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Andrei Vlasov
ANDREY ANDREYEVICH VLASOV or Wlassow (Russian : Андрéй Андрéевич Влáсов, September 14 1901 – August 1, 1946) was a Russian Red Army
Red Army
general and collaborationist. During World War II
World War II
he fought in the battle of Moscow
Moscow
and later was captured attempting to lift the siege of Leningrad , after which he defected to Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and headed a so-called Vlasov Army or ROA . At the war's end he changed sides again and aided the Prague uprising but was tribunaled in Moscow
Moscow
for treason and hanged
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John Erickson (historian)
JOHN ERICKSON FRSE
FRSE
FBA FRSA (17 April 1929 in South Shields
South Shields
– 10 February 2002 in Edinburgh
Edinburgh
) was a British historian and defence expert who wrote extensively on the Second World War
Second World War
. His two best-known books – The Road to Stalingrad and The Road to Berlin – dealt with the Soviet response to the German invasion of the Soviet Union, covering the period from 1941 to 1945. He was respected for his knowledge of Russia during the Cold War
Cold War
. His Russian language skills and knowledge gained him respect. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Publications * 3 References * 4 External links LIFEErickson began lecturing in History at St Andrews University
St Andrews University
in 1958. In 1962 he moved to Manchester University as a Senior Lecturer
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Semyon Timoshenko
SEMYON KONSTANTINOVICH TIMOSHENKO (Russian : Семён Константи́нович Тимоше́нко, Semën Konstantinovič Timošenko; Ukrainian : Семе́н Костянти́нович Тимоше́нко, Semen Kostiantynovych Tymoshenko) (18 February 1895 – 31 March 1970) was a Soviet military commander and Marshal of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union

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4th Mechanized Corps (Soviet Union)
The 4TH MECHANIZED CORPS was a formation in the Soviet Red Army during the Second World War . CONTENTS * 1 Operation Barbarossa * 2 The second formation in 1942 * 3 See also * 4 Footnotes * 5 Notes * 6 References OPERATION BARBAROSSAInitially formed in January 1941, it was serving with the 6th Army , Kiev Special Military District under the command of General Major Andrey Vlasov when the German Operation Barbarossa began in June 1941. On 22 June 1941 4th Mechanised Corps consisted of 28,098 Soldiers and 979 tanks. It initially comprised the 8th and 32nd Tank Divisions, the 81st Mechanised Division , the 3rd Motorcycle Regiment, and other smaller units. It fought in the Battle of Brody , B and was destroyed in the Uman Pocket in August 1941 with 6th Army and was disbanded shortly after. THE SECOND FORMATION IN 1942The Corps was reformed for the second time in September 1942. It was commanded by General Vasily Volsky during the Battle of Stalingrad in 1942
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Przemyśl
PRZEMYśL ( listen ) (Ukrainian : Пере́мишль, Peremyšľ, Russian : Перемышль, Pieriemyšľ, German : Premissel) is a city in south-eastern Poland
Poland
with 66,756 inhabitants, as of June 2009. In 1999, it became part of the Subcarpathian Voivodeship ; it was previously the capital of Przemyśl Voivodeship . Przemyśl
Przemyśl
owes its long and rich history to the advantages of its geographic location. The city lies in an area connecting mountains and lowlands known as the Przemyśl
Przemyśl
Gate, with open lines of transportation, and fertile soil. It also lies on the navigable San River . Important trade routes that connected Central and Eastern Europe passed through Przemyśl
Przemyśl
and ensured the city's importance
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37th Army (Soviet Union)
The 37TH ARMY was an Army-level formation of the Soviet Union during the Second World War. The army was formed twice during the war. The army was part of the Southern Group of Forces in Romania and Bulgaria . CONTENTS* 1 First formation * 1.1 Composition * 2 Second Formation * 2.1 Composition * 3 Post-war * 4 Commanders * 5 References * 5.1 Citations * 5.2 Bibliography FIRST FORMATIONThe 37th Army first formed on 10 August 1941 in the Southwestern Front with the command group from the Kiev Fortified Region and other reserves in front reserves. Upon formation the army took up defensive positions to the west of Kiev and on the left bank of the Dnieper River . During the defense of Kiev the army suffered serious losses against superior German forces. The army was surrounded in the city of Kiev and was ordered to break out on 19 September. Individual units of the army were able to break out and joined forces with the front
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Chiang Kai-shek
CHIANG KAI-SHEK (October 31, 1887 – April 5, 1975), also romanized as CHIANG CHIEH-SHIH and known as CHIANG CHUNGCHENG, was a Chinese political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China
China
between 1928 and 1975. Chiang was an influential member of the Kuomintang
Kuomintang
(KMT), the Chinese Nationalist Party, and was a close ally of Sun Yat-sen 's. He became the Commandant of the Kuomintang's Whampoa Military Academy and took Sun's place as leader of the KMT, following the Canton Coup in early 1926. Having neutralized the party's left wing, Chiang then led Sun's long-postponed Northern Expedition , conquering or reaching accommodations with China's many warlords
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Communist Party
Former parties * Cambodia * KPK * KPRP * Indonesia * Korea * Malaya and Singapore * Marxist–Leninist * Revolutionary Faction * Philippines * Saudi Arabia * Sarawak * Taiwan * Thailand Europe * Albania * Armenia * Austria * KPÖ * PdA * KI * Azerbaijan * Belarus * Belgium * PvdA/PTB * KP * PC * Bosnia and Herzegovina * Bulgaria * KPB * SKB * Croatia * Cyprus * Czech Republic * Denmark * DKP * KPiD *
