HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

AppleTalk
APPLETALK was a proprietary suite of networking protocols developed by Apple Inc. for their Macintosh computers . AppleTalk includes a number of features that allow local area networks to be connected with no prior setup or the need for a centralized router or server of any sort. Connected AppleTalk-equipped systems automatically assign addresses, update the distributed namespace, and configure any required inter-networking routing. AppleTalk was released in 1985, and was the primary protocol used by Apple devices through the 1980s and 1990s. Versions were also released for the IBM PC and compatibles and the Apple IIGS . AppleTalk support was also available in most networked printers (especially laser printers ), some file servers , and a number of routers
[...More...]

"AppleTalk" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Protocol Stack
The PROTOCOL STACK or NETWORK STACK is an implementation of a computer networking PROTOCOL SUITE. The terms are often used interchangeably. Strictly speaking, the suite is the definition of the Communications protocols , and the stack is the software implementation of them. Individual protocols within a suite are often designed with a single purpose in mind. This modularization makes design and evaluation easier. Because each protocol module usually communicates with two others, they are commonly imagined as _layers_ in a stack of protocols. The lowest protocol always deals with "low-level", physical interaction of the hardware. Every higher layer adds more features. User applications usually deal only with the topmost layers (see also OSI model ). In practical implementation, protocol stacks are often divided into three major sections: media, transport, and applications
[...More...]

"Protocol Stack" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

LocalTalk
LOCALTALK is a particular implementation of the physical layer of the AppleTalk networking system from Apple Computer . LocalTalk
LocalTalk
specifies a system of shielded twisted pair cabling, plugged into self-terminating transceivers , running at a rate of 230.4 kbit/s. CSMA/CA was implemented as a random multiple access method. Farallon's competing PhoneNet transceiver. Networking was envisioned in the Macintosh
Macintosh
during planning, so the Mac was given expensive RS-422 capable serial ports . The ports were driven by the Zilog SCC , which could serve as either a standard UART or handle the much more complicated HDLC protocol, which was a packet oriented protocol that incorporated addressing, bit-stuffing, and packet checksumming in hardware
[...More...]

"LocalTalk" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Proprietary Protocol
In telecommunications , a PROPRIETARY PROTOCOL is a communications protocol owned by a single organization or individual. CONTENTS* 1 Intellectual property rights and enforcement * 1.1 Examples * 2 Effects of incompatibility * 3 Proprietary extensions to open protocols * 4 Reverse engineering * 5 References INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS AND ENFORCEMENTOwnership by a single organization gives the owner the ability to place restrictions on the use of the protocol and to change the protocol unilaterally. Specifications for proprietary protocols may or may not be published, and implementations are not freely distributed . Proprietors may enforce restrictions through control of the intellectual property rights, for example through enforcement of patent rights, and by keeping the protocol specification a trade secret
[...More...]

"Proprietary Protocol" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Apple Inc.
Coordinates : 37°19′55″N 122°01′52″W / 37.33182°N 122.03118°W / 37.33182; -122.03118 Apple Inc. The Apple Campus at 1 Infinite Loop , Cupertino, California FORMERLY CALLED * Apple Computer Company (1976–1977) * Apple Computer, Inc. (1977–2007) TYPE Public TRADED AS * NASDAQ : AAPL * NASDAQ-100 component * DJIA component * S&P 100 component * S"> * Computer hardware * Computer software * Consumer electronics * Digital distribution * Fabless silicon design * Corporate venture capital FOUNDED April 1, 1976; 41 years ago (1976-04-01) FOUNDERS * Steve Jobs * Steve Wozniak * Ronald Wayne HEADQUARTERS Apple Campus , Cupertino , California , U.S
[...More...]

"Apple Inc." on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Apple Macintosh
The MACINTOSH (/ˈmækᵻntɒʃ/ _MAK-in-tosh_ ; (branded as MAC since 1998) is a series of personal computers (PCs) designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. Steve Jobs introduced the original Macintosh computer on January 24, 1984. This was the company's first mass-market personal computer featuring an integral graphical user interface and mouse . This first model was later renamed to " Macintosh 128k" for uniqueness amongst a populous family of subsequently updated models which are also based on Apple's same proprietary architecture
[...More...]

"Apple Macintosh" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Local Area Network
A LOCAL AREA NETWORK (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building and has its network equipment and interconnects locally managed. By contrast, a wide area network (WAN) not only covers a larger geographic distance, but also generally involves leased telecommunication circuits or Internet links. An even greater contrast is the Internet , which is a system of globally connected business and personal computers. Ethernet and Wi-Fi are the two most common transmission technologies in use for local area networks. Historical technologies include ARCNET , Token ring , and AppleTalk
[...More...]

"Local Area Network" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

IBM PC
The IBM
IBM
PERSONAL COMPUTER, commonly known as the IBM
IBM
PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform . It is IBM
IBM
model number 5150, and was introduced on August 12, 1981. It was created by a team of engineers and designers under the direction of Don Estridge of the IBM
IBM
Entry Systems Division in Boca Raton, Florida . The generic term _personal computer _ was in use before 1981, applied as early as 1972 to the Xerox PARC 's Alto , but because of the success of the IBM
IBM
Personal Computer, the term "PC" came to mean more specifically a desktop microcomputer compatible with IBM's _Personal Computer_ branded products
[...More...]

