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Basketball
BASKETBALL is a non-contact sport played on a rectangular court . While most often played as a team sport with five players on each side, three-on-three, two-on-two, and one-on-one competitions are also common. The objective is to shoot a ball through a hoop 18 inches (46 cm) in diameter and 10 feet (3.048 m) high that is mounted to a backboard at each end of the court. The game was invented in 1891 by Dr. James Naismith , who would be the first basketball coach of the Kansas Jayhawks , one of the most successful programs in the game's history. A team can score a field goal by shooting the ball through the basket being defended by the opposition team during regular play. A field goal scores three points for the shooting team if the player shoots from behind the three-point line , and two points if shot from in front of the line
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Paralympic Games
The PARALYMPIC GAMES is a major international multi-sport event involving athletes with a range of disabilities , including impaired muscle power (e.g. paraplegia and quadriplegia , muscular dystrophy , post-polio syndrome , spina bifida ), impaired passive range of movement, limb deficiency (e.g. amputation or dysmelia ), leg length difference, short stature , hypertonia , ataxia , athetosis , vision impairment and intellectual impairment . There are Winter and Summer Paralympic Games
Paralympic Games
, which since the 1988 Summer Games in Seoul, South Korea, are held almost immediately following the respective Olympic Games . All Paralympic Games
Paralympic Games
are governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). The Paralympics has grown from a small gathering of British World War II veterans in 1948 to become one of the largest international sporting events by the early 21st century
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Gymnasiums
A GYM, also referred as GYMNASIUM, is an open air or covered location for gymnastics , athletics , and gymnastic services. The word is derived from the ancient Greek gymnasium . They are commonly found in athletic and fitness centers, and as activity and learning spaces in educational institutions. "Gym" is also slang for "fitness center", which is often an indoor facility. Gymnasia apparatus such as barbells, parallel bars, jumping board, running path, tennis-balls, cricket field, fencing area, and so forth are used as exercises. In safe weather, outdoor locations are the most conducive to health. Gyms were popular in ancient Greece. Their curricula included Gymnastica militaria or self-defense, gymnastica medica, or physical therapy to help the sick and injured, and gymnastica athletica for physical fitness and sports, from boxing to dancing. These gymnasia also had teachers of wisdom and philosophy
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Canadians
Canadian English and Canadian French Numerous indigenous languages are also recognized. Various other languages . RELIGION Multiple denominations CANADIANS (French : Canadiens / Canadiennes) are people identified with the country of Canada
Canada
. This connection may be residential, legal, historical, or cultural. For most Canadians, several (or all) of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian. Canada
Canada
is a multilingual and multicultural society home to people of many different ethnic, religious and national origins, with the majority of the population made up of Old World
Old World
immigrants and their descendants
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Peach
The PEACH ( Prunus
Prunus
persica) is a deciduous tree native to the region of Northwest China
Northwest China
between the Tarim Basin and the north slopes of the Kunlun Shan mountains , where it was first domesticated and cultivated. It bears an edible juicy fruit called a PEACH or a NECTARINE. The specific epithet persica refers to its widespread cultivation in Persia
Persia
(modern-day Iran), whence it was transplanted to Europe. It belongs to the genus Prunus
Prunus
which includes the cherry , apricot , almond and plum , in the rose family . The peach is classified with the almond in the subgenus Amygdalus, distinguished from the other subgenera by the corrugated seed shell. Peach
Peach
and nectarines are the same species, even though they are regarded commercially as different fruits
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Sport
SPORT ( British English ) or SPORTS ( American English ) includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators. Usually the contest or game is between two sides, each attempting to exceed the other. Some sports allow a tie game; others provide tie-breaking methods , to ensure one winner and one loser. A number of such two-sided contests may be arranged in a tournament producing a champion . Many sports leagues make an annual champion by arranging games in a regular sports season , followed in some cases by playoffs . Hundreds of sports exist, from those between single contestants, through to those with hundreds of simultaneous participants, either in teams or competing as individuals
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Sports Governing Body
A SPORTS GOVERNING BODY is a sports organisation that has a regulatory or sanctioning function. Sports governing bodies come in various forms, and have a variety of regulatory functions. Examples of this can include disciplinary action for rule infractions and deciding on rule changes in the sport that they govern. Governing bodies have different scopes. They may cover a range of sport at an International level, such as the International Olympic Committee and the International Paralympic Committee , or only a single sport at a national level, such as the Rugby Football League . National bodies may or may not be affiliated to international bodies for the same sport. The first international federations were formed at the end of the 19th century
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Dowel
A DOWEL is a solid cylindrical rod , usually made from wood , plastic , or metal . In its original manufactured form, a dowel is called a dowel rod. Dowel
Dowel
rods are often cut into short lengths called dowel pins. Dowels are employed in numerous, diverse applications including axles in toys, detents (e. g., in gymnastics grips ), structural reinforcements in cabinet making , and supports for tiered wedding cakes . Other uses include: * As furniture shelf supports * As moveable game pieces (i
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Football (association Football)
