality comprises the towns of Houthulst
Houthulst
proper, Jonkershove , Klerken and Merkem . On January 1, 2006, Houthulst
Houthulst
had a total population of 9,051. The total area is 55.89 km² which gives a population density of 162 inhabitants per km². LANDMARKS * De "Sint-Jan Baptistkerk" (Church of Saint John the Baptist), rebuilt in 1924 after being completely destroyed during World War I. * The Belgian Military Cemetery (nl), containing the graves of almost 1800 Belgian soldiers, killed during World War I. The cemetery also contains 81 Italian graves
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Nieuport 10
The NIEUPORT 10 was a French First World War
First World War
sesquiplane that filled a wide variety of roles including reconnaissance, fighter and trainer. CONTENTS * 1 Design and development * 2 Operational Use * 3 Variants * 4 Operators * 5 Survivors * 6 Specifications ( Nieuport
Nieuport
10 C.1 fighter) * 7 See also * 8 References * 8.1 Footnotes * 8.2 Bibliography * 9 External links DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENTIn January 1914, designer Gustave Delage joined the Société Anonyme des Etablissements Nieuport, and started working on a series of aircraft that would remain in production for the remainder of the First World War. The Nieuport
Nieuport
10 was first of these and was originally designed to compete in the Gordon Bennett Trophy race of 1914. World War I caused this contest to be cancelled, and the type was developed as a military two seat reconnaissance aircraft that entered service in 1915
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Nieuport 11
The NIEUPORT 11, nicknamed the Bébé, was a French World War I single seat sesquiplane fighter aircraft , designed by Gustave Delage. It was the primary aircraft that ended the Fokker Scourge in 1916. The type saw service with several of France's allies, and gave rise to the series of "vee-strut" Nieuport
Nieuport
fighters that remained in service (latterly as trainers) into the 1920s
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Royal Air Force
The ROYAL AIR FORCE (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force . Formed towards the end of the First World War
First World War
on 1 April 1918, it is the oldest independent air force in the world. Following victory over the Central Powers
Central Powers
in 1918 the RAF emerged as, at the time, the largest air force in the world. Since its formation, the RAF has taken a significant role in British military history , in particular, playing a large part in the Second World War
Second World War
where it fought its most famous campaign, the Battle of Britain
Battle of Britain

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Roeselare
ROESELARE (Dutch pronunciation: , French : Roulers, West Flemish
West Flemish
: Roeseloare) is a Belgian city and municipality in the Flemish province of West Flanders
West Flanders
. The municipality comprises the city of Roeselare proper and the towns of Beveren, Oekene and Rumbeke . The name of the city is derived from two Germanic words meaning "reed" and "open space", i.e., a marsh in a forest glade. Roeselare's minor seminary is famous for having hosted the famous Flemish poets Guido Gezelle
Guido Gezelle
, Albrecht Rodenbach and missionary Jesuit Constant Lievens . The city is also home to the Rodenbach brewery
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Sint-Agatha-Berchem
SINT-AGATHA-BERCHEM (Dutch: ( listen )) or BERCHEM-SAINTE-AGATHE (French: ) is one of the nineteen municipalities of the Brussels-Capital Region in Belgium
Belgium
. The municipality had a total population of 20,078 on 1 January 2006. The total area is 2.95 km² which gives a population density of 6,807 inhabitants per km². The municipality is known for its calm and peaceful character. It is said that Berchem is a "village in the city". The Belgian actor Jean-Claude Van Damme was born and raised here; this is also the site of the Cité Moderne a housing project from 1922-1925 designed by the great Belgian architect Victor Bourgeois
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Albatros Flugzeugwerke
ALBATROS-FLUGZEUGWERKE GMBH was a German aircraft manufacturer best known for supplying the German airforces during World War I
World War I
. The company was based in Johannisthal , Berlin
Berlin
, where it was founded by Walter Huth and Otto Wiener on December 20, 1909. It produced some of the most capable fighter aircraft of World War I, notably the Albatros D.III and Albatros D.V , both designed by Robert Thelen for the firm. The works continued to operate until 1931, when it was merged into Focke-Wulf . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Summary of aircraft built by Albatros Flugzeugwerke
Albatros Flugzeugwerke
* 3 References * 4 External links HISTORYThe company was founded in Berlin-Johannisthal the end of 1909, by Enno Walther Huth , as Albatros Werke AG. The initial activity of the company was the licensed production of the French Antoinette monoplane
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Pusher Configuration
In a craft with a PUSHER CONFIGURATION (as opposed to a tractor configuration ), the propeller (s) are mounted behind their respective engine(s). According to British aviation author Bill Gunston , a "pusher propeller" is one mounted behind the engine, so that the drive shaft is in compression. Pusher configuration
Pusher configuration
