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Alain Corneau
ALAIN CORNEAU (7 August 1943 – 30 August 2010) was a French film director and writer. Corneau was born in Meung-sur-Loire , Loiret . Originally a musician, he worked with Costa-Gavras as an assistant, which was also his first opportunity to work with the actor Yves Montand
Yves Montand
, with whom he would collaborate three times later in his career, including Police Python 357 (1976) and La Menace (1977). He directed Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
in the screen adaptation of Tous les matins du monde in 1991. Corneau died in Paris
Paris
on 30 August 2010 from cancer , aged 67 and was interred at Père Lachaise Cemetery . FILMOGRAPHY * France, Inc. (1973) * Police Python 357 (1976) * La Menace (1977) * Série noire (1979) * Choice of Arms
Choice of Arms
(1981) * Fort Saganne
Fort Saganne
(1984) * Le Môme (fr) (1986) * Nocturne Indien (1989) * Tous les Matins du Monde (1991) * New World (1995) * Le cousin (1997) * Le prince du Pacifique (2000) * Stupeur et Tremblements (2003) * Le Deuxième souffle (2007)* Love Crime (2010) * Passion (2012, directed by Brian De Palma , remake of Love Crime)REFERENCES * ^ Martin, Douglas (30 August 2010). "Alain Corneau, César-Winning Film Director, Dies at 67"
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Meung-sur-Loire
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. MEUNG-SUR-LOIRE (French pronunciation: ​ ) is a commune in the Loiret department in north-central France. It was the site of the Battle of Meung-sur-Loire in 1429. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Fiction * 4 Points of interest * 5 Notable residents * 6 See also * 7 References GEOGRAPHYMEUNG-SUR-LOIRE lies 15 km to the west of Orleans on the north bank of the River Loire at the confluence with the River Mauves. The Mauves, actually three rivers, have their source in the water table of the productive agricultural region of the Beauce . * The Loire at Meung-sur-Loire * The Mauve in Meung-sur-Loire HISTORYThere is evidence of mesolithic settlements at « Mousseau » and « La Haute-Murée ». A Gallo-Roman fortified village recorded as Magdunum was built in the marais adjoining the river, which in 409 was fired by the invading Alans . The marais was drained, according to tradition by Saint Liphard around the year 520. The canalisation formed the watercourses known as the mauves . He went on to build the chapel which was to become the monastery and the abbey. His relics were deposited in the church in 1104, the year after Louis VI had founded as fortress
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Loiret
LOIRET (French pronunciation: ​ ) is a department in north-central France
France
. The department is named after the river Loiret
Loiret
, a tributary of the Loire
Loire
, and which is located wholly within the department. The capital of the department is Orléans
Orléans
, which is about 110 km (68 mi) southwest of Paris
Paris
. As well as being the regional capital, it is a historic city on the banks of the Loire. It has a large central area with many historic buildings and mansions, and a cathedral dating back to the thirteenth century that was rebuilt after being destroyed by Protestant forces in 1568. The Loire
Loire
Valley is famous for its several châteaux. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Economy * 4 Transport * 5 Tourism * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORY Loiret
Loiret
is one of the original 83 departments that was created during the French Revolution
French Revolution
on March 4, 1790 by order of the National Constituent Assembly . The new departments were to be uniformly administered and approximately equal to one another in size and population. It was created from the former province of Orléanais which was too large to continue in its previous form
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Paris
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 _Population without double counting _: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. PARIS (locally ( listen )) is the capital and most populous city of France
France
. It has an area of 105 square kilometres (41 square miles) and a population of 2,229,621 in 2015 within its administrative limits. The city is both a commune and department and forms the centre and headquarters of the Île-de- France
France
, or Paris
Paris
Region, which has an area of 12,012 square kilometres (4,638 square miles) and a population in 2016 of 12,142,802, comprising roughly 18 percent of the population of France. By the 17th century, Paris
Paris
was one of Europe's major centres of finance, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts, and it retains that position still today. The Paris Region had a GDP
GDP
of €649.6 billion (US $763.4 billion) in 2014, accounting for 30.4 percent of the GDP
GDP
of France. According to official estimates, the Paris Region has the fourth-highest GDP
GDP
