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African Forest Elephant
The African forest elephant
African forest elephant
( Loxodonta
Loxodonta
cyclotis) is a forest-dwelling species of elephant found in the Congo Basin. It is the smallest of the three extant species of elephant, but still one of the largest living terrestrial animals. The African forest elephant
African forest elephant
and the African bush elephant, L
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Mbeli River
Mbeli Bai
Mbeli Bai
is a 13 hectare swampy forest clearing in the Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park
Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park
in the Republic of Congo
Republic of Congo
with minimum levels of disturbance, where “bai’s” like this are believed to offer important nutritional benefits to many species. Since the end of the 1990s the Wildlife Conservation Society
Wildlife Conservation Society
has worked in the north of the Republic of Congo
Republic of Congo
and in 1993 together with the Ministry of Forest Economy and Environment has created the Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park
Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park
(4,200 km²)
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Omphalocarpum
Omphalocarpum
Omphalocarpum
(common name navel fruit) is a genus of plants belonging to the family Sapotaceae. It was first described in 1800 by Palisot de Beauvois.[2] The genus is endemic to tropical Africa.[1] The following species are recognised by Kew.[3]O. adolfi-friederici Engl. & K.Krause, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 383 (1913). O. agglomeratum De Wild., Pl. Bequaert. 4: 77 (1926). O. ahia A.Chev., Veg. Ut. Afr. Trop. Franç. 5: 244 (1909). O. bequaertii De Wild., Rev. Zool. Bot. Africaines 7(Suppl.): 4 (1919). O. boyankombo De Wild., Pl. Bequaert. 4: 81 (1926). O. bracteatum Baudon, Ann. Inst. Bot.-Géol. Colon. Marseille, IV, 7: 29 (1929). O. brieyi De Wild., Rev. Zool. Bot. Africaines 7(Suppl.): 6 (1919). O. busange De Wild., Pl. Bequaert. 4: 84 (1926). O. cabrae De Wild., Miss. Ém. Laurent 1: 421 (1907). O. claessensii De Wild., Pl. Bequaert. 4: 86 (1926). O. elatum Miers, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1: 16 (1875). O. ghesquierei De Wild., Pl
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Tusk
Tusks are elongated, continuously growing front teeth, usually but not always in pairs, that protrude well beyond the mouth of certain mammal species. They are most commonly canine teeth, as with warthogs, pigs, and walruses, or, in the case of elephants, elongated incisors. In most tusked species both the males and the females have tusks although the males' are larger. Tusks are generally curved, though the narwhal's sole tusk is straight and has a helical structure. Continuous growth is enabled by formative tissues in the apical openings of the roots of the teeth.[1][2] In earlier times[when?] elephant tusks weighing over 90 kg (200 lb) were not uncommon, though it is rare today to see any over 45 kg (100 lb).[3]Contents1 Function 2 Use by humans 3 Gallery 4 See also 5 ReferencesFunction[edit] Tusks have a variety of uses depending on the animal
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Estrous Cycle
The estrous cycle or oestrus cycle (derived from Latin oestrus 'frenzy', originally from Greek οἶστρος oîstros 'gadfly') is the recurring physiological changes that are induced by reproductive hormones in most mammalian therian females. Estrous cycles start after sexual maturity in females and are interrupted by anestrous phases or by pregnancies. Typically, estrous cycles continue until death
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Herbivore
A herbivore is an animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material, for example foliage, for the main component of its diet. As a result of their plant diet, herbivorous animals typically have mouthparts adapted to rasping or grinding
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Leaf
A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.[1] The leaves and stem together form the shoot.[2] Leaves are collectively referred to as foliage, as in "autumn foliage".[3][4]Diagram of a simple leaf.Apex Midvein (Primary vein) Secondary vein. Lamina. Leaf
Leaf
margin Petiole Bud StemAlthough leaves can be seen in many different shapes, sizes and textures, typically a leaf is a thin, dorsiventrally flattened organ, borne above ground and specialized for photosynthesis. In most leaves, the primary photosynthetic tissue, the palisade mesophyll, is located on the upper side of the blade or lamina of the leaf[1] but in some species, including the mature foliage of Eucalyptus,[5] palisade mesophyll is present on both sides and the leaves are said to be isobilateral
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Fruit
In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering. Fruits are the means by which angiosperms disseminate seeds. Edible fruits, in particular, have propagated with the movements of humans and animals in a symbiotic relationship as a means for seed dispersal and nutrition; in fact, humans and many animals have become dependent on fruits as a source of food.[1] Accordingly, fruits account for a substantial fraction of the world's agricultural output, and some (such as the apple and the pomegranate) have acquired extensive cultural and symbolic meanings. In common language usage, "fruit" normally means the fleshy seed-associated structures of a plant that are sweet or sour, and edible in the raw state, such as apples, bananas, grapes, lemons, oranges, and strawberries
