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Alla Pugacheva
ALLA BORISOVNA PUGACHEVA (Russian : Алла Борисовна Пугачёва; sometimes transcribed in English as PUGACHOVA, Russian pronunciation: ; born 15 April 1949), is а Soviet and Russian musical performer. Her career started in 1965 and continues to this day. For her "clear mezzo-soprano and a full display of sincere emotions", she enjoys an iconic status across the former Soviet Union as the most successful Soviet performer in terms of record sales and popularity. She became a Meritorious Artist of the Russian SFSR in 1980, People\'s Artist of the Russian SFSR in 1985 and People\'s Artist of the USSR in 1991. She represented Russia
Russia
in the Eurovision Song Contest 1997 . CONTENTS* 1 Professional biography * 1.1 _The Woman Who Sings_ * 1.2 Stockholm
Stockholm
(1980–1988) * 2 Legacy * 3 Honours and awards * 4 Private life * 5 Discography * 5.1 Original solo albums * 5.2 Other albums * 5.3 CD singles * 6 Films and TV appearances * 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 External links PROFESSIONAL BIOGRAPHYPugacheva was born to Boris Mikhailovich Pugachëv and Zinaida Arkhipovna (née Odegova) Pugachëv in Moscow, on 15 April 1949. In 1956, she enrolled in music school №31, and attended the Ippolitov-Ivanov music college. She went on to study at school №496, finishing her studies there in 1964
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Eastern Slavic Naming Customs
EASTERN SLAVIC NAMING CUSTOMS are the traditional ways of determining a person's name in countries influenced by East Slavic languages
East Slavic languages
, mainly Russia
Russia
, Belarus
Belarus
, Ukraine
Ukraine
, and some South Slavic nations, including Bulgaria
Bulgaria
, Serbia
Serbia
, and Macedonia . They are also featured in the non-Slavic Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
, Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
, Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
, and Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
as a result of the expansion of Russia
Russia
and Russification . The standard structure of the full name is the following: NAME EXAMPLE (CYRILLIC ) EXAMPLE (ROMANIZED ) First name (given name ) Илья́ Ilyа́ Patronymic Алекса́ндрович Aleksа́ndrovich Family name
Family name
(surname ) Ежо́в Yezhо́vThis structure is similar to that of Gujaratisand Marathis
Marathis
in India (see Gujarati and Marathi names ), but in languages other than Russian , Belarusian , and Ukrainian , the ordering is not as strict
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Patronymic
A PATRONYM, or PATRONYMIC, is a component of a personal name based on the given name of one's father, grandfather (i.e., an AVONYMIC), or an even earlier male ancestor. A component of a name based on the name of one's mother or a female ancestor is a matronymic . Each is a means of conveying lineage . In such instances, a person is usually referred to by their given name , rather than their patronymic. Patronymics are still in use, including mandatory use, in many countries worldwide, although their use has largely been replaced by or transformed into patronymic surnames . Examples of such transformations include common English surnames such as Johnson
Johnson
(son of John)
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Surname
A SURNAME or FAMILY NAME is a name added to a given name . In many cases, a surname is a family name and many dictionaries define "surname" as a synonym of "family name". In the English-speaking world , it is commonly synonymous with LAST NAME because it is usually placed at the end of a person's full name, after any given names. In most Spanish-speaking and Portuguese-speaking countries, two or more surnames may be used. In Hungary , Hong Kong , Cambodia , China , Japan , Korea , Madagascar , Taiwan , Vietnam , and parts of India , the family name is placed _before_ a person's given name. The concept of a "surname" is a relatively recent historical development, evolving from a medieval naming practice called a "byname ". Based on an individual's occupation or area of residence, a byname would be used in situations where more than one person had the same name. A family name is typically a part of a person's personal name which, according to law or custom, is passed or given to children from one or both of their parents' family names. The use of family names is common in most cultures around the world, with each culture having its own rules as to how these names are formed, passed and used. However, the style of having both a family name (surname) and a given name (forename) is far from universal
