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Andrei Vlasov
ANDREY ANDREYEVICH VLASOV or Wlassow (Russian : Андрéй Андрéевич Влáсов, September 14 1901 – August 1, 1946) was a Russian Red Army general and collaborationist. During World War II
World War II
he fought in the battle of Moscow
Moscow
and later was captured attempting to lift the siege of Leningrad , after which he defected to Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and headed a so-called Vlasov Army or ROA . At the war's end he changed sides again and aided the Prague uprising but was tribunaled in Moscow
Moscow
for treason and hanged. CONTENTS * 1 Early career * 2 Defection * 3 German prisoner * 4 Commander of the ROA * 5 Final days * 6 Memorial * 7 Review of his case * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 Literature and film * 11 External links EARLY CAREERBorn in Lomakino , Nizhny Novgorod Governorate, Russian Empire , Vlasov was originally a student at a Russian Orthodox seminary . He quit the study of divinity after the Russian Revolution , briefly studying agricultural sciences instead, and in 1919 joined the Red Army fighting in the southern theatre in Ukraine
Ukraine
, the Caucasus
Caucasus
, and the Crimea . He distinguished himself as an officer and gradually rose through the ranks of the Red Army
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Andrey Vlasov (footballer)
ANDREY VLASOV (Russian : Андрей Власов; born 28 February 1965) is a former Russian football player. REFERENCES * ^ "Profile by footballfacts.ru" (in Russian). Footballfacts. This biographical article related to a Russian association football defender born in the 1960s is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Andrey_Vlasov_(footballer) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Committee For The Liberation Of The Peoples Of Russia
World War II * Great Patriotic War COMMANDERS Notable commanders Andrey Vlasov Mikhail Meandrov (interum chairman of presidium) The COMMITTEE FOR THE LIBERATION OF THE PEOPLES OF RUSSIA (Russian : Комитет освобождения народов России, Komitet osvobozhdeniya narodov Rossii, abbreviated as Russian : КОНР, KONR) was a committee composed of military and civilian anti-communists from territories of the Soviet Union (most being Russians ). It was founded with the approval and sponsorship of Nazi Germany on November 14, 1944, in German-controlled Prague (purposely chosen because it was a Slavic city that was still not under Soviet control). The committee's stated goals were * "The overthrow of Stalin's tyranny, the liberation of the peoples of Russia from the Bolshevik system, and the restitution of those rights to the peoples of Russia which they fought for and won in the people's revolution of 1917 " * "Discontinuation of the war and an honorable peace with Germany" * "Creation of a new free people's political system without Bolsheviks and Exploiters"The committee sought to overthrow the regime of Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union via an independent liberation army , which would be armed by and work in alliance with Nazi Germany
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Gaginsky District
GAGINSKY DISTRICT (Russian : Га́гинский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion ), one of the forty in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
Oblast
, Russia
Russia
. Municipally , it is incorporated as GAGINSKY MUNICIPAL DISTRICT. It is located in the southeast of the oblast . The area of the district is 1,064.2 square kilometers (410.9 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality (a selo ) of Gagino . Population: 12,444 (2010 Census ); 15,079 (2002 Census ); 17,473 (1989 Census ). The population of Gagino accounts for 31.3% of the district's total population. HISTORYThe district was established in 1929. REFERENCESNOTES * ^ A B C D E F G H I Order #3-od * ^ A B C Resolution #670 * ^ A B C Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" . Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All- Russia
Russia
Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service . Retrieved June 29, 2012
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Russian Empire
The RUSSIAN EMPIRE (also known as RUSSIA) was an empire that existed from 1721 until it was overthrown by the short-lived February Revolution in 1917 . One of the largest empires in world history, stretching over three continents, the Russian Empire
Empire
was surpassed in landmass only by the British and Mongol empires. The rise of the Russian Empire
Empire
happened in association with the decline of neighboring rival powers: the Swedish Empire
Empire
, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth , Persia and the Ottoman Empire
