HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

Aronia
ARONIA is a genus of deciduous shrubs , the CHOKEBERRIES, in the family Rosaceae
Rosaceae
native to eastern North America
North America
and most commonly found in wet woods and swamps. The genus is usually considered to contain two or three species, one of which is naturalized in Europe. A fourth form that has long been cultivated under the name Aronia
Aronia
is now considered to be an intergeneric hybrid, Sorbaronia mitschurinii . Chokeberries are cultivated as ornamental plants and as food products. The sour berries can be eaten raw off the bush, but are more frequently processed. They can be found in wine, jam, syrup, juice, soft spreads, tea, salsa, chili starters, extracts, beer, ice cream, gummies and tinctures . The name "chokeberry" comes from the astringency of the fruits, which create a sensation making one's mouth pucker
[...More...]

"Aronia" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Common Name
In biology , a COMMON NAME of a taxon or organism (also known as a VERNACULAR NAME, English name, colloquial name, trivial name , trivial epithet, country name, popular name, or farmer's name) is a name that is based on the normal language of everyday life; this kind of name is often contrasted with the scientific name for the same organism, which is Latinized. A common name is sometimes frequently used, but that is by no means always the case. Sometimes common names are created by authorities on one particular subject, in an attempt to make it possible for members of the general public (including such interested parties as fishermen, farmers, etc.) to be able to refer to one particular species of organism without needing to be able to memorise or pronounce the Latinized scientific name
[...More...]

"Common Name" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Variety (botany)
In botanical nomenclature , VARIETY (abbreviated VAR.; in Latin : varietas) is a taxonomic rank below that of species and subspecies but above that of form . As such, it gets a three-part infraspecific name . It is sometimes recommended that the subspecies rank should be used to recognize geographic distinctiveness, whereas the variety rank is appropriate if the taxon is seen throughout the geographic range of the species. CONTENTS * 1 Example * 2 Definitions * 3 Other nomenclature uses * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Bibliography EXAMPLEThe pincushion cactus, Escobaria vivipara
Escobaria vivipara
(Nutt.) Buxb., is a wide-ranging variable species occurring from Canada
Canada
to Mexico
Mexico
, and found throughout New Mexico
Mexico
below about 2,600 metres (8,500 ft). Nine varieties have been described. Where the varieties of the pincushion cactus meet, they intergrade
[...More...]

"Variety (botany)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Polyphenolic
POLYPHENOLS (noun, pronunciation of the singular /pɒliˈfiːnəl/ or /pɒliˈfɛnəl/ ; also known as POLYHYDROXYPHENOLS) are a structural class of mainly natural , but also synthetic or semisynthetic , organic chemicals characterized by the presence of large multiples of phenol structural units. The number and characteristics of these phenol structures underlie the unique physical, chemical, and biological (metabolic, toxic, therapeutic, etc.) properties of particular members of the class. Examples include tannic acid (image at right) and ellagitannin (image below). The historically important chemical class of tannins is a subset of the polyphenols. The name derives from the Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
word πολύς (polus, meaning "many, much") and the word phenol which refers to a chemical structure formed by attaching to an aromatic benzenoid (phenyl ) ring, an hydroxyl (-OH) group akin to that found in alcohols (hence the -ol suffix)
[...More...]

"Polyphenolic" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Leaf
A LEAF is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem . The leaves and stem together form the shoot . Leaves are collectively referred to as FOLIAGE, as in "autumn foliage". Diagram of a simple leaf. * Apex * Midvein (Primary vein) * Secondary vein. * Lamina. * Leaf
Leaf
margin * Petiole * Bud * StemAlthough leaves can be seen in many different shapes, sizes and textures, typically a leaf is a thin, dorsiventrally flattened organ , borne above ground and specialized for photosynthesis . In most leaves, the primary photosynthetic tissue, the palisade mesophyll , is located on the upper side of the blade or lamina of the leaf but in some species, including the mature foliage of _ Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus
_, palisade mesophyll is present on both sides and the leaves are said to be isobilateral
[...More...]