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Moscow
MOSCOW (/ˈmɒskoʊ/ or /ˈmɒskaʊ/ ; Russian : Москва́, tr. _Moskva_; IPA: ( listen )) is the capital and most populous city of Russia , with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.8 million within the urban area . Moscow has the status of a Russian federal city . Moscow is a major political, economic, cultural, and scientific centre of Russia and Eastern Europe , as well as the largest city entirely on the European continent . By broader definitions Moscow is among the world\'s largest cities , being the 14th largest metro area , the 18th largest agglomeration , the 15th largest urban area , and the 11th largest by population within city limits worldwide. According to Forbes 2013 , Moscow has been ranked as the ninth most expensive city in the world by Mercer and has one of the world's largest urban economies , being ranked as an alpha global city according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network , and is also one of the fastest growing tourist destinations in the world according to the MasterCard Global Destination Cities Index . Moscow is the northernmost and coldest megacity and metropolis on Earth
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Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
The RUSSIAN SOVIET FEDERATIVE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC (RUSSIAN SFSR or RSFSR; Russian : Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика, tr. Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika listen (help ·info )), also known as SOVIET RUSSIA or RUSSIA (/ˈrʌʃə/ ( listen ); Russian : Росси́я, tr. Rossija; IPA: ; from the Greek : Ρωσία — Rus\' ), was a sovereign state from 1917 to 1922, and afterwards the largest, most populous, and most economically developed republic of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
from 1922 to 1991 and then a sovereign part of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
with its own legislation in 1990–91. The Republic comprised sixteen autonomous republics , five autonomous oblasts , ten autonomous okrugs , six krais , and forty oblasts . Russians
Russians
formed the largest ethnic group . The capital of the Russian SFSR
Russian SFSR
was Moscow and the other major urban centers included Leningrad , Novosibirsk
Novosibirsk
, Yekaterinburg
Yekaterinburg
, Nizhny Novgorod
Nizhny Novgorod
and Samara
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Soviet Union
The SOVIET UNION (Russian : Сове́тский Сою́з, tr. _Sovetsky Soyuz_; IPA: ), officially the UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS (USSR; Russian : Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик (СССР), tr. _Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik (SSSR)_; IPA: (_ listen )), also known unofficially as RUSSIA (Russian : Росси́я, tr. Rossiya_; IPA: ), was a socialist state in Eurasia
Eurasia
that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple equal national Soviet republics , its government and economy were highly centralized . The country was a one-party federation , governed by the Communist Party with Moscow
Moscow
as its capital. The Soviet Union
Soviet Union
had its roots in the October Revolution of 1917, when the Bolsheviks , led by Vladimir Lenin , overthrew the Russian Provisional Government which had replaced Tsar
Tsar
Nicholas II . In 1922, the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
was formed with the unification of the Russian , Transcaucasian , Ukrainian , and Byelorussian republics. Following Lenin's death in 1924 and a brief power struggle, Joseph Stalin came to power in the mid-1920s. Stalin committed the state's ideology to Marxism–Leninism (which he created), and initiated a centrally planned economy
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Russian Academy Of Theatre Arts
The RUSSIAN UNIVERSITY OF THEATRE ARTS (Russian : Российский университет театрального искусства — ГИТИС) was founded on 22 September 1878 as the SHESTAKOVSKY MUSIC SCHOOL, became the MUSICO-DRAMATIC SCHOOL OF THE MOSCOW PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY in 1883, and was elevated to the status of a conservatory in 1886. Known as the LUNACHARSKY STATE INSTITUTE FOR THEATRE ARTS (GITIS) from 1934 to 1991, it is the largest and oldest independent theatrical arts school in Russia and is located in Moscow. CONTENTS * 1 Mission and background * 2 Nineteenth century * 3 Twentieth century * 3.1 World War Two * 3.2 Post-war years * 4 Twenty-first century * 5 Alumni * 6 References * 7 External links * 8 See also MISSION AND BACKGROUNDGITIS trains students in various professions in the theatrical arts (including ballet , acting , etc.) and simultaneously provides a traditional university education in liberal arts and humanities . Approximately 1,500 students, qualification-advancement students, and post-graduate students from various countries study at GITIS. NINETEENTH CENTURYThe University was founded as the Shestakovskiy Music School for Coming People in Moscow
