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Automobile Platform
A car platform is a shared set of common design, engineering, and production efforts, as well as major components over a number of outwardly distinct models and even types of cars, often from different, but related marques.[2] It is practiced in the automotive industry to reduce the costs associated with the development of products by basing those products on a smaller number of platforms. This further allows companies to create distinct models from a design perspective on similar underpinnings.[2]Contents1 Definition and benefits 2 Examples 3 Advantages 4 Disadvantages 5 Top Hat 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksDefinition and benefits[edit] Platform sharing is a product development method where different products and the brand attached share the same components.[3] The purpose with platform sharing is to reduce the cost and have a more efficient product development process.[4] The companies gain on reduced procurement cost by taking advantage of the commona
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Volkswagen Karmann Ghia
Germany 1955–1974 445,238 built[1]Coupé: 364,401 Cabriolet: 80,837Brazil 1962–1975 41,689 built[2]Coupé: 23,393 Cabriolet: 177 TC: 18,119Assembly Osnabrück, Germany[3] São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil ( Volkswagen
Volkswagen
do Brasil)Designer Felice Mario Boano[4] at GhiaBody and chassisClass Sports car
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Daimler-Benz
Daimler AG
Daimler AG
(German pronunciation: [ˈdaɪmlɐ ʔaːˌɡeː] (listen); previously named Daimler-Benz
Daimler-Benz
and DaimlerChrysler) is a German multinational automotive corporation, headquartered in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg. Daimler-Benz
Daimler-Benz
was formed with the merger of Benz & Cie and Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft in 1926
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Citroën Dyane
The Citroën
Citroën
Dyane is an economy car/supermini produced by the French automaker Citroën
Citroën
from 1967 to 1983. The design was based on the Citroën
Citroën
2CV. 1,443,583 were manufactured.[2] A panel van version called the Acadiane derived from the Dyane.Contents1 Market context 2 Panhard
Panhard
connections 3 Description3.1 Equipment levels 3.2 Engine
Engine
and running gear3.2.1 More power4 Specifications 5 Market reaction5.1 Production figures6 UK press reaction 7 Iranian manufacture 8 Yugoslav manufacture 9 References 10 External linksMarket context[edit] The Dyane was a development of the Citroën
Citroën
2CV, and was intended as an answer to the increasingly popular Renault 4, which after its introduction in 1961 had affected 2CV sales
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Citroën Ami
The Citroën
Citroën
Ami is a four-door, front-wheel drive supermini (B-segment), manufactured and marketed by Citroën
Citroën
from 1961 to 1978. At times it was the best-selling new car model in France.[citation needed] The Ami was offered in saloon and break (estate) body styles over two generations, the Ami 6 and the Ami 8
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Citroën 2CV
The Citroën
Citroën
2CV (French: "deux chevaux" i.e. "deux chevaux-vapeur" (lit. "two steam horses", "two tax horsepower") is an air-cooled front-engine, front-wheel-drive economy car introduced at the 1948 Paris Mondial de l'Automobile and manufactured by Citroën
Citroën
for model years 1948–1990.[1] Conceived by Citroën
Citroën
Vice-President Pierre Boulanger[4] to help motorise the large number of farmers still using horses and carts in 1930s France, the 2CV has a combination of innovative engineering and utilitarian, straightforward metal bodywork — initially corrugated for added strength without added weight.[5][6][7] The 2CV featured low cost; simplicity of overall maintenance; an easily serviced air-cooled engine (originally offering 9 hp); low fuel consumption; and an extremely long-travel suspension[8] offering a soft ride and light off-road capability
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Chassis
A chassis (US: /ˈtʃæsi/,[1] UK: /ˈʃæsi/;[2] plural chassis /-iz/) is the internal framework of an artificial object, which supports the object in its construction and use
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Research And Development
Research
Research
and development (R&D, R+D, or Rn'D), also known in Europe as research and technological development (RTD), refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products, or improving existing services or products.[1] Research
Research
and development constitutes the first stage of development of a potential new service or the production process. R&D activities differ from institution to institution, with two primary models[1] of an R&D department either staffed by engineers and tasked with directly developing new products, or staffed with industrial scientists and tasked with applied research in scientific or technological fields, which may facilitate future product development
