HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff

picture info

Atamasthana
Atamasthana
Atamasthana
(අටමස්ථානය) or Eight sacred places are a series of locations in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
where the Buddha
Buddha
had visited during his three visits to the country. The sacred places are known as Jaya Sri Maha Bodhiya, Ruwanwelisaya, Thuparamaya, Lovamahapaya, Abhayagiri Dagaba, Jetavanarama, Mirisaveti Stupa
Mirisaveti Stupa
and Lankarama. They are situated in Anuradhapura, the capital of the ancient Anuradhapura Kingdom. The sacred city of Anuradhapura
Anuradhapura
exerted a considerable influence on the development of architecture in the country during several centuries
[...More...]

picture info

World Heritage Site
A World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
is a landmark or area which is chosen by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties. The sites are judged important to the collective interests of humanity. To be selected, a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
must be an already-classified landmark, unique in some respect as a geographically and historically identifiable place having special cultural or physical significance (such as an ancient ruin or historical structure, building, city, complex, desert, forest, island, lake, monument, mountain, or wilderness area[1][2])
[...More...]

picture info

Ellalan (monarch)
Ellalan
Ellalan
(Tamil: எல்லாளன், translit. Ellāḷaṉ; Sinhalese: එළාර, translit. Eḷāra) was a member of the Tamil Chola dynasty, who upon capturing the throne became king of the Anuradhapura Kingdom, in present-day Sri Lanka, from 205-161 BCE.[2][3][4] Ellāḷaṉ is traditionally presented as being a just king even by the Sinhalese.[5] The Mahavams
[...More...]

picture info

Ellalan
Ellalan
Ellalan
(Tamil: எல்லாளன், translit. Ellāḷaṉ; Sinhalese: එළාර, translit. Eḷāra) was a member of the Tamil Chola dynasty, who upon capturing the throne became king of the Anuradhapura Kingdom, in present-day Sri Lanka, from 205-161 BCE.[2][3][4] Ellāḷaṉ is traditionally presented as being a just king even by the Sinhalese.[5] The Mahavams
[...More...]

picture info

Chola Occupation Of Sri Lanka (993-1077)
The period of Chola rule in the island of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
began with the invasion in 993 AD, when Raja Raja Chola
Raja Raja Chola
sent a large Chola army which conquered the Anuradhapura
Anuradhapura
Kingdom, in the north, and added it to the Chola Empire.[1] Most of the island was subsequently conquered and incorporated as a province of the vast Chola empire during the reign of his son Rajendra Chola.[2][3][4][5] The Chola rule which lasted for eight decades in the island, would be overthrown in 1070 through a rebellion led by Vijayabahu I
Vijayabahu I
one of the dispossessed Sinhalese monarchs
[...More...]

picture info

Sacred Fig
Ficus
Ficus
religiosa or sacred fig is a species of fig native to the Indian subcontinent,[2] and Indochina.[3] It belongs to the Moraceae, the fig or mulberry family. It is also known as the bodhi tree,[4] pippala tree, peepul tree,[2] peepal tree or ashwattha tree (in India
India
and Nepal).[5]Contents1 Description 2 In religion2.1 Buddhism 2.2 Hinduism3 Vernacular names 4 Cultivation 5 Uses 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External linksDescription[edit] Ficus
Ficus
religiosa is a large dry season-deciduous or semi-evergreen tree up to 30 metres (98 ft) tall and with a trunk diameter of up to 3 metres (9.8 ft). The leaves are cordate in shape with a distinctive extended drip tip; they are 10–17 centimetres (3.9–6.7 in) long and 8–12 centimetres (3.1–4.7 in) broad, with a 6–10 centimetres (2.4–3.9 in) petiole
[...More...]

picture info

Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha[note 3] (c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE), also known as Siddhārtha Gautama,[note 4] Shakyamuni Buddha,[4][note 5] or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage,[4] on whose teachings Buddhism
Buddhism
was founded.[5] He is believed to have lived and taught mostly in the eastern part of ancient India sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE.[6][note 6] Gautama taught a Middle Way
Middle Way
between sensual indulgence and the severe asceticism found in the śramaṇa movement[7] common in his region. He later taught throughout other regions of eastern India
India
such as Magadha
Magadha
and Kosala.[6][8] Gautama is the primary figure in Buddhism
[...More...]

picture info

Tree
In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species. In some usages, the definition of a tree may be narrower, including only woody plants with secondary growth, plants that are usable as lumber or plants above a specified height. Trees are not a taxonomic group but include a variety of plant species that have independently evolved a woody trunk and branches as a way to tower above other plants to compete for sunlight. Trees tend to be long-lived, some reaching several thousand years old. In looser definitions, the taller palms, tree ferns, bananas and bamboos are also trees. Trees have been in existence for 370 million years. It is estimated that there are just over 3 trillion mature trees in the world.[1] A tree typically has many secondary branches supported clear of the ground by the trunk
[...More...]

