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Battle Of Assaye
Coordinates : 20°14′10″N 75°53′13″E / 20.236°N 75.887°E / 20.236; 75.887 BATTLE OF ASSAYE Part of the Second Anglo-Maratha War Major General Wellesley (mounted) commanding his troops at the Battle of Assaye
Assaye
(J.C
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Ahmednagar
AHMEDNAGAR pronunciation (help ·info ) is a city in Ahmednagar district in the state of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
, India, about 120 km northeast of Pune
Pune
and 114 km from Aurangabad . Ahmednagar
Ahmednagar
takes its name from Ahmad Nizam Shah I , who founded the town in 1494 on the site of a battlefield where he won a battle against superior Bahamani forces. It was close to the site of the village of Bhingar . With the breakup of the Bahmani Sultanate
Bahmani Sultanate
, Ahmad established a new sultanate in Ahmednagar, also known as Nizam Shahi dynasty . Ahmednagar
Ahmednagar
has several dozen buildings and sites from the Nizam Shahi period
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Argaon
ARGAON is a town in the Ratnagiri district
Ratnagiri district
of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
state in (India). Ratnagiri is a coastal district on the Arabian Seafront. The landmass on the western part of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
along the Arabian Sea, sandwiched between the sea and a mountain range named Sahyadri, is known as Konkan
Konkan
. Argaon
Argaon
is situated at the foothills of Sahyadri mountains. With its evergreen vegetation and hilly landscape, it is pristine in the months of monsoon and after. Argaon
Argaon
has a small population because the majority of the people there have migrated to Mumbai, an industrial town. However, their attachment to their native place brings them back every summer and during the Ganapati for secondary school, children have to travel about Six kilometers in a neighboring village
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Gawilghur
GAWILGHUR (also GAWILGARH or GAWILGAD) was a well-fortified mountain stronghold of the Maratha Empire north of the Deccan Plateau, in the vicinity of Melghat Tiger Reserve , Amravati District , Maharashtra. It was successfully assaulted by an Anglo-Indian force commanded by Arthur Wellesley on 15 December 1803 during the Second Anglo-Maratha War . In popular culture, the campaign to take Gawilghur
Gawilghur
forms the background of the novel Sharpe\'s Fortress by Bernard Cornwell , the third in a series of books covering the eponymous hero's time in the British army in India
India
during the Napoleonic era
Napoleonic era
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Major features * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORYThe fort takes its name from the Gawli (cow herds) who inhabited the Berar (modern day Amravati) for centuries
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Deccan
The DECCAN PLATEAU is a large plateau in southern India
India
. It rises to 100 metres (330 ft) in the north, and to more than 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) in the south, forming a raised triangle within the downward-pointing triangle of the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
's coastline. It extends over eight Indian states and encompasses a wide range of habitats , covering most of central and southern India
India
. The plateau is located between two mountain ranges, the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats , each of which rises from its respective nearby coastal plain, and almost converge at the southern tip of India. It is separated from the Gangetic plain to the north by the Satpura and Vindhya Ranges , which form its northern boundary
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Bayonet
A BAYONET (from French baïonnette) is a bladed weapon such as a knife or short sword , or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit in, on, over or underneath the muzzle of a rifle , musket or similar weapon , increasing the weapon, as a spear . In this regard, it is an ancillary close-quarter combat or last-resort weapon. Some modern bayonets, such as the one used on the British SA80
SA80
assault rifle and the one used on the AK47
AK47
, can be used as wire cutters when combined with their scabbards. Knife-shaped bayonets—when not fixed to a gun barrel—have long been utilized by soldiers in the field as general purpose cutting implements
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Artillery
ARTILLERY is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry 's small arms . Early artillery development focused on the ability to breach fortifications , and led to heavy, fairly immobile siege engines . As technology improved, lighter, more mobile field artillery developed for battlefield use. This development continues today; modern self-propelled artillery vehicles are highly mobile weapons of great versatility providing the largest share of an army's total firepower. In its earliest sense, the word artillery referred to any group of soldiers primarily armed with some form of manufactured weapon or armour. Since the introduction of gunpowder and cannon , the word "artillery" has largely meant cannon, and in contemporary usage, it usually refers to shell -firing guns, howitzers , mortars , rockets and guided missiles
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Cavalry