Moscow
at the end of the 19th century, patronized by the Society of Musical and Dramatic Arts Lovers
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Singer
SINGING is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality , rhythm , and a variety of vocal techniques. A person who sings is called a SINGER or VOCALIST. Singers perform music (arias , recitatives , songs , etc.) that can be sung with or without accompaniment by musical instruments . Singing is often done in an ensemble of musicians, such as a choir of singers or a band of instrumentalists. Singers may perform as soloists, or accompanied by anything from a single instrument (as in art song or some jazz styles) up to a symphony orchestra or big band . Different singing styles include art music such as opera and Chinese opera , Hindustani music , and religious music styles such as gospel , traditional music styles, world music , jazz , blues , gazal and popular music styles such as pop , rock , electronic dance music , and filmi . American jazz singer and songwriter Billie Holiday in New York City in 1947 Singing can be formal or informal, arranged or improvised. It may be done as a form of religious devotion, as a hobby, as a source of pleasure, comfort, or ritual, as part of music education , or as a profession. Excellence in singing requires time, dedication, instruction, and regular practice . If practice is done on a regular basis then the sounds can become more clear and strong
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Composer
A COMPOSER ( Latin _compōnō_; literally "one who puts together") is a person who creates or writes music , which can be vocal music (for a singer or choir ), instrumental music (e.g., for solo piano , string quartet , wind quintet or orchestra ) or music which combines both instruments and voices (e.g., opera or art song , which is a singer accompanied by a pianist). The core meaning of the term refers to individuals who have contributed to the tradition of Western classical music through creation of works expressed in written musical notation (e.g., sheet music scores). Many composers are also skilled performers, either as singers, instrumentalists , or conductors . Examples of composers who are also well known for their ability as performers include J. S. Bach (an organist ), Mozart (violin and piano ), and Beethoven , Liszt and Chopin (all skilled pianists). Involvement in practical music-making provides a composer with insight into the diverse musical elements needed for a good piece of music and it can give them practical guidance with their compositions. In broader usage, "composer" can designate people who participate in other musical traditions who create music, as well as those who create music by means other than written notation: for example, Blues or folk singers and guitarists who create songs through improvisation and recording and popular music writers of musical theatre songs and arrangements
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Actress
An ACTOR (often ACTRESS for females; see terminology ) is a person who portrays a character in a performance. The actor performs "in the flesh" in the traditional medium of the theatre , or in modern mediums such as film , radio , and television . The analogous Greek term is ὑποκριτής (_hupokritḗs_), literally "one who answers". The actor's interpretation of their role pertains to the role played, whether based on a real person or fictional character. Interpretation occurs even when the actor is "playing themselves", as in some forms of experimental performance art , or, more commonly; to act, is to create, a character in performance. Formerly, in some societies, only men could become actors, and women's roles were generally played by men or boys. When used for the stage, women occasionally played the roles of prepubescent boys
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People's Artist Of The USSR
PEOPLE\'S ARTIST OF THE USSR (Russian : Наро́дный арти́ст СССР, Narodný artist SSSR), also sometimes translated as NATIONAL ARTIST OF THE USSR, was an honorary title granted to citizens of the Soviet Union . CONTENTS * 1 Nomenclature and significance * 2 Performing arts * 3 Visual arts * 4 Other honored professions * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links NOMENCLATURE AND SIGNIFICANCEThe term is confusingly used to translate two Russian language titles: Народный артист СССР (fem. Народная артистка СССР), awarded in performing arts and Народный художник СССР, granted in some visual arts . Each Soviet Republic , as well as the Autonomous Republics (ASSRs), had a similar award held previously by virtually every receiver of the higher title of People's Artist of the USSR
