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Australian Broadcasting Corporation
The AUSTRALIAN BROADCASTING CORPORATION (ABC) is Australia
Australia
's national public broadcaster , owned and funded by the government. The ABC plays a leading role in the history of broadcasting in Australia
Australia
. With a total annual budget of A$1.22 billion, the corporation provides television, radio, online and mobile services throughout metropolitan and regional Australia, as well as overseas through the Australia
Australia
Network and Radio Australia
Australia
. Founded in 1929 as the Australian Broadcasting Company , it was subsequently made a state-owned corporation on 1 July 1932 as the AUSTRALIAN BROADCASTING COMMISSION. The Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983 changed the name of the organisation to the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, effective 1 July 1983
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Royal Commission
A ROYAL COMMISSION is a major ad-hoc formal public inquiry into a defined issue in some monarchies . They have been held in the United Kingdom , Australia
Australia
, Canada
Canada
, New Zealand
New Zealand
, and Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
. A Royal Commission is similar in function to a COMMISSION OF ENQUIRY (or INQUIRY) found in other countries such as Ireland , South Africa
South Africa
, and regions such as Hong Kong
Hong Kong
. It has considerable powers, generally greater even than those of a judge but restricted to the terms of reference of the Commission. The Commission is created by the Head of State (the Sovereign, or his/her representative in the form of a Governor-General or Governor) on the advice of the Government and formally appointed by letters patent
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Postmaster-General's Department
The Australian Government POSTMASTER-GENERAL\'S DEPARTMENT (PMG) was established at Australia\'s Federation tasked with responsibility for postal and telegraphic services. It was abolished in December 1975 concerning growing responsibility, and two separate legal entities were established: Telecom (which later became Telstra
Telstra
) and Australia Post . Post Master General - Pubilc Telephone
Telephone
year 1950 Post Master General - Pubilc Telephone
Telephone
with battery for power, year 1950 CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Abolition * 2 Early history of telephony * 3 References HISTORY The "PMG" stamp can still be found on many manhole covers, such as this one in central Perth
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Editorial Independence
EDITORIAL INDEPENDENCE is the freedom of editors to make decisions without interference from the owners of a publication . Editorial independence is tested, for instance, if a newspaper runs articles that may be unpopular with its advertising clientele or critical of its ownership. SEE ALSO * Journalism
Journalism
portal * Embedded journalism * Freedom of the press , the freedom from interference by governments * Media manipulation * Objectivity (journalism) RELATED CONTROVERSIES * Fox television and Monsanto Company This story is featured at length in the documentaries The Corporation and Outfoxed .REFERENCES * ^ "Blowing the Whistle On Your Own Station.". Columbia Journalism Review . March 1, 2001. Retrieved 2008-09-10. * ^ Schweitzer, Sarah (August 19, 2000). "Reporter wins suit over firing". St. Petersburg Times . Retrieved 2008-09-10
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Call Sign
In broadcasting and radio communications , a CALL SIGN (also known as a CALL NAME or CALL LETTERS—and historically as a CALL SIGNAL—or abbreviated as a CALL) is a unique designation for a transmitter station . In North America, they are used for all FCC-licensed transmitters. A call sign can be formally assigned by a government agency, informally adopted by individuals or organizations, or even cryptographically encoded to disguise a station's identity. The use of call signs as unique identifiers dates to the landline railroad telegraph system. Because there was only one telegraph line linking all railroad stations , there needed to be a way to address each one when sending a telegram . In order to save time, two-letter identifiers were adopted for this purpose. This pattern continued in radiotelegraph operation; radio companies initially assigned two-letter identifiers to coastal stations and stations aboard ships at sea
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Keith Murdoch
SIR KEITH ARTHUR MURDOCH (12 August 1885 – 4 October 1952) was an Australian journalist and the father of Rupert Murdoch
Rupert Murdoch
, the current CEO and Chairman of News Corp
News Corp
. CONTENTS* 1 Life and career * 1.1 First World War * 1.2 Melbourne
Melbourne
Herald * 1.3 1930s and after * 1.4 In popular culture * 2 See also * 3 Principal sources * 3.1 General * 3.2 Early life and First World War * 4 Additional references * 5 External links LIFE AND CAREERMurdoch was born in Melbourne
Melbourne
in 1885, the son of Annie (née Brown) and the Rev. Patrick John Murdoch , who had married in 1882 and migrated from Cruden , Scotland
Scotland
to Victoria, Australia
Australia
with Patrick's family in 1884
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Joseph Lyons
JOSEPH ALOYSIUS LYONS, CH (15 September 1879 – 7 April 1939) was the tenth Prime Minister of Australia
Prime Minister of Australia
, serving from January 1932 until his death. He had earlier served as Premier of Tasmania
Premier of Tasmania
from 1923 to 1928, and was the first and only prime minister from Tasmania. Lyons was born in Stanley, Tasmania , and was a schoolteacher and trade unionist before entering politics. He was elected to the Tasmanian House of Assembly in 1909, representing the Labor Party , and became a government minister in 1914, under John Earle . Lyons was elected party leader after the Labor government's defeat at the 1916 state election . He became premier in October 1923, after Walter Lee lost a no-confidence motion , and served until being defeated at the 1928 state election . He afterward entered federal politics
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Landline
A LANDLINE TELEPHONE (also known as LAND LINE, LAND-LINE, MAIN LINE, HOME PHONE, LANDLINE, FIXED-LINE, and WIRELINE) refers to a phone that uses a metal wire or fibre optic telephone line for transmission as distinguished from a mobile cellular line , which uses radio waves for transmission. In 2003, the CIA reported approximately 1.263 billion main telephone lines worldwide. China
China
