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Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
(UK: /ˌæzəbaɪˈdʒɑːn, -ˈʒɑːn/ (listen), US: /ˌɑːzərbaɪˈdʒɑːn, ˌæz-/;[8][9] Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan [ɑːzæɾbɑjˈd͡ʒɑn]), officially the Republic
Republic
of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
(Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Respublikası [ɑːzæɾbɑjˈd͡ʒɑn ɾespublikɑˈsɯ]), is a country in the South Caucasus
South Caucasus
region of Eurasia
Eurasia
at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.[10] It is bounded by the Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
to the east, Russia
Russia
to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia
Armenia
to the west and Iran
Iran
to the south
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Ethnic Groups
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, society, culture or nation.[1][2] Ethnicity is usually an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage, ancestry, origin myth, history, homeland, language or dialect, symbolic systems such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing style, art, and physical appearance. Ethnic groups, derived from the same historical founder population, often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool
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United Nations
The United Nations
United Nations
(UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked with maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations, achieving international co-operation, and being a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.[3] It was established after World War II, with the aim of preventing future wars, and succeeded the ineffective League of Nations.[4] Its headquarters, which are subject to extraterritoriality, are in Manhattan, New York City, and it has other main offices in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna
Vienna
and The Hague. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states
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Republic
A republic (Latin: res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers. The primary positions of power within a republic are not inherited, but are attained through democracy, oligarchy or autocracy
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Semi-presidential System
A semi-presidential system is a system of government in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter two being responsible to the legislature of a state
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Unitary State
A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme. The central government may create (or abolish) administrative divisions (sub-national units).[1] Such units exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate. Although political power may be delegated through devolution to regional or local governments by statute, the central government may abrogate the acts of devolved governments or curtail (or expand) their powers. A large majority of the world's states (165 of the 193 UN member states) have a unitary system of government.[2] Unitary states stand in contrast with federations, also known as federal states. In federations, the sub-national governments share powers with the central government as equal actors through a written constitution, to which the consent of both is required to make amendments
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Demonym
A demonym (/ˈdɛmənɪm/; from Greek δῆμος, dêmos, "people, tribe" and όνομα, ónoma, "name") or gentilic (from Latin gentilis, "of a clan, or gens")[1] is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place and is usually derived from the name of the place.[2] Examples of demonyms include Cochabambino, for a person from the city of Cochabamba; American for a person from the country called the United States
United States
of America; and Swahili, for a person of the Swahili coast. Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region. Thus a Thai may be any resident or citizen of Thailand
Thailand
of any ethnic group, or more narrowly a member of the Thai people. Conversely, some groups of people may be associated with multiple demonyms
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List Of Countries And Dependencies By Area
This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area. Entries in this list include, but are not limited to, those in the ISO 3166-1 standard, which includes sovereign states and dependent territories
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Alma-Ata Protocol
The Alma-Ata Protocols are the founding declarations and principles of the Commonwealth of Independent States
Commonwealth of Independent States
(CIS). The leaders of Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus
Belarus
had agreed to the Belavezha Accords
Belavezha Accords
on 8 December 1991, dissolving the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and forming the CIS. On 21 December 1991, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
agreed to the Alma-Ata Protocols, joining the CIS. The latter agreement included the original three Belavezha signatories, as well as eight additional former Soviet republics. Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Georgia were the only former republics that have not participated
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Dominant-party System
A dominant-party system or one-party dominant system is a system where there is "a category of parties/political organisations that have successively won election victories and whose future defeat cannot be envisaged or is unlikely for the foreseeable future".[1] Many are de facto one-party systems, and often devolve into de jure one-party systems
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Georgian Language
Georgian (ქართული ენა, kartuli ena, pronounced [kʰɑrtʰuli ɛnɑ]) is a Kartvelian language
Kartvelian language
spoken by Georgians
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United Nations Security Council Resolution 742
United Nations Security Council
United Nations Security Council
resolution 742, adopted without a vote on 14 February 1992, after examining the application of the Azerbaijani Republic for membership in the United Nations, the Council recommended to the General Assembly that Azerbaijan
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Russian Language
Russian (русский язык, tr. rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus
Caucasus
and Central Asia.[30][31] It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
until its dissolution on 25 December 1991.[32] Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel
Israel
and Mongolia. Russian belongs to the family of Indo-European languages, one of the four living members of the East Slavic languages, and part of the larger Balto-Slavic branch
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Kurdish Language
 Iraq  Kurdistan
Kurdistan
RegionRecognised minority language in Armenia[2]   Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
(Statutory language of provincial identity in five districts, as abided by the constitution)[3]Language codesISO 639-1 kuISO 639-2 kurISO 639-3 kur – inclusive code Individual codes: ckb – Central Kurdish kmr – Northern Kurdish sdh – Southern KurdishGlottolog kurd1259[4]Linguasphere 58-AAA-a (North Kurdish incl. Kurmanji & Kurmanjiki) + 58-AAA-b ( Central Kurdish
Central Kurdish
incl. Dimli/Zaza & Gurani) + 58-AAA-c (South Kurdish incl
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Avar Language
Avar[1][2] (self-designation Магӏарул мацӏ Maⱨarul maⱬ [maʕarul mat͡sʼ] "language of the mountains" or Авар мацӏ Avar maⱬ [awar mat͡sʼ] "Avar language"), also known as Avaric,[3][4] is a language that belongs to the Avar–Andic group of the Northeast Caucasian family.Contents1 Geographic distribution 2 Status 3 Dialects 4 Morphology 5 Phonology 6 Writing system 7 Orthography 8 History 9 Samples 10 See also 11 References 12 External linksGeographic distribution[edit] It is spoken mainly in the western and southern parts of the Russian Caucasus
Caucasus
republic of Dagestan, and the Balaken, Zaqatala regions of north-western Azerbaijan.[1] Some Avars live in other regions of Russia. There are also small communities of speakers living in the Russian republics of Chechnya
Chechnya
and Kalmykia; in Georgia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Jordan, and the Marmara Sea
Marmara Sea
region of Turkey
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Kryts Language
Kryts (Kryc) is a Samur language of the Northeast Caucasian language family spoken in parts of the Quba Rayon
Quba Rayon
of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
by 6,000 people in 1975.[3] Its dialects are Kryts, Jek, Khaput, Yergyudzh, and Alyk, which are all quite distinct and could be considered separate languages.[3] Kryts is endangered[4][5][not specific enough to verify], classified as "severely endangered" by UNESCO's Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger.[6] References[edit]Authier, Gilles. 2009. Grammaire kryz. Paris: Peeters.^ Kryts at Ethnologue
Ethnologue
(18th ed., 2015) ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kryts". Glottolog
Glottolog
3.0
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