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Aegean Islands
The AEGEAN ISLANDS (Greek : Νησιά Αιγαίου, transliterated : _Nisiá Aigaíou_; Turkish : _Ege Adaları_) are the group of islands in the Aegean Sea , with mainland Greece
Greece
to the west and north and Turkey
Turkey
to the east; the island of Crete
Crete
delimits the sea to the south, those of Rhodes
Rhodes
, Karpathos and Kasos to the southeast. The ancient Greek name of the Aegean Sea, _ Archipelago
Archipelago
_ (ἀρχιπέλαγος, _archipelagos_) was later applied to the islands it contains and is now used more generally, to refer to any island group. The vast majority of the Aegean Islands
Aegean Islands
belong to Greece, being split among nine administrative regions
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Modern Regions Of Greece
The ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS OF GREECE (Greek : περιφέρειες, _peripheries_) are the country's thirteen first-level administrative entities, each comprising several second-level units, originally prefectures and, since 2011, regional units . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 List of administrative regions * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORYThe current regions were established in July 1986 (the Presidential Decree officially establishing them was signed in 1987), by decision of then-Interior Minister Menios Koutsogiorgas as a second-level administrative entities, complementing the prefectures (Law 1622/1986). Before 1986, there was a traditional division into broad historical–geographical regions (γεωγραφικά διαμερίσματα), which, however, was often arbitrary; not all of the pre-1986 traditional historical-geographic regions had official administrative bodies
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Greece
GREECE (Greek : Ελλάδα, _ Elláda _ ), officially the HELLENIC REPUBLIC (Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία, _Ellinikí Dimokratía_ ), historically also known as HELLAS ( Ancient Greek : Ἑλλάς, _Hellás_ , modern pronunciation _Ellás_), is a country in southeastern Europe , with a population of approximately 11 million as of 2015. Athens is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki . Greece is strategically located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa
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Turkey
Coordinates : 39°N 35°E / 39°N 35°E / 39; 35 Republic of Turkey _Türkiye Cumhuriyeti_ (Turkish ) Flag National emblem ANTHEM: * " İstiklâl Marşı " * "The Independence March" * CAPITAL Ankara
Ankara
39°55′N 32°50′E / 39.917°N 32.833°E / 39.917; 32.833 LARGEST CITY
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Aegean Sea
The AEGEAN SEA (/ᵻˈdʒiːən/ ; Greek : Αιγαίο Πέλαγος (_ listen ); Turkish : Ege Denizi_ Turkish pronunciation: ) is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between the Greek and Anatolian peninsulas , i.e., between the mainlands of Greece and Turkey . In the north, it is connected to the Marmara Sea and Black Sea by the Dardanelles and Bosphorus . The Aegean Islands are within the sea and some bound it on its southern periphery, including Crete and Rhodes . The sea was traditionally known as _the Archipelago _ (in Greek , _Αρχιπέλαγος_, meaning "chief sea"), but in English the meaning of Archipelago has changed to refer to the Aegean Islands and, generally, to any island group
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Greek Language
GREEK ( Modern Greek
Modern Greek
: ελληνικά , _elliniká_, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα (_ listen ), ellinikí glóssa_, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece
Greece
and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean . It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet
Greek alphabet
for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B
Linear B
and the Cypriot syllabary
Cypriot syllabary
, were used previously. The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin
Latin
, Cyrillic
Cyrillic
, Armenian , Coptic , Gothic and many other writing systems
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Romanization Of Greek
ROMANIZATION OF GREEK is the transliteration (letter -mapping) or transcription (sound -mapping) of text from the Greek alphabet into the Latin alphabet . The conventions for writing and romanizing Ancient Greek and Modern Greek differ markedly, which can create confusion. The sound of the English letter B (/b/ ) was written as β in ancient Greek but is now written as the digraph μπ , while the modern β sounds like the English letter V (/v/ ) instead. The Greek name Ἰωάννης became Johannes in Latin and then John in English, but in Greek itself has instead become Γιάννης; this might be written as Yannis , Jani, Ioannis, Yiannis, or Giannis, but not Giannes or Giannēs as it would have been in ancient Greek
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Turkish Language
Turkey (official), Northern Cyprus (official), Cyprus (official), Bulgaria , Macedonia , Greece , Iraq ,
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Crete
CRETE (Greek : Κρήτη, _Kríti_ ; Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Κρήτη, _Krḗtē_) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands
Greek islands
, 88th -largest island in the world and the fifth -largest island in the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
, after Sicily
Sicily
, Sardinia
Sardinia
, Cyprus
Cyprus
, and Corsica . Crete
Crete
and a number of surrounding islands and islets constitute the region of Crete
Crete
