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Alberta Order Of Excellence
The ALBERTA ORDER OF EXCELLENCE is a civilian honour for merit in the Canadian province of Alberta
Alberta
. Instituted in 1979 when Lieutenant Governor Frank C. Lynch-Staunton granted Royal Assent to the Alberta Order of Excellence Act, the order is administered by the Governor-in-Council and is intended to honour current or former Alberta
Alberta
residents for conspicuous achievements in any field, being thus described as the highest honour amongst all others conferred by the Canadian Crown in right of Alberta
Alberta
. CONTENTS * 1 Structure and appointment * 2 Insignia * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links STRUCTURE AND APPOINTMENT Further information: List of members of the Alberta
Alberta
Order of Excellence The Alberta
Alberta
Order of Excellence is intended to honour any current or former long-time resident of Alberta
Alberta
who has demonstrated a high level of individual excellence and achievement in any field, having "rendered service of the greatest distinction and of singular excellence for or on behalf of the residents of Alberta." Canadian citizenship is a requirement, and those who are elected or appointed members of a governmental body are ineligible as long as they hold office
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Lieutenant Governor Of Alberta
The LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR OF ALBERTA /lɛfˈtɛnənt/ is the viceregal representative in Alberta
Alberta
of the Canadian monarch , Queen Elizabeth II . The Lieutenant Governor of Alberta
Alberta
is appointed in the same manner as the other provincial viceroys in Canada
Canada
and is similarly tasked with carrying out most of the monarch's constitutional and ceremonial duties. The present, and 18th, Lieutenant Governor of Alberta
Alberta
is Lois Mitchell , who has served in the role since 12 June 2015. CONTENTS * 1 Role and presence * 2 History * 3 Residence * 4 See also * 5 Bibliography * 6 References * 7 External links ROLE AND PRESENCE Further information: Lieutenant governor (Canada) The Lieutenant Governor of Alberta
Alberta
is vested with a number of governmental duties and is also expected to undertake various ceremonial roles . The lieutenant governor, him or herself a member and Chancellor of the order, will induct deserving individuals into the Alberta Order of Excellenceand, upon installation, automatically becomes a Knight or Dame of Justice and the Vice-Prior in Alberta
Alberta
of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem
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Order (decoration)
Heraldry
Heraldry
portal * v * t * e An ORDER is a visible honour awarded by a sovereign state , monarch , dynastic royal house or organisation to a recipient, typically in recognition of individual merit , that often comes with distinctive insignia such as collars , badges , and sashes worn by recipients. Modern honour systems of state orders and dynastic orders emerged from the culture of orders of chivalry of the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, which in turn emerged from the Catholic religious orders . CONTENTS * 1 Terminology * 2 History * 3 Orders by fount of honour * 3.1 State orders * 3.2 Dynastic orders * 4 Orders by type * 4.1 Orders of chivalry * 4.1.1 Military orders * 4.2 Orders of merit * 4.2.1 Other * 5 See also * 6 References TERMINOLOGYThe word order (Latin : ordo), in the case referred to in this article, can be traced back to the chivalric orders , including the military orders , which in turn trace the name of their organisation back to that of the Catholic religious orders . Orders began to be created ad hoc and in a more courtly nature. Some were merely honorary and gradually the badges of these orders (i.e. the association) began to be known informally as orders. As a result, the modern distinction between orders and decorations or insignia has become somewhat blurred
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Lois Mitchell
LOIS ELIZABETH MITCHELL CM AOE (née BOULDING; 1939 or 1940) is a Canadian businesswoman and philanthropist who is the 18th Lieutenant Governor of Alberta
Alberta
. Her appointment as Lieutenant Governor was made by Governor General of Canada
Governor General of Canada
David Lloyd Johnston on the Constitutional advice of Prime Minister of Canada Stephen Harper
Stephen Harper
, effective June 12, 2015. She is the viceregal representative of Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
of Canada in the Province of Alberta
Alberta
. A former teacher and founder of a consulting firm, Mitchell is also a longtime organizer of events and active volunteer in the Calgary
Calgary
community, along with her husband, Doug. CONTENTS * 1 Career * 2 Lieutenant Governor * 3 Personal life * 4 References CAREERMitchell was born in 1939 or 1940 and raised in Vancouver. She attended the University of British Columbia
