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Baritone
A BARITONE is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range lies between the bass and the tenor voice types . It is the most common male voice. Originally from the Greek βαρύτονος (_barýtonos_), meaning _deep (or heavy) sounding_, music for this voice is typically written in the range from the second F below middle C to the F above middle C (i.e. F2 –F4) in choral music, and from the second A below middle C to the A above middle C (A2 to A4) in operatic music, but can be extended at either end. The baritone voice type is generally divided into the baryton-Martin baritone (light baritone), lyric baritone, _Kavalierbariton_, Verdi baritone, dramatic baritone, _baryton-noble_ baritone, and the bass-baritone
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Baritone (other)
BARITONE generally refers to the vocal or instrumental part between the tenor and bass lines. For more on this see Musical instrument classification . Baritone
Baritone
might refer to: * Baritone
Baritone
voice type * Bass-baritone voice type * Baritone
Baritone
horn (sometimes called simply the baritone or abbreviated to bari) * Baritone
Baritone
saxophone (sometimes called simply a bari or barry) * Baritone
Baritone
guitar * Baritone
Baritone
ukulele * a possible alternate spelling of the stringed musical instrument called Baryton
Baryton
* Hautbois baryton, or baritone oboe, also called the bass oboe . REFERENCES * n/a. " Baritone
Baritone
(Jazz)", Grove Music Online , ed. L
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Voice Type
A VOICE TYPE is a particular human singing voice identified as having certain qualities or characteristics of vocal range , vocal weight , tessitura , vocal timbre , and vocal transition points (passaggio ), such as breaks and lifts within the voice. Other considerations are physical characteristics, speech level, scientific testing, and vocal register . A singer's voice type is identified by a process known as voice classification, by which the human voice is evaluated and thereby designated into a particular voice type. The discipline of voice classification developed within European classical music and is not generally applicable to other forms of singing. Voice classification is often used within opera to associate possible roles with potential voices. Several different voice classification systems are available to identify voice types, including the German Fach system and the choral music system among many others; no system is universally applied or accepted
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Soprano
A SOPRANO is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types . The soprano's vocal range (using scientific pitch notation ) is from approximately middle C (C4) = 261 Hz to "high A" (A5) =880 Hz in choral music , or to "soprano C" (C6, two octaves above middle C) =1046 Hz or higher in operatic music. In four-part chorale style harmony, the soprano takes the highest part, which usually encompasses the melody . The soprano voice type is generally divided into the coloratura , soubrette , lyric , spinto , and dramatic soprano. The lyric soprano is the most common female singing voice
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Mezzo-soprano
A MEZZO-SOPRANO or MEZZO (English: /ˈmɛtsoʊ/ , /ˈmɛzoʊ/ ; Italian: meaning "half soprano") is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range lies between the soprano and the contralto voice types . The mezzo-soprano's vocal range usually extends from the A below middle C to the A two octaves above (i.e. A3–A5 in scientific pitch notation , where middle C = C4). In the lower and upper extremes, some mezzo-sopranos may extend down to the F below middle C (F3) and as high as "high C" (C6). The mezzo-soprano voice type is generally divided into the coloratura, lyric, and dramatic mezzo-soprano
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Contralto
A CONTRALTO (Italian pronunciation: ) is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range is the lowest female voice type . The contralto's vocal range is fairly rare; similar to, but different from the alto , and almost identical to that of a countertenor , typically between the F below middle C (F3 in scientific pitch notation ) to the second F above middle C (F5), although at the extremes some voices can reach the E below middle C (E3) or the second B♭ above middle C (B♭5). The contralto voice type is generally divided into the coloratura, lyric, and dramatic contralto
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Countertenor
A COUNTERTENOR (or contra tenor) is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range is very close to the contralto or mezzo-soprano voice types , generally extending from around G3 to D5 or E5, although a sopranist (a specific kind of countertenor) may match the soprano 's range of around C4 to C6. Countertenors however have a lower tessitura than soprano ,mezzo-soprano and contralto one that spans from A3 to A4. The nature of the counter-tenor voice has radically changed throughout musical history, from a modal voice, to a modal and falsetto voice, to the primarily falsetto voice which is denoted by the term today. This is partly because of changes in human physiology, and partly because of fluctuations in pitch. The term first came into use in England during the mid-17th century, and was in wide use by the late 17th century
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Tenor
TENOR is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range is between the countertenor and baritone voice types . The tenor's vocal range (in choral music) lies between C3 , the C one octave below middle C , and A4, the A above middle C. In solo work, this range extends up to C5, or "tenor high C". The low extreme for tenors is roughly A♭2 (two A♭s below middle C). At the highest extreme, some tenors can sing up to two Fs above middle C (F5). The tenor voice type is generally divided into the _leggero_ tenor, lyric tenor, spinto tenor, dramatic tenor, heldentenor, and tenor buffo or spieltenor
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Bass (voice Type)
A BASS (/ˈbeɪs/ BAYSS ) is a type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types . According to The New Grove Dictionary of Opera
Opera
