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Ayub Shah Durrani
Ayub Shah, a son of Timur Shah, ruled Afghanistan
Afghanistan
from 1819 to 1823. Second oldest son of Timor Shah. He killed his brother Ali Shah for the throne. He only ruled two years, holding off his own brothers and the Barakzai and Indian tribes from nearby. He was imprisoned by the Barakzai and his brother took the throne
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Shuja Shah Durrani
Durrani[pronunciation?] (Pashto: دراني‎) or Abdali[pronunciation?] (Pashto: ابدالي‎) is the name of a prominent Sarbani Pashtun tribal confederation in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and Pakistan. They have been called Durrani
Durrani
since the beginning of the Durrani Empire
Durrani Empire
in 1747.[1] Durrani
Durrani
are found throughout Afghanistan and Pakistan; although large concentrations are found in southern Afghanistan, they are also found to a lesser extent in east, west and central Afghanistan. Many Durranis are found in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
and Punjab provinces of Pakistan. The Durrani
Durrani
Pashtuns of the Afghan capital Kabul are usually bilingual in Pashto and Dari Persian
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History Of Central Asia
The history of Central Asia
Central Asia
concerns the history of the various peoples that have inhabited Central Asia. The lifestyle of such people has been determined primarily by the area's climate and geography. The aridity of the region makes agriculture difficult and distance from the sea cut it off from much trade. Thus, few major cities developed in the region. Nomadic horse peoples of the steppe dominated the area for millennia. Relations between the steppe nomads and the settled people in and around Central Asia
Central Asia
were marked by conflict
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Dynasty
A dynasty (UK: /ˈdɪnəsti/, US: /ˈdaɪnəsti/) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,[1] usually in the context of a feudal or monarchical system, but sometimes also appearing in elective republics. The dynastic family or lineage may be known as a "house",[2] which may be styled as "royal", "princely", "ducal", "comital", etc., depending upon the chief or present title borne by its members. Historians periodize the histories of many sovereign states, such as Ancient Egypt, the Carolingian Empire
Carolingian Empire
and Imperial China, using a framework of successive dynasties. As such, the term "dynasty" may be used to delimit the era during which the family reigned and to describe events, trends, and artifacts of that period ("a Ming-dynasty vase")
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Afghanistan
Coordinates: 33°N 65°E / 33°N 65°E / 33; 65Islamic Republic of Afghanistanد افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت‬ (Pashto) Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jumhoryat جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان‬ (Dari) Jomhūrīyyeh Eslāmīyyeh AfġānestānFlagCoat of armsMotto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله‬ "Lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh, Muhammadun rasūlu llāh" "There is no God but Allah; Muhammad
Muhammad
is the messenger of Allah. (Shahada)Anthem: Millī Surūd ملي سرود‬ (English: "National Anthem")Capital and larg
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Special
Special
Special
or the specials or variation, may refer to:.mw-parser-output .tocright float:right;clear:right;width:auto;background:none;padding:.5em 0 .8em 1.4em;margin-bottom:.5em .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-left clear:left .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-both clear:both .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-none clear:none Contents1 Policing 2 Literature 3 Film and television 4 Music4.1 Albums 4.2 Songs5 Computing 6 Other uses 7 See alsoPolicing[edit] Specials, Ulster
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Mohammad Yaqub Khan
Mohammad Yaqub Khan
Mohammad Yaqub Khan
(1849 – November 15, 1923) was Emir of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
from February 21 to October 12, 1879. He was the son of the previous ruler, Sher Ali Khan. Mohammad Yaqub Khan
Mohammad Yaqub Khan
was the governor of Herat province in Afghanistan and decided to rebel against his father in 1870 but was imprisoned in 1874. The Second Anglo-Afghan War
Second Anglo-Afghan War
erupted in 1878, leading Sher Ali Khan
Sher Ali Khan
to flee the capital of Afghanistan, and eventually die in February 1879 in the north of the country. As Sher Ali's successor, Yaqub signed the Treaty of Gandamak
Treaty of Gandamak
with the British in May 1879, relinquishing solely the control of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
foreign affairs to the British Empire
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Wazir Akbar Khan
Wazīr Akbar Khān (1816–1845; Pashto: وزير اکبر خان‎), born Mohammad Akbar Khān (محمد اکبر خان) and also known as Amīr Akbar Khān (امير اکبر خان), was an Afghan prince, general, and finally emir for about three years until his death. His fame began with the 1837 Battle of Jamrud, while attempting to regain Afghanistan's second capital Peshawar
Peshawar
from the Sikh army of British Punjab.[1][2] Wazir Akbar Khan
Wazir Akbar Khan
was militarily active in the First Anglo-Afghan War, which lasted from 1839 to 1842. He is prominent for his leadership of the national party in Kabul
Kabul
from 1841 to 1842, and his massacre of Elphinstone's army at the Gandamak pass before the only survivor, the assistant surgeon William Brydon, reached the besieged garrison at Jalalabad
Jalalabad
on 13 January 1842
