HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

Ancient Philosophy
This page lists some links to ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY. In Western philosophy , the spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire marked the ending of Hellenistic philosophy and ushered in the beginnings of Medieval philosophy , whereas in Eastern philosophy , the spread of Islam through the Arab Empire marked the end of Old Iranian philosophy and ushered in the beginnings of early Islamic philosophy
[...More...]

"Ancient Philosophy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

History Of Western Philosophy
WESTERN PHILOSOPHY is the philosophical thought and work of the Western world
Western world
. Historically, the term refers to the philosophical thinking of Western culture
Western culture
, beginning with Hellenic (i.e. Greek) philosophy of the Pre-Socratics such as Thales
Thales
(c. 624 – c. 546 BC) and Pythagoras
Pythagoras
(c. 570 BC – c. 495 BC), and eventually covering a large area of the globe. The word philosophy itself originated from the Hellenic: philosophia (φιλοσοφία), literally, "the love of wisdom" (φιλεῖν philein, "to love" and σοφία sophia , "wisdom"). The scope of philosophy in the ancient understanding, and the writings of (at least some of) the ancient philosophers , were all intellectual endeavors
[...More...]

"History Of Western Philosophy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Western Philosophy
WESTERN PHILOSOPHY or EUROPEAN PHILOSOPHY is the philosophical thought and work of the Western world . Historically, the term refers to the philosophical thinking of Western culture , beginning with Hellenic (i.e. Greek) philosophy of the Pre-Socratics such as Thales (c. 624 – c. 546 BC) and Pythagoras (c. 570 – c. 495 BC), and eventually covering a large area of the globe. The word _philosophy_ itself originated from the Hellenic: _philosophia_ (φιλοσοφία), literally, "the love of wisdom" (φιλεῖν _philein_, "to love" and σοφία _sophia _, "wisdom"). The scope of philosophy in the ancient understanding, and the writings of (at least some of) the ancient philosophers , were _all_ intellectual endeavors
[...More...]

"Western Philosophy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Pre-Socratic Philosophy
PRE-SOCRATIC PHILOSOPHY is ancient Greek philosophy before Socrates and schools contemporary to Socrates
Socrates
that were not influenced by him. In Classical antiquity
Classical antiquity
, the Presocratic philosophers were called physiologoi (Greek : φυσιόλογοι; in English, physical or natural philosophers ). Aristotle
Aristotle
called them physikoi ("physicists", after physis, "nature ") because they sought natural explanations for phenomena , as opposed to the earlier theologoi (theologians), whose philosophical basis was supernatural. Diogenes Laërtius
Diogenes Laërtius
divides the physiologoi into two groups: Ionian , led by Anaximander
Anaximander
, and the Italiote , led by Pythagoras
Pythagoras
. Hermann Diels popularized the term pre-socratic in Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker (The Fragments of the Pre-Socratics) in 1903
[...More...]

"Pre-Socratic Philosophy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Medieval Philosophy
MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY is the philosophy in the era now known as medieval or the Middle Ages , the period roughly extending from the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century C.E. to the Renaissance in the 16th century. Medieval philosophy, understood as a project of independent philosophical inquiry, began in Baghdad , in the middle of the 8th century, and in France , in the itinerant court of Charlemagne , in the last quarter of the 8th century. It is defined partly by the process of rediscovering the ancient culture developed in Greece and Rome in the classical period, and partly by the need to address theological problems and to integrate sacred doctrine with secular learning
[...More...]

"Medieval Philosophy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Renaissance Philosophy
The designation "RENAISSANCE PHILOSOPHY" is used by scholars of intellectual history to refer to the thought of the period running in Europe roughly between 1355 and 1650 (the dates shift forward for central and northern Europe and for areas such as Spanish America, India, Japan, and China under European influence). It therefore overlaps both with late medieval philosophy , which in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries was influenced by notable figures such as Albert the Great , Thomas Aquinas , William of Ockham , and Marsilius of Padua , and early modern philosophy, which conventionally starts with René Descartes and his publication of the _Discourse on Method_ in 1637. Philosophers usually divide the period less finely, jumping from medieval to early modern philosophy, on the assumption that no radical shifts in perspective took place in the centuries immediately before Descartes
[...More...]

"Renaissance Philosophy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Modern Philosophy
MODERN PHILOSOPHY is philosophy developed in the modern era and associated with modernity . It is not a specific doctrine or school (and thus should not be confused with Modernism
Modernism
), although there are certain assumptions common to much of it, which helps to distinguish it from earlier philosophy
[...More...]

"Modern Philosophy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Contemporary Philosophy
CONTEMPORARY PHILOSOPHY is the present period in the history of Western philosophy beginning at the end of the 19th century with the professionalization of the discipline and the rise of analytic and continental philosophy . The phrase "contemporary philosophy" is a piece of technical terminology in philosophy that refers to a specific period in the history of Western philosophy . However, the phrase is often confused with modern philosophy (which refers to an earlier period in Western philosophy), postmodern philosophy (which refers to continental philosophers' criticisms of modern philosophy), and with a non-technical use of the phrase referring to any recent philosophic work
[...More...]