in the world and the largest regional GDP
GDP
in the EU
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Film Director
A FILM DIRECTOR is a person who directs the making of a film . Generally, a film director controls a film's artistic and dramatic aspects and visualizes the screenplay (or script) while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfillment of that vision. The director has a key role in choosing the cast members , production design, and the creative aspects of filmmaking. Under European Union law, the director is viewed as the author of the film. The film director gives direction to the cast and crew and creates an overall vision through which a film eventually becomes realized, or noticed. Directors need to be able to mediate differences in creative visions and stay within the boundaries of the film's budget. There are many pathways to becoming a film director. Some film directors started as screenwriters, cinematographers , film editors or actors. Other film directors have attended a film school. Directors use different approaches. Some outline a general plotline and let the actors improvise dialogue, while others control every aspect, and demand that the actors and crew follow instructions precisely. Some directors also write their own screenplays or collaborate on screenplays with long-standing writing partners. Some directors edit or appear in their films, or compose the music score for their films
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Writer
A WRITER is a person who uses written words in various styles and techniques to communicate their ideas. Writers produce various forms of literary art and creative writing such as novels, short stories, poetry, plays, screenplays, and essays as well as various reports and news articles that may be of interest to the public. Writers' texts are published across a range of media. Skilled writers who are able to use language to express ideas well often contribute significantly to the cultural content of a society. The word is also used elsewhere in the arts – such as songwriter – but as a standalone term, "writer" normally refers to the creation of written language. Some writers work from an oral tradition . Writers can produce material across a number of genres, fictional or non-fictional. Other writers use multiple media – for example, graphics or illustration – to enhance the communication of their ideas. Another recent demand has been created by civil and government readers for the work of non-fictional technical writers, whose skills create understandable, interpretive documents of a practical or scientific nature. Some writers may use images (drawing, painting, graphics) or multimedia to augment their writing. In rare instances, creative writers are able to communicate their ideas via music as well as words
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France
FRANCE (locally ), officially the FRENCH REPUBLIC (_République française_ ), is a country with territory status in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories . The European, or metropolitan, area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea , and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean . The republic also includes French Guiana on the South American continent and several islands in the Atlantic , Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions (5 of which are situated overseas) span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) which, as of January 2017, has a total population of almost 67 million people. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris , the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban centres include Marseille , Lyon , Lille , Nice , Toulouse and Bordeaux . During the Iron Age , what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls , a Celtic people. The area was annexed in 51 BC by Rome , which held Gaul until 486, when the Germanic Franks conquered the region and formed the Kingdom of France
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Costa-Gavras
COSTA-GAVRAS (short for KONSTANTINOS GAVRAS; Κωνσταντίνος Γαβράς; born 12 February 1933) is a Greek -French film director and producer, who lives and works in France
France
. He is known for films with overt political themes, most famously the fast-paced thriller _Z _ (1969), but he has also made comedies. Most of his movies have been made in French ; however, six were made in English : _Missing _ (1982), _ Hanna K. _ (1983), _Betrayed _ (1988), _Music Box _ (1989), _Mad City _ (1997) and _ Amen. _ (2002). He produces most of his films himself, through his production company K.G. PRODUCTIONS. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Early career * 3 Selected films * 4 Political-commercial film * 5 Form and style * 6 Other honours * 7 Family connections * 8 Filmography * 8.1 As director * 8.2 As actor * 9 References * 10 External links EARLY LIFE Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