British Columbia
and studied physical education, graduating around 1961. She later worked as a teacher in British Columbia
British Columbia
for two years before moving to Calgary. She is the founder of and a senior partner at Rainmaker Global Business Development, a marketing and consulting firm based in Calgary
Calgary
and the president of Amherst Consultants
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Order Of British Columbia
The ORDER OF BRITISH COLUMBIA is a civilian honour for merit in the Canadian province of British Columbia
British Columbia
. Instituted in 1989 by Lieutenant Governor David Lam , on the advice of the Cabinet under Premier Bill Vander Zalm , the order is administered by the Governor-in-Council and is intended to honour current or former British Columbia
British Columbia
residents for conspicuous achievements in any field, being thus described as the highest honour amongst all others conferred by the British Columbia
British Columbia
Crown . CONTENTS * 1 Structure and appointment * 2 Insignia * 3 Inductees * 4 See also * 5 External links * 6 References STRUCTURE AND APPOINTMENTThe Order of British Columbia, which evolved out of and replaced the earlier Order of the Dogwood , is intended to honour any current or former longtime resident of British Columbia
British Columbia
who has demonstrated a high level of individual excellence and achievement in any field, demonstrating the "greatest distinction and excell in any field of endeavour benefiting the people of the Province or elsewhere." Only those who are elected or appointed members of a governmental body are ineligible as long as they hold office. There are no limits on how many can belong to the order or be inducted at one time
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Order Of Prince Edward Island
The ORDER OF PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND is a civilian honour for merit in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island . Instituted in 1996 by Lieutenant Governor Gilbert Clements , on the advice of the Cabinet under Premier Catherine Callbeck , the order is administered by the Governor-in-Council and is intended to honour current or former Prince Edward Island residents for conspicuous achievements in any field, being thus described as the highest honour amongst all others conferred by the Prince Edward Island Crown . CONTENTS * 1 Structure and appointment * 2 Insignia * 3 Inductees * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links STRUCTURE AND APPOINTMENTThe Order of Prince Edward Island is intended to honour any current or former longtime resident of Prince Edward Island who has demonstrated a high level of individual excellence and achievement in any field, having made "remarkable contributions to the social, economic and cultural life of and its people." Although Canadian citizenship is not a requirement, those who are elected or appointed members of a governmental body are ineligible as long as they hold office, and only three people per year may be inducted into the order
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Civilian
In general, a CIVILIAN is "a person who is not a member of the military or of a police or firefighting force ", as defined by Merriam Webster 's Dictionary . From the perspective of the U.S. Department of Defense , Chapter 18 of Title 10 United States Code refers to non-military law enforcement officers as civilians since they are employees rather than enlisted personnel, and also in order to distinguish itself from military police . In military and law enforcement slang, the term "Civies" or "Civvies" are often used to refer civilian population or civilian clothing. Under the laws of war (also known as international humanitarian law ), a civilian is one not being a member of the armed services and does not take a direct part of hostilities in times of armed conflict . The term "civilian" is slightly different from a non-combatant under the laws of war, because some non-combatants are not civilians (for example, military chaplains attached to the belligerent armed forces or neutral military personnel ). Under international law , civilians in the territories of a Party to an armed conflict are entitled to certain privileges under the customary laws of war and international treaties such as the Fourth Geneva Convention . The privileges that they enjoy under international law depends on whether the conflict is an internal one (a civil war ) or an international one
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Award
