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Arminianism
ARMINIANISM is based on theological ideas of the Dutch Reformed theologian Jacobus Arminius (1560–1609) and his historic supporters known as Remonstrants . His teachings held to the five solae of the Reformation, but they were distinct from particular teachings of Martin Luther
Martin Luther
, Huldrych Zwingli , John Calvin
John Calvin
, and other Protestant Reformers . Jacobus Arminius (Jakob Harmenszoon) was a student of Theodore Beza
Theodore Beza
(Calvin's successor) at the Theological University of Geneva. Arminianism
Arminianism
is known to some as a soteriological diversification of Protestant
Protestant
Calvinist
Calvinist
Christianity
Christianity

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States General Of The Netherlands
The STATES GENERAL (Dutch : Staten-Generaal) is the bicameral legislature of the Netherlands
Netherlands
, consisting of the Senate (Eerste Kamer) and the House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer). The parliament meets at the Binnenhof in The Hague
The Hague
. The States General originated in the 15th century as an assembly of all the provincial states of the Burgundian Netherlands
Netherlands
. In 1579, during the Dutch Revolt
Dutch Revolt
, the States General split as the northern provinces openly rebelled against Philip II, and the northern States General replaced Philip II as the supreme authority of the Dutch Republic in 1581. The States General were replaced by the National Assembly after the Batavian Revolution of 1795, only to be restored in 1814, when the country had regained its sovereignty
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Soteriological
SOTERIOLOGY (/səˌtɪəriˈɒlədʒi/ ; Greek : σωτηρία sōtēria "salvation " from σωτήρ sōtēr "savior, preserver" and λόγος logos "study" or "word" ) is the study of religious doctrines of salvation . Salvation
Salvation
theory occupies a place of special significance in many religions. In the academic field of religious studies , soteriology is understood by scholars as representing a key theme in a number of different religions and is often studied in a comparative context; that is, comparing various ideas about what salvation is and how it is obtained
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Dutch Reformed
The DUTCH REFORMED CHURCH (in Dutch : NEDERLANDSE HERVORMDE KERK or NHK) was the largest Christian denomination
Christian denomination
in the Netherlands
Netherlands
from the onset of the Protestant
Protestant
Reformation until 1930. It was the foremost Protestant
Protestant
denomination, and—since 1892—one of the two major Reformed
Reformed
denominations along with the Reformed
Reformed
Churches in the Netherlands
Netherlands
. It spread to the United States
United States
, South Africa
South Africa
, Indonesia
Indonesia
, Sri Lanka , Brazil
Brazil
, and various other world regions through the Dutch colonization
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Holy Spirit
HOLY SPIRIT or HOLY GHOST is a term found in English translations of the Bible that is understood differently among the Abrahamic religions . The term is also used to describe aspects of other religions and belief structures. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Comparative religion * 3 Abrahamic religions * 3.1 Judaism * 3.2 Christianity
Christianity
* 3.3 Islam * 3.4 Bahá\'í Faith
Faith
* 4 In Hinduism
Hinduism
* 5 Buddhism
Buddhism
* 6 Sikhism
Sikhism
* 7 See also * 8 References * 8.1 Works cited ETYMOLOGYThe word " Spirit
Spirit
" (from the Latin spiritus meaning "breath") appears as either alone or with other words, in the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
(Old Testament ) and the New Testament
New Testament

