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Amatrice
AMATRICE is a town and comune in the province of Rieti , in northern Lazio
Lazio
(central Italy
Italy
), and the center of the food-agricultural area of Gran Sasso e Monti della Laga National Park . The town was devastated by a powerful earthquake on 24 August 2016. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 The medieval and early modern periods * 1.2 The modern period * 2 Historical buildings * 3 Cuisine * 4 People * 5 Frazioni * 6 References HISTORYArchaeological discoveries show a human presence in the area of Amatrice
Amatrice
since prehistoric times, and the remains of Roman buildings and tombs have also been found. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire , the area became part of the Lombard Duchy of Spoleto , included in the comitatus of Ascoli
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Norcia
NORCIA (Italian pronunciation: ), traditionally known in English by its Latin
Latin
name of NURSIA /ˈnɜːrsiə/ , is a town and comune in the province of Perugia
Perugia
( Italy
Italy
) in southeastern Umbria
Umbria
. Unlike many ancient towns, it is located in a wide plain abutting the Monti Sibillini , a subrange of the Apennines
Apennines
with some of its highest peaks, near the Sordo River , a small stream that eventually flows into the Nera . The town is popularly associated with the Valnerina (the valley of that river). The area is known for its air and scenery, and is a base for mountaineering and hiking. It is also widely known for hunting, especially of the wild boar, and for sausages and ham made from wild boar and pork. Such products have been named after Norcia; in Italian, they are called norcineria
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Arquata Del Tronto
ARQUATA DEL TRONTO is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Ascoli Piceno in the Italian region Marche , located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) south of Ancona and about 25 kilometres (16 mi) southwest of Ascoli Piceno . It is located partly within the natural park known as the Gran Sasso e Monti della Laga National Park . HISTORY This section NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )Ancient history of the town is uncertain, though some scholars have assigned it to Surpicanum visible in the Peutingerian Table , a centre of the Piceni or the Sabines whose location is however still debated. Another theory has it founded by the Romans as a road station on the Via Salaria . The first mention of Arquata dates to the Middle Ages (6th century ), when a stronghold existed here
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Braccio Da Montone
BRACCIO DA MONTONE (1 July 1368 – 5 June 1424), born ANDREA FORTEBRACCI, and also known as BRACCIO FORTEBRACCIO, was an Italian condottiero . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 References * 3 Footnotes * 4 External links BIOGRAPHYHe was born to the nobleman Oddo Fortebracci and Giacoma Montemelini at Montone , some 40 km north of Perugia
Perugia
. He married Elisabetta Ermanni with whom he had three daughters. After her death in 1419, he married Niccolina Varano, who bore his first son Carlo in 1421. He later had a son out of wedlock, Oddo, who also became a condottiero. He began his military career as a page in Guido d'Asciano’s company. When his family was exiled from Perugia
Perugia
and he lost the castle of Montone, he entered Alberico da Barbiano ’s "Company of St. George", in which he would make friends with Muzio Attendolo Sforza
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House Of Aragon
This is a LIST OF THE KINGS AND QUEENS OF ARAGON, now the autonomous community of Aragon
Aragon
in north-eastern Spain
Spain
. The Kingdom of Aragon
Aragon
was created in 1035 when the County of Aragon
Aragon
, which had been acquired by the Kingdom of Navarre
Kingdom of Navarre
in the tenth century, was separated from Navarre in accordance with the will of King Sancho III (1004–35). In 1164 the dynastic union between the Kingdom of Aragon
Aragon
and the County of Barcelona
Barcelona
created the Crown of Aragon. In the thirteenth century the kingdoms of Valencia
Valencia
, Majorca and Sicily were added to the Crown, and in the fourteenth the Kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica
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Charles I Of Anjou
CHARLES I, also known as CHARLES I OF ANJOU (early 1227 – 7 January 1285), was the founder of the Capetian House of Anjou
Capetian House of Anjou
who reigned as Count of Provence , Anjou and Maine (1246 – 1285), King of Sicily (1266 – 1285), and Prince of Achaea (1278 – 1285). He also claimed the Kingdom of Jerusalem from 1277. Being the youngest son of Louis VIII of France
France
and Blanche of Castile , Charles was destined to Church career till the early 1240s. In January 1246, he married Beatrice of Provence who had inherited the County of Provence
County of Provence
from her father. Charles' attempts to secure comital rights brought him into conflict with his mother-in-law and the Provençal nobility. His eldest brother, Louis IX of France
France
, granted him the counties of Anjou and Maine in August 1246
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Capetian House Of Anjou
The CAPETIAN HOUSE OF ANJOU was a royal house and cadet branch of the direct French House of Capet , part of the Capetian dynasty
Capetian dynasty
. It is one of three separate royal houses referred to as Angevin, meaning "from Anjou" in France. Founded by Charles I of Naples
Charles I of Naples
, a son of Louis VIII of France
Louis VIII of France
, the Capetian king first ruled the Kingdom of Sicily
Sicily
during the 13th century. Later the War of the Sicilian Vespers forced him out of the island of Sicily, leaving him with just the southern half of the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
— the Kingdom of Naples
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Comune
The COMUNE (IPA: ; plural: comuni, IPA: ) is a basic administrative division in Italy
Italy
, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality . CONTENTS * 1 Importance and function * 2 Subdivisions * 3 Homonymy * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links IMPORTANCE AND FUNCTIONThe comune provides many of the basic civil functions: registry of births and deaths, registry of deeds , and contracting for local roads and public works. It is headed by a mayor (sindaco) assisted by a legislative body, the consiglio comunale (communal council), and an executive body, the giunta comunale (communal committee). The mayor and members of the consiglio comunale are elected together by resident citizens: the coalition of the elected mayor (who needs an absolute majority in the first or second round of voting) gains three fifths of the consiglio's seats
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Castellano (river)
