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Alexandria, Alexandria Governorate, Egypt
ALEXANDRIA (/ˌælɪɡˈzændriə/ or /ˌælɪɡˈzɑːndriə/ ; Arabic
Arabic
: الإسكندرية al-Iskandariyyah; Egyptian Arabic
Arabic
: اسكندرية‎‎ Eskendereya; Coptic : Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ, Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ Alexandria, Rakotə) is the second largest city and a major economic centre in Egypt
Egypt
, extending about 32 km (20 mi) along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
in the north central part of the country. Its low elevation on the Nile delta makes it highly vulnerable to rising sea levels. Alexandria
Alexandria
is an important industrial center because of its natural gas and oil pipelines from Suez
Suez
. Alexandria
Alexandria
is also an important tourist destination. Alexandria
Alexandria
was founded around a small, ancient Egyptian town c
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Alexandria (other)
ALEXANDRIA is a city in Egypt founded by Alexander the Great
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Metropolis
A METROPOLIS (/mᵻˈtrɒpəlɪs, -plɪs/ ) is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic , political , and cultural center for a country or region , and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications. The term is Greek (Greek : μητρόπολη) and means the "mother city" of a colony (in the ancient sense), that is, the city which sent out settlers. This was later generalized to a city regarded as a center of a specified activity, or any large, important city in a nation. A big city belonging to a larger urban agglomeration, but which is not the core of that agglomeration, is not generally considered a metropolis but a part of it. The plural of the word is metropolises, although the Latin plural is "metropoles", from the Greek "metropoleis" (Greek : μητρoπόλεις)
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Montaza Palace
MONTAZA PALACE (Arabic : قصر المنتزة‎‎) is a palace and extensive gardens in the Montaza district of Alexandria , Egypt . It was built on a low plateau east of central Alexandria overlooking a beach on the Mediterranean Sea . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Public access * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe extensive Montaza Palace grounds first had the Salamlek Palace, built in 1892 by Khedive Abbas II , the last Muhammad Ali Dynasty ruler to hold the Khedive title over the Khedivate of Egypt and Sudan . It was used as a hunting lodge and residence for his companion. The larger Al-Haramlik Palace and royal gardens were added to the Montaza Palace grounds, being built by King Fuad I in 1932, as a summer palace
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Corniche (Alexandria)
The CORNICHE (Egyptian Arabic : الكرنيش‎‎, _El Kornesh_) is a waterfront promenade corniche in Alexandria
Alexandria
, Egypt
Egypt
, running along the Eastern Harbour . It is one of the major corridors for traffic in Alexandria. The Corniche
Corniche
is formally designated "26 of July Road" west of Mansheya and "El Geish Road" east of it; however, these names are rarely used. Italian-Egyptian architect Pietro Avoscani designed it in 1870. The western end starts by the Citadel of Qaitbay (built in place of the Lighthouse of Alexandria
Alexandria
). It runs for over ten miles and ends at Montaza . REFERENCES _ Wikimedia Commons has media related to CORNICHE (ALEXANDRIA) _. * ^ "Aspetti della marginalità urbana nei paesi in via di sviluppo: il caso di Alessandria d'Egitto", by Giuseppe Dato , 2003, ISBN 88-87669-42-2 , p
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Bibliotheca Alexandrina
The BIBLIOTHECA ALEXANDRINA (English: Library
Library
of Alexandria; Arabic : مكتبة الإسكندرية‎‎ Maktabat al-Iskandarīyah, Egyptian Arabic: ) is a major library and cultural center located on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
in the Egyptian city of Alexandria . It is both a commemoration of the Library
Library
of Alexandria
Alexandria
that was lost in antiquity , and an attempt to rekindle something of the brilliance that this earlier center of study and erudition represented
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El-Mursi Abul Abbas Mosque
The ABU AL-ABBAS AL-MURSI MOSQUE (Arabic : جامع أبو العباس المرسي‎‎) is an Egyptian mosque in the city of Alexandria . It is dedicated to the 13th century Alexandrine Sufi saint Abul Abbas al-Mursi , whose tomb it contains. It is located in the Anfoushi neighborhood of Alexandria, near the Citadel of Qaitbay . The mosque was redesigned and built in today's current form by Eugenio Valzania and Mario Rossi in the years 1929/1945, and was highly influenced by Egypt 's Old Cairo buildings and architecture
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Qaitbay Citadel
The CITADEL OF QAITBAY (or the FORT OF QAITBAY) (Arabic : قلعة قايتباي‎‎) is a 15th-century defensive fortress located on the Mediterranean sea coast, in Alexandria , Egypt . It was established in 1477 AD (882 AH ) by Sultan Al-Ashraf Sayf al-Din Qa\'it Bay . The Citadel is situated on the eastern side of the northern tip of Pharos Island at the mouth of the Eastern Harbour
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Lighthouse Of Alexandria