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Universalists
UNIVERSALISM is a theological and philosophical concept with universal application or applicability. A community that calls itself universalist may emphasize the universal principles of most religions and accept other religions in an inclusive manner, believing in a universal reconciliation between humanity and the divine. For example, some forms of Abrahamic religions claim the universal value of their doctrine and moral principles, and feel inclusive. Christian Universalism
Christian Universalism
is focused around the idea of universal reconciliation , also known as universal salvation — the doctrine that every human soul will ultimately be reconciled to God
God
because of divine love and mercy. A belief in one fundamental truth is also another important tenet. The living truth is seen as more far-reaching than national, cultural, or religious boundaries or interpretations of that one truth
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Augustinian
Catholicism portal Philosophy portal The term AUGUSTINIANS, named after Augustine of Hippo
Augustine of Hippo
(354–430), applies to two distinct types of Catholic religious orders and some Anglican religious orders . Within Anglicanism the Rule of St. Augustine is followed only by women, who form several different communities of Augustinian nuns in the Anglican Communion . Within Roman Catholicism Augustinians
Augustinians
may be members of either one of two separate and distinct types of Order: * Several mendicant Orders of friars , who lived a mixed religious life of contemplation and apostolic ministry and follow the Rule of St. Augustine, a brief document providing guidelines for living in a religious community. The largest and most familiar, originally known as the Hermits of St. Augustine (O.E.S.A
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Supralapsarian
The LOGICAL ORDER OF GOD\'S DECREES is the study in Calvinist theology of the logical order (in God\'s mind, before Creation) of the decree to ordain or allow the fall of man in relation to his decree to save some sinners (election ) and condemn the others (reprobation ). Several opposing positions have been proposed, all of which have names with the Latin root lapsus meaning fall. Supralapsarianism (also called antelapsarianism, pre-lapsarian or prelapsarian) is the view that God's decrees of election and reprobation logically preceded the decree of the fall while infralapsarianism (also called postlapsarianism and sublapsarianism) asserts that God's decrees of election and reprobation logically succeeded the decree of the fall. The words can also be used in connection with other topics, e.g. supra- and infralapsarian christology
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Unitarianism
UNITARIANISM is historically a Christian
Christian
theological movement named for its belief that God
God
is one entity, as opposed to the Trinity
Trinity
which defines God
God
as three persons in one being ; the Father , Son , and Holy Spirit
Holy Spirit
. Unitarians believe that Jesus
Jesus
was inspired by God
God
in his moral teachings and is a savior but a human being rather than a deity. Unitarianism
Unitarianism
is also known for the rejection of several other Western Christian
Christian
doctrines, including the doctrines of original sin , predestination , and the infallibility of the Bible
Bible
. Unitarians in previous centuries accepted the doctrine of punishment in an eternal hell , but few do today
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List Of Participants In The Synod Of Dort
PARTICIPATION or PARTICIPANT may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Politics * 2 Finance * 3 Other uses POLITICS * Participation (decision making)
Participation (decision making)
, mechanisms for people to participate in social decisions * Civic participation , engagement by the citizens in governme
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Theodore Beza
THEODORE BEZA (Latin : Theodorus Beza; French : Théodore de Bèze or de Besze; June 24, 1519 – October 13, 1605) was a French Protestant Christian
Christian
theologian and scholar who played an important role in the Reformation . A member of the monarchomaque movement who opposed absolute monarchy , he was a disciple of John Calvin
John Calvin
and lived most of his life in Switzerland
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Armenians
ARMENIANS (Armenian : հայեր, hayer ) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands
Armenian Highlands
. Armenians
Armenians
constitute the main population of Armenia
Armenia
and the de facto independent Artsakh . There is a wide-ranging diaspora of around 5 million people of full or partial Armenian ancestry living outside modern Armenia. The largest Armenian populations today exist in Russia , the United States , France , Georgia , Iran
Iran
, Germany, Ukraine , Lebanon
Lebanon
, Brazil and Syria
Syria
. With the exceptions of Iran
Iran
and the former Soviet states, the present-day Armenian diaspora was formed mainly as a result of the Armenian Genocide
Armenian Genocide

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Franciscus Gomarus
FRANCISCUS GOMARUS (FRANçOIS GOMAER; 30 January 1563, Bruges
Bruges
– 11 January 1641, Groningen ) was a Dutch theologian , a strict Calvinist and an opponent of the teaching of Jacobus Arminius
Jacobus Arminius
(and his followers), whose theological disputes were addressed at the Synod of Dort (or Dordrecht) (1618–19). CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Theology
Theology
* 3 Synod of Dordrecht * 4 References * 5 Notes * 6 External links LIFEHis parents, having embraced the principles of the Reformation , emigrated from Bruges
Bruges
to the Electorate of the Palatinate in 1578, in order to enjoy freedom to profess their new faith, and they sent their son to be educated at Strasbourg
Strasbourg
under Johann Sturm
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Council Of Orange (529)
The SECOND COUNCIL OF ORANGE (or SECOND SYNOD OF ORANGE) was held in 529 at Orange , which was then part of the Ostrogothic Kingdom
Ostrogothic Kingdom
. It affirmed much of the theology of Augustine of Hippo
Augustine of Hippo
, and made numerous proclamations against what later would come to be known as semi-Pelagian doctrine. CONTENTS* 1 Questions regarding Pelagianism
Pelagianism
* 1.1 Background * 1.1.1 Bishops participating * 1.2 Conclusions of the Council * 1.3 Effects * 2 References * 3 Sources * 4 External links QUESTIONS REGARDING PELAGIANISMBACKGROUNDPelagian theology was condemned in 418 at the Council of Carthage , and these condemnations were ratified at the Council of Ephesus in 431. After that time, a more moderate form of Pelagianism
Pelagianism
persisted which claimed that man's faith was an act of free will unassisted by previous internal grace
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John Calvin
JOHN CALVIN (/ˈkælvɪn/ ; French : Jean Calvin, pronounced ; born JEHAN CAUVIN: 10 July 1509 – 27 May 1564) was a French theologian , pastor and reformer in Geneva
Geneva
during the Protestant Reformation
Protestant Reformation
. He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism
Calvinism
, aspects of which include the doctrines of predestination and of the absolute sovereignty of God in salvation of the human soul from death and eternal damnation , in which doctrines Calvin was influenced by and elaborated upon the Augustinian and other Christian traditions. Various Congregational , Reformed , Reformed Baptists and Presbyterian churches, which look to Calvin as the chief expositor of their beliefs, have spread throughout the world. Calvin was a tireless polemic and apologetic writer who generated much controversy
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Huldrych Zwingli
HULDRYCH ZWINGLI or ULRICH ZWINGLI (1 January 1484 – 11 October 1531) was a leader of the Reformation in Switzerland . Born during a time of emerging Swiss patriotism and increasing criticism of the Swiss mercenary system , he attended the University of Vienna
University of Vienna
and the University of Basel , a scholarly center of Renaissance humanism
Renaissance humanism
. He continued his studies while he served as a pastor in Glarus
Glarus
and later in Einsiedeln , where he was influenced by the writings of Erasmus
Erasmus
. In 1519, Zwingli became the pastor of the Grossmünster in Zurich where he began to preach ideas on reform of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
. In his first public controversy in 1522, he attacked the custom of fasting during Lent
Lent

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