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American Bison
B. b. athabascae B. b. bison SYNONYMS Bos
Bos
americanus Bos
Bos
bison Bison
Bison
americanus Bison
Bison
bison montanae The AMERICAN BISON ( Bison
Bison
bison), also commonly known as the AMERICAN BUFFALO or simply BUFFALO, is a North American species of bison that once roamed the grasslands of North America
North America
in massive herds . They became nearly extinct by a combination of commercial hunting and slaughter in the 19th century and introduction of bovine diseases from domestic cattle, and have made a recent resurgence largely restricted to a few national parks and reserves
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Georgia (U.S. State)
GEORGIA (/ˈdʒɔːrdʒə/ ( listen ) JOR-juh ) is a state in the Southeastern United States
Southeastern United States
. It began as a British colony in 1733, the last of the original Thirteen Colonies
Thirteen Colonies
. Named after King George II of Great Britain , the Province of Georgia
Province of Georgia
covered the area from South Carolina
South Carolina
down to Spanish Florida
Spanish Florida
and New France
New France
along Louisiana (New France) , also bordering to the west towards the Mississippi River . Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution , on January 2, 1788. In 1802–1804, western Georgia was split to the Mississippi Territory
Mississippi Territory
, which later split to form Alabama
Alabama
with part of former West Florida in 1819
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Carl Linnaeus
CARL LINNAEUS (/lɪˈniːəs, lɪˈneɪəs/ ; 23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as CARL VON LINNé (Swedish pronunciation: ( listen )), was a Swedish botanist , physician and zoologist , who formalised the modern system of naming organisms called binomial nomenclature . He is known by the epithet "father of modern taxonomy". Many of his writings were in Latin and his name is rendered in Latin as CAROLUS LINNæUS (after 1761 CAROLUS A LINNé). Linnaeus
Linnaeus
was born in the countryside of Småland , in southern Sweden . He received most of his higher education at Uppsala University and began giving lectures in botany there in 1730. He lived abroad between 1735 and 1738, where he studied and also published a first edition of his Systema Naturae in the Netherlands
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10th Edition Of Systema Naturae
The 10TH EDITION OF SYSTEMA NATURAE is a book written by Carl Linnaeus and published in two volumes in 1758 and 1759, which marks the starting point of zoological nomenclature . In it, Linnaeus introduced binomial nomenclature for animals , something he had already done for plants in his 1753 publication of Species Plantarum
Species Plantarum
. CONTENTS * 1 Starting point * 2 Revisions * 3 Animals * 3.1 Mammalia * 3.2 Aves * 3.3 Amphibia * 3.4 Pisces * 3.5 Insecta * 3.6 Vermes * 4 Plants * 5 References * 6 External links STARTING POINTBefore 1758, most biological catalogues had used polynomial names for the taxa included, including earlier editions of Systema Naturae. The first work to consistently apply binomial nomenclature across the animal kingdom was the 10th edition of Systema Naturae
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Synonym (taxonomy)
In scientific nomenclature , a SYNONYM is a scientific name that applies to a taxon that (now) goes by a different scientific name, although the term is used somewhat differently in the zoological code of nomenclature. For example, Linnaeus was the first to give a scientific name (under the currently used system of scientific nomenclature) to the Norway spruce, which he called Pinus abies. This name is no longer in use: it is now a synonym of the current scientific name which is Picea abies
Picea abies
. Unlike synonyms in other contexts, in taxonomy a synonym is not interchangeable with the name of which it is a synonym. In taxonomy, synonyms are not equals, but have a different status. For any taxon with a particular circumscription , position, and rank, only one scientific name is considered to be the correct one at any given time (this correct name is to be determined by applying the relevant code of nomenclature )
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Megaannum
A YEAR is the orbital period of the Earth
Earth
moving in its orbit around the Sun
Sun
. Due to the Earth's axial tilt , the course of a year sees the passing of the seasons , marked by changes in weather , the hours of daylight , and, consequently, vegetation and soil fertility . In temperate and subpolar regions around the planet, four seasons are generally recognized: spring , summer , autumn and winter . In tropical and subtropical regions several geographical sectors do not present defined seasons; but in the seasonal tropics , the annual wet and dry seasons are recognized and tracked. The current year is 2018. A calendar year is an approximation of the number of days of the Earth's orbital period as counted in a given calendar . The Gregorian, or modern, calendar , presents its calendar year to be either a common year of 365 days or a leap year of 366 days, as do the Julian calendars ; see below
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Florida
FLORIDA (/ˈflɒrɪdə/ ( listen ); Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico and Alabama
Alabama
, to the north by Alabama
Alabama
and Georgia , to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida . Florida
Florida
is the 22nd-most extensive , the 3rd-most populous , and the 8th-most densely populated of the U.S. states. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States
United States
(due to the consolidation of Jacksonville with Duval County ). The Miami metropolitan area is Florida's most populous urban area . Tallahassee is the state's capital
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Synapsid
