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Beat Music
BEAT MUSIC, BRITISH BEAT, or MERSEYBEAT (after bands from Liverpool and nearby areas beside the River Mersey ) is a pop and rock music genre that developed in the United Kingdom in the early 1960s. Beat music is a fusion of rock and roll (mainly Chuck Berry guitar style and the midtempo beat of artists like Buddy Holly ), doo-wop , skiffle and R&B . The genre provided many of the bands responsible for the British Invasion of the American pop charts starting in 1964, and provided the model for many important developments in pop and rock music, including the format of the rock group around lead , rhythm and bass guitars with drums . CONTENTS * 1 Use of the term * 2 Characteristics * 3 History * 4 British Invasion * 5 Decline and influence * 6 Notable artists * 6.1 Merseybeat * 6.2 Other British beat groups * 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 External links USE OF THE TERMThe exact origins of the terms 'beat music' and 'Merseybeat' are uncertain. Beat music seems to have had little to do with the Beat Generation literary movement of the 1950s, and more to do with driving rhythms , which the bands had adopted from their rock and roll, rhythm and blues and soul music influences
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Beats Music
BEATS MUSIC was a subscription-based online music streaming service owned by the Beats Electronics division of Apple Inc. First developed in 2012 under the name "Daisy", the service combined algorithm-based personalization with expert music suggestions from a variety of sources. The service built upon Beats' existing consumer electronics line, and its 2012 acquisition of the similar service MOG . The service was launched in the United States on January 21, 2014. Beats Music
Music
was acquired by Apple Inc. as part of its purchase of Beats Electronics in May 2014. Beats Music
Music
was discontinued concurrent with the launch of Apple Music on June 30, 2015. Subscriptions were migrated to the new service. Beats Music
Music
was completely discontinued on November 30, 2015. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Apple acquisition and shutdown * 2 Features * 3 Marketing * 4 Personnel * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYOn July 2, 2012, Beats announced it had acquired the online music service MOG , in a purchase reported to have been between $10 million to $16 million
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Big Beat
BIG BEAT is an electronic music genre that usually uses heavy breakbeats and synthesizer-generated loops and patterns - common to acid house . The term has been used since the mid-1990s by the British music press to describe music by artists such as The Prodigy , The Chemical Brothers , Fatboy Slim , The Crystal Method , Propellerheads , Cut La Roc , Basement Jaxx
Basement Jaxx
and Groove Armada . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Origins (Late 1980s and early 1990s) * 1.2 Mainstream success (1990s) * 2 Style * 3 List of big beat artists * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYORIGINS (LATE 1980S AND EARLY 1990S)In 1989, Iain Williams from the English electronic duo Big Bang coined the musical term _big beat_ to describe the band's musical style. Williams explained the concept during an interview with the journalist Alex Gerry in an article published in the London magazine _Metropolitan_ (issue 132, page 9, 6 June 1989) under the heading, _Big Bang in Clubland - Could Big Beat be the 1989 answer to Acid House?_ The band was promoting their first record, an Arabic-inspired dance version of ABBA 's "Voulez-Vous " and their instrumental track "Cold Nights in Cairo" that had just been released on Swanyard Records. The single was produced by Big Bang and Steev Toth. Big Bang are Laurence Malice ( Trade nightclub founder) and Iain Williams (writer)
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Merseybeat (other)
MERSEYBEAT , or beat music, is a musical genre that originated in Liverpool, England in the 1950s. MERSEYBEAT, MERSEYBEATS, or MERSEY BEAT may refer to: * Mersey Beat , a music newspaper * Merseybeat (TV series) , a television series * The Merseybeats , an English beat band This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title MERSEYBEAT. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Merseybeat_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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The Mersey Sound (anthology)
