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Amman
AMMAN (English: /ɑːˈmɑːn/ ; Arabic
Arabic
: عمّان‎‎ ʻammān pronounced ) is the capital and most populous city of Jordan
Jordan
, and the country's economic, political and cultural centre. Situated in north-central Jordan, Amman
Amman
is the administrative centre of the Amman Governorate . The city has a population of 4,007,526 and a land area of 1,680 square kilometres (648.7 sq mi). Today, Amman
Amman
is considered to be among the most liberal and westernized Arab cities. It is a major tourist destination in the region, particularly among Arab and European tourists. The earliest evidence of settlement in the area is a Neolithic
Neolithic
site known as \ 'Ain Ghazal . Its successor was known as "Rabbath Ammon", which was the capital of the Ammonites , then as "Philadelphia", and finally as Amman
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UTC+3
UTC+03:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +03. In areas using this time offset, the time is three hours later than the Coordinated Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time
(UTC) . Following the ISO 8601 standard, a time with this offset would be written as, for example, 2017-08-10T00:39:25+03:00 (boldface only here to be clear). Some areas in the world use UTC+03:00 all year, other areas only part of the year
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Telephone Numbering Plan
A TELEPHONE NUMBERING PLAN is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunication to assign telephone numbers to subscriber telephones or other telephony endpoints. Telephone numbers are the addresses of participants in a telephone network, reachable by a system of destination code routing. Telephone numbering plans are defined in each of administrative regions of the public switched telephone network (PSTN) and they are also present in private telephone networks. For public number systems, geographic location plays a role in the sequence of numbers assigned to each telephone subscriber. Numbering plans may follow a variety of design strategies which have often arisen from the historical evolution of individual telephone networks and local requirements. A broad division is commonly recognized, distinguishing open numbering plans and closed numbering plans
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Eastern European Summer Time
EASTERN EUROPEAN SUMMER TIME (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3
UTC+3
time zone , 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time
. It is used as a summer daylight saving time in some European and Middle Eastern countries, which makes it the same as Arabia Standard Time
Arabia Standard Time
, East Africa Time and Moscow Time
Moscow Time
. During the winter periods, Eastern European Time (UTC+2 ) is used. Since 1996 European Summer Time
European Summer Time
has been observed from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October; previously the rules were not uniform across the European Union
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Daylight Saving Time
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME (abbreviated DST), commonly referred to as DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME in speech, and known as SUMMER TIME in some countries, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Typically, regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895. The German Empire
German Empire
and Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
organized the first nationwide implementation, starting on April 30, 1916. Many countries have used it at various times since then, particularly since the energy crisis of the 1970s . DST is generally not observed near the equator, where sunrise times do not vary enough to justify it
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal , commercial , and social purposes. Time
Time
zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time . Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time
Time
(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12 to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (e.g. Newfoundland Standard Time is UTC−03:30, Nepal
Nepal
Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones
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Ancient Greek
The ANCIENT GREEK language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece
Greece
and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD. It is often roughly divided into the Archaic period (9th to 6th centuries BC), Classical period (5th and 4th centuries BC), and Hellenistic period
Hellenistic period
( Koine Greek
Koine Greek
, 3rd century BC to the 4th century AD). It is antedated in the second millennium BC by Mycenaean Greek and succeeded by medieval Greek . The language of the Hellenistic phase is known as Koine (common). Koine is regarded as a separate historical stage of its own, although in its earliest form it closely resembled Attic Greek and in its latest form it approaches Medieval Greek
Medieval Greek
. Prior to the Koine period, Greek of the classic and earlier periods included several regional dialects
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Arabic Language
ARABIC ( Arabic
Arabic
: العَرَبِيَّة‎, al-ʻarabiyyah ( listen ) or Arabic
Arabic
: عَرَبِيّ‎ ʻarabī ( listen ) or ) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world
Arab world
. It is named after the Arabs
Arabs
, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula . The modern written language ( Modern Standard Arabic ) is derived from Classical Arabic . It is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media
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Philia