Empire
. It played a major role in 1812–1814 in defeating Napoleon 's ambitions to control Europe and expanded to the west and south. The House of Romanov ruled the Russian Empire
Empire
from 1721 until 1762, and its German-descended cadet branch, the House of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov , ruled from 1762. At the beginning of the 19th century, the Russian Empire
Empire
extended from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Black Sea
Black Sea
in the south, from the Baltic Sea on the west to the Pacific Ocean, and (until 1867) into Alaska in North America on the east. With 125.6 million subjects registered by the 1897 census , it had the third-largest population in the world at the time, after Qing China and India
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Moscow
MOSCOW (/ˈmɒskoʊ/ or /ˈmɒskaʊ/ ; Russian : Москва́, tr. _Moskva_; IPA: ( listen )) is the capital and most populous city of Russia , with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.8 million within the urban area . Moscow has the status of a Russian federal city . Moscow is a major political, economic, cultural, and scientific centre of Russia and Eastern Europe , as well as the largest city entirely on the European continent . By broader definitions Moscow is among the world\'s largest cities , being the 14th largest metro area , the 18th largest agglomeration , the 15th largest urban area , and the 11th largest by population within city limits worldwide. According to Forbes 2013 , Moscow has been ranked as the ninth most expensive city in the world by Mercer and has one of the world's largest urban economies , being ranked as an alpha global city according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network , and is also one of the fastest growing tourist destinations in the world according to the MasterCard Global Destination Cities Index . Moscow is the northernmost and coldest megacity and metropolis on Earth
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Russian SFSR
RUSSIAN refers to anything related to Russia , including: * Russians (русские, _russkiye_), an ethnic group of the East Slavic peoples, primarily living in Russia and neighboring countries* Rossiyane (россияне), Russian language term for all citizens and people of Russia, regardless of ethnicity * Demographics of Russia * Russophone , Russian-speaking person (русскоговорящий, русскоязычный, _russkogovoryashchy_, _russkoyazychny_) *
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Soviet Union
The SOVIET UNION (Russian : Сове́тский Сою́з, tr. _Sovetsky Soyuz_; IPA: ), officially the UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS (USSR; Russian : Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик (СССР), tr. _Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik (SSSR)_; IPA: (_ listen )), also known unofficially as RUSSIA (Russian : Росси́я, tr. Rossiya_; IPA: ), was a socialist state in Eurasia
Eurasia
that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple equal national Soviet republics , its government and economy were highly centralized . The country was a one-party federation , governed by the Communist Party with Moscow
Moscow
as its capital. The Soviet Union
Soviet Union
had its roots in the October Revolution of 1917, when the Bolsheviks , led by Vladimir Lenin , overthrew the Russian Provisional Government which had replaced Tsar
Tsar
Nicholas II . In 1922, the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
was formed with the unification of the Russian , Transcaucasian , Ukrainian , and Byelorussian republics. Following Lenin's death in 1924 and a brief power struggle, Joseph Stalin came to power in the mid-1920s. Stalin committed the state's ideology to Marxism–Leninism (which he created), and initiated a centrally planned economy
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Order Of The Red Banner
The ORDER OF THE RED BANNER (Russian : Орден Крaсного Знамени) was the first Soviet military decoration . The Order was established on 16 September 1918, during the Russian Civil War by decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee
All-Russian Central Executive Committee
. It was the highest award of Soviet Russia , subsequently the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
