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Aelia Capitolina
AELIA CAPITOLINA (/ˈiːliə ˌkæpɪtəˈlaɪnə/ ; Latin
Latin
in full: COLONIA AELIA CAPITOLINA) was a Roman colony , built under the emperor Hadrian
Hadrian
on the site of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, which was in ruins following the siege of 70 AD , leading in part to the Bar Kokhba revolt
Bar Kokhba revolt
of 132–136 AD. Aelia Capitolina
Aelia Capitolina
remained the official name of Jerusalem until 638 AD, when the Arabs conquered the city and kept the first part of it as 'إلياء' (Iliyā'). CONTENTS * 1 Name * 2 Foundation * 3 Christianity * 4 Plan of the city * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 External links NAMEAelia came from Hadrian's nomen gentile , Aelius , while Capitolina meant that the new city was dedicated to Jupiter Capitolinus , to whom a temple was built on the site of the former Jewish temple , the Temple Mount
Temple Mount

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Zion
ZION (Hebrew : צִיּוֹן‎‎ TSIYYON), also transliterated SION, SAYON, SYON, TZION or TSION, is a placename often used as a synonym for Jerusalem
Jerusalem
. The word is first found in 2 Samuel 5:7 which dates from c. 630–540 BCE according to modern scholarship. It commonly referred to a specific hill in Jerusalem, ( Mount Zion
Mount Zion
) located to the south of Mount Moriah
Mount Moriah
or the Temple Mount
Temple Mount
, on which stood a Jebusite fortress of the same name that was conquered by David and was named the City of David
David
. The hill ("mount") is one of the many squat hills that form Jerusalem, to include the Mount of Olives etc. In the past many centuries, that was the only section of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
inside city wall that was the Jewish quarter
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Temple In Jerusalem
The TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM or HOLY TEMPLE (Hebrew : בֵּית־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ‎, Modern : _Beit HaMikdash_, Tiberian : _Beiṯ HamMiqdāš_, Ashkenazi : _Beis HaMikdosh_; Ge\'ez : ቤተ መቅደስ? : _Betä Mäqdäs_) was any of a series of structures which were located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, the current site of the Dome of the Rock
Dome of the Rock
and Al-Aqsa Mosque . These successive temples stood at this location and functioned as a site of ancient Israelite and later Jewish worship
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Western Wall
The WESTERN WALL, WAILING WALL or KOTEL (Hebrew : _ הַכֹּתֶל הַמַּעֲרָבִי‎ (help ·info ), translit. : HaKotel HaMa'aravi_; Ashkenazic pronunciation: _HaKosel HaMa'arovi_; Arabic : حائط البراق‎‎, translit. : _Ḥā'iṭ al-Burāq_, translat. : the Buraq Wall, or Arabic : المبكى‎‎ _al-Mabkā_: the Place of Weeping) is an ancient limestone wall in the Old City of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
. It is a relatively small segment of a far longer ancient retaining wall, known also in its entirety as the "Western Wall". The wall was originally erected as part of the expansion of the Second Jewish Temple begun by Herod the Great , which resulted in the encasement of the natural, steep hill known to Jews and Christians as the Temple Mount , in a large rectangular structure topped by a huge flat platform, thus creating more space for the Temple itself and its auxiliary buildings
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Al-Aqsa Mosque
AL-AQSA MOSQUE (Arabic : المسجد الاقصى‎‎ Al-Masjid al-‘Aqṣā, IPA: ( listen ), "the Farthest Mosque"), also known as AL-AQSA and BAYT AL-MAQDIS, is the third holiest site in Islam
Islam
and is located in the Old City of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
. Whilst the entire site on which the silver-domed mosque sits, along with the Dome
Dome
of the Rock , seventeen gates , and four minarets , was itself historically known as the Al-Aqsa Mosque, today a narrower definition prevails, and the wider compound is usually referred to as al-Haram ash-Sharif ("the Noble Sanctuary"), or the Temple Mount
Temple Mount
, the holiest site in Judaism . Muslims believe that Muhammad
Muhammad
was transported from the Sacred Mosque in Mecca
Mecca
to al-Aqsa during the Night Journey
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East Jerusalem
EAST JERUSALEM or EASTERN JERUSALEM (Arabic : القدس الشرقية‎‎, Hebrew : מזרח ירושלים‎‎) is the sector of Jerusalem that was not part of Israeli-held West Jerusalem at the end of the 1948–1949 Arab–Israeli War . Israeli and Palestinian definitions of it differ; the Palestinian official position is based on the 1949 Armistice Agreements , while the Israeli position is mainly based on the current municipality boundaries of Jerusalem, which resulted from a series of administrative enlargements decided by Israeli municipal authorities since the June 1967 Six-Day War . Despite its name, East Jerusalem includes neighborhoods to the north, east and south of the Old City , and in the wider definition of the term even on all these sides of West Jerusalem
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List Of Mosques In Jerusalem
This is a LIST OF MOSQUES IN JERUSALEM. Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, considered the holiest city for Christians and Jews, was one of the earliest cities conquered by the Muslim Arabs. The Dome of the Rock is the oldest preserved Islamic structure in the world. Today the city still contains several mosques, including the Al-Aqsa mosque which served as the first qibla for about a year. CONTENTS* 1 Period * 1.1 Rashidun (632–661) * 1.2 Umayyads
