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Alsace-Lorraine
The IMPERIAL TERRITORY OF ALSACE-LORRAINE (German : Reichsland Elsaß-Lothringen or Elsass-Lothringen) was a territory created by the German Empire
German Empire
in 1871 after it annexed most of Alsace
Alsace
and the Moselle department of Lorraine following its victory in the Franco-Prussian War . The Alsatian part lay in the Rhine
Rhine
Valley on the west bank of the Rhine River
Rhine River
and east of the Vosges Mountains
Vosges Mountains
. The Lorraine section was in the upper Moselle valley to the north of the Vosges. The territory was made up of 93% of Alsace
Alsace
and 26% of Lorraine ; the remaining portions of these regions continued to be part of France. For historical reasons, specific legal dispositions are still applied in the territory in the form of a "local law "
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Exemption (church)
Corpus Juris Canonici
Corpus Juris Canonici
* Decretist * Regulæ Juris
Regu

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Holy See
The HOLY SEE, also referred to as the SEE OF ROME, (Italian : Santa Sede; Latin
Latin
: Sancta Sedes; Ecclesiastical Latin: ) is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
in Rome
Rome
, the episcopal see of the Pope
Pope
, and an independent sovereign entity . It serves as the central point of reference for the Catholic Church everywhere and the focal point of communion due to its position as the pre-eminent episcopal see of the universal church. Today, it is responsible for the governance of all Catholics, organised in their Particular Churches , Patriarchates and religious institutes . As an independent sovereign entity , holding the Vatican City
Vatican City
enclave in Rome
Rome
as sovereign territory , it maintains diplomatic relations with other states
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Population Density
POPULATION DENSITY (in agriculture : standing stock and standing crop ) is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density . It is frequently applied to living organisms , and most of the time to humans . It is a key geographical term. CONTENTS* 1 Biological population densities * 1.1 Human
Human
population density * 1.1.1 By political boundaries * 1.1.2 Other methods of measurement * 2 See also * 2.1 Lists of entities by population density * 3 References * 4 External links BIOLOGICAL POPULATION DENSITIES Population
Population
density is population divided by total land area or water volume, as appropriate. Low densities may cause an extinction vortex and lead to further reduced fertility. This is called the Allee effect after the scientist who identified it
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France
FRANCE (French: ), officially the FRENCH REPUBLIC (French: République française, pronounced ), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France
France
in western Europe
Europe
, as well as several overseas regions and territories . The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the English Channel
English Channel
and the North Sea
North Sea
, and from the Rhine
Rhine
to the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America
South America
and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans
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Catholic Church
The CATHOLIC CHURCH, also known as the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH, is the largest Christian church , with more than 1.29 billion members worldwide. As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation . Headed by the Bishop of Rome
Rome
, known as the Pope
Pope
, the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed
Nicene Creed
. Its central administration, the Holy See
Holy See
, is in the Vatican City
Vatican City
, enclaved within Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy

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Lower Alsace
LOWER ALSACE (northern Alsace
Alsace
) was a landgraviate of the Holy Roman Empire held ex officio by the Bishop of Strasbourg
Bishop of Strasbourg
. Prior to is acquisition by the bishopric, it was held by the counts of Hüneburg . In 1174 Count Gottfried of Hüneburg was the landgrave when he got into a dispute with the Abbey of Neuburg near Hagenau . In the late Middle Ages the unity of Lower Alsace
Alsace
was lost. Strasbourg
Strasbourg
became an imperial city , owing allegiance to nobody save the emperor, and the great noble families gradually became extinct, their lands being inherited by families from across the Rhine. Lower Alsace
Alsace
thus had closer political connexions with the rest of Germany than did Upper Alsace
Alsace
. After the bishop, the greatest landholder was the Count of Hanau Lichtenberg
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Upper Alsace
UPPER ALSACE (southern Alsace
Alsace
) was a landgraviate of the Holy Roman Empire centred on Ensisheim and Landser , north of the County of Ferrette (Pfirt). The counts of Habsburg ruled the territory from the 1130s down to its cession to France in the 17th century. Albert III, Count of Habsburg , received the landgraviate of Upper Alsace
Alsace
from the Emperor Frederick I in 1186. Frederick's son, Duke Frederick V , was his lord with the title of Duke of Aslace (Elisatiae dux). On 9 May 1469, Duke Charles the Bold
Charles the Bold
of Burgundy acquired the landgraviate of Upper Alsace
Alsace
and the county of Ferrette for 50,000 Rhenish florins . At the time of its purchase, the landgraviate was heavily mortgaged and pawned. Landser was mortgaged to Thüring von Hallwill for 7,000 florins
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Musée Alsacien
MUSéE ALSACIEN may refer to: * Musée alsacien (Haguenau)
Musée alsacien (Haguenau)
* Musée alsacien (Strasbourg)
Musée alsacien (Strasbourg)
This disambiguation page lists articles
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Roman Catholic Archdiocese Of Strasbourg
The word DIOCESE (/ˈdaɪ.ə.sɪs/ ) is derived from the Greek term διοίκησις meaning "administration". When now used in an ecclesiastical sense, it refers to a territorial unit of administration. In the Western Church, the district is under the supervision of a bishop (who may have assistant bishops to help him or her) and is divided into parishes under the care of priests; but in the Eastern Church, the word denotes the area under the jurisdiction of a patriarch and the bishops under his jurisdiction administer parishes. This structure of church governance is known as episcopal polity . The word DIOCESAN means relating or pertaining to a diocese. It can also be used as a noun meaning the bishop who has the principal supervision of a diocese
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List Of Countries By Population
This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population . It includes sovereign states , inhabited dependent territories and, in some cases, constituent countries of sovereign states, with inclusion within the list being primarily based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1 . For instance, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is considered as a single entity while the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands are considered separately. In addition, this list includes certain states with limited recognition not found in ISO 3166-1. The population figures do not reflect the practice of countries that report significantly different populations of citizens domestically and overall. Some countries, notably Thailand
Thailand
, do not report total population, exclusively counting citizens; for total populations an international agency must issue an estimate
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Jewish
JEWS (/dʒuːz/ ; Hebrew : יְהוּדִים‬ ISO 259-3 Yehudim, Israeli pronunciation ), also known as JEWISH PEOPLE, are an ethnoreligious group and a nation originating from the Israelites , or Hebrews , of the Ancient Near East
Ancient Near East
. Jewish ethnicity , nationhood , and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish people, while its observance varies from strict observance to complete nonobservance. Jews
Jews
originated as an ethnic and religious group in the Middle East during the second millennium BCE, in the part of the Levant
Levant
known as the Land of Israel
Israel

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Lutheranism
LUTHERANISM is a major branch of Protestant
Protestant
Christianity
Christianity
which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar , ecclesiastical reformer and theologian. Luther's efforts to reform the theology and practice of the Catholic Church launched the Protestant Reformation
Protestant Reformation
in the German-speaking territories of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
. Beginning with the Ninety-Five Theses , first published in 1517, Luther's writings were disseminated internationally, spreading the early ideas of the Reformation beyond the influence and control of the Roman Curia and the Holy Roman Emperor
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Calvinism
CALVINISM (also called the REFORMED TRADITION, REFORMED CHRISTIANITY, REFORMED PROTESTANTISM, or the REFORMED FAITH) is a major branch of Protestantism
Protestantism
that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin
John Calvin
and other Reformation-era theologians . Calvinists broke from the Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
in the 16th century. Calvinism
Calvinism
differs from Lutherans on the real presence of Christ
Christ
in the Eucharist , theories of worship , and the use of God\'s law for believers , among other things. As declared in the Westminster and Second Helvetic confessions, a basic principle is that the Bible
Bible
is to be interpreted by itself, meaning the parts that are harder to understand are examined in the light of other passages where the Bible is more explicit on the matter
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Protestantism
PROTESTANTISM is the second largest form of Christianity
Christianity
with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians
Christians
. It originated with the Reformation , a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
. Ever since, Protestants reject the Roman Catholic
Catholic
doctrine of papal supremacy and sacraments , but disagree among themselves regarding the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist
Eucharist
. They emphasize the priesthood of all believers , justification by faith alone (sola fide) rather than by good works , and the highest authority of the Bible
Bible
alone (rather than with sacred tradition ) in faith and morals (sola scriptura )
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Legislature
A LEGISLATURE is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city . Legislatures form important parts of most governments ; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of government. Laws enacted by legislatures are known as legislation . Legislatures observe and steer governing actions and usually have exclusive authority to amend the budget or budgets involved in the process. The members of a legislature are called legislators . In a democracy , legislators are most commonly popularly elected , although indirect election and appointment by the executive are also used, particularly for bicameral legislatures featuring an upper chamber
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