(Greek: Περιφέρεια Κρήτης), one of the 13 top-level administrative units of Greece
Greece
. The capital and the largest city is Heraklion
Heraklion
. As of 2011 , the region had a population of 623,065
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Rhodes
RHODES (Greek : Ρόδος, _Ródos_ ) is the largest of the Dodecanese islands in terms of land area and also the island group's historical capital. Administratively the island forms a separate municipality within the Rhodes regional unit , which is part of the South Aegean administrative region . The principal town of the island and seat of the municipality is Rhodes . The city of Rhodes had 50,636 inhabitants in 2011. It is located northeast of Crete , southeast of Athens and just off the Anatolian coast of Turkey . Rhodes' nickname is _The island of the Knights_, named after the Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem , who once conquered the land. Historically, Rhodes was famous worldwide for the Colossus of Rhodes , one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
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Karpathos
KARPATHOS (Greek : Κάρπαθος, Greek pronunciation: ) is the second largest of the Greek Dodecanese
Dodecanese
islands, in the southeastern Aegean Sea
Aegean Sea
. Together with the neighboring smaller Saria Island it forms the municipality of Karpathos, which is part of the Karpathos regional unit . Because of its remote location, Karpathos
Karpathos
has preserved many peculiarities of dress, customs and dialect, the last resembling those of Crete
Crete
and Cyprus
Cyprus
. The island has also been called Carpathus in Latin , Scarpanto in Italian and Kerpe in Turkish . CONTENTS* 1 Geography * 1.1 Climate * 2 Municipality * 3 History * 4 Transportation * 5 Population * 6 Beaches * 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 Sources * 10 External links GEOGRAPHY Map of Karpathos, by Giacomo Franco (c
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Kasos
KASOS (/ˈkɑːsoʊs/ ; also KASSOS; Greek : Κάσος) is a Greek island municipality in the Dodecanese
Dodecanese
. It is the southernmost island in the Aegean Sea
Aegean Sea
, and is part of the Karpathos
Karpathos
regional unit . As of 2011 , its population was 1,084. The island has also been known in Italian as Caso, and Turkish as Kaşot. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Notable residents * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Sources * 7 External links GEOGRAPHY Kasos
Kasos
lies SW of Karpathos
Karpathos
, between this island and Crete
Crete
. Adjacent to the island is the Strait of Kasos
Kasos
, through which some of the Modified Atlantic Water enters the Sea of Crete
Crete
. Its shape is elliptic and resembles that of Rhodes
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Ancient Greece
ANCIENT GREECE was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 12th-9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (c. 600 AD). Immediately following this period was the beginning of the Early Middle Ages
Middle Ages
and the Byzantine
Byzantine
era. Roughly three centuries after the Late Bronze Age collapse of Mycenaean Greece , Greek urban poleis began to form in the 8th century BC, ushering in the period of Archaic Greece
Archaic Greece
and colonization of the Mediterranean Basin . This was followed by the period of Classical Greece , an era that began with the Greco-Persian Wars , lasting from the 5th to 4th centuries BC. Due to the conquests by Alexander the Great of Macedonia , Hellenistic civilization flourished from Central Asia to the western end of the Mediterranean Sea
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Archipelago
An ARCHIPELAGO (/ɑːrkᵻˈpɛləɡoʊ/ (_ listen ) ark-i-PEL-ə-goh_ ), sometimes called an ISLAND GROUP or ISLAND CHAIN, is a chain, cluster or collection of islands , or sometimes a sea containing a small number of scattered islands. The word _archipelago_ is derived from the Greek _ἄρχι- – arkhi-_ ("chief") and _πέλαγος – pélagos_ ("sea") through the Italian _arcipelago_. In Italian , possibly following a tradition of antiquity , the _ARCHIPELAGO_ (from medieval Greek _* ἀρχιπέλαγος_ and Latin _archipelagus_) was the proper name for the Aegean Sea and, later, usage shifted to refer to the Aegean Islands (since the sea is remarkable for its large number of islands). CONTENTS * 1 Types * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links TYPESArchipelagos may be found isolated in large amounts of water or neighbouring a large land mass
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Administrative Regions Of Greece
The ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS OF GREECE (Greek : περιφέρειες, _peripheries_) are the country's thirteen first-level administrative entities, each comprising several second-level units, originally prefectures and, since 2011, regional units . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 List of administrative regions * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORYThe current regions were established in July 1986 (the Presidential Decree officially establishing them was signed in 1987), by decision of then-Interior Minister Menios Koutsogiorgas as a second-level administrative entities, complementing the prefectures (Law 1622/1986). Before 1986, there was a traditional division into broad historical–geographical regions (γεωγραφικά διαμερίσματα), which, however, was often arbitrary; not all of the pre-1986 traditional historical-geographic regions had official administrative bodies
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Imbros