"IBM PC" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Apple IIGS
The APPLE IIGS (styled as IIGS) is a personal computer released by Apple Computer on September 15, 1986 which is compatible with the Apple II
Apple II
series, but otherwise has capabilities comparable to the Atari ST , Commodore Amiga
Amiga
, and Macintosh
Macintosh
. The "GS" in the name stands for "Graphics" and "Sound," referring to its enhanced multimedia hardware, especially its state of the art sound and music synthesis . The machine is a radical departure from any previous Apple II, with its 65C816 16-bit microprocessor, direct access to megabytes of RAM
RAM
, and mouse . It was the first computer produced by Apple to use a color graphical user interface (color was introduced on the Macintosh
Macintosh
II six months later) and Apple Desktop Bus interface for keyboards, mice, and other input devices
[...More...]

"Apple IIGS" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Laser Printer
LASER PRINTING is an electrostatic digital printing process. It produces high-quality text and graphics (and moderate-quality photographs) by repeatedly passing a laser beam back and forth over a negatively charged cylinder called a "drum" to define a differentially charged image. The drum then selectively collects electrically charged powdered ink (toner ), and transfers the image to paper, which is then heated in order to permanently fuse the text and/or imagery. As with digital photocopiers , laser printers employ a xerographic printing process. However, laser printing differs from analog photocopiers in that the image is produced by the direct scanning of the medium across the printer's photoreceptor. This enables laser printing to copy images more quickly than most photocopiers
[...More...]

"Laser Printer" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Router (computing)
A ROUTER is a networking device that forwards data packets between computer networks . Routers perform the traffic directing functions on the Internet
Internet
. A data packet is typically forwarded from one router to another router through the networks that constitute an internetwork until it reaches its destination node . A router is connected to two or more data lines from different networks. When a data packet comes in on one of the lines, the router reads the network address information in the packet to determine the ultimate destination. Then, using information in its routing table or routing policy , it directs the packet to the next network on its journey. The most familiar type of routers are home and small office routers that simply pass IP packets between the home computers and the Internet
[...More...]

"Router (computing)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

TCP/IP
The INTERNET PROTOCOL SUITE is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet
Internet
and similar computer networks . It is commonly known as TCP/IP because the foundational protocols in the suite are the Transmission Control Protocol
Transmission Control Protocol
(TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP). It is occasionally known as the DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE (DOD) MODEL, because the development of the networking method was funded by the United States Department of Defense through DARPA . The Internet protocol suite provides end-to-end data communication specifying how data should be packetized, addressed, transmitted, routed , and received. This functionality is organized into four abstraction layers which classify all related protocols according to the scope of networking involved
[...More...]

"TCP/IP" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Mac OS X V10.6
MAC OS X SNOW LEOPARD (version 10.6) is the seventh major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS) , Apple 's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh
Macintosh
computers. Snow Leopard was publicly unveiled on June 8, 2009 at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference . On August 28, 2009, it was released worldwide, and was made available for purchase from Apple's website and its retail stores at the price of US$29 for a single-user license. As a result of the low price, initial sales of Snow Leopard were significantly higher than that of its predecessors. The release of Snow Leopard came nearly two years after the introduction of Mac OS X Leopard , the second longest time span between successive Mac OS X releases (the time span between Tiger and Leopard was the longest). Unlike those of previous versions of Mac OS X, the goals of Snow Leopard were improved performance, greater efficiency and the reduction of its overall memory footprint
[...More...]

"Mac OS X V10.6" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Bonjour (software)
BONJOUR is Apple 's implementation of zero-configuration networking (zeroconf), a group of technologies that includes service discovery , address assignment , and hostname resolution . Bonjour locates devices such as printers, other computers, and the services that those devices offer on a local network using multicast Domain Name System (mDNS) service records. The software comes built-in with Apple's macOS and iOS operating systems. Bonjour can also be installed onto computers running Microsoft Windows . Bonjour components may also be included within other software such as iTunes and Safari . After its introduction in 2002 with Mac OS X 10.2
Mac OS X 10.2
as RENDEZVOUS, the software was renamed in 2005 to Bonjour following an out-of-court trademark dispute settlement
[...More...]

"Bonjour (software)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Universal Plug And Play
UNIVERSAL PLUG AND PLAY (UPNP) is a set of networking protocols that permits networked devices , such as personal computers, printers, Internet
Internet
gateways, Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi
access points and mobile devices to seamlessly discover each other's presence on the network and establish functional network services for data sharing, communications, and entertainment. UPnP is intended primarily for residential networks without enterprise-class devices. The UPnP technology was promoted by the UPnP Forum , a computer industry initiative to enable simple and robust connectivity to stand-alone devices and personal computers from many different vendors. The Forum consisted of over eight hundred vendors involved in everything from consumer electronics to network computing . Since 2016, all UPnP efforts are now managed by the Open Connectivity Foundation (OCF)
[...More...]

"Universal Plug And Play" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Apple Lisa
APPLE LISA is a desktop computer developed by Apple , released on January 19, 1983. It was one of the first personal computers to offer a graphical user interface (GUI) in a machine aimed at individual business users. Development of the Lisa began in 1978, and it underwent many changes during the development period before shipping at the very high price of US$9,995 with a 5 MB hard drive . The high price, relatively low performance and unreliable "Twiggy" floppy disks led to poor sa