"Leaf" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Tinctures
A TINCTURE is typically an alcoholic extract of plant or animal material or solution of such, or of a low volatility substance (such as iodine and mercurochrome ). To qualify as an alcoholic tincture, the extract should have an ethanol percentage of at least 25–60% (50–120 US proof ). Sometimes an alcohol concentration as high as 90% (180 US proof) is used in such a tincture. In herbal medicine, alcoholic tinctures are made with various ethanol concentrations, 25% being the most common. Herbal tinctures are not always made using ethanol as the solvent, though this is most commonly the case. Other solvents include vinegar , glycerol , diethyl ether and propylene glycol , not all of which can be used for internal consumption. Ethanol
Ethanol
has the advantage of being an excellent solvent for both acidic and basic (alkaline) constituents. Glycerine can also be used, but when used in tincturing fashion is generally a poorer solvent
[...More...]

"Tinctures" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Gummies
GUMMIS or JELLY CANDIES are a broad category of gelatine -based (the boiled skin of a cow or boiled hooves), chewable sweets. Gummi bears are widely popular and are a well-known part of the sweets industry. Gummies are available in a wide variety of shapes including bears, bottles, worms, frogs, hamburgers, sharks, toy soldiers, full-size rats, large human body parts (such as hearts and feet), Ampelmännchen (the little figures on pedestrian traffic lights in the former GDR, Eastern Germany
Eastern Germany
) and even the Smurfs . Various brands such as Haribo , Betty Crocker
Betty Crocker
, Disney and Kellogg\'s manufacture various forms of Gummi snacks, often targeted at young children. The candy and the name "gummi" originated in Germany
Germany

[...More...]

"Gummies" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Deciduous
_DECIDUOUS_ means "falling off at maturity" or "tending to fall off", and it is typically used in order to refer to trees or shrubs that lose their leaves seasonally (most commonly during autumn ) and to the shedding of other plant structures such as petals after flowering or fruit when ripe. In a more general sense, _deciduous_ means "the dropping of a part that is no longer needed" or "falling away after its purpose is finished". In plants it is the result of natural processes. "Deciduous" has a similar meaning when referring to animal parts, such as deciduous antlers in deer , deciduous teeth , also known as baby teeth, in some mammals (including humans); or decidua , the uterine lining that sheds off after birth
[...More...]

"Deciduous" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Malus Floribunda
MALUS FLORIBUNDA, common name JAPANESE FLOWERING CRABAPPLE, JAPANESE CRAB, PURPLE CHOKEBERRY, or SHOWY CRABAPPLE, originates from Japan and East Asia. It may be a wild species, or a hybrid of M. sieboldii x M. baccata. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Resistance * 3 Awards * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links DESCRIPTION Red floribunda fruits Yellow floribunda fruits Malus
Malus
floribunda forms a round-headed, small deciduous tree with narrow leaves on arching branches. The flowers are white or pale pink, opening from crimson buds. The fruit is red and yellow, of about 1 cm in diameter . RESISTANCETree has good disease resistance to apple scab and powdery mildew. The initiators of the PRI disease resistant apple breeding program have discovered that Malus
Malus
floribunda has resistance to the apple scab and founded the program to introduce this VF gene into cultivated apples
[...More...]

"Malus Floribunda" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Naturalisation (biology)
In biology , NATURALISATION (or NATURALIZATION) is any process by which a non-native organism or species spreads into the wild and its reproduction is sufficient to maintain its population. Such populations are said to be NATURALISED. Some populations do not sustain themselves reproductively, but exist because of continued influx from elsewhere. Such a non-sustaining population, or the individuals within it, are said to be adventive . Cultivated plants are a major source of adventive populations. Naturalised species may become invasive species if they become sufficiently abundant to have an adverse effect on native plants and animals. SEE ALSO * Indigenous (ecology) * Endemic (ecology)
Endemic (ecology)
* Introduced species
Introduced species
* Invasive species REFERENCES * ^ Warren L. Wagner, Derral R. Herbst, and Sy H. Sohmer. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai`i, Revised Edition, 1999
[...More...]

