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Beisi Pagoda
The BEISI PAGODA (Chinese : 北寺塔; pinyin : _Běisì Tǎ_; Wade–Giles : _PEISZU T\'A_; Suzhou
Suzhou
Wu : Poh zy thaeh, Wu Chinese pronunciation: ) or NORTH TEMPLE PAGODA is a Chinese pagoda located at Bao'en Temple in Suzhou
Suzhou
, Jiangsu Province, China
China
. The base of the pagoda has an octagonal frame, and the tower rises nine stories in a total height of 76 m (249 ft). The pagoda was once eleven stories tall, but was damaged and reduced to nine stories. Its double eaves and flying corners are similar to that of the Liuhe Pagoda found in Hangzhou . Its base and outside walls are made of brick, the balustrades made of stone, and the eaves and banisters encircling the structure are made of wood
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Chinese Language
LEGEND: Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers Major Chinese-speaking settlements THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters
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Pinyin
PINYIN, or HàNYǔ PīNYīN, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
in mainland China
China
, Malaysia
Malaysia
, Singapore
Singapore
, and Taiwan . It is often used to teach Standard Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters
Chinese characters
. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones . Pinyin
Pinyin
without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters. The pinyin system was developed in the 1950s by many linguists, including Zhou Youguang
Zhou Youguang
, based on earlier forms of romanization of Chinese . It was published by the Chinese government
Chinese government
in 1958 and revised several times
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Wade–giles
WADE–GILES (/ˌweɪd ˈdʒaɪlz/ ), sometimes abbreviated WADE, is a Romanization system for Mandarin Chinese . It developed from a system produced by Thomas Wade , during the mid-19th century, and was given completed form with Herbert A. Giles 's _Chinese–English Dictionary _ of 1892. Wade–Giles was the system of transcription in the English-speaking world for most of the 20th century, used in standard reference books and in English language books published before 1979. It replaced the Nanking dialect -based romanization systems that had been common until the late 19th century, such as the Postal Romanization
Postal Romanization
(still used in some place-names). In mainland China it has been entirely replaced by the Hanyu Pinyin system approved in 1958
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Suzhou Dialect
The SUZHOU DIALECT (simplified Chinese : 苏州话; traditional Chinese : 蘇州話; pinyin : _Sūzhōu huà_; Suzhounese: _Sou-tsøʏ ghé-ghô_ 蘇州閒話), also known as SUZHOUNESE, is the variety of Chinese traditionally spoken in the city of Suzhou
Suzhou
in Jiangsu Province , China
China
. Suzhounese is a variety of Wu Chinese , and was traditionally considered the Wu Chinese prestige dialect . Considered one of the most flowing and elegant languages of China, it is rich in vowels and conservative in having many initials
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Chinese Pagoda
The CHINESE PAGODA is a landmark in Birmingham
Birmingham
, England
England
. It is a 40-foot (12 m) granite carving of a Chinese pagoda
Chinese pagoda
, carved in Fujian , China
China
and donated to the city by the Wing Yip brothers, founder of a local Chinese supermarket chain, in thanks to the city and its people for providing a home for them and their families and for the city’s support over the years. The pagoda was erected in 1998 and the surrounding area turned into a Feng Shui garden with a large Taijitu embedded in the pavement. Located in the centre of the Holloway Circus roundabout on the Inner Ring Road , it forms a landmark for the nearby Chinese Quarter of the city and is seen by over 60,000 motorists a day. FURTHER READING * Wun Fung Chan (2005)
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Suzhou
CNY 1.54 trillion USD
USD
$231.93 billion PPP $440 billion * Per capitaCNY 145,300 USD
USD
$21,882 PPP $41,514 * Growth: 7.5% HDI (2015) 0.894 - very high CITY FLOWER Osmanthus CITY TREE Camphor laurel REGIONAL DIALEC
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Jiangsu
JIANGSU ( listen (help ·info )), formerly romanized as KIANGSU, is an eastern-central coastal province of the People\'s Republic of China . It is one of the leading provinces in manufacturing electronics and apparel items, with its capital in Nanjing . Jiangsu is the third smallest , but the fifth most populous and the most densely populated of the 23 provinces of the People's Republic of China. Jiangsu has the second-highest GDP of Chinese provinces, after Guangdong . Jiangsu borders Shandong in the north, Anhui to the west, and Zhejiang and Shanghai to the south. Jiangsu has a coastline of over 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) along the Yellow Sea , and the Yangtze River passes through the southern part of the province
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China
