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Anabaptist
ANABAPTISM (from Neo-Latin anabaptista, from the Greek ἀναβαπτισμός: ἀνά- "re-" and βαπτισμός "baptism" ) is a Christian movement which traces its origins to the Radical Reformation in Europe. The movement is generally seen as an offshoot of Protestantism
Protestantism
, although this view has been challenged by some Anabaptists. Anabaptists are Christians
Christians
who believe that baptism is only valid when the candidate confesses his or her faith in Christ and wants to be baptized. This believer\'s baptism is opposed to baptism of infants , who are not able to make a conscious decision to be baptized. Anabaptists are those who are in a traditional line with the early Anabaptists of the 16th century. Other Christian groups with different roots also practice believer's baptism, such as Baptists
Baptists
, but these groups are not seen as Anabaptist
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Augustine Of Hippo
Catholicism portal Philosophy portal AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO (/ɔːˈɡʌstᵻn/ or /ˈɔːɡəstiːn/ ; 13 November 354 – 28 August 430) was an early Christian theologian and philosopher whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy
Western philosophy
. He was the bishop of Hippo Regius in north Africa and is viewed as one of the most important Church Fathers in Western Christianity
Western Christianity
for his writings in the Patristic Era . Among his most important works are The City of God and Confessions . According to his contemporary, Jerome
Jerome
, Augustine "established anew the ancient Faith." In his early years, he was influenced by Manichaeism
Manichaeism
and afterward by the neo- Platonism
Platonism
of Plotinus
Plotinus

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Constantine The Great
CONSTANTINE THE GREAT (Latin : Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; Greek : Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February c. 272 AD – 22 May 337 AD), also known as CONSTANTINE I or SAINT CONSTANTINE (in the Orthodox Church
Orthodox Church
as SAINT CONSTANTINE THE GREAT, EQUAL-TO-THE-APOSTLES), was a Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor
of Illyrian origin from 306 to 337 AD. Constantine was the son of Flavius Valerius Constantius , a Roman Army
Roman Army
officer, and his consort Helena . His father became Caesar , the deputy emperor in the west, in 293 AD. Constantine was sent east, where he rose through the ranks to become a military tribune under the emperors Diocletian
Diocletian
and Galerius
Galerius

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Saint Peter
SAINT PETER (Syriac/ Aramaic
Aramaic
: ܫܸܡܥܘܿܢ ܟܹ݁ܐܦ݂ܵܐ, Shemayon Keppa, Hebrew : שמעון בר יונה‎ Shim'on bar Yona, Greek : Πέτρος Petros, Coptic : ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ, Latin
Latin
: Petrus; r. AD 30; d. between AD 64 and 68 ), also known as SIMON PETER, SIMEON, or SIMON ( pronunciation (help ·info )), according to the New Testament
New Testament
, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus
Jesus
Christ , leaders of the early Christian Great Church . Pope
Pope
Gregory I called him repeatedly the " Prince of the Apostles ". According to Catholic teaching , Jesus
Jesus
promised Peter in the "Rock of My Church " dialogue in Matthew 16:18 a special position in the Church
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Ministry Of Jesus
In the Christian gospels , the MINISTRY OF JESUS begins with his baptism in the countryside of Roman Judea and Transjordan , near the river Jordan , and ends in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, following the Last Supper
Last Supper
with his disciples . The Gospel of Luke (3:23) states that Jesus
Jesus
was "about 30 years of age" at the start of his ministry . A chronology of Jesus
Jesus
typically has the date of the start of his ministry estimated at around AD 27–29 and the end in the range AD 30–36. Jesus' Early Galilean ministry begins when after his Baptism, he goes back to Galilee
Galilee
from his time in the Judean desert
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Virgin Birth Of Jesus
VIRGINITY is the state of a person who has never engaged in sexual intercourse . There are cultural and religious traditions that place special value and significance on this state, predominantly towards unmarried females, associated with notions of personal purity, honor and worth. Like chastity , the concept of virginity has traditionally involved sexual abstinence . The concept of virginity usually involves moral or religious issues and can have consequences in terms of social status and in interpersonal relationships . Although virginity has social implications and had significant legal implications in some societies in the past, it has no legal consequences in most societies today. The term virgin originally only referred to sexually inexperienced women, but has evolved to encompass a range of definitions, as found in traditional, modern, and ethical concepts
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Crusades
AFTER 1291 * Poor 1309 * Shepherds\' 1320 * Smyrniote 1343–1351 * Alexandrian 1365 * Savoyard 1366 * Barbary 1390 * Nicopolis 1396 * Varna
Varna
1443 * Portuguese 1481 NORTHERN CRUSADES (1147–1410) * Wendish 1147 * Swedish * 1150 * 1249 * 1293 * Livonian 1198–1290 * Prussian 1217–1274 * Lithuanian 1283–1410 AGAINST CHRISTIANS * Bosnian 1235–1241 * Albigensian 1209–1229 * Aragonese 1284/5 * Despenser\'s 1382/3 * Hussite 1419–1434 ------------------------- * BOOK:THE CRUSADES * PORTAL:CRUSADES Map of the Eastern Mediterranean in 1135. The Frankish Crusader states are indicated with a red cross ☩: Kingdom of Jerusalem , County of Tripoli
County of Tripoli
, Principality of Antioch
Principality of Antioch
, County of Edessa
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Mary, Mother Of Jesus
MARY (Greek : Μαρία, translit. María; Aramaic : ܡܪܝܡ‎, translit. Mariam‎; Hebrew : מִרְיָם‎, translit. Miriam‎; Arabic : مريم‎, translit. Mariam‎), also known by various titles, styles and honorifics , was a 1st-century Galilean Jewish
Jewish
woman of Nazareth
Nazareth
, and the mother of Jesus
Jesus
, according to the New Testament and the Quran
Quran
. The gospels of Matthew and Luke in the New Testament
New Testament