, a bass is typically classified as having a vocal range extending from around the second E below middle C to the E above middle C (i.e., E2–E4 ). Its tessitura , or comfortable range, is normally defined by the outermost lines of the bass clef . Categories of bass voices vary according to national style and classification system. Italians favour subdividing basses into the basso cantante (singing bass), basso buffo ("funny" bass), or the dramatic basso profondo (low bass). The American system identifies the bass-baritone, comic bass, lyric bass, and dramatic bass. The German fach system offers further distinctions: Spielbass (Bassbuffo), Schwerer Spielbass (Schwerer Bassbuffo), Charakterbass (Bassbariton), and Seriöser Bass. These classification systems can overlap
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Classical Music
CLASSICAL MUSIC is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western music , including both liturgical (religious) and secular music. While a more accurate term is also used to refer to the period from 1750 to 1820 (the Classical period ), this article is about the broad span of time from roughly the 11th century to the present day, which includes the Classical period and various other periods. The central norms of this tradition became codified between 1550 and 1900, which is known as the common-practice period
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Singing
SINGING is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality , rhythm , and a variety of vocal techniques. A person who sings is called a SINGER or VOCALIST. Singers perform music (arias , recitatives , songs , etc.) that can be sung with or without accompaniment by musical instruments . Singing is often done in an ensemble of musicians, such as a choir of singers or a band of instrumentalists. Singers may perform as soloists, or accompanied by anything from a single instrument (as in art song or some jazz styles) up to a symphony orchestra or big band . Different singing styles include art music such as opera and Chinese opera , Hindustani music , and religious music styles such as gospel , traditional music styles, world music , jazz , blues , gazal and popular music styles such as pop , rock , electronic dance music , and filmi
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Human Voice
The HUMAN VOICE consists of sound made by a human being using the vocal folds for talking , singing , laughing , crying , screaming , etc. The human voice frequency is specifically a part of human sound production in which the vocal folds (vocal cords) are the primary sound source. (Other sound production mechanisms produced from the same general area of the body involve the production of unvoiced consonants , clicks , whistling and whispering .) Generally speaking, the mechanism for generating the human voice can be subdivided into three parts; the lungs, the vocal folds within the larynx , and the articulators. The lung (the pump) must produce adequate airflow and air pressure to vibrate vocal folds (this air pressure is the fuel of the voice). The vocal folds (vocal cords) are a vibrating valve that chops up the airflow from the lungs into audible pulses that form the laryngeal sound source
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Vocal Range
VOCAL RANGE is the measure of the breadth of pitches that a human voice can phonate . Its most common application is within the context of singing , where it is used as a defining characteristic for classifying singing voices into groups known as voice types . It is also a topic of study within linguistics , phonetics , and speech and language pathology , particularly in relation to the study of tonal languages and certain types of vocal disorders, although it has little practical application in terms of speech. CONTENTS * 1 Singing and the definition of vocal range * 2 Vocal range and voice classification * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links SINGING AND THE DEFINITION OF VOCAL RANGEWhile the broadest definition of "vocal range" is simply the span from the lowest to the highest note a particular voice can produce, this broad definition is often not what is meant when "vocal range" is discussed in the context of singing
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C (musical Note)
C (Italian : Do, French : ut, German : C) is the first note of the C major scale , the third note of the natural scale and the fourth note (Γ, A, B, C) of the Guidonian hand
Guidonian hand
, commonly pitched around 261.63 Hz . The actual frequency has depended on historical pitch standards , and for transposing instruments a distinction is made between written and sounding or concert pitch . In English the term Do is used interchangeably with C only by adherents of fixed-Do solfège ; in the movable Do system Do refers to the tonic of the prevailing key . CONTENTS * 1 Frequency
Frequency
* 2 Octave nomenclature * 3 Designation by octave * 4 Graphic presentation * 5 Scales * 5.1 Common scales beginning on C * 5.2 Diatonic scales * 5.3 Jazz melodic minor * 6 B sharp * 7 See also * 8 References FREQUENCYHistorically, concert pitch has varied
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Scientific Pitch Notation
SCIENTIFIC PITCH NOTATION (or SPN, also known as _American Standard Pitch Notation_ (ASPN) and _International Pitch Notation_ (IPN)) is a method of specifying musical pitch by combining a musical note name (with accidental if needed) and a number identifying the pitch's octave . Although scientific pitch _notation_ (SPN) was originally designed as a companion to "scientific pitch " (see below), the two are not synonymous, and should not be confused. Scientific _pitch_ is a pitch _standard_ —a system which defines the specific frequencies of particular pitches (see below). SPN concerns only how pitch names are _notated_, that is, how they are designated in printed and written text, and does not inherently specify actual frequencies. Thus the use of SPN to distinguish octaves does not depend on the pitch standard used
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Religious Music
RELIGIOUS MUSIC (also SACRED MUSIC) is music performed or composed for religious use or through religious influence. RITUAL MUSIC is music, sacred or not, performed or composed for or as ritual . CONTENTS * 1 Christian music