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Amatrice
Amatrice
Amatrice
is a town and comune in the province of Rieti, in northern Lazio
Lazio
(central Italy), and the center of the food-agricultural area of Gran Sasso e Monti della Laga National Park. The town was devastated by a powerful earthquake on 24 August 2016.Contents1 History1.1 The medieval and early modern periods 1.2 The modern period2 Historical buildings 3 Cuisine 4 People 5 Frazioni 6 ReferencesHistory[edit] Archaeological discoveries show a human presence in the area of Amatrice
Amatrice
since prehistoric times, and the remains of Roman buildings and tombs have also been found. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the area became part of the Lombard Duchy of Spoleto, included in the comitatus of Ascoli
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Comune
The comune (IPA: [koˈmune]; plural: comuni, IPA: [koˈmuni]) is a basic administrative division in Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality.Contents1 Importance and function 2 Subdivisions 3 Homonymy 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksImportance and function[edit] The comune provides many of the basic civil functions: registry of births and deaths, registry of deeds, and contracting for local roads and public works. It is headed by a mayor (sindaco) assisted by a legislative body, the consiglio comunale (communal council), and an executive body, the giunta comunale (communal committee). The mayor and members of the consiglio comunale are elected together by resident citizens: the coalition of the elected mayor (who needs an absolute majority in the first or second round of voting) gains three fifths of the consiglio's seats
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Philibert Of Chalon
Philibert de Chalon (18 March 1502 – 3 August 1530) was the last Prince of Orange
Prince of Orange
from the House of Chalon.Contents1 Biography 2 Ancestors 3 References 4 Sources 5 SourcesBiography[edit] Born at Nozeroy
Nozeroy
to John IV of Chalon-Arlay, Philibert served Emperor Charles V as commander in Italy, fighting in the War of the League of Cognac
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Castellano (river)
The Castellano is a river in Italy. Its source is in the Monti della Laga mountains near the border between the province of Teramo and the province of Rieti north of Monte Gorzano.[1] It flows northeast through the mountains in the province of Teramo and eventually forms the border between the province of Teramo and the province of Ascoli Piceno. The river flows west of Monte dei Fiori before entering the province of Ascoli Piceno. The river joins the Tronto at Ascoli Piceno. References[edit]^ Hammond World Atlas (6 ed.). Hammond World Atlas Corporation. 2010. p. 71. ISBN 9780843715606. This Marche location article is a stub. You can help by expanding it.v t eThis Abruzzo location article is a stub. You can help by expanding it.v t eThis article related to a river in Italy is a stub
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Manfred Of Sicily
Manfred
Manfred
(Sicilian: Manfredi di Sicilia; 1232 – 26 February 1266) was the King of Sicily
King of Sicily
from 1258 to 1266. He was an illegitimate son of the emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen,[1] but his mother, Bianca Lancia (or Lanzia), is reported by Matthew Paris
Matthew Paris
to have been married to the emperor while on her deathbed.[2]Contents1 Early life 2 Kingship 3 Marriages and children 4 Character and legacy 5 Notes 6 References 7 External linksEarly life[edit]Seal of Manfred Manfred
Manfred
was born in Venosa
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Kingdom Of Naples
The Kingdom of Naples
Naples
(Latin: Regnum Neapolitanum; Italian: Regno di Napoli) comprised that part of the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
south of the Papal States
Papal States
between 1282 and 1816. It was created as a result of the War of the Sicilian Vespers
Sicilian Vespers
(1282–1302), when the island of Sicily revolted and was conquered by the Crown of Aragon, becoming a separate Kingdom of Sicily.[1] Naples
Naples
continued to be officially known as the Kingdom of Sicily, the name of the formerly unified kingdom. For much of its existence, the realm was contested between French and Spanish dynasties
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Capetian House Of Anjou
The Capetian House of Anjou
Anjou
was a royal house and cadet branch of the direct French House of Capet, part of the Capetian dynasty. It is one of three separate royal houses referred to as Angevin, meaning "from Anjou" in France. Founded by Charles I of Naples, the youngest son of Louis VIII of France, the Capetian king first ruled the Kingdom of Sicily
Sicily
during the 13th century. Later the War of the Sicilian Vespers forced him out of the island of Sicily, leaving him with the southern half of the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
— the Kingdom of Naples
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Charles I Of Anjou
Charles I (early 1227 – 7 January 1285), commonly called Charles of Anjou, was a member of the royal Capetian dynasty
Capetian dynasty
and the founder of the second House of Anjou. He was Count of Provence (1246–85) and Forcalquier (1246–48, 1256–85) in the Holy Roman Empire, Count of Anjou
Count of Anjou
and Maine (1246–85) in France; he was also King of Sicily
King of Sicily