, until the Order of Lenin was established in 1930. Recipients were recognised for extraordinary heroism, dedication, and courage demonstrated on the battlefield. The Order was awarded to individuals as well as to military units, cities, ships, political and social organizations, and state enterprises. In later years, it was also awarded on the twentieth and again on the thirtieth anniversary of military, police, or state security service without requiring participation in combat (the "Long Service Award" variant). CONTENTS * 1 Award history * 2 Award statute * 3 Long service award * 4 Award description * 5 Recipients (partial list) * 5.1 Individuals * 5.2 Formations * 6 Individual feats * 7 Media * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links AWARD HISTORYThe Russian Order of the Red Banner
Order of the Red Banner
was established during the Russian Civil War by decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of September 16, 1918
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Order Of Lenin
The ORDER OF LENIN (Russian : Орден Ленина, _Orden Lenina_), named after the leader of the Russian October Revolution , was the highest decoration bestowed by the Soviet Union . The order was awarded to: * Civilians for outstanding services rendered to the State, * Members of the armed forces for exemplary service, * Those who promoted friendship and cooperation between peoples and in strengthening peace * Those with meritorious services to the Soviet state and society From 1944 to 1957, before the institution of specific length of service medals, the Order of Lenin was also used to reward 25 years of conspicuous military service. Those who were awarded the titles "Hero of the Soviet Union " and " Hero of Socialist Labour " were also given the order as part of the award. It was also bestowed on cities, companies, factories, regions, military units and ships. Corporate entities, various educational institutions and military units who received the said Order applied the full name of the order into their official titles. The order was established by the Central Executive Committee on April 6, 1930
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Nazi Germany
NAZI GERMANY is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany
Germany
was governed by a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
and the Nazi Party (NSDAP). Under Hitler's rule, Germany
Germany
was transformed into a totalitarian state in which the Nazi Party controlled nearly all aspects of life. The official name of the state was _ Deutsches Reich
Deutsches Reich
_ from 1933 to 1943 and _Großdeutsches Reich_ ("Greater German Reich") from 1943 to 1945. The period is also known under the names the THIRD REICH (German : _Drittes Reich_) and the NATIONAL SOCIALIST PERIOD (German : _Zeit des Nationalsozialismus_, abbreviated as _NS-Zeit_). The Nazi regime came to an end after the Allied Powers defeated Germany
Germany
in May 1945, ending World War II
World War II
in Europe . Hitler
Hitler
was appointed Chancellor of Germany
Germany
by the President of the Weimar Republic Paul von Hindenburg on 30 January 1933. The Nazi Party then began to eliminate all political opposition and consolidate its power. Hindenburg died on 2 August 1934, and Hitler
Hitler
became dictator of Germany
Germany
by merging the powers and offices of the Chancellery and Presidency
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Lieutenant General
LIEUTENANT GENERAL, LIEUTENANT-GENERAL and similar (abbrev LT. GEN, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, where the title of lieutenant general was held by the second in command on the battlefield, who was normally subordinate to a captain general . In modern armies, lieutenant general normally ranks immediately below general and above major general ; it is equivalent to the navy rank of vice admiral , and in air forces with a separate rank structure, it is equivalent to air marshal . A lieutenant general commands an army corps , made up of typically three army divisions , and consisting of around 60,000–70,000 soldiers (U.S.). The seeming incongruity that a lieutenant general outranks a major general (whereas a major outranks a lieutenant ) is due to the derivation of the latter rank from sergeant major general , which was also subordinate to lieutenant general. In some countries (e.g. France and Italy), the ranks of corps general or lieutenant colonel general are used instead of lieutenant general, in an attempt to solve this apparent anomaly – these ranks are often translated into English as lieutenant general. However, some countries of Latin America such as Brazil and Chile use divisional general as the equivalent of lieutenant general
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99th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)
The 99TH RIFLE DIVISION (Russian : 99-я стрелковая дивизия 99-ya strelkovaya diviziya) was an infantry division of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
's Red Army which fought in World War II
World War II
