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Battle Of Krbava
Habsburg Croatia
Croatia
(Ottoman–Habsburg wars)Kőszeg Klis Gorjani Hrastovica Moslavina Klana Žirovica Slatina Obreška Krupa Szigetvár Zrin Gvozdansko Slunj Ivanić Bihać Brest Sisak Kostajnica Perušić Novi Zrinv t eOttoman–Hungarian warsNicopolis (1396) Doboj (1415) Radkersburg (1417) Golubac (1428) Lower Danube War  Smederevo (1441) Hermannstadt (1442) Iron Gate (1442) Niš (1443) Zlatitsa (1443) Kunovica (1444) Várna (1444) Kosovo (1448) Kruševac (1454) Belgrade (1456) Travnik (1463) B
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Hungarian Language
Hungarian ( magyar nyelv (help·info)) is a Finno-Ugric language spoken in Hungary
Hungary
and several neighbouring countries. It is the official language of Hungary
Hungary
and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. Outside Hungary
Hungary
it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians
Hungarians
in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine, central and western Romania
Romania
(Transylvania and Partium), northern Serbia
Serbia
(Vojvodina), southern Poland[citation needed], northern Croatia, and northern Slovenia
Slovenia
due to the effects of the Treaty of Trianon, which resulted in many ethnic Hungarians
Hungarians
being displaced from their homes and communities in the former territories of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
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Battle Of Hermannstadt
Sibiu
Sibiu
(Romanian: [siˈbiw], antiquated Sibiiu; German: Hermannstadt [ˈhɛʁmanʃtat], Transylvanian Saxon
Transylvanian Saxon
dialect: Härmeschtat, Hungarian: Nagyszeben [ˈnɒcsɛbɛn]) is a city in Transylvania, Romania, with a population of 147,245.[1] Located some 275 km (171 mi) north-west of Bucharest,[2] the city straddles the Cibin River, a tributary of the river Olt
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Battle Of Kruševac
The Battle of Kruševac
Kruševac
was fought on October 2, 1454 between the forces of the Serbian Despotate, allied with the Kingdom of Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire.[3] In 1454 the Ottomans launched a major invasion against Serbia, at the helm of which was the Sultan himself, Mehmed the Conqueror. Initially, Serbs
Serbs
led by Nikola Skobaljić
Nikola Skobaljić
scored a decisive victory a month earlier near Leskovac, surprising a much larger Ottoman army
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Siege Of Jajce
A siege is a military blockade of a city, or fortress, with the intent of conquering by attrition, or a well-prepared assault. This derives from sedere, Latin
Latin
for "to sit".[1] Siege
Siege
warfare is a form of constant, low-intensity conflict characterized by one party holding a strong, static, defensive position. Consequently, an opportunity for negotiation between combatants is not uncommon, as proximity and fluctuating advantage can encourage diplomacy. A siege occurs when an attacker encounters a city or fortress that cannot be easily taken by a quick assault, and which refuses to surrender. Sieges involve surrounding the target to block the provision of supplies and the reinforcement or escape of troops (a tactic known as "investment"[2])
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Killed In Action
Killed in action (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces.[1] The United States
United States
Department of Defense, for example, says that those declared KIA need not have fired their weapons but have been killed due to hostile attack. KIAs do not come from incidents such as accidental vehicle crashes and other "non-hostile" events or terrorism. KIA can be applied both to front-line combat troops and to naval, air and support troops. Someone who is killed in action during a particular event is denoted with a † (dagger) beside their name to signify their death in that event or events. Further, KIA denotes one to have been killed in action on the battlefield whereas died of wounds (DOW) relates to someone who survived to reach a medical treatment facility
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Sanjak Of Üsküp
The Sanjak of Üsküp was one of the sanjaks in the Ottoman Empire, with Üsküb (modern-day Skopje) as its administrative centre.Contents1 Origins 2 History 3 List of governors 4 References 5 Literature 6 External linksOrigins[edit] Skopje
Skopje
(Üsküb) had previously been the capital of the Serbian Empire between 1346 and 1371. Üsküb became part of
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Capital Punishment
Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime. The sentence that someone be punished in such a manner is referred to as a death sentence, whereas the act of carrying out the sentence is known as an execution. Crimes that are punishable by death are known as capital crimes or capital offences, and they commonly include offences such as murder, treason, espionage, war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. Etymologically, the term capital (lit