(1266–85) and Prince of Achaea
Prince of Achaea
(1278–85). In 1272, he was proclaimed King of Albania; and in 1277 he purchased a claim to the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Being the youngest son of Louis VIII of France
Louis VIII of France
and Blanche of Castile, he was destined for a Church career until the early 1240s. He seized Provence and Forcalquier through his marriage to their heiress, Beatrice
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Norcia
Norcia
Norcia
(Italian pronunciation: [ˈnɔrtʃa]), traditionally known in English by its Latin
Latin
name of Nursia /ˈnɜːrsiə/, is a town and comune in the province of Perugia
Perugia
(Italy) in southeastern Umbria. Unlike many ancient towns, it is located in a wide plain abutting the Monti Sibillini, a subrange of the Apennines
Apennines
with some of its highest peaks, near the Sordo River, a small stream that eventually flows into the Nera. The town is popularly associated with the Valnerina (the valley of that river). The area is known for its air and scenery, and is a base for mountaineering and hiking. It is also widely known for hunting, especially of the wild boar, and for sausages and ham made from wild boar and pork
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Arquata Del Tronto
Arquata del Tronto is a comune (municipality) in Province of Ascoli Piceno in the Italian region Marche, located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) . It's the only european municipality located partly within two natural parks: Gran Sasso national park and Cyblings mountains natural park. History[edit]This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)Ancient history of the town is uncertain, though some scholars have assigned it to Surpicanum visible in the Peutingerian Table, a centre of the Piceni or the Sabines whose location is however still debated. Another theory has it founded by the Romans as a road station on the Via Salaria.[2] The first mention of Arquata dates to the Middle Ages (6th century), when a stronghold existed here
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Braccio Da Montone
Braccio da Montone
Montone
(1 July 1368 – 5 June 1424), born Andrea Fortebracci, and also known as Braccio Fortebraccio, was an Italian condottiero.Contents1 Biography 2 References 3 Footnotes 4 External linksBiography[edit] He was born to the nobleman Oddo Fortebracci and Giacoma Montemelini at Montone, some 40 km north of Perugia.[1] He married Elisabetta Ermanni with whom he had three daughters. After her death in 1419, he married Niccolina Varano, who bore his first son Carlo in 1421. He later had a son out of wedlock, Oddo, who also became a condottiero. He began his military career as a page in Guido d'Asciano’s company. When his family was exiled from Perugia
Perugia
and he lost the castle of Montone, he entered Alberico da Barbiano’s "Company of St. George", in which he would make friends with Muzio Attendolo Sforza
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House Of Aragon
Aragon
Aragon
(/ˈærəɡɒn/ or /ˈærəɡən/, Spanish and Aragonese: Aragón [aɾaˈɣon], Catalan: Aragó [əɾəˈɣo] or [aɾaˈɣo]) is an autonomous community in Spain, coextensive with the medieval Kingdom of Aragon. Located in northeastern Spain, the Aragonese autonomous community comprises three provinces (from north to south): Huesca, Zaragoza, and Teruel. Its capital is Zaragoza
Zaragoza
(also called Saragossa in English). The current Statute of Autonomy declares Aragon a historic nationality of Spain. Covering an area of 47720 km2 (18420 sq mi)[2], the region's terrain ranges diversely from permanent glaciers to verdant valleys, rich pasture lands and orchards, through to the arid steppe plains of the central lowlands
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Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V (Spanish: Carlos; German: Karl; Italian: Carlo; Latin: Carolus; Dutch: Karel; French: Charles, [a] 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
as Charles I from 1516 and the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
as Charles V from 1519, as well as of the lands of the former Duchy of Burgundy
Duchy of Burgundy
from 1506. He voluntarily stepped down from these and other positions by a series of abdications between 1554 and 1556. Through inheritance, he brought together under his rule extensive territories in western, central, and southern Europe, and the Spanish viceroyalties in the Americas and Asia
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Abbey Of Farfa
Farfa Abbey
Abbey
(Italian: Abbazia di Farfa) is a territorial abbey in northern Lazio, central Italy. It is one of the most famous abbeys of Europe. It belongs to the Benedictine Order and is located about 60 km from Rome, in the commune of Fara Sabina, of which it is also a hamlet (It
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Orsini
Orsini is a surname of Italian origin, ultimately derived from Latin ursinus ("bearlike") and originating as an epithet or sobriquet describing the name-bearer's purported strength
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House Of Medici
The House of Medici
Medici
(/ˈmɛdɪtʃi/ MED-i-chee; Italian pronunciation: [ˈmɛːditʃi]) was an Italian banking family and political dynasty that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici
Medici
in the Republic of Florence
Republic of Florence
during the first half of the 15th century
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