"Contemporary Philosophy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

16th-century Philosophy
16TH-CENTURY PHILOSOPHY is generally regarded as the later part of Renaissance philosophy
Renaissance philosophy
. Early 16th-century philosophy
16th-century philosophy
is often called the HIGH RENAISSANCE and is considered to succeed the Renaissance philosophy
Renaissance philosophy
era and precede the Age of Rationalism . Notable philosophers from the time period include, Bartolomé de las Casas
Bartolomé de las Casas
, Desiderius Erasmus
Desiderius Erasmus
, Niccolò Machiavelli
Niccolò Machiavelli
, Martin Luther
Martin Luther
, John Calvin
John Calvin
, Nicolaus Copernicus , Michel de Montaigne
Michel de Montaigne
, and Francis Bacon
Francis Bacon

[...More...]

"16th-century Philosophy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

17th-century Philosophy
17TH-CENTURY PHILOSOPHY in the Western world is generally regarded as being the start of modern philosophy , and a departure from the medieval approach , especially Scholasticism . Early 17th-century philosophy is often called the AGE OF REASON or AGE OF RATIONALISM and is considered to succeed the Renaissance philosophy era and precede the Age of Enlightenment . CONTENTS * 1 Europe * 2 List of 17th-century philosophers * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links EUROPEIn the West, 17th-century philosophy is usually taken to start with the work of René Descartes , who set much of the agenda as well as much of the methodology for those who came after him. The period is typified in Europe by the great system-builders — philosophers who present unified systems of epistemology , metaphysics , logic , and ethics , and often politics and the physical sciences too
[...More...]

"17th-century Philosophy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Age Of Enlightenment
The ENLIGHTENMENT (also known as the AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT or the AGE OF REASON; in French : _le Siècle des Lumières_, lit. 'the Century of Lights'; and in German : _Aufklärung_, 'Enlightenment') was an intellectual and philosophical movement which dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, The Century of Philosophy. The Enlightenment included a range of ideas centered on reason as the primary source of authority and legitimacy, and came to advance ideals like liberty , progress , tolerance , fraternity , constitutional government , and separation of church and state . In France, the central doctrines of _les Lumières_ were individual liberty and religious tolerance in opposition to an absolute monarchy and the fixed dogmas of the Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church

[...More...]

"Age Of Enlightenment" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

19th-century Philosophy
In the 19th century the philosophies of the Enlightenment began to have a dramatic effect, the landmark works of philosophers such as Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant
and Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
influencing new generations of thinkers. In the late 18th century a movement known as Romanticism began; it validated strong emotion as an authentic not of aesthetic experience, placing new emphasis on such emotions as trepidation, horror and terror and awe. Key ideas that sparked changes in philosophy were the fast progress of science; evolution , as postulated by Vanini , Diderot , Lord Monboddo , Erasmus Darwin
Erasmus Darwin
, Lamarck , Goethe , and Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
; and what might now be called emergent order, such as the free market of Adam Smith
Adam Smith
within nation states
[...More...]

"19th-century Philosophy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

20th-century Philosophy
20TH-CENTURY PHILOSOPHY saw the development of a number of new philosophical schools— including logical positivism , analytic philosophy , phenomenology , existentialism , and poststructuralism . In terms of the eras of philosophy, it is usually labelled as _contemporary philosophy _ (succeeding modern philosophy , which runs roughly from the time of Descartes until the twentieth-century). As with other academic disciplines, philosophy increasingly became professionalized in the twentieth century, and a split emerged between philosophers who considered themselves part of either the "analytic" or "continental" traditions. However, there have been disputes regarding both the terminology and the reasons behind the divide, as well as philosophers who see themselves as bridging the divide. In addition, philosophy in the twentieth century became increasingly technical and harder for lay people to read
[...More...]

"20th-century Philosophy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Religious Philosophy
RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHY is philosophical thinking that is inspired and directed by a particular religion. It can be done objectively, but may also be done as a persuasion tool by believers in that faith. There are different philosophies for each religion such as those of : * Buddhist philosophy
Buddhist philosophy
* Christian philosophy
Christian philosophy
* Hindu philosophy
Hindu philosophy
* Islamic philosophy
Islamic philosophy
* Jain philosophy
Jain philosophy
* Jewish philosophy
Jewish philosophy
* Sikh philosophy
Sikh philosophy
This religion -related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e This philosophy -related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
[...More...]

"Religious Philosophy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Buddhist Philosophy
BUDDHIST PHILOSOPHY refers to the philosophical investigations and systems of inquiry that developed among various Buddhist schools in India following the death of the Buddha and later spread throughout Asia. Buddhism 's main concern has always been freedom from dukkha (unease), and the path to that ultimate freedom consists in ethical action (karma ), meditation and in direct insight (prajña ) into the nature of "things as they truly are" (yathābhūtaṃ viditvā). Indian Buddhists sought this understanding not just from the revealed teachings of the Buddha, but through philosophical analysis and rational deliberation. Buddhist thinkers in India and subsequently in East Asia have covered topics as varied as phenomenology , ethics , ontology , epistemology , logic and philosophy of time in their analysis of this path
[...More...]

"Buddhist Philosophy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Christian Philosophy
CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHY is a development in philosophy that is characterised by coming from a Christian tradition . CONTENTS * 1 Hellenistic philosophy and early Christian philosophy
Christian philosophy
* 2 Medieval Christian philosophy
Christian philosophy
* 3 Renaissance
Renaissance
and Reformation Christian philosophy
Christian philosophy
* 4 Modern Christian philosophy
Christian philosophy
* 4.1 17th century * 4.2 18th century * 4.3 19th and early 20th century * 4.4 Contemporary philosophy * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links HELLENISTIC PHILOSOPHY AND EARLY CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHY Main article: Christianity and Hellenistic philosophy _ This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources
[...More...]

"Christian Philosophy" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
.