was born in Loutra Iraias (Λουτρά Ηραίας), Arcadia . His family spent the Second World War in a village in the Peloponnese , and moved to Athens
Athens
after the war. His father had been a member of the Pro-Soviet branch of the Greek Resistance , and was imprisoned during the Greek Civil War
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Yves Montand
IVO LIVI, better known as YVES MONTAND (French pronunciation: ​ ; 13 October 1921 – 9 November 1991), was an Italian-French actor and singer. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Personal life * 4 Filmography * 5 Discography * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY LIFEMontand was born Ivo Livi in Monsummano Terme , Italy, to Giovanni Livi, a broom manufacturer. , and Giuseppina Simoni, a devout Catholic , while her husband held strong Communist beliefs. Montand's family left for France in 1923 because of Italy's Fascist regime. He grew up in Marseille
Marseille
, where, as a young man, he worked in his sister's beauty salon (Salon de Coiffure), and later on the docks. He began a career in show business as a music-hall singer. In 1944, he was discovered by Édith Piaf
Édith Piaf
in Paris and she made him part of her act. CAREER This section NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )Montand went on to international recognition as a singer and actor, starring in numerous films. His recognizably crooner songs, especially those about Paris, became instant classics
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Police Python 357
POLICE PYTHON 357 (also known as The Case Against Ferro) is a 1976 French crime-thriller film written and directed by Alain Corneau . It is an adaptation of the storyline of Kenneth Fearing 's novel, The Big Clock . CAST * Yves Montand as Inspector Marc Ferrot * François Périer as Police Commissioner Ganay * Simone Signoret as Thérèse Ganay * Stefania Sandrelli as Sylvia Leopardi * Mathieu Carrière as Inspector Ménard * Vadim Glowna as Inspector Abadie * Claude Bertrand as Merchant of pigs * Serge Marquand as "The Red"REFERENCES * ^ Paolo Mereghetti. Il Mereghetti. B.C. Dalai Editore, 2010. ISBN 8860736269 . * ^ Alison Smith. French Cinema in the 1970s: The Echoes of May. Manchester University Press, 2005
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La Menace
LA MENACE is a 1977 French-Canadian film directed by Alain Corneau and starring Yves Montand , Carole Laure and Marie Dubois . CONTENTS * 1 Plot * 2 Cast * 3 Film location * 4 Budget * 5 Awards * 6 References * 7 External links PLOTHenri Savin has managed a trucking company for his lover, Dominique Montlaur, for many years. Now he is planning to leave her for Julie Manet, the woman he has made pregnant, and Dominique is hysterical. She first threatens suicide, then shows up at a meeting of Savin and Julie. Dominique tries everything she can think of to break Savin and Julie apart, to no avail. Frustrated in her efforts, she jumps off a cliff and dies. Savin insists that he and Julie lie to the police about the encounter, although Dominique's death was a suicide and therefore they had no direct hand in it. Detective Waldeck investigates Dominique's death. CAST * Yves Montand - Henri Savin * Carole Laure - Julie Manet * Marie Dubois - Dominique Montlaur * Jean-François Balmer - Waldeck * Marc Eyraud - Judge * Roger Muni - Bruno * Jacques Rispal - Paco * Michel Ruhl - Master Leverrier * Gabriel Gascon - Pannequin * Martin Trévières - BellocFILM LOCATIONThe last section of the movie was shot in the Canadian province of British Columbia , on the way from Cypress Mountain to Vancouver . BUDGETestimated 2,400,000 CAD AWARDSMarie Dubois won César for Best Supporting Actress in 1978
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Gérard Depardieu
GéRARD XAVIER MARCEL DEPARDIEU (French: ( listen ); born 27 December 1948) is a French actor, filmmaker, businessman and vineyard owner. He is one of the most prolific character actors in film history, having completed approximately 170 films since 1967. He received critical acclaim for his performances in The Last Metro (1980), for which he won the César Award for Best Actor , in Police (1985), for which he won the Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
Award for Best Actor, Jean de Florette
Jean de Florette
(1986), and Cyrano de Bergerac (1990), winning the Cannes Film Festival for Best Actor , his second César Award
César Award
for Best Actor , and his first Academy Award nomination for Best Actor. He co-starred in Peter Weir 's comedy Green Card (1990), winning a Golden Globe Award and later acted in many big budget Hollywood
Hollywood
movies including Ridley Scott 's 1492: Conquest of Paradise (1992), Kenneth Branagh 's Hamlet (1996), Randall Wallace 's The Man in the Iron Mask (1998), and Ang Lee
Ang Lee
's Life of Pi (2012). He is a Chevalier of the Légion d\'honneur and Chevalier of the Ordre national du Mérite
Ordre national du Mérite

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Tous Les Matins Du Monde (film)