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Alexander Stefanovich
ALEXANDER BORISOVICH STEFANOVICH (Russian : Алекса́ндр Бори́сович Стефа́нович; born December 13, 1944) is a Soviet and Russian film director , producer and screenwriter
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Filip Kirkorov
PHILIPP BEDROSOVICH KIRKOROV PAR (Russian : Фили́пп Бедро́сович Кирко́ров; Bulgarian : Филип Бедросов Киркоров, born 30 April 1967) is a Russian pop singer of Bulgarian origin, five-time received the World Music Awards award as the World's Best Selling Russian Artist. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Public image and controversies * 3 Honours and awards * 4 Discography * 4.1 Albums * 4.2 Singles * 4.3 Eurovision covers * 5 Videos * 6 Filmography * 7 References * 8 External links BIOGRAPHY Philipp Kirkorov
Philipp Kirkorov
was born on 30 April 1967 in Varna
Varna
, Bulgaria
Bulgaria
. His father is a Bulgarian singer of Armenian descent Bedros Kirkorov . In 1984, he entered the Gnesin State Music School, graduating with honors in 1988. His musical style is mainstream Russian pop music with various Western influences and, like many Russian pop stars of the 1990s and 2000s, he frequently collaborates and records duets with other Russian pop artists. His mother Victoria Kirkorovа (née Likhachevа) was a Bulgarian singer. In 1988, Kirkorov met the Russian mega-star singer Alla Pugacheva for the first time. She invited him to take part in her New Year's concert show. The following year, Kirkorov toured and performed with Pugacheva in Australia
Australia
and Germany
Germany

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Maxim Galkin
MAXIM ALEXANDROVICH GALKIN (Russian : Максим Алeксандpoвич Галкин; born 18 June 1976 in Naro-Fominsky District ) is a Russian comedian , television presenter and singer. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Personal life * 3 Political views * 4 Awards * 5 References * 6 External links BIOGRAPHYHe first became famous as an impersonator and is known for his talent at parody and his duets with the famous Russian pop singer Alla Pugacheva and Ani Lorak
Ani Lorak
. Galkin was also the host of the Russian version of _Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? _, after it was renamed from _O, Schastlivchik_ (Oh, Lucky Man) and to 2008. He currently hosts the Russian adaptation of _ The Million Pound Drop _. During his University years Galkin appeared in KVN , the Russian youth stand-up comedy competition, which kickstarted his career. Recently, he acted as a judge on the show. Galkin and Pugacheva are hosts of a Russian TV show similar to _But Can They Sing? _, _Dve Zvezdy_ (Two Stars). Pairs made up of a professional singer and a celebrity compete for the honour of being named Two Stars. Famous alumnae include the singers Zhasmin , Alsou and Nastya Kamenskikh . Maksim had a very classical and strict upbringing. His mother was a teacher, and he finished music and math school, and knows four languages, Russian, English, German and French
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Order "For Merit To The Fatherland"
The Order "For Merit to the Fatherland"
Order "For Merit to the Fatherland"
(Russian: Орден «За заслуги перед Отечеством», Orden "Za zaslugi pered Otechestvom") is a state decoration of the Russian Federation. It was instituted on March 2, 1994 by Presidential Decree 442.[1] Until the re-establishment of the Order of St. Andrew
Order of St. Andrew
in 1998, it was the highest Order of the Russian Federation, though it is still the highest Civilian decoration of the state. The Order of St. Andrew decoration is given to Military personnel only. The statute of the Order was modified on January 6, 1999 by Presidential Decree 19[3] and again on September 7, 2010 by Presidential Decree 1099.[4]Contents1 Statute of the Order 2 Award description 3 Full cavaliers of the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland"
Order "For Merit to the Fatherland"
(partial list) 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksStatute of the Order[edit] The Order "For Merit to the Fatherland"
Order "For Merit to the Fatherland"
is a mixed civilian and military order created in four classes
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