An AWARD is something given to a person, a group of people, like a sports team, or an organization in recognition of their excellence in a certain field. An award may be accompanied by trophy , title , certificate, commemorative plaque , medal , badge , pin , or ribbon . An award may carry a monetary prize given to the recipient; for example, the Nobel Prize for contributions to society or the Pulitzer prize for literary achievements. An award may also simply be a public acknowledgment of excellence, without any tangible token or prize of excellence. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Honorable mention * 3 States * 4 See also * 5 References OVERVIEWAwards can be given by any person or institution, although the prestige of an award usually depends on the status of the awarder. Usually, awards are given by an organization of some sort, or by the office of an official within an organization or government
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Provinces And Territories Of Canada
Canada
Canada
's geography is divided into administrative divisions known as provinces and territories that are responsible for delivery of sub-national governance. When Canada
Canada
was formed in 1867, three provinces of British North America New Brunswick
New Brunswick
, Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
and the Province
Province
of Canada
Canada
(which, on the formation of Canada, was divided into Ontario
Ontario
and Quebec
Quebec
)—were united to form a federated colony, which eventually became a sovereign nation in the next century. Over its history, Canada's international borders have changed several times, and the country has grown from the original four provinces to the current ten provinces and three territories
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Alberta
ALBERTA (/ælˈbɜːrtə/ ( listen )) is a western province of Canada
Canada
. With an estimated population of 4,067,175 as of 2016 census , it is Canada\'s fourth-most populous province and the most populous of Canada's three prairie provinces . Its area is about 660,000 square kilometres (250,000 sq mi). Alberta
Alberta
and its neighbour Saskatchewan were districts of the Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
until they were established as provinces on September 1, 1905. The premier has been Rachel Notley since May 2015. Alberta
Alberta
is bounded by the provinces of British Columbia
British Columbia
to the west and Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
to the east, the Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
to the north, and the U.S. state of Montana
Montana
to the south. Alberta
Alberta
is one of three Canadian provinces and territories to border only a single U.S. state and one of only two landlocked provinces. It has a predominantly humid continental climate , with stark contrasts over a year; but seasonal temperature average swings are smaller than in areas further east, due to winters being warmed by occasional chinook winds bringing sudden warming
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Frank C. Lynch-Staunton
FRANCIS CHARLES "FRANK" LYNCH-STAUNTON, AOE (March 8, 1905 – September 25, 1990) was the 11th Lieutenant Governor of Alberta from 1979 to 1985. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 References * 3 Bibliography * 4 External links BIOGRAPHYBorn in Pincher Creek
Pincher Creek
, Alberta
Alberta
, the son of Richard Lynch-Staunton and Isabelle Mary Wilson, he attended Western Canadian College in Calgary
Calgary
from 1919 to 1922. From 1923 to 1927, he studied engineering at the University of Alberta
Alberta
. In 1929, he married Monica Adam. They had three children: Betty Lowe, Marina Field, and Hugh. After her death in 1976, he married Muriel B. Shaw in 1983. He published his autobiography, Greener Pastures: The Memoirs of F. Lynch-Staunton, in 1987. Frank Lynch-Staunton died in Edmonton after suffering a stroke in 1990, aged 85. REFERENCES * ^ Perry & Powell 2006 , p. 571 * ^ A B Perry ">'". The Globe and Mail . 1990-09-27. BIBLIOGRAPHY * Perry, Sandra E.; Powell, Karen L. (2006). On Behalf of the Crown : Lieutenant Governors of the North-West Territories and Alberta, 1869-2005. Edmonton , Alberta
Alberta
: Legislative Assembly of Alberta
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Royal Assent
ROYAL ASSENT or SANCTION is the method by which a country's monarch (possibly through a delegated official) formally approves an act of that nation's parliament. In certain nations, such assent makes the act law (promulgation ) while in other nations assent is distinct from promulgation. In the vast majority of contemporary monarchies, this act is considered to be little more than a formality; even in those nations which still permit their monarchs to withhold royal assent (such as the United Kingdom, Norway
Norway
, and Liechtenstein ), the monarch almost never does so, save in a dire political emergency or upon the advice of their government. While the power to withhold royal assent was once exercised often in European monarchies, it is exceedingly rare in the modern, democratic political atmosphere that has developed there since the 18th century. Royal assent