The CASTELLANO is a river in Italy. Its source is in the Monti della Laga mountains near the border between the province of Teramo and the province of Rieti north of Monte Gorzano . It flows northeast through the mountains in the province of Teramo and eventually forms the border between the province of Teramo and the province of Ascoli Piceno . The river flows west of Monte dei Fiori before entering the province of Ascoli Piceno. The river joins the Tronto at Ascoli Piceno . REFERENCES * ^ Hammond World Atlas (6 ed.). Hammond World Atlas Corporation. 2010. p. 71. ISBN 9780843715606 . This Marche location article is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e This Abruzzo location article is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e This article related to a river in Italy is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Manfred Of Sicily
MANFRED (Sicilian : Manfredi di Sicilia; 1232 – 26 February 1266) was the King of Sicily from 1258 to 1266. He was an illegitimate son of the emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen , but his mother, Bianca Lancia (or Lanzia), is reported by Matthew Paris
Matthew Paris
to have been married to the emperor while on her deathbed. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Kingship * 3 Marriages and children * 4 Character and legacy * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY LIFE Seal of Manfred Manfred was born in Venosa
Venosa
. Frederick II appears to have regarded him as legitimate, and by his will named him as Prince of Taranto and appointed him as the representative in Italy
Italy
of his half-brother, the German king, Conrad IV
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Kingdom Of Naples
The KINGDOM OF NAPLES (Neapolitan : Regno 'e Napule, Italian : Regno di Napoli), comprising the southern part of the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
, was the remainder of the old Kingdom of Sicily
Kingdom of Sicily
after the secession of the island of Sicily
Sicily
as a result of the Vespers of 1282 . It continued to be officially known as the KINGDOM OF SICILY, although it no longer included the island of Sicily. For much of its existence, the realm was contested between French and Spanish dynasties. In 1816, it was reunified with the island kingdom of Sicily
Sicily
once again to form the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
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Philibert Of Chalon
PHILIBERT DE CHALON (18 March 1502 – 3 August 1530) was the last prince of Orange from the house of Chalon . Born at Nozeroy to John IV of Chalon-Arlay , Philibert served Emperor Charles V as commander in Italy
Italy
, fighting in the War of the League of Cognac . He took part in the Sack of Rome (1527)
Sack of Rome (1527)
and was killed during the final stages of the siege of Florence
Florence
(1530). An interesting exchange of letters during the siege between him and Charles still survives. He was succeeded as prince of Orange by his sister 's son, Renatus of Nassau-Breda (René of Chalon), who thus became the founder of the House of Orange-Nassau
House of Orange-Nassau
. Portrait of Philbert Prince of Orange from a contemporary portrait. ANCESTORS ANCESTORS OF PHILIBERT OF CHALON 16. John III of Chalon-Arlay 8
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Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
CHARLES V (Spanish : Carlos; German : Karl; Dutch : Karel; Italian : Carlo) (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
from 1516 and the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
from 1519, as well as of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1506. He voluntarily stepped down from these and other positions by a series of abdications between 1554 and 1556. Through inheritance, he brought together under his rule extensive territories in western, central, and southern Europe, and the Spanish colonies in the Americas and Asia. As a result, his domains spanned nearly four million square kilometers and were the first to be described as "the empire on which the sun never sets ". Charles was the heir of three of Europe's leading dynasties: the Houses of Valois-Burgundy (Netherlands), Habsburg
Habsburg
(Holy Roman Empire), and Trastámara (Spain)
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Pescara Del Tronto
ARQUATA DEL TRONTO is a comune (municipality) in Province of Ascoli Piceno in the Italian region Marche , located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) . It's the only european municipality located partly within two natural parks: Gran Sasso national park and Cyblings mountains natural park . HISTORY This section NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message ) Ancient history of the town is uncertain, though some scholars have assigned it to Surpicanum visible in the Peutingerian Table , a centre of the Piceni or the Sabines whose location is however still debated. Another theory has it founded by the Romans as a road station on the Via Salaria . The first mention of Arquata dates to the Middle Ages (6th century ), when a stronghold existed here
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Gothic Sculpture
GOTHIC ART was a style of medieval art that developed in Northern France out of Romanesque art in the 12th century AD, led by the concurrent development of Gothic architecture . It spread to all of Western Europe , and much of Southern and Central Europe , never quite effacing more classical styles in Italy. In the late 14th century, the sophisticated court style of International Gothic developed, which continued to evolve until the late 15th century. In many areas, especially Germany, Late Gothic art continued well into the 16th century, before being subsumed into Renaissance art . Primary media in the Gothic period included sculpture , panel painting , stained glass , fresco and illuminated manuscripts . The easily recognizable shifts in architecture from Romanesque to Gothic, and Gothic to Renaissance styles, are typically used to define the periods in art in all media, although in many ways figurative art developed at a different pace
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Apse
In architecture , an APSE (from Latin
Latin
absis: "arch, vault" from Greek ἀψίς apsis "arch"; sometimes written APSIS; plural APSIDES) is a semicircular recess covered with a hemispherical vault or semi-dome , also known as an Exedra . In Byzantine , Romanesque , and Gothic Christian church (including cathedral and abbey ) architecture , the term is applied to a semi-circular or polygonal termination of the main building at the liturgical east end (where the altar is), regardless of the shape of the roof, which may be flat, sloping, domed, or hemispherical. Smaller apses may also be in other locations, especially shrines
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