. It was first formed in 1924, destroyed, reformed and raised to Guards status, and then reformed once again. CONTENTS * 1 First Formation * 2 2nd Formation * 3 Awards and honours * 4 References FIRST FORMATIONIt was first formed in April 1924 at Cherkassy in the Ural MD on the basis of the 44th Rifle Division as the 99th (territorial) Rifle Division. In 1926 it consisted of the 295th, 296th, and 297th Rifle Regiments. In 1931 it was translated(transferred) on a personnel basis. In 1939 it took part in the Soviet invasion of Poland as part of the 13th Rifle Corps , 12th Army , Ukrainian Front. On 29 September 1939 the division entered Przemyśl . Recognised as one of the best divisions in the Army under Andrey Vlasov 's command in 1940. On 22 June 1941 it was serving with 8th Rifle Corps , 26th Army , Southwestern Front , and participated in a counterstroke at Przemyśl (Перемышль). During the German-Soviet War
German-Soviet War
, on 27 June 1941 the division left Przemyśl for Нижанковичи, Рудня, Комарно, Nikolaev, and then Vinnitsa
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20th Army (Soviet Union)
World War II
World War II
* Battle of Smolensk * Battle of Moscow
Battle of Moscow
* Battles of Rzhev COMMANDERS Notable commanders Pavel Kurochkin Andrei Vlasov Nikolai Berzarin Mikhail Khozin Max Reyter Anton Lopatin Nikolai Gusev The 20TH ARMY was a field army of the Red Army that fought on the Eastern Front during World War II
World War II
. CONTENTS* 1 First formation * 1.1 Order of Battle 22 June 1941 * 1.2 Commanders * 2 Second formation * 2.1 Commanders * 3 References FIRST FORMATIONThe Army
Army
was first formed in the Orel Military District in June 1941. On 22 June 1941 the Army
Army
was part of the Reserve of the Supreme High Command and was located west of Moscow. On 27 June 1941 it was proposed to Joseph Stalin that the Soviet armies (13th Army
Army
, 19th Army
Army
, 20th, 21st Army
Army
, and 22nd Army
Army
) would defend the line going through the Daugava - Polotsk -Vitebsk - Orsha - Mogilev - Mazyr as part of the Reserve Front . Committed as part of Western Front in defensive battles in Belarus, Smolensk, and Vyazma
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2nd Shock Army
Andrei Vlasov
Andrei Vlasov
Ivan Fedyuninsky The 2ND SHOCK ARMY (Russian : 2-я Ударная армия) was a field army of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
during the Second World War . This type of formation was created in accordance with prewar doctrine that called for Shock Armies to overcome difficult defensive dispositions in order to create a tactical penetration of sufficient breadth and depth to permit the commitment of mobile formations for deeper exploitation. However, as the war went on, Shock Armies lost this specific role and reverted, in general, to ordinary frontline formations. CONTENTS * 1 Formation * 2 Military history * 3 Notable commanders * 4 Sources and references FORMATIONThe 2nd Shock Army was formed from the Volkhov Front 's 26th Army
Army
in December 1941 and initially consisted of the 327th Rifle Division and eight separate rifle brigades. During the Lyuban Offensive Operation in early 1942, the 2nd Shock Army broke through German lines, was cut off from reinforcement along the Volkhov River
Volkhov River
by a German counter-attack, and was not permitted to retreat. When the order for retreat finally came in, the 2nd was destroyed trying to escape
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Russian Liberation Army
WORLD WAR II * Eastern Front * Operation April Wind * Prague Uprising COMMANDERS Notable commanders Andrey Vlasov Sergei Bunyachenko Mikhail Meandrov Viktor Maltsev INSIGNIA BADGE FLAG OF THE KONRThe RUSSIAN LIBERATION ARMY (Russian : Русская освободительная армия, _Russkaya osvoboditel'naya armiya_, abbreviated as РОА, _ROA_, also known as the VLASOV ARMY (Власовская армия, _Vlasovskaya armiya_)) was a group of predominantly Russian forces that fought under German command during World War II
World War II
. The army was led by Andrey Vlasov , a defected Red Army
Red Army
general , and members of the army are often referred to as _Vlasovtsy_ (Власовцы). In 1944, it became known as the ARMED FORCES OF THE COMMITTEE FOR THE LIBERATION OF THE PEOPLES OF RUSSIA (Вооружённые силы Комитета освобождения народов России, _Vooruzhonnyye sily Komiteta osvobozhdeniya narodov Rossii_, abbreviated as ВС КОНР, _VS KONR_). The ROA was organized by former Red Army
Red Army
general Andrey Vlasov, who tried to unite Russians
Russians
opposed to communism and to the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin with the goal of fighting with Germany to liberate Russia
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