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Aram-Naharaim
ARAM-NAHARAIM ( Aramaic
Aramaic
: ארם נהריים) is a region that is mentioned five times in the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament
Old Testament
. It is commonly identified with Nahrima mentioned in three tablets of the Amarna correspondence as a geographical description of the kingdom of Mitanni
Mitanni
. In Genesis, it is used somewhat interchangeably with the names Paddan Aram and Haran to denote the place where Abraham
Abraham
stayed briefly with his father Terah 's family after leaving Ur of the Chaldees , while en route to Canaan
Canaan
(Gen. 11:31), and the place to which later patriarchs obtained wives, rather than marry daughters of Canaan
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Armenia
Coordinates : 40°N 45°E / 40°N 45°E / 40; 45 Republic of Armenia Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն _Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun_ (Armenian ) Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: Մեր Հայրենիք _Mer Hayrenik_ "Our Fatherland" Capital and largest city Yerevan 40°11′N 44°31′E / 40.183°N 44.517°E / 40.183; 44.517 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES Armenian RECOGNISED NATIONAL LANGUAGES Armenian , Assyrian , Greek , Kurdish and Russian SPOKEN AND WRITTEN LANGUAGE Eastern Armenian
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Edessa, Mesopotamia
EDESSA (Ancient Greek : Ἔδεσσα; Turkish : Şanlıurfa; Arabic : الرها‎‎; Kurdish : Riha‎) was a city in Upper Mesopotamia , founded on an earlier site by Seleucus I Nicator ca. 302 BC. It was also known as Antiochia on the Callirhoe from the 2nd century BC. It was the capital of the semi-independent kingdom of Osroene from c. 132 BC and fell under direct Roman rule in ca. 242. It became an important early centre of Syriac Christianity
Syriac Christianity
. It fell to the Muslim conquest in 639, was briefly re-taken by Byzantium
Byzantium
in 1031, and became the center of the Crusader state of the County of Edessa
County of Edessa
during 1098–1144. It fell to the Turkic Zengid dynasty in 1144 and was eventually absorbed by the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
in 1517
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Book Of Jubilees
The BOOK OF JUBILEES, sometimes called LESSER GENESIS (LEPTOGENESIS), is an ancient Jewish
Jewish
religious work of 50 chapters, considered canonical by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church as well as Beta Israel (Ethiopian Jews), where it is known as the Book
Book
of Division (Ge\'ez : መጽሃፈ ኩፋሌ Mets'hafe Kufale). Jubilees is considered one of the pseudepigrapha by Protestant
Protestant
, Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
, and Eastern Orthodox Churches. It was well known to Early Christians , as evidenced by the writings of Epiphanius , Justin Martyr
Justin Martyr
, Origen
Origen
, Diodorus of Tarsus , Isidore of Alexandria , Isidore of Seville , Eutychius of Alexandria , John Malalas , George Syncellus , and George Kedrenos
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Tigris
The TIGRIS (/ˈtaɪɡrɪs/ ) is the eastern member of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia , the other being the Euphrates . The river flows south from the mountains of southeastern Turkey through Iraq and empties itself into the Persian Gulf . CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 Navigation * 3 Etymology * 4 Management and water quality * 5 Religion and mythology * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 External links GEOGRAPHYThe Tigris is 1,750 km long, rising in the Taurus Mountains of eastern Turkey about 25 km southeast of the city of Elazig and about 30 km from the headwaters of the Euphrates. The river then flows for 400 km through Turkish territory before becoming the border between Syria and Turkey. This stretch of 44 km is the only part of the river that is located in Syria
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Aramaic
