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Albania–NATO Relations
The accession of Albania to NATO took place in 2009. Albania's relationship with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) began in 1992 when it joined the North Atlantic Cooperation Council.[1] In 1994, it entered NATO's Partnership for Peace, which began Albania's process of accession into the alliance.[2] In 1999, the country received a Membership Action Plan (MAP).[3] The country received an invitation to join at the 2008 Bucharest Summit and became a full member on April 1, 2009. Albania was among the first Eastern European countries to join the Partnership for Peace programme. Albanian politicians considered admission to NATO a top priority. Since 1992 Albania has been extensively engaged with NATO and has maintained its position as a stability factor and a strong ally of United States and EU in the troubled and divided region of the Balkans
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Gent Cakaj
Gent Cakaj (born 6 July 1990) is a Kosovo[a]-born Albanian politician, who is serving as the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Albania. He is the son of Shkëlzen Cakaj, a researcher from Gjakova, Kosovo.[a] Gent Cakaj was born and grew up in Pristina.[1][2][3] He is also the brother of Gresa Caka Nimani, who currently is a judge at the Constitutional Court of Kosovo.[4] Cakaj was educated in Kosovo, Belgium and Hungary, and holds two bachelor's and three master's degrees in philosophy, political sciences, and law.[5] He graduated in 2015 from Central European University with a MA thesis on "Neuro-Enhancement and the Notion of Legal Responsibility"[6] Cakaj was initially an advisor to Prime Minister Rama on Foreign Policy and, specifically, for European Union affairs
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1997 Albanian Monarchy Referendum
A referendum on restoring the monarchy was held in Albania on 29 June 1997 alongside parliamentary elections.[1] Officially the proposal was rejected by 66.7% of voters,[2] although former Crown Prince Leka claimed that 65.7% voted in favour.[3] The House of Zogu never accepted the official result of the referendum. After the publication of the result by the Central Election Commission of Albania, during the 1997 rebellion in Albania, Leka returned again, this time being greeted by 2,000 supporters.[4] A referendum was held in Albania concerning a monarchical restoration. After a recount it was announced that the restoration was rejected by approximately two-thirds of those voting.[5] The former Crown Prince questioned the independence of the election
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1998 Albanian Constitutional Referendum
A constitutional referendum was held in Albania on 22 November 1998.[1] Voters were asked whether they approved of the constitution. It was approved by 93.5% of voters with a turnout of 50.6%,[2] and came into force on 28 November.[3] In September 1997 a 21-member Constitutional Commission was formed by Parliament, including twelve members of the ruling Socialist Party and Social Democratic Party and nine members of the Democratic Party. The Commission was given a six-month timeframe for producing a draft.[3] The public were widely consulted during the process using surveys, forums and public meetings
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Democratic Party Of Albania
The Democratic Party of Albania (Albanian: Partia Demokratike e Shqipërisë, PD or PDSh) is a conservative[2][3][4] political party in Albania. They became the leading party in the governing coalition following the 2005 parliamentary elections. It is an associate member of the European People's Party (EPP) and a full member of the International Democrat Union and Centrist Democrat International.[7][6][8] Rilindja Demokratike is the party's official newspaper.[9] Its youth organisation, FRPD, is one of the founders of the Youth of the European People's Party (YEPP), in which they are also full active members
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Socialist Party Of Albania
The Socialist Party of Albania (Albanian: Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë, PS or PSSh), is a social-democratic[3][4] political party in Albania; it gained power following the 2013 parliamentary election. The party seated 66 MPs in the 2009 Albanian parliament (out of a total of 140).[14] It achieved power in 1997 following a political crisis and governmental realignment. At the 2001 parliamentary election the party secured 73 seats, which enabled it to form a government. At the general election of 3 July 2005, the Socialist Party lost its majority and the Democratic Party of Albania (PD) formed the new government, having secured, with its allies, a majority of 81 seats. The Socialist Party of Albania is an associate of the Party of European Socialists (PES)[15] and a member of the Socialist International
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Gramoz Ruçi
Gramoz Ruçi (born 6 December 1951) is an Albanian politician, serving as the head of the parliamentarian group of the ruling Socialist Party of Albania until 2017. In September 2017, he assumed the office of the Chairman of the Parliament of Albania for the new parliamentary session. Ruçi was born in Salari, a village in Tepelenë District, southern Albania. He graduated in Chemistry and worked as a teacher in Progonat. There, he met his future wife, who was from the Goxharaj family. They married in 1976. From 1985, Ruçi entered politics. He was named as the Labour Party's First Secretary of Tepelena District in 1988, and in 1990 he was named Minister of the Interior; however, he kept that position for only two and a half months. He was also the minister responsible of the infamous Directorate of State Security (Albanian: Drejtoria e Sigurimit të Shtetit), commonly called the Sigurimi
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