THE MERSEY SOUND is an anthology of poems by Liverpool poets Roger McGough , Brian Patten and Adrian Henri first published in 1967, when it launched the poets into "considerable acclaim and critical fame". It went on to sell over 500,000 copies, becoming one of the bestselling poetry anthologies of all time. The poems are characterised by "accessibility, relevance and lack of pretension", as well as humour, liveliness and at times melancholy. The book was, and continues to be, widely influential with its direct and often witty language, urban references such as plastic daffodils and bus conductors, and frank, but sensitive (and sometimes romantic) depictions of intimacy. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Poems * 3 Context * 4 Contemporary effect * 5 Legacy * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYThe Mersey Sound is number 10 in a series of slim paperbacks originally published in the 1960s by Penguin in a series called Penguin Modern Poets . Each book assembled work by three compatible poets. Number 6, for example, contained poems by George Macbeth , Edward Lucie-Smith and Jack Clemo . The other books in the series were not given a specific title. The first edition of The Mersey Sound contains 128 pages, the half-title page being number 1. Henri is first with 44 pages (30 poems), then McGough with 32 pages (24 poems) and Patten with 31 pages (26 poems)
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British Rock And Roll
BRITISH ROCK AND ROLL, or sometimes BRITISH ROCK \'N\' ROLL, is a style of popular music based on American rock and roll , which emerged in the late 1950s and was popular until the arrival of beat music in 1962. It has generally been considered inferior to the American version of the genre, and made little international or lasting impact. However, it was important in establishing British youth and popular music culture and was a key factor in subsequent developments that led to the British Invasion
British Invasion
of the mid-1960s. Since the 1960s, some stars of the genre, most notably Cliff Richard , have managed to sustain successful careers and there have been periodic revivals of this form of music. CONTENTS * 1 Origins * 2 History * 3 Decline and revivals * 4 Influence * 5 See also * 6 References ORIGINS The instruments of the skiffle group the Quarrymen , who would eventually become the Beatles In the 1950s, Britain was well placed to receive American rock and roll music and culture
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Pop Music
POP MUSIC is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States
United States
and United Kingdom
United Kingdom
during the mid-1950s. The terms "popular music" and "pop music" are often used interchangeably, although the former describes all music that is popular and includes many styles. "Pop" and "rock " were roughly synonymous terms until the late 1960s, when they became increasingly differentiated from each other. Although pop music is seen as just the singles charts , it is not the sum of all chart music. Pop music
Pop music
is eclectic, and often borrows elements from other styles such as urban , dance , rock , Latin , and country ; nonetheless, there are core elements that define pop music. Identifying factors include generally short to medium-length songs written in a basic format (often the verse-chorus structure ), as well as the common use of repeated choruses, melodic tunes, and hooks . CONTENTS * 1 Definitions and etymology * 2 Characteristics * 3 Development and influence * 3.1 Stylistic evolution * 3.2 Technology and media * 3.3 Legitimacy in music criticism * 3.4 International spread * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 Further reading * 7 External links DEFINITIONS AND ETYMOLOGYDavid Hatch and Stephen Millward define pop music as "a body of music which is distinguishable from popular, jazz, and folk musics"
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Doo-Wop
DOO-WOP is a genre of music that was developed in African-American communities of New York City
New York City
, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
, Chicago
Chicago
, Baltimore
Baltimore
, Newark , Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
, Cincinnati
Cincinnati
, Detroit
Detroit
, Washington, D.C. and Los Angeles in the 1940s, achieving mainstream popularity in the 1950s and early 1960s. Built upon vocal harmony , doo-wop was one of the most mainstream, pop-oriented R&B styles of the time. Singer Bill Kenny (1914–1978) is often called the "Godfather of Doo-wop" for his introducing the "top and bottom" format which featured a high tenor singing the lead and a bass singer reciting the lyrics in the middle of the song. Doo-wop
Doo-wop
features vocal group harmony , nonsense syllables, a simple beat, sometimes little or no instrumentation , and simple music and lyrics . The first record to use the syllables "doo-wop" was the 1955 hit "When You Dance" by The Turbans . The term "doo-wop" first appeared in print in 1961. During the late 1950s many Italian-American groups contributed a significant part in the doo-wop scene. The peak of doo-wop was in 1961. Doo-wop's influence continued in soul, pop, and rock groups of the 1960s. At various times in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, the genre has seen revivals