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Sher Ali Khan
Sher Ali Khan
Sher Ali Khan
(Pashto: شير علي خان‎)(c. 1825 – February 21, 1879) was Amir of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
from 1863 to 1866 and from 1868 until his death in 1879. He was the third[citation needed] son of Dost Mohammed Khan, founder of the Barakzai Dynasty
Dynasty
in Afghanistan. Sher Ali Khan
Sher Ali Khan
initially seized power when his father died, but was quickly ousted by his older brother, Mohammad Afzal Khan. Internecine warfare followed until Sher Ali defeated his brother and regained the title of Emir. His rule was hindered by pressure from both Britain and Russia, though Sher Ali attempted to keep Afghanistan
Afghanistan
neutral during their conflict. In 1878, the neutrality fell apart and the Second Anglo-Afghan War erupted
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Mohammad Afzal Khan
Mohammad Afzal Khan
Mohammad Afzal Khan
(1811 – October 7, 1867; Pashto: محمد افضل خان‎) was the Emir
Emir
of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
from 1865 to 1867.[1] The oldest son of Dost Mohammed Khan, Afzal Khan seized power from his brother Sher Ali Khan
Sher Ali Khan
three years after their father's death. Following Afzal Khan's death the following year, Mohammad Azam Khan was proclaimed Amir of Afghanistan. He was an ethnic Pashtun and belong to the Barakzai tribe. Khan's third son Abdur Rahman Khan
Abdur Rahman Khan
was Emir
Emir
from 1880 to 1901.[2] See also[edit]List of leaders of AfghanistanReferences[edit]^ Afghanistan. Worldstatesmen.org
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Mohammad Azam Khan
Mohammad Azam Khan
Mohammad Azam Khan
(Pashto: محمد عظم خان‎) was the Emir
Emir
of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
from October 7, 1867 to February 21, 1868.[1][2]He was the second son of Dost Mohammed Khan, Azam Khan succeeded his brother Mohammad Afzal Khan
Mohammad Afzal Khan
after the latter's death on October 7, 1867.[1] Following Azam Khan's death the following year, Sher Ali Khan
Sher Ali Khan
was reinstated as Amir of Afghanistan. He was an ethnic Pashtun and belonged to the Barakzai tribe. See also[edit]List of leaders of AfghanistanReferences[edit]^ a b Hamid. " Afghanistan
Afghanistan
Monarchs". afghanistantourism.net. Archived from the original on 2012-03-27. Retrieved 2011-07-13.  ^ Wahid Momand. "Leaders". Afghanland.com
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Abdur Rahman Khan
Abdur Rahman Khan
Abdur Rahman Khan
(Pashto: عبد رحمان خان‎) (between 1840 and 1844 – October 1, 1901) was Emir of Afghanistan
Emir of Afghanistan
from 1880 to 1901.[1] He was the third son of Mohammad Afzal Khan, and grandson of Dost Mohammad Khan
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Mohammad Ayub Khan (Emir Of Afghanistan)
Ghazi Mohammad Ayub Khan (Pashto: غازي محمد ايوب خان‎) (1857 – April 7, 1914, Urdu: غازی محمد ایوب خان‬) was also known as The Victor of Maiwand or The Afghan Prince Charlie and was, for a while, the governor of Herat Province
Herat Province
in Afghanistan. He was Emir of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
from October 12, 1879 to May 31, 1880[1][2] and was also the leader of Afghans in the Second Anglo-Afghan War
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Mahmud Shah Durrani
Mahmud Shah Durrani
Durrani
(1769 – April 18, 1829; Pashto, Persian, Urdu, Arabic: محمود شاہ درانی‬) was born Prince and the ruler of the Durrani Empire
Durrani Empire
(Afghanistan) between 1801 and 1803, and again between 1809 and 1818. An ethnic Sadozai tribe section of the Popalzai sub clan of Durrani
Durrani
Abdali Pashtun, he was the son of Timur Shah Durrani
Durrani
and grandson of Ahmad Shah Durrani.Contents1 His 1st and 2nd deposed 2 Trouble with Barakzai tribe 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksHis 1st and 2nd deposed[edit] Mahmud Shah Durrani
Durrani
was the half-brother of his predecessor, Zaman Shah. On July 25, 1801, Zaman Shah
Zaman Shah
was deposed, and Mahmud Shah ascended to ruler-ship
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Habibullah Khan
Habibullah Khan
Habibullah Khan
(June 3, 1872 – February 20, 1919) was the Emir of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
from 1901 until 1919. He was born in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, the eldest son of the Emir Abdur Rahman Khan, whom he succeeded by right of primogeniture in October 1901.[1][2] Habibullah was a relatively reform-minded ruler who attempted to modernize his country. During his reign he worked to bring modern medicine and other technology to Afghanistan. In 1903, Habibullah founded the Habibia school as well as a military academy. He also worked to put in place progressive reforms in his country. He instituted various legal reforms and repealed many of the harshest criminal penalties. But one of his chief advisers Abdul Lateef was sentenced to death in 1903 for apostasy. He was stoned to death in Kabul
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Nasrullah Khan (Afghanistan)
Nasrullah Khan (1874–1920), sometimes spelt as Nasr Ullah Khan,[1] was shahzada (crown prince) of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and second son of Emir Abdur Rahman Khan. He held the throne of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
as Emir
Emir
for one week, from February 21 to February 28, 1919.Contents1 Early life 2 Visit to England 3 During Habibullah's reign 4 Anti-British policy 5 Succession and death 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksEarly life[edit] Nasrullah was born at Samarkand
Samarkand
in 1874,[2] the second of three sons of Abdur Rahman Khan
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