"Naturalisation (biology)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Leaf Shape
The following is a defined list of terms which are used to describe leaf morphology in the description and taxonomy of plants. Leaves may be simple (a single leaf blade or lamina) or compound (with several leaflets ). The edge of the leaf may be regular or irregular, may be smooth or bearing hair, bristles or spines. For more terms describing other aspects of leaves besides their overall morphology see the leaf article. Chart illustrating leaf morphology terms CONTENTS * 1 Leaf
Leaf
structure * 2 Leaf
Leaf
and leaflet shapes * 3 Edge * 4 Leaf
Leaf
folding * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Bibliography * 8 External links LEAF STRUCTURE A ternate compound leaf with a petiole but no rachis (or rachillae) Leaves of most plants include a flat structure called the blade or lamina, but not all leaves are flat, some are cylindrical
[...More...]

"Leaf Shape" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Crenate
A LEAF is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem . The leaves and stem together form the shoot . Leaves are collectively referred to as FOLIAGE, as in "autumn foliage". Diagram of a simple leaf. * Apex * Midvein (Primary vein) * Secondary vein. * Lamina. * Leaf
Leaf
margin * Petiole * Bud * StemAlthough leaves can be seen in many different shapes, sizes and textures, typically a leaf is a thin, dorsiventrally flattened organ , borne above ground and specialized for photosynthesis . In most leaves, the primary photosynthetic tissue, the palisade mesophyll , is located on the upper side of the blade or lamina of the leaf but in some species, including the mature foliage of Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus
, palisade mesophyll is present on both sides and the leaves are said to be isobilateral
[...More...]

"Crenate" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Hypanthium
In angiosperms , a HYPANTHIUM or FLORAL CUP is a structure where basal portions of the calyx , the corolla , and the stamens form a cup-shaped tube. It is sometimes called a FLORAL TUBE, a term that is also used for corolla tube and calyx tube . It often contains the nectaries of the plant . It is present in most flowering species, although varies in structural dimensions and appearance. This differentiation between the hypanthium in particular species is useful with identification . Some geometric forms are obconic shapes as in toyon , whereas some are saucer-shaped as in Mitella caulescens . Its presence is diagnostic of many families , including the Rosaceae , Grossulariaceae , and Fabaceae
Fabaceae
. In some cases, it can be so deep, with such a narrow top, that the flower can appear to have an inferior ovary - the ovary is below the other attached floral parts
[...More...]

"Hypanthium" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Monophyly
In cladistics , a MONOPHYLETIC group is a taxon (group of organisms) which forms a clade , meaning that it consists of an ancestral species and all its descendants. Monophyletic groups are typically characterised by shared derived characteristics (synapomorphies ). The arrangement of the members of a monophyletic group is called a MONOPHYLY, synonymous with the uncommon term HOLOPHYLY. Monophyly
Monophyly
is contrasted with paraphyly and polyphyly , as shown in the second diagram. A paraphyletic group consists of all of the descendants of a common ancestor minus one or more monophyletic groups. Thus, a paraphyletic group is 'nearly' monophyletic (hence the prefix 'para', meaning 'near' or 'alongside'.) A polyphyletic group is characterized by convergent features or habits (for example, night-active primates, fruit trees, aquatic insects); the features by which the group is differentiated from others are not inherited from a common ancestor
[...More...]

"Monophyly" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Germany
Coordinates : 51°N 9°E / 51°N 9°E / 51; 9 Federal Republic of Germany _Bundesrepublik Deutschland_ (German ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit " "Unity and Justice and Freedom" (de facto) ANTHEM: _ Deutschlandlied _ (English: "Song of Germany") (third verse only) Location of Germany (dark green) – in Europe (green "> (green) – Ca
[...More...]

"Germany" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Corymb
CORYMB is a botanical term for an inflorescence with the flowers growing in such a fashion that the outermost are born on longer pedicels than the inner, bringing all flowers up to a common level. A cyme has a flattish top superficially resembling an umbel , and may have a branching structure similar to a panicle . Flowers in a corymb structure can either be parallel, or alternate, and form in either a convex, or flat form. Many species in the Maloideae, such as hawthorns and rowans, produce their flowers in corymbs. The Norway maple
Norway maple
and yerba maté are also examples of corymbs. * Racemose corymb * Iberis umbellata (racemose corymb) * Cymose corymb * Sambucus nigra
Sambucus nigra
(cymose corymb) REFERENCES This botany article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
[...More...]

"Corymb" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
.