picture info

Stupa
A stupa (Sanskrit: "heap") is a mound-like or hemispherical structure containing relics (śarīra - typically the remains of Buddhist monks or nuns) that is used as a place of meditation.[2] A related architectural term is a chaitya, which is a prayer hall or temple containing a stupa. In Buddhism, circumambulation or pradakhshina has been an important ritual and devotional practice since the earliest times, and stupas always have a pradakhshina path around them.Contents1 Description and history1.1 Notable stupas 1.2 Types of stupas2 Symbolism2.1 Five purified elements3 Construction3.1 Treasury 3.2 Tree of Life 3.3 Benefits4 Tibetan stupas4.1 Lotus Blossom Stupa 4.2 Enlightenment Stupa 4.3 Stupa
[...More...]

picture info

Buddhist
Buddhism
Buddhism
(/ˈbʊdɪzəm, ˈbuː-/)[1][2] is a religion[3][4] and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies. Buddhism
Buddhism
originated in Ancient India
India
sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, from where it spread through much of Asia, whereafter it declined in India
India
during the Middle Ages. Two major extant branches of Buddhism
Buddhism
are generally recognized by scholars: Theravada
Theravada
(Pali: "The School of the Elders") and Mahayana
Mahayana
(Sanskrit: "The Great Vehicle")
[...More...]

picture info

King Dutugemunu
Dutugamunu
Dutugamunu
(Sinhalese: දුටුගැමුණු, lit. 'දුටුගැමුණු', Tamil: துட்டகாமினி, lit. 'Tuṭṭakāmiṉi', also spelled as Dutthagamani, also known as Dutthagamani Abhaya "fearless Gamini"[1]), was a Sinhalese king of Sri Lanka[2] who reigned from 161 BC to 137 BC. He is renowned for defeating and overthrowing Ellalan, the usurping Tamil prince from the Chola Kingdom, who had invaded the Kingdom of Rajarata
Rajarata
in 205 BC
[...More...]

picture info

Chola Dynasty
List of Chola
Chola
kings and emperorsEarly CholasEllalan Kulakkottan Ilamchetchenni Karikala Nedunkilli Nalankilli Killivalavan Kopperuncholan Kochchenganan PerunarkilliInterregnum (c. 200 – c. 848)Medieval CholasVijayalaya 848–891(?)Aditya I 891–907Parantaka I 907–950Gandaraditya 950–957Arinjaya 956–957Sundara (Parantaka II) 957–970Aditya II (co-regent)Uttama 970–985Rajaraja I 985–1014Rajendra I 1012–1044Rajadhiraja 1044–1054Rajendra II 1054–1063Virar
[...More...]

picture info

Pali
Pali
Pali
(Pāli) or Magadhan is a Prakrit
Prakrit
language native to the Indian subcontinent
[...More...]

picture info

Devanampiya Tissa Of Sri Lanka
Tissa, later Devanampiya Tissa was one of the earliest kings of Sri Lanka based at the ancient capital of Anuradhapura
Anuradhapura
from 307 BC to 267 BC.[citation needed] His reign was notable for the arrival of Buddhism
Buddhism
in Sri Lanka under the aegis of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. The primary source for his reign is the Mahavamsa, which in turn is based on the more ancient Dipavamsa.Contents1 Reign 2 Conversion to Buddhism 3 Important religious events 4 Notable locations 5 Significance 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External linksReign[edit]The Sinhalese Royal Family of King Devanampiya Tissa and Prince UththiyaTissa was the second son of Mutasiva of Anuradhapura. The Mahavamsa describes him as being "foremost among all his brothers in virtue and intelligence".[1] The Mahavamsa
Mahavamsa
mentions an early friendship with Ashoka
[...More...]

picture info

Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism
(/ˈbʊdɪzəm/, US also /ˈbuːd-/)[1][2] is the world's fourth-largest religion[3][4] with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.[web 1][5] Buddhism
Buddhism
encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies. Buddhism
Buddhism
originated in ancient India
India
as a Sramana
Sramana
tradition sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, spreading through much of Asia
[...More...]

picture info

Theravada
Theravāda
Theravāda
(/ˌθɛrəˈvɑːdə/; Pali, literally "school of the elder monks") is a branch of Buddhism
Buddhism
that uses the Buddha's teaching preserved in the Pāli Canon
Pāli Canon
as its doctrinal core
[...More...]