PHILIA (/ˈfɪljə/ or /ˈfɪliə/ ; Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: φιλία), often translated "BROTHERLY LOVE", is one of the four ancient Greek words for love : philia, storge , agape and eros . In Aristotle
Aristotle
's Nicomachean Ethics , philia is usually translated as "friendship " or affection . The complete opposite is called a phobia
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Ptolemy II Philadelphus
PTOLEMY II PHILADELPHUS (Greek : Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaîos Philádelphos, 309–246 BCE) was the king of Ptolemaic Egypt from 283 to 246 BCE. He was the son of the founder of the Ptolemaic kingdom Ptolemy I Soter and Berenice , and was educated by Philitas of Cos . He had two half-brothers, Ptolemy Keraunos and Meleager , who both became kings of Macedonia (in 281 BCE and 279 BCE respectively), and who both died in the Gallic invasion of 280–279 BCE. Ptolemy was first married to Arsinoë I , daughter of Lysimachus , who was the mother of his legitimate children; after her repudiation he married his full sister Arsinoë II , the widow of Lysimachus. During Ptolemy's reign, the material and literary splendour of the Alexandrian court was at its height
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Ptolemaic Kingdom
The PTOLEMAIC KINGDOM (/ˌtɒləˈmeɪ.ɪk/ ; Ancient Greek : Πτολεμαϊκὴ βασιλεία, Ptolemaïkḕ basileía) was a Hellenistic
Hellenistic
kingdom based in Egypt
Egypt
. It was ruled by the Ptolemaic dynasty , which started with Ptolemy I Soter
Ptolemy I Soter
's accession after the death of Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
in 323 BC and which ended with the death of Cleopatra
Cleopatra
VII and the Roman conquest in 30 BC. The Ptolemaic Kingdom
Ptolemaic Kingdom
was founded in 305 BC by Ptolemy I Soter
Ptolemy I Soter
, who declared himself Pharaoh
Pharaoh
of Egypt
Egypt
and created a powerful Hellenistic dynasty that ruled an area stretching from southern Syria
Syria
to Cyrene and south to Nubia
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Tiberian Vocalization
The TIBERIAN VOCALIZATION, TIBERIAN POINTING, or TIBERIAN NIQQUD (Hebrew : נִיקוּד טְבֵרִיָנִי‎ Nikkud Tveriyani) is a system of diacritics (niqqud ) devised by the Masoretes of Tiberias
Tiberias
to add to the consonantal text of the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
to produce the Masoretic Text . The system soon became used to vocalize other Hebrew texts as well. The Tiberian vocalization
Tiberian vocalization
marks vowels and stress, makes fine distinctions of consonant quality and length, and serves as punctuation. While the Tiberian system was devised for Tiberian Hebrew , it has become the dominant system for vocalizing all forms of Hebrew; it has long since eclipsed the Babylonian and Palestinian vocalization systems
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Biblical Hebrew
BIBLICAL HEBREW (Hebrew : עִבְרִית מִקְרָאִית‎ Ivrit Miqra'it or לְשׁוֹן הַמִּקְרָא‎ Leshon ha-Miqra), also called CLASSICAL HEBREW, is an archaic form of Hebrew , a Canaanite Semitic language spoken by the Israelites in the area known as Israel , roughly west of the Jordan River and east of the Mediterranean Sea . The term "Hebrew" was not used for the language in the Bible, which was referred to as CANAANITE or JUDAHITE, but the name was used in Greek and Mishnaic Hebrew texts. Biblical Hebrew is attested from about the 10th century BCE, and persisted through and beyond the Second Temple period , which ended in the siege of Jerusalem (AD 70) . Biblical Hebrew eventually developed into Mishnaic Hebrew , which was spoken until the second century CE
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Dubai
DUBAI (/duːˈbaɪ/ doo-BY ; Arabic : دبي‎‎ Dubayy, Gulf pronunciation: ) is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). It is located on the southeast coast of the Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
and is the capital of the Emirate of Dubai
Dubai
, one of the seven emirates that make up the country. Abu Dhabi and Dubai
Dubai
are the only two emirates to have veto power over critical matters of national importance in the country\'s legislature . The city of Dubai
Dubai
is located on the emirate's northern coastline and heads the Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman metropolitan area . Dubai
Dubai
will host World Expo 2020 . Dubai
Dubai
emerged as a global city and business hub of the Middle East
Middle East
. It is also a major transport hub for passengers and cargo
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Hebrew Bible
Outline of Bible-related topics Bible
Bible
book Bible
Bible
portal * v * t * e Page from an 11th-century Aramaic Targum
Targum
manuscript of the Hebrew Bible. HEBREW BIBLE or HEBREW SCRIPTURES ( Latin
Latin
: Biblia Hebraica) is the term used by biblical scholars to refer to the Tanakh
Tanakh
(Hebrew : תנ"ך‎‎; Latin
Latin
: Thanach), the canonical collection of Jewish texts, which is the common textual source of several canonical editions of the Christian
Christian
Old Testament
Old Testament
. They are composed mainly in Biblical Hebrew , with some passages in Biblical Aramaic (in the books of Daniel , Ezra and a few others)
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously GENTILIC was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the Oxford
Oxford
English Dictionary and Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary. Examples of demonyms include a Swahili for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial Kiwi for a person from New Zealand
New Zealand
, and a Cochabambino for a person from the city of Cochabamba
Cochabamba
. Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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