The LIGHTHOUSE OF ALEXANDRIA, sometimes called the PHAROS OF ALEXANDRIA (/ˈfɛərɒs/ ; Ancient Greek : ὁ Φάρος τῆς Ἀλεξανδρείας, contemporary Koine Greek pronunciation: ), was a lighthouse built by the Ptolemaic Kingdom between 280 and 247 BC which was between 120 and 137 m (394 and 449 ft) tall. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World , for many centuries it was one of the tallest man-made structures in the world . Badly damaged by three earthquakes between AD 956 and 1323, it then became an abandoned ruin. It was the third longest surviving ancient wonder (after the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus and the extant Great Pyramid of Giza ) until 1480, when the last of its remnant stones were used to build the Citadel of Qaitbay on the site. In 1994, French archaeologists discovered some remains of the lighthouse on the floor of Alexandria's Eastern Harbour
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Mediterranean Sea
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean , surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia , on the south by North Africa , and on the east by the Levant . Although the sea is sometimes considered a part of the Atlantic Ocean, it is usually identified as a separate body of water. Geological evidence indicates that around 5.9 million years ago, the Mediterranean was cut off from the Atlantic and was partly or completely desiccated over a period of some 600,000 years before being refilled by the Zanclean flood about 5.3 million years ago. The name Mediterranean is derived from the Latin _mediterraneus_, meaning "inland" or "in the middle of land" (from _medius_, "middle" and _terra_, "land")
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Egypt
Coordinates : 26°N 30°E / 26°N 30°E / 26; 30 Arab Republic of Egypt جمهورية مصر العربية * ARABIC : Jumhūrīyat Miṣr al-ʿArabīyah EGYPTIAN : Gomhoreyet Maṣr El ʿArabeya _ Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: Bilady, Bilady, Bilady _ _My country, my country, my country_ Capital and largest city Cairo 30°2′N 31°13′E / 30.033°N 31.217°E / 30.033; 31.217 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES Arabic NATIONAL LANGUAGE Egyptian Arabic RELIGION * 90% Muslim * 9% Orthodox Christian * 1% Other Christian DEMONYM Egyptian GOVERNMENT Unitary semi-presidential republic • PRESIDENT Abdel Fattah el-Sisi • PRIME MINISTER Sherif Ismail LEGISLATURE House of Representatives ESTABLISHMENT • Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt c
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Governorates Of Egypt
Governorates are the first-level of the subdivisions. Egypt is divided, for administrative purposes, into twenty-seven governorates (محافظة _muḥāfaẓah _ Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: ; genitive case : _muḥāfaẓat _ ; plural محافظات _muḥāfaẓāt _ ). Egyptian governorates are the top tier of the country's jurisdiction hierarchy. A governorate is administered by a governor, who is appointed by the President of Egypt and serves at the president's discretion. Most governorates have a population density of more than one thousand per km², while the three largest have a population density of less than two per km²
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Alexandria Governorate
ALEXANDRIA GOVERNORATE (Egyptian Arabic : محافظة الإسكندرية‎‎ _Muḥāfẓet El Eskenderiya_) is one of the governorates of Egypt . The city of Alexandria was historically the capital of Egypt until the foundation of Fustat , which was later absorbed into Cairo, today the governorate is considered second in importance after the Cairo Governorate . It is located in the northern part of the country, directly on the Mediterranean Sea , making it one of the most important harbours in Egypt. Along with Cairo and Giza , Alexandria is one of three governorates in the country that are also municipalities. The governorate capital is the city of Alexandria , the second largest city in Egypt. Alexandria governorate lies along the Mediterranean coast and stretch for about 70 km northwest of the Nile Delta
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Alexander The Great
ALEXANDER III OF MACEDON (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as ALEXANDER THE GREAT (Greek : Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, _Aléxandros ho Mégas_ Koine Greek: ), was a king (_basileus _) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty . He was born in Pella in 356 BC and succeeded his father Philip II to the throne at the age of twenty. He spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, and he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world by the age of thirty, stretching from Greece to northwestern India . He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered one of history's most successful military commanders. During his youth, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until the age of 16
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Timezones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Timeis UTC−03:30, NepalStandard Timeis UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Timeis UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones . This also creates a permanent daylight saving time effect
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