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Anekantavada
ANEKāNTAVāDA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: अनेकान्तवाद, "many-sidedness") refers to the Jain doctrine about metaphysical truths that emerged in ancient India
India
. It states that the ultimate truth and reality is complex, has multiple aspects. Anekantavada
Anekantavada
has also been interpreted to mean non-absolutism, "intellectual Ahimsa", religious pluralism, as well as a rejection of fanaticism that leads to terror attacks and mass violence. According to Jainism
Jainism
, no single, specific statement can describe the nature of existence and the absolute truth . This knowledge (Kevala Jnana ), it adds, is comprehended only by the Arihants . Other beings and their statements about absolute truth are incomplete, and at best a partial truth
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Diwali
DIWALI or DEEPAVALI is the Hindu
Hindu
festival of lights celebrated every year in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring in southern hemisphere)
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Arihant (Jainism)
ARIHANT (Hindi: अरिहंत , Jain Prakrit: अरिहन्त , Pali: अर्हत् , Arihanta) may refer to: * Arihant (Jainism) , in Jainism, a siddha who has not yet died * Arhat
Arhat
, in Buddhism, a person who has attained nirvaana, the perfected one* Arihant class submarine , a class
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Kalpa Sūtra
The KALPA SūTRA (Sanskrit : कल्पसूत्र) is a Jain text containing the biographies of the Jain
Jain
Tirthankaras , notably Parshvanatha
Parshvanatha
and Mahavira , including the latter's Nirvāṇa . Bhadrabahu
Bhadrabahu
I is considered the author of the text and it is traditionally said to have been composed about one hundred and fifty years after the Nirvāṇa of Mahavira (traditionally 599 – 527 BCE). CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Importance * 3 See also * 4 References * 4.1 Citations * 4.2 Sources * 5 External links HISTORYWithin the six sections of the Jain
Jain
literary corpus belonging to the Svetambara school, it is classed as one of the Cheda Sūtras. This Sutra contains detailed life histories and, from the mid-15th century, was frequently illustrated with miniature painting
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History Of Jainism
HISTORY OF JAINISM concerns a religion founded in Ancient India
Ancient India
. Jains trace their history through twenty-four tirthankara and revere Rishabhanatha
Rishabhanatha
as the first tirthankara (in the present time-cycle). The last two tirthankara, the 23rd tirthankara Parshvanatha
Parshvanatha
(c. 872 – c. 772 BCE) and the 24th tirthankara Mahavira (c. 599 – c. 527 BCE) are considered historical figures, though many historians date them both about a century later because the Mahavira is widely accepted as a contemporary of the Buddha
Buddha
, and significantly more historical evidence is available for the Buddha. According to Jain texts, the 22nd Tirthankara arsth-Nami lived about 85,000 years ago and was the cousin of Hindu god Krishna
Krishna
. Jains consider their religion to be eternal
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Dravyasamgraha
DRAVYASAṃGRAHA (Devnagari: द्रव्यसंग्रह) (Compendium of substances) is a 10th-century Jain text in Jain Sauraseni Prakrit
Prakrit
by Acharya Nemicandra belonging to the Digambara Jain
Jain
tradition. It is a composition of 58 gathas (verses) giving an exposition of the six dravyas (substances) that characterize the Jain view of the world: sentient (jīva ), non-sentient (pudgala ), principle of motion (dharma ), principle of rest (adharma), space (ākāśa) and time (kāla ). It is one of the most important Jain works and has gained widespread popularity. Dravyasaṃgraha has played an important role in Jain
Jain
education and is often memorized because of its comprehensiveness as well as brevity
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Jain Agamas
AGAMAS are texts of Jainism
Jainism
based on the discourses of the tirthankara . Agamas exist in Hinduism as well.Originally,'Agama' is a Sanskrit
Sanskrit
word. The discourse delivered in a samavasarana (divine preaching hall) is called Śhrut Jnāna and comprises eleven angas and fourteen purvas. The discourse is recorded by Ganadharas (chief disciples), and is composed of twelve angas (departments). It is generally represented by a tree with twelve branches. This forms the basis of the Jaina Agamas or canons. These are believed to have originated from Rishabhanatha
Rishabhanatha
, the first tirthankara. The earliest versions of Jain
Jain
Agamas known were composed in Ardhamagadhi Prakrit
Prakrit
language
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Digambara
DIGAMBARA (/dɪˈɡʌmbərə/ ; "sky-clad") is one of the two major schools of Jainism
Jainism
, the other being Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
(white-clad). The word Digambara
Digambara
( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
) is a combination of two words: dig (directions) and ambara (sky), referring to those whose garments are of the element that fills the four quarters of space. Digambara
Digambara
monks do not wear any clothes. The monks carry picchi, a broom made up of fallen peacock feathers (for clearing the place before walking or sitting), kamandalu (a water container made of wood), and shastra (scripture). One of the most important scholar-monks of Digambara tradition was Kundakunda . He authored Prakrit
Prakrit
texts such as the Samayasāra and the Pravacanasāra
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Śvētāmbara
The ŚVēTāMBARA (/ʃwɛˈtʌmbərə/ ; Sanskrit : श्वेतांबर or श्वेतपट śvētapaṭa; also spelled Svetambar, Shvetambara, Shvetambar, Swetambar or Shwetambar) is one of the two main sects of Jainism