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Bark (botany)
Bark is the outermost layers of stems and roots of woody plants. Plants with bark include trees, woody vines, and shrubs. Bark refers to all the tissues outside the vascular cambium and is a nontechnical term.[1] It overlays the wood and consists of the inner bark and the outer bark. The inner bark, which in older stems is living tissue, includes the innermost area of the periderm. The outer bark in older stems includes the dead tissue on the surface of the stems, along with parts of the innermost periderm and all the tissues on the outer side of the periderm
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Mineral Lick
A mineral lick (also known as a salt lick) is a place where animals can go to lick essential mineral nutrients from a deposit of salts and other minerals. Mineral
Mineral
licks can be naturally occurring or artificial (such as blocks of salt that farmers place in pastures for livestock to lick). Natural licks are common, and they provide essential elements such as phosphorus and the biometals (sodium, calcium, iron, zinc, and trace elements) required in the springtime for bone, muscle and other growth in deer and other wildlife, such as moose, elephants, tapirs, cattle, woodchucks, domestic sheep, fox squirrels, mountain goats and porcupines. Such licks are especially important in ecosystems with poor general availability of nutrients. Harsh weather exposes salty mineral deposits that draw animals from miles away for a taste of needed nutrients
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Balanites
See text Balanites
Balanites
is a Afrotropical, Palearctic
Palearctic
and Indomalayan
Indomalayan
genus of flowering plants in the caltrop family, Zygophyllaceae. The name Balanites
Balanites
derives from the Greek word for an acorn and refers to the fruit, it was coined by Alire Delile in 1813.[2] Species[edit] The following species are included in the genus Balanites:[3] Balanites aegyptiaca
Balanites aegyptiaca
(L.) Delile Balanites angolensis (Welw.) Mildbr. & Schltr. Balanites glabra Mildbr. & Schltr. Balanites maughamii
Balanites maughamii
Sprague[4] Balanites pedicellaris Mildbr
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Poaching
Poaching
Poaching
has traditionally been defined as the illegal hunting or capturing of wild animals, usually associated with land use rights.[1]The Poacher by Frédéric Rouge (1867–1950)According to Encyclopædia Britannica, poaching was performed by impoverished peasants for subsistence purposes and a supplement for meager diets.[2] Poaching
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International Union For Conservation Of Nature
The International Union for Conservation of Nature
International Union for Conservation of Nature
(IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature
International Union for Conservation of Nature
and Natural Resources[2]) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, and education. IUCN's mission is to "influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable". Over the past decades, IUCN has widened its focus beyond conservation ecology and now incorporates issues related to sustainable development in its projects. IUCN does not itself aim to mobilize the public in support of nature conservation
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Sudan
The Sudan
Sudan
or Sudan
Sudan
(/suːˈdæn, -ˈdɑːn/ ( listen);[8][9] Arabic: السودان‎ as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan
Sudan
since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic
Republic
of the Sudan[10] (Arabic: جمهورية السودان‎ Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northern Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea
Eritrea
and Ethiopia
Ethiopia
to the east, South Sudan
Sudan
to the south, the Central African Republic
Central African Republic
to the southwest, Chad
Chad
to the west and Libya
Libya
to the northwest
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Central African Republic
Coordinates: 7°N 21°E / 7°N 21°E / 7; 21Central African RepublicKödörösêse tî Bêafrîka  (Sango) République centrafricaine  (French)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Unité, Dignité, Travail" (French) "Unity, Dignity, Work"Anthem: E Zingo  (Sango) La Renaissance  (French) "The Renaissance"Location of  Central African Republic  (dark blue) – in Africa  (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union  (light blue)Capital and largest city Bangui 4°22′N 18°35′E / 4.367°N 18.583°E / 4.367; 18.583Official languages French SangoEthnic groupsBaya Banda Mandjia Sara Fulani Mboum M'Baka Yakoma othersReligion Christianity IslamDemonym Central AfricanGovernment Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic• PresidentFaustin-Arch
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Garamba National Park
Garamba National Park, located in Orientale Province
Orientale Province
of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in Africa, was established in 1938. One of Africa's oldest National parks, it was designated a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site in 1980. Garamba is (or at least was) the home to the world's last known wild population of Northern white rhinoceros. Due to poaching of the rhinos within the park, it was added to the list of World Heritage in Danger in 1996. The park is also well known for its African elephant
African elephant
domestication programme started in the 1960s, which managed to train tourist-rideable animals
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