ARAMAIC (אַרָמָיָא _Arāmāyā_, Syriac : ܐܪܡܝܐ‎, Arabic آرامية) is a Middle Eastern language or group of languages belonging to the Semitic subfamily of the Afroasiatic language family . More specifically, it is part of the Northwest Semitic group , which also includes the Canaanite languages such as Hebrew and Phoenician . The Aramaic alphabet was widely adopted for other languages and is ancestral to the Hebrew , Syriac and Arabic alphabets . During its approximately 3100 years of written history, Aramaic has served variously as a language of administration of empires and as a language of divine worship, religious study and as the spoken tongue of a number of Semitic peoples from the Near East
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Arpachshad
ARPACHSHAD, alternatively spelled ARPHAXAD or ARPHACSAD (Hebrew : אַרְפַּכְשַדֿ‎ / אַרְפַּכְשָדֿ‎, Modern Arpakhshad Tiberian ʾArpaḵšaḏ / ʾArpaḵšāḏ ISO 259-3 ʔarpakšad; Arabic : 'أرفخشذ', Ārfakhshad‎‎), was one of the five sons of Shem
Shem
, the eldest son of Noah
Noah
(Genesis 10:22, 24; 11:10-13; 1 Chron. 1:17-18). Arpachshad's brothers were Elam , Asshur , Lud and Aram ; he is an ancestor of Abraham
Abraham
. He is said by Gen. 11:10 to have been born two years after the Flood, when Shem
Shem
was 100. Arpachshad's son is called Shelah , except in the Septuagint
Septuagint
, where his son is Cainan (קינן), Shelah being Arpachshad's grandson. Cainan is also identified as Arpachshad's son in Luke 3:36 and Jubilees 8:1
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Jonathan Ben Uzziel
JONATHAN BEN UZZIEL (Hebrew : יונתן בן עוזיאל‎) was one of the 80 tannaim who studied under Hillel the Elder during the time of Roman occupied Judea . He is the author of Targum Jonathan and a book of kabbalah known as Megadnim. Jonathan ben Uzziel
Jonathan ben Uzziel
is mentioned in the Talmud
Talmud
(Sukkah 28a, Bava Batra 133b). According to Zev Vilnai , Rabbi Shmuel ben Shimshon wrote about the tomb in 1210: "There is a large tree next to it, and the Ishmaelites bring oil and light a candle in his honor and make vows in his honor." An illustration of Yonatan ben Uzziel's tomb appears in "Ancestry of fathers and prophets" (Hebrew: יחוס אבות ונביאים), a book printed in 1537. The tomb of ben Uzziel is located in Amuka , Galilee
Galilee
near Safed
Safed
, Israel
Israel

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Main Page
The 1983 ATLANTIC HURRICANE SEASON was the least active Atlantic hurricane season in 53 years. Although the season begins by convention on June 1, there were no tropical depressions until July 23, and only four of the season's seven depressions became tropical storms . Tropical Depression Three became Hurricane Alicia_(satellite image pictured)_ on August 17 and made landfall in Texas the next day, breaking thousands of glass windows in Houston's skyscrapers, killing 22 people and causing $1.7 billion in damage. The storm that became Hurricane Barry formed on August 25, crossed Florida, and made landfall near Brownsville, Texas
Brownsville, Texas
, dissipating five days later. Hurricane Chantal stayed out at sea, and was absorbed by a front on September 15. Tropical Depression Six formed on September 19 and caused heavy rains in the Caribbean
Caribbean

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Portal
PORTAL may refer to: * Portal (architecture) , a monumental gate or door, or the extremities (ends) of a tunnel * Portals in fiction , magical or technological doorways that connect two locations, dimensions, or points in time * _ Portal _, a video game series developed by Valve Corporation CONTENTS* 1 Computing * 1.1 Gateways to information * 1.2 Other computing * 2 Art, entertainment, and media


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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * _Special_ (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials , a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on _The Blind Leading the Naked _ * "Special", a song on _ The Documentary _ album by GameFILM AND TELEVISION * Special (lighting) , a stage light that is used for a single, s