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Rhythm And Blues
RHYTHM AND BLUES, often abbreviated as R&B or RNB, is a genre of popular African-American music that originated in the 1940s. The term was originally used by record companies to describe recordings marketed predominantly to urban African Americans , at a time when "urbane, rocking, jazz based music with a heavy, insistent beat" was becoming more popular. In the commercial rhythm and blues music typical of the 1950s through the 1970s, the bands usually consisted of piano, one or two guitars, bass, drums, saxophone, and sometimes background vocalists. R&B lyrical themes often encapsulate the African-American experience of pain and the quest for freedom and joy. The lyrics in this genre of music focus heavily on the themes of triumphs and failures in terms of relationships, freedom, economics, aspirations, and sex. The term _rhythm and blues_ has undergone a number of shifts in meaning. In the early 1950s it was frequently applied to blues records. Starting in the mid-1950s, after this style of music contributed to the development of rock and roll , the term "R posters for The Who's residency at the Marquee Club in 1964 contained the slogan, "Maximum R&B". This tangent of RnB is now known as "British rhythm and blues ". By the 1970s, the term _rhythm and blues_ changed again and was used as a blanket term for soul and funk
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Skiffle
SKIFFLE is a music genre with jazz , blues , folk and American folk influences, usually using homemade or improvised instruments. Originating as a term in the United States in the first half of the 20th century, it became popular again in the UK in the 1950s, where it was associated with artists such as Lonnie Donegan , The Vipers Skiffle Group , Ken Colyer and Chas McDevitt . Skiffle played a major part in beginning the careers of later eminent jazz, pop, blues, folk and rock musicians and has been seen as a critical stepping stone to the second British folk revival , blues boom and British Invasion of the US popular music scene. CONTENTS * 1 Origins in the United States * 2 Revival in the United Kingdom * 3 Notes * 4 External links ORIGINS IN THE UNITED STATES Gus Cannon 's Jug Stompers, c. 1928 The origins of skiffle are obscure but are generally thought to lie in African-American musical culture in the early 20th century. Skiffle is often said to have developed from New Orleans jazz, but this claim has been disputed. Improvised jug bands playing blues and jazz were common across the American South in the early decades of the 20th century
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world . The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe
Europe
. It is also the 21st-most populous country , with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants
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Guitar
The GUITAR is a musical instrument classified as a fretted string instrument with anywhere from four to 18 strings, usually having six. The sound is projected either acoustically, using a hollow wooden or plastic and wood box (for an acoustic guitar ), or through electrical amplifier and a speaker (for an electric guitar ). It is typically played by strumming or plucking the strings with the fingers, thumb or fingernails of the right hand or with a pick while fretting (or pressing against the frets ) the strings with the fingers of the left hand. The guitar is a type of chordophone , traditionally constructed from wood and strung with either gut, nylon or steel strings and distinguished from other chordophones by its construction and tuning. The modern guitar was preceded by the gittern , the vihuela , the four-course Renaissance guitar , and the five-course baroque guitar , all of which contributed to the development of the modern six-string instrument. There are three main types of modern acoustic guitar: the classical guitar (nylon-string guitar), the steel-string acoustic guitar , and the archtop guitar , which is sometimes called a "jazz guitar ". The tone of an acoustic guitar is produced by the strings' vibration, amplified by the hollow body of the guitar, which acts as a resonating chamber
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Bass Guitar