and the Quran describe Mary as a virgin (Greek: παρθένος, translit. parthénos) and Christians believe that she conceived her son while a virgin by the Holy Spirit . The miraculous birth took place when she was already betrothed to Joseph and was awaiting the concluding rite of marriage, the formal home-taking ceremony
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Christology
CHRISTOLOGY (from Greek Χριστός Khristós and -λογία, -logia) is the field of study within Christian theology which is primarily concerned with the ontology of the person of Jesus as recorded in the canonical Gospels and the epistles of the New Testament . Primary considerations include the ontology of the relationship of Jesus with that of God the Father . As such, Christology is concerned with the details of Jesus\' ministry, his acts and teachings , to arrive at a clearer understanding of who he is in his person, and his role in salvation . The views of Paul the Apostle provided a major component of the Christology of the Apostolic Age . Paul's central themes included the notion of the pre-existence of Christ and the worship of Christ as Kyrios (Greek : Lord)
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Pneumatology (Christianity)
In Christian theology
Christian theology
, pneumatology refers to the study of the Holy Spirit . Pneuma (πνεῦμα) is Greek for "breath ", which metaphorically describes a non-material being or influence. The English word comes from two Greek words: πνευμα (pneuma, spirit) and λογος (logos, teaching about). Pneumatology would normally include study of the person of the Holy Spirit, and the works of the Holy Spirit. This latter category would normally include Christian teachings on new birth , spiritual gifts (charismata), Spirit-baptism , sanctification , the inspiration of prophets , and the indwelling of the Holy Trinity
Trinity
(which in itself covers many different aspects). Different Christian denominations have different theological approaches
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Christian Mission
A CHRISTIAN MISSION is an organized effort to spread Christianity
Christianity
. Missions often involve sending individuals and groups, called missionaries , across boundaries, most commonly geographical boundaries, for the purpose of proselytism (conversion to Christianity, or from one Christian tradition to another). This involves evangelism (preaching a set of beliefs for the purpose of conversion), and humanitarian work, especially among the poor and disadvantaged. There are a few different kinds of mission trips: short-term, long-term, relational and ones meant simply for helping people in need. Some might choose to dedicate their whole lives to missions as well. Missionaries have the authority to preach the Christian faith (and sometimes to administer sacraments), and provide humanitarian work to improve economic development , literacy , education , health care , and orphanages
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Patriology
In Christian theology
Christian theology
, term PATRIOLOGY refers to the study of the God the Father
God the Father
. The word Patriology
Patriology
comes from two Greek words: πατέρας (pateras, father) and λογος (logos, teaching about). As a theological discipline, Patriology
Patriology
is closely connected to Christology (study of Christ
Christ
as God the Son
God the Son
) and Pneumatology (study of Holy Ghost as God the Spirit ). The term PATRIOLOGY should not be confused with similar term Patrology that involves the study of teachings of the Church Fathers. There are three basic forms of the name of God the Father
God the Father
in the New Testament : Theos (θεός the Greek woed for God), Kyrios
Kyrios
(i.e
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Saint Joseph
March 19 - Saint Joseph, Husband of Mary ( Western Christianity
Western Christianity
), May 1 - St Joseph the Worker (Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
), The Sunday after the Nativ
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Church Fathers
The CHURCH FATHERS, EARLY CHURCH FATHERS, CHRISTIAN FATHERS, or FATHERS OF THE CHURCH are ancient and generally influential Christian theologians , some of whom were eminent teachers and great bishops . The term is used of writers or teachers of the Church not necessarily ordained and not necessarily "saints "— Origen
Origen
Adamantius and Tertullian
Tertullian
are often considered Church Fathers, but are not saints, owing to their views later being deemed heretical
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Thomas Aquinas
Catholicism
Catholicism
portal Philosophy portal * v * t * e SAINT THOMAS AQUINAS OP (/əˈkwaɪnəs/ ; Italian : Tommaso d'Aquino, lit. 'Thomas of Aquino '; 1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian Dominican friar , Catholic priest , and Doctor of the Church . He was an immensely influential philosopher , theologian , and jurist in the tradition of scholasticism , within which he is also known as the DOCTOR ANGELICUS and the DOCTOR COMMUNIS. The name Aquinas identifies his ancestral origins in the county of Aquino in present-day Lazio . He was the foremost classical proponent of natural theology and the father of Thomism ; of which he argued that reason is found in God. His influence on Western thought is considerable, and much of modern philosophy developed or opposed his ideas, particularly in the areas of ethics, natural law , metaphysics, and political theory
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Christian Art
Christian art
Christian art
is sacred art which uses themes and imagery from Christianity
Christianity
. Most Christian groups use or have used art to some extent, although some have had strong objections to some forms of religious image , and there have been major periods of iconoclasm within Christianity. Images of Jesus
Jesus
and narrative scenes from the Life of Christ are the most common subjects, and scenes from the Old Testament
Old Testament
play a part in the art of most denominations. Images of the Virgin Mary and saints are much rarer in Protestant art than that of Roman Catholicism
Catholicism
and Eastern Orthodoxy
Eastern Orthodoxy
. Christianity
Christianity
makes far wider use of images than related religions, in which figurative representations are forbidden, such as Islam and Judaism
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