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[n 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position, and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position
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Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire (/ˈɒtəmən/; Devlet-i ʿAlīye-i ʿOsmānīye[dn 5]), also historically known in Western Europe
Europe
as the Turkish Empire[8] or simply Turkey,[9] was a state that controlled much of southeastern Europe, western Asia and northern Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia
Anatolia
in the town of Söğüt (modern-day Bilecik Province) by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman.[10] After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman Beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire
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Croatian Language
Croatian /kroʊˈeɪʃən/ ( listen) (hrvatski [xř̩ʋaːtskiː]) is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language[6][7][8] used by Croats,[9] principally in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Serbian province of Vojvodina
Vojvodina
and other neighboring countries. It is the official and literary standard of Croatia
Croatia
and one of the official languages of the European Union. Croatian is also one of the official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina, a recognized minority language in Serbia, and neighboring countries. Standard Croatian is based on the most widespread dialect of Serbo-Croatian, Shtokavian, more specifically on Eastern Herzegovinian, which is also the basis of Standard Serbian, Bosnian, and Montenegrin
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Kingdom Of Croatia (Habsburg)
The Kingdom of Croatia
Croatia
(Croatian: Kraljevina Hrvatska; Latin: Regnum Croatiae Hungarian: Horvát Királyság German: Königreich Kroatien) was part of the Habsburg Monarchy
Habsburg Monarchy
that existed between 1527 and 1868 (also known between 1804 and 1867 as the Austrian Empire), as well as a part of the Lands of the Crown of St. Stephen, but was subject to direct Imperial Austrian rule for significant periods of time, including its final years. Its capital was Zagreb. Until the 18th century, the Habsburg
Habsburg
Kingdom of Croatia
Croatia
included only a small north-western part of present-day Croatia
Croatia
around Zagreb, and a small strip of coastland around Rijeka
Rijeka
that was not part of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
or part of the Habsburg
Habsburg
Military Frontier
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Ottoman–Habsburg Wars
Habsburg Dynasty:  Holy Roman Empire Archduchy of Austria Kingdom of Bohemia Kingdom of Hungary Kingdom of Croatia Republic of Genoa Spanish EmpireNon-Habsburg Allies: Moldavia[1] Transylvania  Wallachia Tsardom of Russia[2] Cossack Hetmanate
Cossack Hetmanate
(Muscovite and Polish vassals)[3]Holy League Allies: Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Duchy of Mantua[4]  Republic of Venice Order of Saint John Ottoman Empire Vassals:Moldavia[1] Transylvania  Wallachia
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Siege Of Belgrade (1521)
The Siege of Belgrade
Belgrade
occurred from 25 July - 29 August 1521. Sultan Suleiman I laid siege to the Hungarian fortress of Belgrade. The walls were undermined by mining and seven days of heavy bombardment. Thereafter the city was assaulted and conquered without great difficulty and with little loss of soldiers.[1] Belgrade
Belgrade
became an important military base for further operations in Europe and the seat of the Pashalik of Belgrade.[2] During Ottoman rule Belgrade
Belgrade
became one of Europe's largest cities.[3] The conquest eventually led to the Battle of Mohács
Battle of Mohács
and to the conquest of a large part of the Kingdom of Hungary by the Ottomans. References[edit]^ The acts and monuments of John Foxe: Vol
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Ottoman Invasion Of Otranto
After 1291Smyrniote 1343–1351 Alexandrian 1365 Savoyard 1366 Barbary 1390 Nicopolis 1396 Varna 1443 Portuguese 1481Northern Crusades
Crusades
(1147–1410)Wendish 1147 Swedish1150 1249 1293Livonian 1198–1290 Prussian 1217–1274 Lithuanian 1283–1410Popular crusadesPeople's 1096 Children's 1212 Shepherds' 1251 Poor 1309 Shepherds' 1320Against ChristiansBosnian 1235–1241 Albigensian 1209–1229 Aragonese 1284/5 Despenser's 1382/3 Hussite 1419–1434
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Battle Of Nish (1443)
At the Battle of Niš
Niš
(Battle of Nish) (early November, 1443), crusaders[9] led by John Hunyadi,[10] captured the Ottoman stronghold of Nish (now Niš, Serbia) and defeated three armies of the Ottoman Empire. The Battle of Niš
Niš
was part of Hunyadi's expedition known as the long campaign. Hunyadi, at the head of the vanguard, crossed the Balkans
Balkans
through the Gate of Trajan, captured Niš, defeated three Turkish pashas, and after taking Sofia, united with the royal army and defeated Sultan Murad II
Murad II
at Snaim (Kustinitza)
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