Jainism
, the other being the Digambara
Digambara
. Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
"white-clad" is a term describing its ascetics ' practice of wearing white clothes, which sets it apart from the Digambara
Digambara
"sky-clad" Jainas, whose ascetic practitioners go naked. Śvētāmbaras, unlike Digambaras, do not believe that ascetics must practice nudity. Śvētāmbaras also believe that women are able to obtain moksha . Śvētāmbaras maintain that the 19th Tirthankara , Māllīnātha , was a woman
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Jain Flag
The FLAG OF JAINISM has five colours: orange or red, yellow, white, green and black or dark blue. These five colours represent the Pañca-Parameṣṭhi (five supreme beings). It also represents the five main vows , small as well as great. CONTENTS* 1 Overview * 1.1 Colours * 1.2 Swastika
Swastika
* 1.3 Three Dots * 1.4 Siddhashila Chakra * 2 Photo gallery * 3 References * 4 See also OVERVIEWCOLOURSThese five colours represent the " Pañca-Parameṣṭhi " and the five vows, small as well as great: * White - represents the arihants , souls who have conquered all passions (anger, attachments, aversion) and have attained omniscience and eternal bliss through self-realization. It also denotes peace or ahimsa (nonviolence). * Red - represents the siddha , souls that have attained salvation and truth
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Tattvartha Sutra
TATTVARTHA SUTRA (also known as TATTVARTH-ADHIGAMA-SUTRA) is an ancient Jain text written by Acharya Umaswati , sometime between the 2nd- and 5th-century AD. It is the one of the Jain scripture written in the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
language. Tattvartha Sutra is also known in Jainism
Jainism
as the Moksha-shastra (Scripture describing the path of liberation). The Tattvartha Sutra is regarded as one of the earliest, most authoritative books on Jainism, and the only text authoritative in both the Digambara
Digambara
and Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
sects (prior to the Saman Suttam ). Its importance in Jainism
Jainism
is comparable with that of the Brahma Sutras and YogaSutras of Patanjali in Hinduism
Hinduism

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Jain Schools And Branches
Jainism
Jainism
is an Indian religion which is traditionally believed to be propagated by twenty-four spiritual teachers known as tirthankara. Broadly, Jainism
Jainism
is divided into two major sects , Digambara
Digambara
and Svetambara . These are further divided into different sub-sects and traditions. While there are differences in practices, the core philosophy and main principles of each sect is same
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Dilwara Temples
The DILWARA TEMPLES (Gujarati : અાબુના દેલવાડા) of India
India
are located about 2½ kilometres from Mount Abu , Rajasthan\'s only hill station. These Jain
Jain
temples were built by Vimal Shah and designed by Vastapul-Tejpal, Jain
Jain
laymen , between the 11th and 13th centuries AD and are famous for their use of marble and intricate marble carvings. The five marble temples of Dilwara
Dilwara
are a sacred pilgrimage place of the Jains. Some consider them to be one of the most beautiful Jain
Jain
pilgrimage sites in the world. The temples have an opulent entranceway, the simplicity in architecture reflecting Jain
Jain
values like honesty and frugality. The temples are in the midst of a range of forested hills. A high wall shrouds the temple complex
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Palitana Temples
The PALITANA TEMPLES of Jainism
Jainism
are located on Shatrunjaya hill by the city of Palitana
Palitana
in Bhavnagar district , Gujarat
Gujarat
, India
India
. The city of the same name, known previously as Padliptapur, has been dubbed "City of Temples". Shatrunjaya means a "place of victory against inner enemies" or "which conquers inner enemies". This site on Shatrunjaya hill is considered sacred by Svetambara Jains. It is said that 23 of 24 Jain Tirthankaras , except Neminatha , sanctified the hill by their visits. There are approximately 863 marble-carved temples on the hills spread mostly in nine clusters, some being vast temple complexes, while most small in size
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Girnar Jain Temples
The group temples of Jainism
Jainism
are situated on the Girnar
Girnar
mountains in the Junagadh
Junagadh
District of Gujarat
Gujarat
, India, situated near Junagadh
Junagadh
. There are temples on the hill sacred to the Digambara
Digambara
and the Svetambara branches of Jainism. CONTENTS * 1 In Jainism
Jainism
* 2 Jain Temples * 3 Five Tonks * 4 Gallery * 5 See also * 6 References IN JAINISMAccording to Jain religious beliefs, Neminath , the 22nd Tirthankara became an ascetic after he saw the slaughter of animals for food on his wedding. He renounced all worldly pleasures and came to Mount Girnar
Girnar
to attain salvation. Here, he attained Keval Gyan and Moksha
Moksha
. His bride-to-be Rajul also renounced and became a nun
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Tirtha (Jainism)
In Jainism
Jainism
, a TīRTHA (Sanskrit : तीर्थ "ford , a shallow part of a body of water that may be easily crossed") is used to refer both to pilgrimage sites as well as to the four sections of the sangha . A tirtha provides the inspiration to enable one to cross over from worldly engagement to the side of moksha . Jain tirthas are located throughout India. Often a tirtha has a number of temples as well as residences (dharmashala) for the pilgrims and wandering monks and scholars
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