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Agronomy
AGRONOMY (Ancient Greek ἀγρός agrós 'field' + νόμος nómos 'law') is the science and technology of producing and using plants for food , fuel , fiber, and land reclamation . Agronomy
Agronomy
has come to encompass work in the areas of plant genetics , plant physiology , meteorology , and soil science . It is the application of a combination of sciences like biology , chemistry , economics , ecology , earth science , and genetics . Agronomists of today are involved with many issues, including producing food, creating healthier food, managing the environmental impact of agriculture , and extracting energy from plants. Agronomists often specialise in areas such as crop rotation , irrigation and drainage , plant breeding , plant physiology , soil classification , soil fertility , weed control , and insect and pest control
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Ukraine
42,418,235 (32nd ) • 2001 CENSUS 48,457,102 • DENSITY 73.8/km2 (191.1/sq mi) (115th ) GDP (PPP ) 2017 estimate • TOTAL $366 billion (50th ) • PER CAPITA $9,125 (114th ) GDP (NOMINAL) 2017 estimate • TOTAL $103 billion (62nd ) • PER CAPITA $2,599 (132nd ) GINI (2015) 25.5 low · 18th HDI (2015) 0.743 high · 84th CURRENCY Ukrainian hryvnia (UAH ) TIME ZONE EET (UTC +2 ) • SUMMER (DST ) EEST (UTC +3) DRIVES ON THE right CALLING CODE +380 ISO 3166 CODE UA INTERNET TLD * .ua * .укр * An independence referendum was held on 1 December, after which Ukrainian independence was finalized on 26 December. THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS CYRILLIC TEXT
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Caucasus
Russia
Russia
* Adygea * Chechnya
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Crimean Peninsula
CRIMEA (/kraɪˈmiːə/ ; Crimean Tatar : Къырым, Qırım; Ukrainian : Крим, Krym; Russian : Крым, Krym, Greek : Κριμαία) is a major peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast. It is located south of the Ukrainian region of Kherson and west of the Russian region of Kuban . It is connected to Kherson Oblast by the Isthmus of Perekop and is separated from Kuban by the Strait of Kerch . The Arabat Spit is located to the northeast, a narrow strip of land that separates a system of lagoons named Sivash from the Sea of Azov
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Battle Of Kiev (1941)
A BATTLE is a combat in warfare between two or more armed forces , or combatants . A war sometimes consists of many battles. Battles generally are well defined in duration, area, and force commitment. A battle with only limited engagement between the forces and without decisive results is sometimes called a skirmish . Wars and military campaigns are guided by strategy , whereas battles take place on a level of planning and execution known as operational mobility . German strategist Carl von Clausewitz stated that "the employment of battles ... to achieve the object of war" was the essence of strategy
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Solnechnogorsk
SOLNECHNOGORSK (Russian : Солнечного́рск) is a town and the administrative center of Solnechnogorsky District in Moscow
Moscow
Oblast , Russia
Russia
, located on the Moscow–St. Petersburg Highway and the Moscow–St. Petersburg railway , on the coast of Senezh Lake , 65 kilometers (40 mi) northwest from Moscow
Moscow
. Population: 52,944 (2010 Census ); 58,374 (2002 Census ); 55,554 (1989 Census ). CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Administrative and municipal status * 3 Economy * 4 Culture * 5 Military * 6 Notable people * 7 References * 7.1 Notes * 7.2 Sources HISTORYOriginally a village named SOLNECHNAYA GORA (Солнечная Гора), it was granted town status and renamed Solnechnogorsk
Solnechnogorsk
in 1938
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54th Army (Soviet Union)
The Red Army
Red Army
's 54TH ARMY was a Soviet field army during the Second World War . It was first formed in the Leningrad Military District
Leningrad Military District
in August, 1941, and continued in service in the northern sector of the Soviet-German front until the end of 1944. It spent much of the war attempting to break the German siege of Leningrad, in which it helped to achieve partial success in January, 1943, and complete success one year later. During these operations the soldiers of the 54th served under five different commanders, most notably Col. Gen. I.I. Fedyuninsky in the winter of 1941–42. After helping to drive Army Group North away from Leningrad and into the Baltic states in the first nine months of 1944, the army was deemed surplus to requirements on the narrowing front, and was officially disbanded on the last day of the year
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6th Guards Rifle Corps
The 6TH DANUBE GUARDS RIFLE CORPS was a Rifle Corps of the Soviet Armed Forces during World War II . During the war it formed part of the 8th , 2nd Shock , 1st Guards , 46th , 37th , and 57th Armies . HISTORYThe corps headquarters was formed on March 16, 1942, at Malaya Vishera on the basis for a continued advance in the Luban offensive . In the corps initially included one infantry division and one airborne brigade, and the 42nd Guards Corps Artillery Regiment , which further supported the body is almost the entire war. The corps was part of the 'operational army' from March 28, 1942 - October 13, 1942, and November 5, 1942 - May 9, 1945. During the fighting in the Volkhov
Volkhov
the corps did not see combat. In the summer, in anticipation of the Sinyavino offensive , building a number of new connections and relocated slightly to the north. In September 1942 the Corps was involved in the Sinyavino offensive
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