CAVALRY (from French cavalerie, cf. cheval 'horse') or HORSEMEN were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback . Cavalry
Cavalry
were historically the most mobile of the combat arms . An individual soldier in the cavalry is known by a number of designations such as CAVALRYMAN, HORSEMAN, DRAGOON or TROOPER . The designation of cavalry was not usually given to any military forces that used other animals , such as camels , mules or elephants . Infantry who moved on horseback, but dismounted to fight on foot, were known in the 17th and early 18th centuries as dragoons , a class of mounted infantry which later evolved into cavalry proper while retaining their historic title. Cavalry
Cavalry
had the advantage of improved mobility, and a man fighting from horseback also had the advantages of greater height, speed, and inertial mass over an opponent on foot
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Hyderabad State
HYDERABAD STATE ( pronunciation (help ·info )), also known as HYDERABAD DECCAN, was an Indian princely state located in the south-central region of India
India
with its capital at the city of Hyderabad . It is now divided into Telangana
Telangana
state, Hyderabad-Karnataka region of Karnataka
Karnataka
and Marathwada
Marathwada
region of Maharashtra . The state was ruled from 1724 until 1948 by a hereditary Nizam who was initially a Mughal governor of the Deccan before becoming independent. Hyderabad gradually became the first princely state to come under British paramountcy signing a subsidiary alliance agreement
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Gerard Lake, 1st Viscount Lake
General GERARD LAKE, 1ST VISCOUNT LAKE (27 July 1744 – 20 February 1808) was a British general. He commanded British forces during the Irish Rebellion of 1798
Irish Rebellion of 1798
and later served as Commander-in-Chief of the military in British India
British India
. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 1798 rebellion in Ireland
Ireland
* 3 Indian campaigns * 4 Parliamentary career * 5 Latter Years * 6 Notes * 7 References BACKGROUNDLake entered the foot guards in 1758, becoming lieutenant (captain in the army) in 1762, captain (lieutenant-colonel) in 1776, major in 1784, and lieutenant colonel in 1792, by which time he was a general officer in the army. He served with his regiment in Germany between 1760 and 1762, and with a composite battalion in the Battle of Yorktown of 1781. After this he was equerry to the Prince of Wales
Prince of Wales
, afterwards George IV
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Governor-General Of India
The GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF INDIA (or, from 1858 to 1947, the VICEROY AND GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF INDIA, commonly shortened to VICEROY OF INDIA) was originally the head of the British administration in India and, later, after Indian independence and Pakistani Independence and in 1947, the representative of the Indian monarch and head of state. The office was created in 1773, with the title of Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William . The officer had direct control only over Fort William, but supervised other British East India Company officials in India. Complete authority over all of British India was granted in 1833, and the official came to be known as the " Governor-General of India". In 1858, the territories of the East India Company came under the direct control of the British government; see British Raj
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Mysore
MYSORE (/maɪˈsʊər/ ( listen )), officially renamed as MYSURU, is the second most populous and the third largest city After Bengaluru and Hubli-Dharwad in the state of Karnataka
Karnataka
, India
India
. Located in the foothills of the Chamundi Hills about 146 km (91 mi) southwest of the state capital Bangalore
Bangalore
, it is spread across an area of 128.42 km2 (50 sq mi). According to the provisional results of the 2011 national census of India, the population is 887,446. Mysore
Mysore
City Corporation is responsible for the civic administration of the city, which is also the headquarters of the Mysore district and the Mysore division . Mysore
Mysore
served as the capital city of the Kingdom of Mysore
Kingdom of Mysore
for nearly six centuries, from 1399 until 1956
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Subsidiary Alliance
The SUBSIDIARY ALLIANCE, in South Asian history to describe an alliance between princely states and the British East India Company . It was framed by Lord Wellesley , British Governor-General in India from 1798 to 1805. Early in his governorship, Wellesley adopted a policy of non-intervention in the princely states , but he later adopted the policy of forming subsidiary alliances, which played a major role in the expansion of British rule in India. In a subsidiary alliance, princely rulers were not allowed to have an independent armed force. They were to be protected by the East India Company but had to pay for the subsidiary forces that the company was to maintain for protection. If Indian rulers failed to make the payment, part of their territory was taken away as penalty
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Ali Khan Asaf Jah II
NAWAB MIR NIZAM ALI KHAN SIDDIQI BAYAFANDI BAHADUR ASAF JAH II (7 March 1734 – 6 August 1803) was the Nizam of Hyderabad
Nizam of Hyderabad
State in South India
South India
between 1762 and 1803. He was born on 7 March 1734 as fourth son to