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Aeronautical Information Publication
In aviation , an AERONAUTICAL INFORMATION PUBLICATION (or AIP) is defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization as a publication issued by or with the authority of a state and containing aeronautical information of a lasting character essential to air navigation . It is designed to be a manual containing thorough details of regulations, procedures and other information pertinent to flying aircraft in the particular country to which it relates. It is usually issued by or on behalf of the respective civil aviation administration. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Electronic AIP * 3 AIRAC effective dates (28-day cycle) * 4 See also * 5 References * 5.1 Notes * 6 External links OVERVIEWThe structure and contents of AIPs are standardized by international agreement through ICAO. AIPs normally have three parts – GEN (general), ENR (en route) and AD (aerodromes)
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Aviation
AVIATION is the practical aspect or art of aeronautics , being the design, development, production, operation and use of aircraft , especially heavier than air aircraft. The word _aviation_ was coined by French writer and former naval officer Gabriel La Landelle in 1863, from the verb _avier_ (synonymous flying), itself derived from the Latin word _avis_ ("bird") and the suffix _-ation_
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ICAO
International Civil Aviation Organization Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale (in French) ICAO flag ABBREVIATION ICAO OACI ИКАО 国际民航组织 إيكاو FORMATION 4 April 1947 TYPE UN specialized agency LEGAL STATUS Active HEADQUARTERS Montreal , Quebec , Canada HEAD Fang Liu Secretary General WEBSITE www.icao.intThe INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION (ICAO) (pronounced /aɪˈkeɪ.oʊ/ ; French : _Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale_, OACI), is a specialized agency of the United Nations . It codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. Its headquarters are located in the _Quartier International _ of Montreal , Quebec , Canada
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Aeronautics
AERONAUTICS (from the ancient Greek words ὰήρ _āēr_, which means "air", and ναυτική _nautikē_ which means "navigation", i.e. "navigation into the air") is the science or art involved with the study, design , and manufacturing of air flight capable machines, and the techniques of operating aircraft and rockets within the atmosphere. The British Royal Aeronautical Society identifies the aspects of "aeronautical Art, Science and Engineering" and "the profession of Aeronautics
Aeronautics
(which expression includes Astronautics)." While the term—literally meaning "sailing the air"—originally referred solely to the science of _operating_ the aircraft, it has since been expanded to include technology, business, and other aspects related to aircraft
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Air Navigation
The basic principles of AIR NAVIGATION are identical to general navigation , which includes the process of planning, recording, and controlling the movement of a craft from one place to another. Successful air navigation involves piloting an aircraft from place to place without getting lost, not breaking the laws applying to aircraft, or endangering the safety of those on board or on the ground . Air navigation
Air navigation
differs from the navigation of surface craft in several ways; Aircraft
Aircraft
travel at relatively high speeds, leaving less time to calculate their position on route. Aircraft
Aircraft
normally cannot stop in mid-air to ascertain their position at leisure. Aircraft
Aircraft
are safety-limited by the amount of fuel they can carry; a surface vehicle can usually get lost, run out of fuel, then simply await rescue. There is no in-flight rescue for most aircraft
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Aerodrome
An AERODROME (Commonwealth English ) or AIRDROME ( American English ) is a location from which aircraft flight operations take place, regardless of whether they involve air cargo , passengers, or neither. Aerodromes include small general aviation airfields, large commercial airports , and military airbases . The term _airport_ may imply a certain stature (having satisfied certain certification criteria or regulatory requirements) that an aerodrome may not have achieved. This means that all airports are aerodromes, but not all aerodromes are airports. Usage of the term "aerodrome" remains more common in the UK, Ireland and Commonwealth nations, and is conversely almost unknown in American English. A water aerodrome is an area of open water used regularly by seaplanes or amphibious aircraft for landing and taking off
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Flight Management System
A FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (FMS) is a fundamental component of a modern airliner's avionics . An FMS is a specialized computer system that automates a wide variety of in-flight tasks, reducing the workload on the flight crew to the point that modern civilian aircraft no longer carry flight engineers or navigators . A primary function is in-flight management of the flight plan. Using various sensors (such as GPS
GPS