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Honda
Honda
Honda
Motor Company, Ltd
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Acura
Acura
Acura
is the luxury vehicle marque of Japanese automaker Honda.[1] The brand was launched in the United States
United States
and Canada
Canada
in March 1986, marketing luxury, performance, and high-performance vehicles
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Nissan
Coordinates: 35°27′39″N 139°37′45″E / 35.460883°N 139.6291854°E / 35.460883; 139.6291854This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (September 2018) Nissan
Nissan
Motor Co., Ltd.Global Headquarters in Yokohama, JapanNative name日産自動車株式会社Romanized name Nissan
Nissan
Jidōsha Kabushiki-gaishaTypePublic (K.K.)Traded asTYO: 7201 TOPIX Core 30 ComponentIndustryAutomotiveFounded26 December 1933; 85 years ago (1933-12-26) (under Nissan Group)[1][2]FoundersMasujiro Hashimoto[3]Kenjiro DenRokuro AoyamaMeitaro TakeuchiYoshisuke AikawaWilliam R
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Chrysler
Chrysler
Chrysler
(/ˈkraɪslər/; officially FCA US LLC, and colloquially Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
Automobiles) is one of the "Big Three" automobile manufacturers in the United States, headquartered in Auburn Hills, Michigan. The original Chrysler
Chrysler
Corporation was founded in 1925 by Walter Chrysler
Walter Chrysler
from the remains of the Maxwell Motor Company. In 1998, it was acquired by Daimler-Benz, and the holding company was renamed DaimlerChrysler. After Daimler divested Chrysler
Chrysler
in 2007, the company existed as Chrysler
Chrysler
LLC (2007-2009) and Chrysler
Chrysler
Group LLC (2009-2014) before merging in 2014 with Italian holding company Fiat S.p.A. and becoming a subsidiary of its successor Fiat Chrysler Automobiles
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Powertrain
In a motor vehicle, the powertrain or powerplant comprises the main components that generate power and deliver it to the road surface, water, or air. This includes the engine, transmission, drive shafts, differentials, and the final drive (drive wheels, continuous track as in military tanks or caterpillar tractors, propeller, etc.). More recently in hybrid powertrains the battery, the electric motor and the control algorithm are also seen as elements of the powertrain. A motor vehicle's driveline or drivetrain consists of the parts of the powertrain excluding the engine. It is the portion of a vehicle, after the prime mover, that changes depending on whether a vehicle is front-wheel, rear-wheel, or four-wheel drive, or less-common six-wheel or eight-wheel drive. In a wider sense, the powertrain includes all of its components used to transform stored (chemical, solar, nuclear, kinetic, potential, etc.) energy into kinetic energy for propulsion purposes
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Internal Combustion Engine
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit. In an internal combustion engine, the expansion of the high-temperature and high-pressure gases produced by combustion applies direct force to some component of the engine. The force is applied typically to pistons, turbine blades, rotor or a nozzle
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Suspension (vehicle)
Suspension is the system of tires, tire air, springs, shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels and allows relative motion between the two.[1] Suspension systems must support both roadholding/handling and ride quality,[2] which are at odds with each other. The tuning of suspensions involves finding the right compromise. It is important for the suspension to keep the road wheel in contact with the road surface as much as possible, because all the road or ground forces acting on the vehicle do so through the contact patches of the tires. The suspension also protects the vehicle itself and any cargo or luggage from damage and wear
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Power Steering
In motor vehicles, a power steering system helps drivers steer the vehicle by augmenting steering effort needed to turn the steering wheel, making it easier for the driver to turn. Hydraulic or electric actuators add controlled energy to the steering mechanism, so the driver can provide less effort to turn the steered wheels when driving at typical speeds, and reduce considerably the physical effort necessary to turn the wheels when a vehicle is stopped or moving slowly. Power steering
Power steering
can also be engineered to provide some artificial feedback of forces acting on the steered wheels. Hydraulic power steering systems for cars augment steering effort via an actuator, a hydraulic cylinder that is part of a servo system. These systems have a direct mechanical connection between the steering wheel and the linkage that steers the wheels
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