Theropsida Seeley , 1895 SYNAPSIDS (Greek , 'fused arch'), synonymous with THEROPSIDS (Greek, 'beast-face'), are a group of animals that includes mammals and every animal more closely related to mammals than to other living amniotes . They are easily separated from other amniotes by having a temporal fenestra , an opening low in the skull roof behind each eye, leaving a bony arch beneath each; this accounts for their name. Primitive synapsids are usually called pelycosaurs or pelycosaur-grade synapsids; more advanced mammal-like ones, therapsids . The non-mammalian members are described as MAMMAL-LIKE REPTILES in classical systematics; they can also be called STEM MAMMALS or PROTO-MAMMALS. Synapsids evolved from basal amniotes and are one of the two major groups of the later amniotes; the other is the sauropsids , a group that includes modern reptiles and birds
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New York (state)
NEW YORK is a state in the northeastern United States
United States
. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States
United States
. With an estimated 19.85 million residents in 2017, it is the fourth most populous state in the United States. To differentiate from its city with the same name, it is sometimes called NEW YORK STATE. The state's most populous city, New York City
New York City
, which makes up over 40% of the state's population, also doubles as the United States' most populous city. Two-thirds of the state's population lives in the New York metropolitan area , and nearly 40% lives on Long Island
Long Island
. The state and city were both named for the 17th-century Duke of York
Duke of York
, future King James II of England
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North Carolina
As of 2000 * English 90.70% * Spanish 6.18% DEMONYM North Carolinian (official); Tar Heel (colloquial) CAPITAL Raleigh LARGEST CITY Charlotte
Charlotte
LARGEST METRO Charlotte
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Species
In biology , a SPECIES is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank , as well as a unit of biodiversity , but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition. Scientists and conservationists need a species definition which allows them to work, regardless of the theoretical difficulties. If as Linnaeus
Linnaeus
thought, species were fixed, there would be no problem, but evolutionary processes cause species to change continually, and to grade into one another. A species is often defined as the largest group of organisms in which two individuals can produce fertile offspring , typically by sexual reproduction . While this definition is often adequate, when looked at more closely it is problematic . For example, with hybridisation , in a species complex of hundreds of similar microspecies , or in a ring species , the boundaries between closely related species become unclear
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Herd
A HERD is a social grouping of certain animals of the same species, either wild or domestic . The form of collective animal behavior associated with this is referred to as herding . The term herd is generally applied to mammals, and most particularly to the grazing ungulates that classically display this behaviour. Different terms are used for similar groupings in other species; in the case of birds, for example, the word is flocking , but flock may also be used, in certain instances, for mammals, particularly sheep or goats . A group of quail is often referred to as a COVEY. Large groups of carnivores are usually called packs , and in nature a herd is classically subject to predation from pack hunters
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Atlantic Seaboard
The EAST COAST OF THE UNITED STATES is the coastline along which the Eastern United States
Eastern United States
meets the North Atlantic Ocean . This area is also known as the EASTERN SEABOARD, the ATLANTIC COAST, and the ATLANTIC SEABOARD
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Atlantic
The ATLANTIC OCEAN is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about 106,460,000 square kilometers (41,100,000 square miles). It covers approximately 20 percent of the Earth\'s surface and about 29 percent of its water surface area. It separates the "Old World " from the " New World
New World
". The Atlantic Ocean
Ocean
occupies an elongated, S-shaped basin extending longitudinally between Eurasia
Eurasia
and Africa
Africa
to the east, and the Americas
Americas
to the west
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Tidewater (geographic Term)
The TIDEWATER REGION is a geographic area of southeast Virginia
Virginia
and northeastern North Carolina
North Carolina
, part of the Atlantic coastal plain
Atlantic coastal plain
in the United States of America. Portions of Maryland
Maryland
facing the Chesapeake Bay
Chesapeake Bay
are also given this designation. The area gains its name because of the effects of the changing tides on local rivers , sounds , and the ocean . The area is generally flat and low and composed of tidal marsh and large expanses of swamp . Much of the area is covered with pocosin and the higher areas are used for agricultural farmlands. Geographically, in North Carolina
North Carolina
and Virginia
Virginia
the Tidewater area is the land between the Suffolk Scarp and the Atlantic Ocean
Ocean

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Nuevo León
NUEVO LEóN (Spanish pronunciation: ( listen )), or NEW LEON, officially the FREE AND SOVEREIGN STATE OF NUEVO LEóN (Spanish : Estado Libre y Soberano de Nuevo León), is one of the 31 states which, with Mexico
Mexico
City , compose the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico
Mexico
. It is divided into 51 municipalities and its capital city is Monterrey . It is located in Northeastern Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Tamaulipas to the north and east, San Luis Potosí
San Luis Potosí
to the south, and Coahuila to the west. To the north, Nuevo León
Nuevo León
has a 15 kilometer (9 mi) stretch of the U.S.– Mexico
Mexico
border adjacent to the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Texas
Texas

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