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Joshua
JOSHUA /ˈdʒɒʃuə/ or JEHOSHUA ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: יְהוֹשֻׁעַ‎ Yĕhôshúʿa; Aramaic : ܝܫܘܥ‎‎ Isho; Greek : Ἰησοῦς, Arabic : يوشع بن نون‎‎ Yashuaʿ ibn Nūn; Latin : Iosue, Turkish : Yuşa) is the central figure in the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
's Book of Joshua
Joshua
. According to the books of Exodus , Numbers and Joshua, he was Moses
Moses
' assistant and became the leader of the Israelite tribes after the death of Moses. His name was HOSHE\'A (הוֹשֵׁעַ) the son of Nun , of the tribe of Ephraim , but Moses
Moses
called him YEHOSHU\'A (יְהוֹשֻעַ; Joshua
Joshua
in English) (Numbers 13:16) the name by which he is commonly known. The name is shortened to Yeshua in Nehemiah (Nehemiah 8:17). According to the Bible he was born in Egypt prior to the Exodus
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Onkelos
ONKELOS (Hebrew : אונקלוס‎), possibly identical to Aquila of Sinope , was a Roman national who converted to Judaism
Judaism
in Tannaic times (c. 35–120 CE). He is considered to be the author of the famous Targum Onkelos (c. 110 CE). CONTENTS * 1 Onkelos in the Talmud * 2 The Targum
Targum
of Onkelos * 3 References * 4 See also * 5 External links ONKELOS IN THE TALMUD Onkelos is mentioned several times in the Talmud . According to the traditional Jewish sources, he was a prominent Roman nobleman, a nephew of the Roman emperor
Roman emperor
Titus
Titus
. According to the midrash Tanhuma he was a nephew of Hadrian
Hadrian
, and not Titus
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Josephus
TITUS FLAVIUS JOSEPHUS (/dʒoʊˈsiːfəs/ ; 37 – c. 100), born YOSEF BEN MATITYAHU (Hebrew : יוסף הכהן בן מתתיהו‎, _Yosef ben Matityahu_; Greek: Ἰώσηπος Ματθίου), was a first-century Romano-Jewish scholar, historian and hagiographer , who was born in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
—then part of Roman Judea —to a father of priestly descent and a mother who claimed royal ancestry. He initially fought against the Romans during the First Jewish–Roman War as head of Jewish forces in Galilee
Galilee
, until surrendering in 67 CE to Roman forces led by Vespasian
Vespasian
after the six-week siege of Jotapata . Josephus
Josephus
claimed the Jewish Messianic prophecies that initiated the First Roman-Jewish War made reference to Vespasian
Vespasian
becoming Emperor of Rome
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Septuagint
Outline of Bible-related topics _ Bible book Bible portal * v * t * e Fragment of a Septuagint: A column of uncial book from 1 Esdras in the Codex Vaticanus _ c. 325–350 CE, the basis of Sir Lancelot Charles Lee Brenton's Greek edition and English translation . The SEPTUAGINT (from the Latin _septuaginta_, "seventy") is a Koine Greek translation of a Hebraic textual tradition that included certain texts which were later included in the canonical Hebrew Bible and other related texts which were not. As the primary Greek translation of the Old Testament , it is also called the GREEK OLD TESTAMENT. This translation is quoted a number of times in the New Testament , particularly in Pauline epistles , and also by the Apostolic Fathers and later Greek Church Fathers . The title (Greek : Ἡ μετάφρασις τῶν Ἑβδομήκοντα, lit
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Haran (biblical Place)
HARAN, CHARAN, or CHARRAN (Hebrew : חָרָן‎, transliterated as Ḫaran) is a place mentioned in the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
. Haran is almost universally identified with Harran
Harran
, a city whose ruins lie within present-day Turkey
Turkey
. Haran first appears in the Book of Genesis
Book of Genesis
as the home of Terah
Terah
and the latter's descendants, and as Abraham
Abraham
's temporary home. Later biblical passages list Haran among some cities and lands subjugated by Assyrian rulers and among Tyre 's trading partners
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