Umayyads
(661–750) * 1.3 Abbasids
Abbasids
(750–1258) * 1.4 Fatimids
Fatimids
(909–1171) * 1.5 Ayyubids
Ayyubids
(1171–1341) * 1.6 Mamluks (1250–1517) * 1.7 Ottomans (1516–1918) * 1.8 Modern (1918-present) * 2 Unknown * 3 External links PERIODRASHIDUN (632–661) * Al-Aqsa Mosque
Al-Aqsa Mosque
For what is known as the Mosque of Omar, see here below under "Ayyubids"
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Siege Of Jerusalem (1244)
The 1244 SIEGE OF JERUSALEM took place after the Sixth Crusade , when the Khwarezmians conquered the city on July 15, 1244. SEQUENCE OF EVENTS Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
led the Sixth Crusade to the Holy Land in 1228, and claimed the kingship of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
by right of his wife, Queen Yolande of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, who had inherited the title of 'Queen of Jerusalem' from her mother, Maria of Montferrat
Maria of Montferrat
, the wife of John of Brienne . The size of Frederick II's army and his reputation was sufficient to regain Jerusalem, Bethlehem
Bethlehem
, Nazareth
Nazareth
and a number of neighbouring castles by treaty from the Ayyubid
Ayyubid
Sultan
Sultan
Al-Kamil
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Battle Of Jerusalem
British Empire
British Empire
* United Kingdom * Australia
Australia
* India *
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List Of Places In Jerusalem
CONTENTS * 1 Jerusalem
Jerusalem
neighborhoods * 2 Major thoroughfares * 3 Cemeteries * 3.1 Multi-religious * 3.2 Christian * 3.3 Jewish * 3.4 Muslim * 4 Ancient tombs * 5 Museums * 6 Landmarks * 7 Government institutions * 8 Hospitals * 9 Hotels * 10 Educational institutions * 10.1 Universities and colleges * 10.2 Yeshivas * 11 Religious sites * 11.1 In ruins * 11.2 Multiple religions * 11.3 Jewish * 11.3.1 Orthodox Judaism * 11.3.2 Conservative Judaism * 11.3.3 Reconstructionist Judaism * 11.3.4 Reform Judaism


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Synagogues Of Jerusalem
This article deals with some of the notable SYNAGOGUES OF JERUSALEM. CONTENTS* 1 Former synagogues * 1.1 Beis Aharon Synagogue
Synagogue
of Karlin-Stolin * 1.2 Chesed El Synagogue
Synagogue
* 1.3 Yanina Synagogue
Synagogue
* 2 Active synagogues * 2.1 Menachem Zion
Zion
Synagogue
Synagogue
* 2.2 Hurva Synagogue
Synagogue
* 3 See also * 4 References FORMER SYNAGOGUESBEIS AHARON SYNAGOGUE OF KARLIN-STOLIN Beis Aharon, c.1930 In around 1870 the first Karlin-Stolin Hasidim settled in Jerusalem and by 1874 had established their own synagogue in the Old City . It was named BEIS AHARON (House of Aaron) after a work authored by Rabbi Aharon II Perlow of Karlin (1802–1872). After it was destroyed during the 1948 Israel War of Independence , a new centre was established in Jerusalem’s Beis Yisrael neighbourhood
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Church Of The Holy Sepulchre
The CHURCH OF THE HOLY SEPULCHRE (Arabic : كَنِيسَةُ ٱلْقِيَامَة‎‎ Kaneesatu al-Qeyaamah; Greek : Ναός της Αναστάσεως Naos tes Anastaseos; Armenian : Սուրբ Հարության տաճար Surb Harut’yan tač̣ar; Latin : Ecclesia Sancti Sepulchri; also called the CHURCH OF THE RESURRECTION or CHURCH OF THE ANASTASIS by Orthodox Christians ) is a church in the Christian Quarter
Christian Quarter
of the Old City of Jerusalem
Old City of Jerusalem
, a few steps away from the Muristan
Muristan
. The church contains, according to traditions dating back to at least the fourth century , the two holiest sites in Christianity: the site where Jesus of Nazareth
Jesus of Nazareth
was crucified , at a place known as " Calvary
Calvary
" or "Golgotha", and Jesus's empty tomb, where he is said to have been buried and resurrected
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Hebrew University Of Jerusalem
A UNIVERSITY ( Latin
Latin
: _universitas_, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary ) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines . Universities typically provide undergraduate education and postgraduate education . The word "university" is derived from the Latin
Latin
_universitas magistrorum et scholarium_, which roughly means "community of teachers and scholars." Universities were created in Italy
Italy
and evolved from Cathedral schools for the clergy during the High Middle Ages
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Anglican Bishop In Jerusalem
The ANGLICAN BISHOP IN JERUSALEM is the bishop of the Anglican Diocese
Diocese
of Jerusalem, which is a part of the Episcopal Church in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
and the Middle East
Middle East
, and based at St. George\'s Cathedral, Jerusalem
Jerusalem
. The Diocese
Diocese
of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
covers Israel
Israel
, the Palestinian territories , Jordan
Jordan
, Syria
Syria
and Lebanon
Lebanon
. The diocese covers 7,000 Anglicans, with 35 service institutions, 29 parishes, 1500 employees, 200 hospital beds and 6,000 students. From 1957 to 1976 the ordinary held the rank and title of Archbishop
Archbishop
of Jerusalem. Today, Anglicans constitute a large portion of Jerusalem's Christians
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