describes this specific (propeller or ducted fan ) thrust device attached to a craft, either aerostat (airship ) or aerodyne (aircraft , WIG , paramotor , rotorcraft ) or others types such as hovercraft , airboat and propeller-driven snowmobiles . "Pusher configuration" also describes the layout of a fixed-wing aircraft in which the thrust device has a pusher configuration. This kind of aircraft is commonly called a PUSHER. Pushers have been designed and built in many different layouts, some of them quite radical
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Third Battle Of Ypres
British Empire
British Empire
* Australia
Australia
* Canada
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Groupe De Chasse
GROUPE DE CHASSE or GROUPE DE CHASSE (usually abbreviated as GC) is the French language
French language
term for "fighter group " or "fighter wing ". More literal translations include "pursuit group" (the US term for fighter groups prior to 1942) and "hunting group" (similar to the German language Jagdgruppe or JG). CONTENTS * 1 Composition * 2 Units * 2.1 France * 3 References COMPOSITIONA group de chasse may include one to four escadrilles , each of which comprises 10–12 aircraft. The commanding officer of a GC is usually a Commandant , Lieutenant-colonel or Colonel
Colonel

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Willy Coppens
WILLY OMER FRANçOIS JEAN BARON COPPENS DE HOUTHULST (6 July 1892 – 21 December 1986) was Belgium's leading fighter ace and the champion "balloon buster " of World War I. He was credited with 37 confirmed victories and six probables. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 World War I * 3 After the war * 4 Medals and awards * 4.1 National * 4.2 Foreign * 5 See also * 6 Footnotes * 7 References * 8 External links EARLY LIFECoppens was born in Watermael-Boitsfort
Watermael-Boitsfort
, son of Omer Coppens a Belgina impressionistic painter that studied in the Royal Academy of Ghent . He was conscripted into the army in 1912, to serve with the Premiere Regiment Grenadiers. WORLD WAR IIn 1914, following the German invasion of Belgium, Coppens transferred to The Motor Machine Gun Corps
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Balloon Buster
BALLOON BUSTERS were military pilots known for destroying enemy observation balloons . These pilots were noted for their fearlessness. Seventy-seven flying aces in World War I were each credited with destroying five or more balloons, and thus were balloon aces. CONTENTS * 1 The crucial role of observation balloons * 2 Balloon busting aces * 3 Aviators with victories over four observation balloons * 4 World War I aviators who shot down three observation balloons * 5 World War I aviators who shot down two observation balloons * 6 World War I aviators who shot down one observation balloon * 7 Fictional portrayals * 8 See also * 9 Notes * 10 References * 11 External links THE CRUCIAL ROLE OF OBSERVATION BALLOONS This British balloon of the German Parseval-Siegsfeld type, 1916, was typical of observation balloons in the first half of World War I
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Adolphe DuBois D'Aische
Sergeant
Sergeant
ADOLPHE ALOIS DE GONZAGUE MARIE HUBERT GHISLAIN DU BOIS D\'AISCHE was a Belgian
Belgian
World War I flying ace credited with six aerial victories. Serving in the French Air Service , he was the oldest ace in the war, scoring his fifth (and sixth) victories when he was 43 years of age. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 First World War * 3 Later life * 4 Sources of information * 5 See also EARLY LIFEd'Aische was born in Brussels
Brussels
in 1874. He was a scion (lineal descendant) of Walloon nobility whose lineage dated back to the 15th century. d'Aische moved to the Belgian
Belgian
Congo when his father opposed his desire to study engineering and attempted to arrange a suitable bride for his son. In 1904, he enlisted in the French Foreign Legion where he learnt to speak German and became a French citizen
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Flying Ace
A FLYING ACE, FIGHTER ACE or AIR ACE is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat. The actual number of aerial victories required to officially qualify as an "ace" has varied, but is usually considered to be five or more. The few aces among combat aviators have historically accounted for the majority of air-to-air victories in military history. The concept of the "ace" emerged in 1915 during World War I , at the same time as aerial dogfighting . It was a propaganda term intended to provided the home front with a cult of the hero in what was otherwise a war of attrition . The individual actions of aces were widely reported and the image was disseminated of the ace as a chivalrous knight reminiscent of a bygone era. For a brief early period when air-to-air combat was just being invented, the exceptionally skilled pilot could shape the battle in the skies
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SPAD XIII
The SPAD S.XIII
SPAD S.XIII
was a French biplane fighter aircraft of World War I , developed by Société Pour L\'Aviation et ses Dérivés (SPAD) from the earlier highly successful SPAD S.VII
SPAD S.VII
. It was one of the most capable fighters of the war, and one of the most-produced, with 8,472 built and orders for around 10,000 more cancelled at the Armistice
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