and INS often backed up by radio navigation ) to determine the aircraft's position, the FMS can guide the aircraft along the flight plan. From the cockpit, the FMS is normally controlled through a Control Display Unit (CDU) which incorporates a small screen and keyboard or touchscreen. The FMS sends the flight plan for display to the Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS), Navigation Display (ND), or Multifunction Display (MFD)
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Eurocontrol
The EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR THE SAFETY OF AIR NAVIGATION, commonly known as EUROCONTROL, is an international organisation working to achieve safe and seamless air traffic management across Europe
Europe
. Founded in 1960, Eurocontrol
Eurocontrol
currently has 41 member states and is headquartered in Brussels
Brussels
, Belgium
Belgium
. The organization employs approximately two thousand people and operates with an annual budget in excess of half a billion Euros
Euros
. Although Eurocontrol
Eurocontrol
is not an agency of the European Union
European Union
, the EU has delegated parts of its Single European Sky regulations to Eurocontrol, making it the central organization for coordination and planning of air traffic control for all of Europe
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Pdf
The PORTABLE DOCUMENT FORMAT (PDF) is a file format used to present documents in a manner independent of application software , hardware , and operating systems . Each PDF file encapsulates a complete description of a fixed-layout flat document, including the text, fonts , graphics, and other information needed to display it
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Leap Year
A LEAP YEAR (also known as an INTERCALARY YEAR or BISSEXTILE YEAR) is a calendar year containing one additional day (or, in the case of lunisolar calendars , a month) added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year . Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting (also called _intercalating _) an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year. For example, in the Gregorian calendar , each leap year has 366 days instead of the usual 365, by extending February to 29 days rather than the common 28
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List Of Air Navigation Service Providers
An AIR NAVIGATION SERVICE PROVIDER (ANSP) is a public or a private legal entity providing Air Navigation Services. It manages air traffic on behalf of a company, region or country. Depending on the specific mandate an ANSP provides one or more of the following services to airspace users * Air Traffic Management (ATM) * Communications, navigation and surveillance systems (CNS) * Meteorological service for air navigation MET) * Search and rescue
Search and rescue
(SAR) * Aeronautical information services /aeronautical information management (AIS/AIM).These services are provided to air traffic during all phases of operations (approach, aerodrome and en-route). Air navigation service providers are either government departments, state-owned companies, or privatised organisations. The majority of the world's Air Navigation Service Providers are members of the Civil Air Navigation Services Organisation located at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol
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European AIS Database
The EUROPEAN AIS DATABASE (abbreviated EAD) is a reference database of aeronautical information, which was developed by EUROCONTROL
EUROCONTROL
member states. The database also includes an Aeronautical Information Services system, which is open to both European Civil Aviation Conference member states and all airspace users. AIS units as data providers maintain the aeronautical information under their responsibility whereas airspace users, acting as data users, retrieve, consult, and download such information
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * _Special_ (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials , a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on _The Blind Leading the Naked _ * "Special", a song on _ The Documentary _ album by GameFILM AND TELEVISION * Special (lighting) , a stage light that is used for a single, s
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Aeronautical Information Publication
In aviation , an AERONAUTICAL INFORMATION PUBLICATION (or AIP) is defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization as a publication issued by or with the authority of a state and containing aeronautical information of a lasting character essential to air navigation . It is designed to be a manual containing thorough details of regulations, procedures and other information pertinent to flying aircraft in the particular country to which it relates. It is usually issued by or on behalf of the respective civil aviation administration. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Electronic AIP * 3 AIRAC effective dates (28-day cycle) * 4 See also * 5 References * 5.1 Notes * 6 External links OVERVIEWThe structure and contents of AIPs are standardized by international agreement through ICAO. AIPs normally have three parts – GEN (general), ENR (en route) and AD (aerodromes)
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Talk
TALK may refer to: * Conversation , interactive communication between two or more people * Speech , the production of a spoken language * Interaction , face to face conversations * Compulsive talking , beyond the bounds of what is considered to be a socially acceptable amount of talking * Communication<
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