A FOOTBALL, SOCCER BALL, or ASSOCIATION FOOTBALL BALL is the ball used in the sport of association football . The name of the ball varies according to whether the sport is called "football", "soccer", or "association football". The ball's spherical shape, as well as its size, weight, and material composition, are specified by Law 2 of the Laws of the Game maintained by the International Football Association Board . Additional, more stringent, standards are specified by FIFA and subordinate governing bodies for the balls used in the competitions they sanction. Early footballs began as animal bladders or stomachs that would easily fall apart if kicked too much. Improvements became possible in the 19th century with the introduction of rubber and discoveries of vulcanisation by Charles Goodyear
Charles Goodyear

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YMCA
The YOUNG MEN\'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION (commonly known as YMCA
YMCA
or simply THE Y) is a worldwide organization based in Geneva, Switzerland , with more than 2 billion beneficiaries from 125 national associations. It was founded on 6 June 1844 by George Williams in London
London
and aims to put Christian principles into practice by developing a healthy "body, mind, and spirit." These three angles are reflected by the different sides of the (red) triangle—part of all YMCA
YMCA
logos. From its inception, it grew rapidly and ultimately became a worldwide movement founded on the principles of Muscular Christianity . Local YMCAs engage in a wide variety of charitable activities, including providing athletic facilities, holding classes for a wide variety of skills, proselytising Christianity, and humanitarian work
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American Football
AMERICAN FOOTBALL, referred to as FOOTBALL in the United States and Canada, and also known as "gridiron football " or simply "gridiron", is a sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense , the team with control of the oval-shaped football , attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball, while the team without control of the ball, the defense, aims to stop their advance and take control of the ball for themselves. The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs , or plays, or else they turn over the football to the opposing team; if they succeed, they are given a new set of four downs. Points are primarily scored by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal . The team with the most points at the end of a game wins
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Streetball
STREETBALL or STREET BASKETBALL is a variation of basketball typically played on outdoor courts, featuring significantly less formal structure and enforcement of the game's rules. As such, its format is more conducive to allowing players to publicly showcase their own individual skills. Streetball
Streetball
is often regarded as another element of the Hip Hop culture. Streetball
Streetball
may also refer to other urban sports played on asphalt . It is particularly big in New York City. Some places and cities in the United States
United States
have organized streetball programs, operated similarly to midnight basketball programs. Many cities also host their own weekend-long streetball tournaments, with Hoop-It-Up and the Houston Rockets
Houston Rockets
' Blacktop Battle being two of the most popular
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New England
NEW ENGLAND is a geographical region comprising six states of the northeastern United States
United States
: Maine
Maine
, Vermont
Vermont
, New Hampshire , Massachusetts
Massachusetts
, Rhode Island
Rhode Island
, and Connecticut
Connecticut
. It is bordered by the state of New York to the west and by the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Quebec
Quebec
to the northeast and north, respectively. The Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
is to the east and southeast, and Long Island Sound
Long Island Sound
is to the south. Boston
Boston
is New England's largest city as well as the capital of Massachusetts
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Massachusetts
MASSACHUSETTS (/ˌmæsəˈtʃuːsɪts/ ( listen ), /-zɪts/ ), officially known as the COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS, is the most populous state in the New England
New England
region of the northeastern United States . It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the east, the states of Connecticut
Connecticut
and Rhode Island
Rhode Island
to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont
Vermont
to the north, and New York to the west. The state is named after the Massachusett tribe, which once inhabited the east side of the area. The capital of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
and the most populous city in New England
New England
is Boston
Boston

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Team Sport
A TEAM SPORT includes any sport which involves two or more players working together towards a shared objective. A team sport is an activity in which individuals are organized into opposing teams which compete to win. Examples are basketball , volleyball , water polo , handball , lacrosse , cricket , baseball , and the various forms of football and hockey . CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 History * 3 Olympic team sports * 4 See also * 5 References OVERVIEW Team
Team
sports are practiced between opposing teams, where the players interact directly and simultaneously between them to achieve an objective. The objective generally involves teammates facilitating the movement of a ball or similar object in accordance with a set of rules, in order to score points. The meaning of a "team sport" has been disputed in recent years. Some types of sports have different objectives or rules than "traditional" team sports
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Springfield College
SPRINGFIELD COLLEGE is a private, coeducational college located in Springfield, Massachusetts
Springfield, Massachusetts
. The institution confers undergraduate, post-graduate, and doctoral degrees. Known as the birthplace of basketball, the sport was invented at Springfield College
Springfield College
in 1891 by graduate student James Naismith . The college's philosophy of "humanics" "calls for the education of the whole person—in spirit, mind, and body—for leadership in service to others." It is symbolized by a triangle
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