TOUS LES MATINS DU MONDE (English translation: All the Mornings of the World) is a 1991 French film based on the book of the same name . Set during the reign of Louis XIV , the film shows the eminent musician, Marin Marais, looking back on his young life when he was briefly a pupil of Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe, and features much music of the period, especially that for the viola da gamba. The title of the film is explained towards the end of the film; « Tous les matins du monde sont sans retour » ("all the mornings of the world never return") spoken by Marais in chapter XXVI of Quignard's novel when he learns of the death of Madeleine. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Synopsis * 3 Cast * 4 Music * 5 Awards and nominations * 6 References * 7 External links BACKGROUNDIn the same year as the book's release, Pascal Quignard , together with director Alain Corneau , adapted the novel for the film that starred Jean-Pierre Marielle , Gérard Depardieu , Anne Brochet and Guillaume Depardieu . The film is currently distributed by Koch-Lorber Films . The film revolves around the late-17th/early-18th-century composer Marin Marais 's life as a musician, his mentor Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe and Sainte-Colombe's daughters. The ageing Marais, played by Gérard Depardieu , narrates the story, while Depardieu's son Guillaume Depardieu plays the young Marais
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Cancer
CANCER is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Not all tumors are cancerous; benign tumors do not spread to other parts of the body. Possible signs and symptoms include a lump, abnormal bleeding, prolonged cough, unexplained weight loss and a change in bowel movements . While these symptoms may indicate cancer, they may have other causes. Over 100 types of cancers affect humans. Tobacco use is the cause of about 22% of cancer deaths. Another 10% is due to obesity , poor diet , lack of physical activity , and excessive drinking of alcohol . Other factors include certain infections , exposure to ionizing radiation and environmental pollutants. In the developing world nearly 20% of cancers are due to infections such as hepatitis B , hepatitis C and human papillomavirus infection . These factors act, at least partly, by changing the genes of a cell. Typically many genetic changes are required before cancer develops. Approximately 5–10% of cancers are due to inherited genetic defects from a person's parents. Cancer can be detected by certain signs and symptoms or screening tests . It is then typically further investigated by medical imaging and confirmed by biopsy
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Père Lachaise Cemetery
PèRE LACHAISE CEMETERY (French: _Cimetière du Père-Lachaise_, ; formerly, _cimetière de l'Est_, " Cemetery
Cemetery
of the East") is the largest cemetery in the city of Paris (44 hectares or 110 acres), though there are larger cemeteries in the city's suburbs. Père Lachaise is in the 20th _arrondissement_ and is notable for being the first garden cemetery , as well as the first municipal cemetery. It is also the site of three World War I
World War I
memorials. The cemetery is on Boulevard de Mènilmontant. The Paris Métro station Philippe Auguste on line 2 is next to the main entrance, while the station named Père Lachaise , on both lines 2 and 3 , is 500 metres away near a side entrance that has been closed to the public. Many tourists prefer the Gambetta station on line 3, as it allows them to enter near the tomb of Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
and then walk downhill to visit the rest of the cemetery. Each year, Père Lachaise Cemetery
Cemetery
has more than 3.5 million visitors, making it the most visited cemetery in the world
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Série Noire (film)
SéRIE NOIRE is a 1979 French crime film directed by Alain Corneau . It was entered into the 1979 Cannes Film Festival . It is based on the novel Hell of a Woman by Jim Thompson . CONTENTS * 1 Plot * 2 Cast * 3 References * 4 External links PLOTFranck Poupart is a door-to-door salesman . His wife leaves him when she finds out he got involved with an underage prostitute named Mona. Then he gets sacked and imprisoned for embezzlement . Mona bails him out and persuades him to rob her rich aunt. But his streak of bad luck (série noire in French) continues because his still upset wife returns unannounced and she comes across the booty. CAST * Patrick Dewaere as Franck Poupart * Myriam Boyer as Jeanne * Marie Trintignant as Mona * Bernard Blier as Staplin * Jeanne Herviale as Mona's aunt * Andreas Katsulas as Andreas Tikides * Charlie Farnel as Marcel, the police inspector * Samuel Mek as the boxer * Jack Jourdan as the trainer * Fernand Coquet as the Hell's AngelREFERENCES * ^ "Festival de Cannes: Série noire"
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