Royal assent
is sometimes associated with elaborate ceremonies. In the United Kingdom, for instance, the sovereign may appear personally in the House of Lords
House of Lords
or may appoint Lords Commissioners , who announce that royal assent has been granted at a ceremony held at the Palace of Westminster
Palace of Westminster
for this purpose. However, royal assent is usually granted less ceremonially by letters patent . In other nations, such as Australia, the governor-general merely signs the bill
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Queen-in-Council
The KING-IN-COUNCIL or QUEEN-IN-COUNCIL, depending on the gender of the reigning monarch, is a constitutional term in a number of states. In a general sense it would mean the monarch excercising executive authority, usually in the form of approving orders, in the presence of the country's executive council. CONTENTS * 1 Norway * 2 Sweden * 3 The Commonwealth * 4 See also * 4.1 Norway * 4.2 Sweden * 4.3 The Commonwealth * 5 Footnotes NORWAY Main article: Council of State (Norway) In Norway, the "King in Council" (Norwegian : _Kongen i statsråd_) refers to the meetings of the King and the Council of State (i.e. the Cabinet) where matters of importance and major decisions are made. The council meets at the Royal Palace and is normally held every Friday. It is chaired by the King or, if he is ill or abroad, the Crown Prince. In Norway's Constitution, references to the King, when formulated as _King in Council_ (_Kongen i Statsråd_) refers to the formal Government of Norway . When the formulation is merely _King_, the appointed ministerium that the law refers to may alone act with complete authority of the matter assigned in the particular law. A decision that is taken in the State Council under the King's leadership is a royal decree. If the Crown Prince chairs, they are Crown Prince resolutions
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Monarchy In Alberta
By the arrangements of the Canadian federation , Canada\'s monarchy operates in Alberta as the core of the province's Westminster-style parliamentary democracy . As such, the Crown within Alberta's jurisdiction is referred to as the Crown in Right of Alberta, Her Majesty in Right of Alberta, or The Queen in Right of Alberta. The Constitution Act, 1867 , however, leaves many royal duties in Alberta specifically assigned to the sovereign's viceroy, the Lieutenant Governor of Alberta , whose direct participation in governance is limited by the conventional stipulations of constitutional monarchy . CONTENTS* 1 Constitutional monarchy in Alberta * 1.1 Royal associations * 2 History * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY IN ALBERTA Main article: Monarchy in the Canadian provinces The role of the Crown is both legal and practical; it functions in Alberta in the same way it does in all of Canada\'s other provinces , being the centre of a constitutional construct in which the institutions of government acting under the sovereign's authority share the power of the whole. It is thus the foundation of the executive , legislative , and judicial branches of the province\'s government
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List Of Members Of The Alberta Order Of Excellence
The following is a full LIST OF MEMBERS OF THE ALBERTA ORDER OF EXCELLENCE, both past and current, in order of their date of appointment. CONTENTS * 1 2016 * 2 2015 * 3 2014 * 4 2013 * 5 2012 * 6 2011 * 7 2010 * 8 2009 * 9 2008 * 10 2007 * 11 2006 * 12 2005 * 13 2004 * 14 2003 * 15 2002 * 16 2001 * 17 2000 * 18 1999 * 19 1998 * 20 1997 * 21 1996 * 22 1995 * 23 1994 * 24 1993 * 25 1992 * 26 1991 * 27 1990 * 28 1989 * 29 1988 * 30 1987 * 31 1986 * 32 1985 * 33 1984 * 34 1983 * 35 1982 * 36 1981 * 37 References 2016In 2016 eight appointments were made. * Barry Bultz , Calgary * Linda Hughes , Edmonton * Sheldon Kennedy , Calgary * Leroy Little Bear , Lethbridge * Michael Massey , St
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List Of Latin Phrases
This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases , such as _veni, vidi, vici _ and _et cetera _. Some of the phrases are themselves translations of Greek phrases , as Greek rhetoric and literature were highly regarded in Ancient Rome when Latin rhetoric and literature were still maturing. The Latin letter _i _ may be used either as a vowel or a consonant . When used as a consonant, it often is replaced by the letter _j _, which originally, was simply an orthographic "long i" that was used in initial positions and when it occurred between two other vowels. This convention from Medieval Latin is preserved most commonly in Latin legal terminology —hence phrases such as _de iure_ often are spelled _de jure _
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