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Arab Revolt
Kingdom of Hejaz British Empire Southern Rhodesia  India France  Ottoman Empire German Empire Emirate of Jabal ShammarCommanders and leaders Hussein bin Ali Faisal Abdullah Edmund Allenby T. E
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Arab Revolt (other)
Disambiguation usually refers to word-sense disambiguation, the process of identifying which meaning of a word is used in context. Disambiguation may also refer to:Sentence boundary disambiguation, the problem in natural language processing of deciding where sentences begin and end Syntactic disambiguation, the problem of resolving syntactic ambiguity Memory disambiguation, a set of microprocessor execution techniquesMusic[edit]Ø (Disambiguation), a 2010 album by Underoath Disambiguation (Pandelis Karayorgis album), a 2002 album by Pandelis Karayorgis and Mat ManeriSee also[edit]Ambiguity, an attribute of any concept, idea, statement or claim whose meaning, intention or interpretation cannot be definitively resolvedThis disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Disambiguation. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the inten
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Arabic Language
Arabic
Arabic
(Arabic: العَرَبِيَّة‎, al-ʻarabiyyah, [al ʕaraˈbijja] (listen) or عَرَبِيّ‎, ʻarabī, [ˈʕarabiː] (listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.[5] It is now the lingua franca of the Arab world.[6] It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living in the area bounded by Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
in the east and the Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains in the west, in Northwestern Arabia
Arabia
and in the Sinai Peninsula. The ISO classifies Arabic
Arabic
as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic,[7] which is derived from Classical Arabic
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Saud Bin Abdulaziz
Saʿūd bin ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Al Rashid (Arabic: سعود بن عبدالعزيز‎; 1898 - 1920) was the ninth Emir
Emir
of Jabal Shammar. A boy of 10 when he was made emir, his maternal relatives of the Al Sabhan family ruled as regents on his behalf until he came of age, based on the constitution. In 1920, he was assassinated by his cousin, Abdullah bin Talal (a brother of the 12th amir). Two of his widows remarried Ibn Saud: Norah bint Hammud Al Sabhan became his eight wife, and Fahda bint Asi bin Shuraim Al Shammari of the Abda section of the Shammar tribe became his ninth wife and the mother of King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia. References[edit]Madawi Al-Rasheed: Politics in an Arabian oasis. The Rashidi Tribal Dynasty. I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, London & New York 1991 (based on a Ph.D. thesis presented to Cambridge University, 1988). ISBN 1-85043-320-8 Al Rasheed on hukam.net, with pictures and flags
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Battle Of Mecca (1916)
The Battle of Mecca
Mecca
occurred in the Muslim
Muslim
holy city of Mecca
Mecca
in June and July 1916. On June 10, the Sharif of Mecca, Hussein bin Ali, the leader of the Banu Hashim
Banu Hashim
clan, started a revolt against the Ottoman Caliphate
Caliphate
from this city. The Battle of Mecca
Mecca
was part of the Arab Revolt of World War I.Contents1 Background 2 Events 3 Results 4 See also 5 ReferencesBackground[edit] The Sharif of Mecca
Mecca
was planning to make an Arab
Arab
state from Aden
Aden
to Aleppo. For this purpose he sought the help of the British
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Siege Of Medina
Medina
Medina
(/məˈdiːnə/; Arabic: المدينة المنورة‎, al-Madīnah al-Munawwarah, "the radiant city"; or المدينة, al-Madīnah (Hejazi pronunciation: [almaˈdiːna]), "the city"), also transliterated as Madīnah, is a city in the Hejaz
Hejaz
region of the Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
and administrative headquarters of the Al-Madinah Region of Saudi Arabia. At the city's heart is al-Masjid an-Nabawi ("the Prophet's Mosque"), which is the burial place of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and is the second-holiest city in Islam
Islam
after Mecca. Medina
Medina
was Muhammad's destination of his Hijrah (migration) from Mecca, and became the capital of a rapidly increasing Muslim
Muslim
Empire, under Muhammad's leadership
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Battle Of Taif (1916)
The Battle of Taif
Taif
was fought between Ottoman forces and Syed Hussien bin Ali Sharif of Mecca
Mecca
in 1916. The Ottoman Army was in Taif, with Syed's forces besieging the city and after many weeks siege and fiercest struggle Syed's forces were able to capture the Taif. After the fall of Mecca
Mecca
in July 1916 the fall of Taif
Taif
was a major blow for Turks who were fighting in First World War
First World War
against Britain. The British helped Syed Hussien's bin Ali's Forces by providing them with guns. Notes[edit]^ a b Spencer C. Tucker, Arab Revolt
Arab Revolt
(1916–1918), The Encyclopedia of World War I, ABC-CLIO, 2005, ISBN 1-85109-420-2, page 117. ^ a b Military Intelligence and the Arab Revolt: The first modern intelligence war, Polly a
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Capture Of Yanbu
The battle of Yanbu
Yanbu
was an Ottoman attempt to recapture the city of Yanbu. Battle of Yanbu[edit] The Battle on Yanbu
Yanbu
began on December 1, 1916, when Fakhri Pasha, when two brigades invaded the outskirts of the city. The Ottomans initially had repelled the Arabs from strategic points in the city. Within a couple of days Pasha controlled all routes in and out of the city. The Arab soldiers in the city began constructing a makeshift airstrip for use by British aircraft. More Arab and British reinforcements arrived and strengthened defenses in the city. Five British Navy
British Navy
ships also arrived to help in the defense of the city. By December 9, Arab counter-attacks opened up the routes to the city, and flights from the HMS Raven II
HMS Raven II
severely attacked the Ottoman columns
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Battle Of Aqaba
The Battle of Aqaba
Aqaba
( 6 July 1917) was fought for the Red Sea
Red Sea
port of Aqaba
Aqaba
(now in Jordan). The attacking forces of the Arab
Arab
Revolt, led by Auda ibu Tayi
Auda ibu Tayi
and advised by T. E. Lawrence
T. E. Lawrence
("Lawrence of Arabia"), were victorious over the Ottoman defenders.[2] [3] [4]Thomas Edward Lawrence — a.k.a. Lawrence of ArabiaContents1 Background 2 Battle and campaign2.1 Prelude 2.2 Abu al Lasan and Aqaba3 Aftermath and consequences 4 Art 5 Bibliography 6 External linksBackground[edit] Following an unsuccessful attack on Medina, forces of the Arab
Arab
Revolt under Emir Faisal I were on the defensive against the Ottomans (or Turks)
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Battle Of Wadi Musa
A battle is a combat in warfare between two or more armed forces, or combatants. A war sometimes consists of many battles. Battles generally are well defined in duration, area, and force commitment.[1] A battle with only limited engagement between the forces and without decisive results is sometimes called a skirmish. Wars and military campaigns are guided by strategy, whereas battles take place on a level of planning and execution known as operational mobility.[2] German strategist Carl von Clausewitz
Carl von Clausewitz
stated that "the employment of battles ..
