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Alessandria
ALESSANDRIA listen (help ·info ) (Piedmontese : Lissandria) is a city and comune in Piedmont, Italy
Italy
, and the capital of the Province of Alessandria
Alessandria
. The city is sited on the alluvial plain between the Tanaro and the Bormida rivers, about 90 kilometres (56 miles) southeast of Turin
Turin
. Alessandria
Alessandria
is also a major railway hub
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Alessandria (other)
ALESSANDRIA may refer to three towns in Italy, and to various things related to them * Alessandria
Alessandria
, a town in Piedmont * U.S
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Comune
The _COMUNE_ (IPA: ; plural: _comuni_, IPA: ) is a basic administrative division in Italy , roughly equivalent to a township or municipality . CONTENTS * 1 Importance and function * 2 Subdivisions * 3 Homonymy * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links IMPORTANCE AND FUNCTIONThe _comune_ provides many of the basic civil functions: registry of births and deaths, registry of deeds , and contracting for local roads and public works. It is headed by a mayor (_sindaco_) assisted by a legislative body, the _consiglio comunale_ (communal council), and an executive body, the _giunta comunale_ (communal committee). The mayor and members of the _consiglio comunale_ are elected together by resident citizens: the coalition of the elected mayor (who needs an absolute majority in the first or second round of voting) gains three fifths of the _consiglio's_ seats
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Alessandria Cathedral
ALESSANDRIA CATHEDRAL (Italian : Duomo d'Alessandria, Cattedrale dei Santi Pietro e Marco) is a Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
cathedral in Alessandria
Alessandria
, Piedmont
Piedmont
, Italy
Italy
, dedicated to Saints Peter and Mark . It is the seat of the Bishop of Alessandria
Alessandria
. HISTORYA diocese centred on Alessandria
Alessandria
was created in 1175 by Pope Alexander III , and a cathedral dedicated to Saint Peter
Saint Peter
was built as the bishop's seat at that time. It was too small however, so was demolished and rebuilt between 1288 and 1297. This cathedral was demolished for military tactical reasons on the order of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1803. The dispossessed bishop and chapter received the permission of the French general of the occupying troops to elevate the church of St Mark to the status of cathedral
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Italy
Coordinates : 43°N 12°E / 43°N 12°E / 43; 12 Italian Republic _Repubblica Italiana_ (Italian ) _ Flag Emblem ANTHEM: Il Canto degli Italiani _ (Italian ) "The Song of the Italians" Location of Italy (dark green) – in Europe (light green "> (light green) – Capital and largest city Rome 41°54′N 12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483


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Regions Of Italy
The REGIONS OF ITALY (Italian: _regioni_) are the first-level administrative divisions of Italy , constituting its second NUTS administrative level . There are 20 regions, of which five are constitutionally given a broader amount of autonomy granted by special statutes. Each region, except for the Aosta Valley , is divided into provinces . Regions are autonomous entities with powers defined in the Constitution
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Piedmont
PIEDMONT (/ˈpiːdmɒnt/ _PEED-mont_ ; Italian : _Piemonte_, pronounced ; Piedmontese , Occitan and Arpitan : _Piemont_; French : _Piémont_) is one of the 20 regions of Italy . It has an area of 25,402 square kilometres (9,808 sq mi) and a population of 4 396 293 (31-7-2016). The capital of Piedmont is Turin . CONTENTS* 1 Toponymy * 1.1 Major towns and cities * 2 Geography * 3 History * 4 Economy * 5 Education * 6 Demographics * 7 Government and politics * 7.1 Administrative divisions * 8 Culture * 8.1 Languages * 9 Sport * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links TOPONYMYThe name Piedmont comes from medieval Latin Pedemontium or Pedemontis, i.e., _ad pedem montium_, meaning “at the foot of the mountains” (attested in documents of the end of the 12th century)
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Provinces Of Italy
In Italy , a province (_provincia_) is an administrative division of intermediate level between a municipality (_comune _) and a region (_regione_). There are currently 107 provinces in Italy. On 3 April 2014, the Italian Chamber of Deputies gave its final approval to the Law n.56/2014 which involves the transformation of the Italian provinces into "institutional bodies of second level" and the birth of 10 special Metropolitan cities . A further 4 such cities were added later. The reorganization of the Italian provinces became operative by January 2015. The new law which transforms the provinces is preliminary to their abolition, as a revision of the second part of the Italian Constitution is needed in order to change the current bicameral parliamentary system and to abolish
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Metropolitan Cities Of Italy