CHINA, officially the PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia and the world\'s most populous country , with a population of over 1.381 billion . Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles), it is the world's second-largest state by land area and third- or fourth-largest by total area . Governed by the Communist Party of China , it exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces , five autonomous regions , four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin , Shanghai , and Chongqing ) and the Special Administrative Regions Hong Kong and Macau , also claiming sovereignty over Taiwan . China is a great power and a major regional power within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower
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Octagon
In geometry , an OCTAGON (from the Greek ὀκτάγωνον _oktágōnon_, "eight angles") is an eight-sided polygon or 8-gon. A _regular octagon_ has Schläfli symbol {8} and can also be constructed as a quasiregular truncated square , t{4}, which alternates two types of edges. A truncated octagon, t{8} is a hexadecagon , t{16}
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Liuhe Pagoda
Coordinates : 30°11′53.70″N 120°07′35.70″E / 30.1982500°N 120.1265833°E / 30.1982500; 120.1265833 Liuhe Pagoda LIUHE PAGODA (Chinese : 六和塔; pinyin : _Liùhé Tǎ_; Wu : _Loh-vhu Da_), literally SIX HARMONIES PAGODA, is a multi-story Chinese pagoda in southern Hangzhou , Zhejiang province, China . It is located at the foot of Yuelun Hill, facing the Qiantang River . It was originally constructed in 970 by the Wuyue Kingdom, destroyed in 1121, and reconstructed fully by 1165, during the Southern Song dynasty (1127–1279). CONTENTS * 1 History and background * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Sources * 5 External links HISTORY AND BACKGROUNDThe pagoda was originally constructed by the ruler of the Wuyue Kingdom, whose capital was Hangzhou
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Hangzhou
HANGZHOU ( ( listen )), formerly romanized as HANGCHOW, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Province in east China
China
. It sits at the head of Hangzhou Bay , which separates Shanghai
Shanghai
and Ningbo . Hangzhou
Hangzhou
grew to prominence as the southern terminus of the Grand Canal and has been one of the most renowned and prosperous cities in China
China
for much of the last millennium. The city's West Lake , a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
, immediately west of the city, is amongst its best-known attraction. Hangzhou
Hangzhou
is classified as a sub-provincial city and forms the core of the Hangzhou
Hangzhou
metropolitan area, the fourth-largest in China
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Balustrade
A BALUSTER— also called SPINDLE or STAIR STICK—is a moulded shaft, square or of lathe -turned form, a form cut from a rectangular or square plank, one of various forms of spindle in woodwork , made of stone or wood and sometimes of metal, standing on a unifying footing, and supporting the coping of a parapet or the handrail of a staircase . Multiplied in this way, they form a BALUSTRADE. Individually, a BALUSTER SHAFT may describe the turned form taken by a brass or silver candlestick, an upright furniture support, or the stem of a brass chandelier, etc
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Ming Dynasty
The MING DYNASTY was the ruling dynasty of China
China
– then known as the EMPIRE OF THE GREAT MING – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol -led Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty
. The Ming, described by Edwin O. Reischauer , John K. Fairbank and Albert M. Craig as "one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history", was the last imperial dynasty in China
China
ruled by ethnic Han Chinese . Although the primary capital of Beijing
Beijing
fell in 1644 to a rebellion led by Li Zicheng (who established the Shun dynasty , soon replaced by the Manchu -led Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
), regimes loyal to the Ming throne – collectively called the Southern Ming – survived until 1683
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Renovation
RENOVATION (also called REMODELING) is the process of improving a broken, damaged, or outdated structure. Renovations are typically either commercial or residential. Additionally, renovation can refer to making something new, or bringing something back to life and can apply in social contexts. For example, a community can be renovated if it is strengthened and revived. CONTENTS * 1 Process * 2 Reasons * 3 Wood and renovations * 4 Process * 5 Effects * 6 Requirements * 7 See also * 8 References PROCESS This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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Pagoda
A PAGODA is a tiered tower with multiple eaves , built in traditions originating as stupa in historic South Asia and further developed in East Asia or with respect to those traditions, common to Nepal , India , China , Japan , Korea , Vietnam , Burma , Sri Lanka and other parts of Asia. Some pagodas are used as Taoist houses of worship. Most pagodas were built to have a religious function, most commonly Buddhist , and were often located in or near viharas . In some countries, the term may refer to other religious structures. In Vietnam and Cambodia , due to French translation, the English term _pagoda_ is a more generic term referring to a place of worship , although _pagoda_ is not an accurate word to describe a Buddhist vihara
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