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Battle Of Megiddo (1918)
 British Empire United Kingdom  British India  Australia  New Zealand South Africa France Kingdom of Hejaz  Ottoman Empire  German EmpireCommanders and leaders Edmund Allenby (Egyptian Expeditionary Force) Edward Bulfin (XX Corps) Philip Chetwode (XXI Corps) Emir Feisal (Sharifian Army) Liman von Sanders (Yıldırım Army Group) Cevat Pasha (Eighth Army) Mustafa Kemal Pasha (Seventh Army) Cemal Pasha (Fourth Army)StrengthAllied 12,000 mounted troops, 57,000 infantry, 540 guns[1] Arab 4,000+ regulars unknown no
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Capture Of Damascus (1918)
Kingdom of Hejaz  British Empire British India  Australia  New Zealand Ottoman Empire  German EmpireCommanders and leaders Edmund Allenby Edward Bulfin Harry Chauvel Prince Feisal Liman von Sanders Mustafa Kemal Pasha Jevad Pasha Oberst von OppenUnits involvedXXI Corps Desert Mounted Corps Prince Feisal's Arabian Sherifial Force Remnants of the Fourth Army Seventh Army Eighth Army Asia Corpsv t eSinai and Palestine CampaignSinaiSuez Canal Jifjafa Katia Romani Bir el Abd Magdhaba Nekhl Bir el HassanaSouthern PalestineRafa 1st Gaza 2nd Gaza 1st Southern PalestineBuggar Ridge2nd Southern PalestineBeersheba Khuweilfe 3rd Gaza Hareira & Sheria Wadi el Hesi Huj Mughar Ridge Junction Station Ayun Kara JerusalemNebi Samwil Jaffa El BurjJudean HillsTell 'Asur Berukin & 1st AraraTransjordanJericho Jordan Valley 1
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Battle Of Aleppo (1918)
Kingdom of Hejaz British Empire AustraliaSharif of Mecca  Ottoman Empire  German EmpireCommanders and leaders Faisal Edmund Allenby Harry Chauvel Mustafa Kemal Pasha Liman von SandersStrengthSherif Nasir and Nuri Bey's Forces Remnants of the Yildirim Army Groupv t eSinai and Palestine CampaignSinaiSuez Canal Jifjafa Katia Romani Bir el Abd Magdhaba Nekhl Bir el HassanaSouthern PalestineRafa 1st Gaza 2nd Gaza 1st Southern PalestineBuggar Ridge2nd Southern PalestineBeersheba Khuweilfe 3rd Gaza Hareira & Sheria Wadi el Hesi Huj Mughar Ridge Junction Station Ayun Kara JerusalemNebi Samwil Jaffa El BurjJudean HillsTell 'Asur Berukin & 1st AraraTransjordanJericho Jordan Valley 1st TransjordanHijla 1st Amman2nd Transjordan Abu Tellul 3rd TransjordanJisr ed Damieh 2nd AmmanNorthern PalestineAr
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Turkish Language
Turkey
Turkey
(official), Northern Cyprus
Northern Cyprus
(official),
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Muhittin Akyüz
Muhittin Akyüz (1870 – 11 November 1940), known as Muhiddin Pasha before 1934, was a Turkish military officer and diplomat. He served for both the Ottoman Army
Ottoman Army
and the Turkish Army.Contents1 Medals and Decorations 2 See also 3 Sources 4 External linksMedals and Decorations[edit]War Medal Silver Medal of Liyaqat Silver Medal of Imtiyaz Medal of Independence with Red RibbonSee also[edit]List of high-ranking commanders of the Turkish War of IndependenceSources[edit]^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, p. 18. (in Turkish)External links[edit] Media related to Muhittin Akyüz at Wikimedia CommonsBilal N
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Sha'ban
Sha'ban (Arabic: شعبان‎, translit. sha‘bān) is the eighth month of the Islamic calendar. This is the month of "separation", so called because the pagan Arabs used to disperse in search of water. The fifteenth night of this month is known as the "Night of Records" (Laylat al-Bara'at).[1] However, observance of this day is disputed.[2] Sha'ban is the last lunar month before Ramadan, and so Muslims determine in it when the first day of Ramadan
Ramadan
fasting will be.[3]Contents1 Timing 2 Islamic events 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksTiming[edit] The Islamic calendar
Islamic calendar
is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Sha'ban migrates throughout the seasons
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