The METROPOLITAN CITY (_città metropolitana_ in Italian) is an administrative division of Italy , operative since 2015. The metropolitan city, as defined by law, includes a large core city and the smaller surrounding towns that are closely related to it with regard to economic activities and essential public services, as well as to cultural relations and to territorial features. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Organisation * 3 Metropolitan cities * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYThe original 1990 law individuated as metropolitan cities the comuni of Turin , Milan , Venice , Genoa , Bologna , Florence , Rome , Bari , Naples and their respective hinterlands, reserving the autonomous regions the right to individuate metropolitan areas in their territory. In 2009, amendments added Reggio Calabria to the list
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Province Of Alessandria
The PROVINCE OF ALESSANDRIA (Italian: Provincia di Alessandria) is an Italian province , with a population of some 430,000, which forms the southeastern part of the region of Piedmont
Piedmont
. The provincial capital is the city of Alessandria
Alessandria
. With an area of 3,560 square kilometres (1,370 sq mi) it is the third largest province of Piedmont
Piedmont
after Province of Cuneo and Metropolitan City of Turin . To the north it borders on the Province of Vercelli and to the west on the Metropolitan City of Turin and Province of Asti . It shares its southern border with Liguria ( Province of Savona and Metropolitan City of Genoa ). Its south-east corner touches the Province of Piacenza in Emilia Romagna
Emilia Romagna
, while to the east it borders on the Lombard Province of Pavia
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Frazione
A _FRAZIONE_ ( ; pl. _frazioni_ ) is the Italian name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a _comune _; for other administrative divisions , see _municipio _, _circoscrizione _, _quartiere _. It is cognate to the English word _fraction_, but in practice is roughly equivalent to "parishes " or "wards " in other countries. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 History * 3 Countries using the term * 4 Officers * 5 See also DESCRIPTIONTypically the term _frazioni_ applies to the villages surrounding the principal town (the _capoluogo _) of a _comune_. Subdivision of a _comune_ is optional; some _comuni_ have no _frazioni_, but others have several dozen. The _comune_ usually has the same name of the _capoluogo_, but not always. In practice, most _frazioni_ are small villages or hamlets , occasionally a clump of houses
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Spinetta Marengo
SPINETTA MARENGO (Marengh in piedmontese ) is a town in Piedmont
Piedmont
, Italy located within the municipal boundaries of the comune of Alessandria
Alessandria
. The population is 6,417. On 14 June 1800 the village was the scene of an important battle between the French army commanded by Napoleon and an Austrian army led by Melas . Every second Sunday in June, there is traditionally a costumed commemoration of the battle, drawing many international visitors. According to local legend, Majno, a thief who was said to have robbed Pope Pius VII
Pope Pius VII
while on his way to Paris in 1804 to crown Napoleon emperor, laid up in hiding in the woods of Fraschetta , just by Spinetta Marengo. The famous dish Chicken Marengo
Chicken Marengo
is named after the town
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Lega Nord
LEGA NORD (LN; literally "North League"), whose complete name is _ Lega Nord per l'Indipendenza della Padania_ ("North League for the Independence of Padania"), is a regionalist political party in Italy . The party is often referred to as NORTHERN LEAGUE by English-language sources, while in Italy it is also referred to simply as _Lega_ or _ Carroccio _. The LN was founded in 1991 as a federation of several regional parties of Northern and Central Italy , notably including Liga Veneta , Lega Lombarda , Piemont Autonomista , Uniun Ligure , Lega Emiliano-Romagnola and Alleanza Toscana . The party advocates the transformation of Italy into a federal state , fiscal federalism and greater regional autonomy , especially for northern regions . At times the LN has advocated Padanian nationalism and the secession of the North, referred to by party members as _ Padania _
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος _dẽmos_ "people, tribe", ὄνομα _ónoma_ "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously _GENTILIC_ was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the _ Oxford English Dictionary _ and _Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary_. Examples of demonyms include a _ Pakistani _ for a person from Pakistan , _Swahili _ for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial _Kiwi _ for a person from New Zealand , and a _Cochabambino_ for a person from the city of Cochabamba . Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Timezones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Timeis UTC−03:30, NepalStandard Timeis UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Timeis UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones . This also creates a permanen