had more than any other country at 350 million and the United States
United States
was second with 268 million. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
has 23.7 million residential fixed homephones. The 2013 statistics show that the total number of fixed-telephone subscribers in the world was about 1.16 billion. The number of landline subscribers continuously decreases due to upgrades in digital technology and the conveniences that come with switching to wireless (cellular) or Internet-based alternatives
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ABS-2
ABS-2 (also known as ST 3 or KOREASAT 8 ) is an Indian free-to-air digital direct-broadcast television satellite owned and operated by the Asia Broadcast Satellite. It provides the Second free-to-air satellite television service in India. Initially, ABS-2 satellite at 75° was used to broadcast channels. ABS-2 75° was used to broadcast 97 FTA MPEG-2 Channels, and one MPEG4 channel. It was the fifth satellite operated by ABS . ABS-2 is built on SSL 1300 satellite bus and equipped with up to 32 C-band , 51 Ku-band and 6 Ka-band transponders . Total mass at lift off was 6,330 kilograms (13,960 lb), with the size of 8.3 by 3.5 by 3.5 metres (27 ft × 11 ft × 11 ft) and 26 metres (85 ft) span when in orbit. On 17 June 2009 ABS announced that ABS-2 will be built by Space Systems/Loral , with a launch initially planned for 2012
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John Curtin
JOHN JOSEPH AMBROSE CURTIN (8 January 1885 – 5 July 1945) was the 14th Prime Minister of Australia
Prime Minister of Australia
, serving from 1941 to 1945, and the Leader of the Labor Party from 1935 to 1945. Having first formed a minority government in 1941, Curtin led Labor to victory (and majority government) at the 1943 election , which remains Labor's greatest victory in a federal election (both in the House of Representatives and the Senate ). As the Member for Fremantle
Fremantle
, Curtin was the first and to date only prime minister to represent an electorate outside the Eastern states . Curtin successfully led Australia through the period when the nation was directly threatened by the Japanese advance in World War II, and is today widely regarded as one of the country's greatest prime ministers
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Digital Terrestrial Television
DIGITAL TERRESTRIAL TELEVISION (DTTV or DTT) is a technological evolution of broadcast television and an advancement over analog television . DTTV broadcasts land-based (terrestrial) signals. The advantages of digital terrestrial television are similar to digital versus analog in platforms such as cable, satellite, and all telecommunications: the efficient use of spectrum and provision of more capacity than analog, better quality images, and lower operating costs for broadcast and transmission (after the initial upgrade costs). A terrestrial implementation of digital television (DTV) technology uses an aerial to broadcast to a conventional television antenna (or aerial) instead of a satellite dish or cable television connection
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Travel Trailer
A CARAVAN, TRAVEL TRAILER or CAMPER TRAILER is towed behind a road vehicle to provide a place to sleep which is more comfortable and protected than a tent (although there are fold-down trailer tents ). It provides the means for people to have their own home on a journey or a vacation , without relying on a motel or hotel , and enables them to stay in places where none is available. However, in some countries campers are restricted to designated sites for which fees are payable. Caravans and travel trailers vary from basic models which may be little more than a tent on wheels to those containing several rooms with all the furniture and furnishings and equipment of a home. They are used principally in North America
North America
, Europe
Europe
(mainly Britain and Germany), Australia
Australia
and New Zealand
New Zealand

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Statutory Corporation
A STATUTORY CORPORATION is a corporation created by statute . Their precise nature varies by jurisdiction thus they might be ordinary companies/corporations owned by a government with or without other shareholders, or they might be a body without shareholders which is controlled by national or sub-national government to the (in some cases minimal) extent provided for in the creating legislation. Bodies described in the English language as "statutory corporations" exist in the following countries in accordance with the associated descriptions (where provided). CONTENTS * 1 Australia
Australia
* 2 Germany
Germany
* 3 Hong Kong * 4 India * 5 Ireland * 6 Netherlands * 7 United Kingdom
United Kingdom
* 8 United States * 9 See also * 10 References AUSTRALIAIn Australia
Australia
, statutory corporations are created by Acts of state or federal parliaments
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Queen's Counsel
A QUEEN\'S COUNSEL (postnominal QC), or KING\'S COUNSEL (postnominal KC) during the reign of a king , is an eminent lawyer (usually a barrister ) who is appointed by the Queen to be one of "Her Majesty's Counsel learned in the law." The term is also recognised as an honorific. Membership exists in various Commonwealth jurisdictions around the world, while in some other jurisdictions the name has been replaced by one without monarchical connotations, such as "Senior Counsel " or "Senior Advocate". Queen's Counsel
Queen's Counsel
is a status , conferred by the Crown , that is recognised by courts . Members have the privilege of sitting within the Bar of court. As members wear silk gowns of a particular design (see court dress ), the award of Queen's Counsel
Queen's Counsel
is known informally as taking silk, and hence QCs are often colloquially called silks
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Hobart
HOBART (/ˈhoʊbɑːrt/ ( listen )) is the capital and most populous city of the Australian island state of Tasmania
Tasmania
. With a population of approximately quarter of a million Founded in 1804 as a penal colony , Hobart
Hobart
is Australia's second oldest capital city after Sydney
Sydney
, New South Wales . The modern history of Hobart
Hobart
(formerly ' Hobart
Hobart
Town', or 'Hobarton') dates to its foundation as a British colony in 1804. Prior to British settlement, the area had been occupied for possibly as long as 35,000 years, by the semi-nomadic Mouheneener tribe, a sub-group of the Nuennone , or South-East tribe. The descendants of the indigenous Tasmanians now refer to themselves as 'Palawa '
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