The BASS GUITAR (also called ELECTRIC BASS, or simply BASS) is a stringed instrument played primarily with the fingers or thumb, by plucking, slapping , popping, strumming, tapping, thumping, or picking with a plectrum , often known as a pick. The bass guitar is similar in appearance and construction to an electric guitar , but with a longer neck and scale length , and four to six strings or courses . The four-string bass, by far the most common, is usually tuned the same as the double bass , which corresponds to pitches one octave lower than the four lowest pitched strings of a guitar (E, A, D, and G). The bass guitar is a transposing instrument , as it is notated in bass clef an octave higher than it sounds (as is the double bass) to avoid excessive ledger lines . Like the electric guitar, the bass guitar has pickups and needs to be connected to an amplifier and speaker , which makes a sound loud enough to hear. Since the 1960s, the bass guitar has largely replaced the double bass in popular music as the bass instrument in the rhythm section . While types of basslines vary widely from one style of music to another, the bassist usually plays a similar role: anchoring the harmonic framework and establishing the beat. Many styles of music include the bass guitar, including rock , heavy metal , pop , punk rock , country , reggae , gospel , blues , symphonic rock, and jazz
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Drum Kit
A DRUM KIT — also called a DRUM SET, TRAP SET, or simply DRUMS — is a collection of drums and other percussion instruments , typically cymbals , which are set up on stands to be played by a single player, with drumsticks held in both hands, and the feet operating pedals that control the hi-hat cymbal and the beater for the bass drum . A drum kit consists of a mix of drums (categorized classically as membranophones , Hornbostel-Sachs high-level classification 2) and idiophones - most significantly cymbals , but can also include the woodblock and cowbell (classified as Hornbostel-Sachs high-level classification 1). In the 2000s, some kits also include electronic instruments ( Hornbostel-Sachs classification 53). Also, both hybrid (mixing acoustic instruments and electronic drums ) and entirely electronic kits are used
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Singing
SINGING is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality , rhythm , and a variety of vocal techniques. A person who sings is called a SINGER or VOCALIST. Singers perform music (arias , recitatives , songs , etc.) that can be sung with or without accompaniment by musical instruments . Singing is often done in an ensemble of musicians, such as a choir of singers or a band of instrumentalists. Singers may perform as soloists, or accompanied by anything from a single instrument (as in art song or some jazz styles) up to a symphony orchestra or big band . Different singing styles include art music such as opera and Chinese opera , Hindustani music , and religious music styles such as gospel , traditional music styles, world music , jazz , blues , gazal and popular music styles such as pop , rock , electronic dance music , and filmi . American jazz singer and songwriter Billie Holiday in New York City in 1947 Singing can be formal or informal, arranged or improvised. It may be done as a form of religious devotion, as a hobby, as a source of pleasure, comfort, or ritual, as part of music education , or as a profession. Excellence in singing requires time, dedication, instruction, and regular practice . If practice is done on a regular basis then the sounds can become more clear and strong
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Electronic Keyboard
An ELECTRONIC KEYBOARD or DIGITAL KEYBOARD is an electronic musical instrument , an electronic or digital derivative of keyboard instruments . Broadly speaking, in a popular music context, the term _electronic keyboard_ or just a _keyboard_ mostly refers to any type of digital or electronic keyboard instrument. These include synthesizers , digital pianos , stage pianos , electronic organs and digital audio workstations . However, in true musical terminology, an electronic keyboard is an inexpensive synthesizer equipped with built-in power amplifier and small loudspeakers . Electronic keyboards are capable of recreating a wide range of instrument sounds (piano , electric piano , Hammond organ , pipe organ , violin , etc.) with less complex sound synthesis. Electronic keyboards are usually dedicated for home users, beginners and other non-professional users. They typically have unweighted keys. The least expensive models do not have velocity-sensitive keys; but mid- to high-priced models do have these feature. Home keyboards typically have little if any sound editing capacity. The user typically selects from a range of preset "voices" or sounds, which include imitations of many instruments and some electronic synthesizer sounds. Home keyboards have a much lower cost than professional synthesizers. Casio and Yamaha are among the leading manufacturers of home keyboards
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