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Administrative Divisions Of Somalia
Somalia
Somalia
is officially divided into eighteen (18) administrative regions (gobollada, singular gobol), which in turn are subdivided into ninety (90) districts (plural degmooyin; singular degmo). On a de facto basis, northern Somalia
Somalia
is now divided up among the autonomous regions of Puntland (which considers itself an autonomous state ) and Somaliland
Somaliland
(a self-declared but un-recognized sovereign state ). In central Somalia, Galmudug is another regional entity that emerged just south of Puntland. For these post-civil war divisions, see States and regions of Somalia
Somalia

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Hassan Ali Khayre
HASSAN ALI KHAYRE (Somali : Xasan Cali Khayre, Arabic : حسن علي خيري) is the current Prime Minister of Somalia
Somalia
. He was appointed on 23 February 2017 by Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
and unanimously approved by the Parliament on 1 March 2017. Khayre is a former aid worker and oil executive. He has been a regional director of the Norwegian Refugee Council charity and served as the director of the British oil company Soma Oil and Gas. CONTENTS* 1 Background * 1.1 Early life * 1.2 Early career * 2 Soma Oil & Gas * 2.1 Resignation from Soma * 3 Prime Minister * 4 References BACKGROUNDEARLY LIFE Hassan Ali Khayre
Hassan Ali Khayre
was born in the central Somalian town of Galhareeri, some 50 kilometers from El Buur , to a family from the Murusade tribe, a branch of the larger Hawiye tribe
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Legislature
A LEGISLATURE is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city . Legislatures form important parts of most governments ; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of government. Laws enacted by legislatures are known as legislation . Legislatures observe and steer governing actions and usually have exclusive authority to amend the budget or budgets involved in the process. The members of a legislature are called legislators . In a democracy , legislators are most commonly popularly elected , although indirect election and appointment by the executive are also used, particularly for bicameral legislatures featuring an upper chamber
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Unitary State
A UNITARY STATE is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate. The majority of states in the world have a unitary system of government. Of the 192 UN member states , 165 are governed as unitary states. In a unitary state, sub-national units are created and abolished (an example being the 22 mainland regions of France
France
being merged into 13), and their powers may be broadened and narrowed, by the central government. Although political power may be delegated through devolution to local governments by statute , the central government remains supreme; it may abrogate the acts of devolved governments or curtail their powers. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is an example of a unitary state
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Mohamed Osman Jawari
MOHAMED OSMAN JAWARI (Somali : Maxamed Cismaan Jawaari, Arabic : محمد عثمان جواري‎) (born December 7, 1945 in Afgooye
Afgooye
, Somalia
Somalia
) is a Somali attorney and politician. He is the current Speaker of the Federal Parliament of Somalia
Federal Parliament of Somalia
. He also briefly served as acting President of Somalia
Somalia
in August and September 2012
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List Of Members Of The Federal Parliament Of Somalia
This is a LIST OF MEMBERS OF THE 10TH PARLIAMENT OF SOMALIA . was elected in Somali parliamentary election held in 2016 It covers both Upper House
Upper House
(Senate) and Lower House
Lower House
(House of the People) members in the national bicameral legislature, based in Mogadishu
Mogadishu
, the capital of Somalia
Somalia
. the listed Members of Parliament (MPs) are scheduled to serve from 2016 to 2020
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Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
MOHAMED ABDULLAHI "FARMAJO" MOHAMED (Somali : Maxamed Cabdulaahi Maxamed Farmaajo, Arabic : محمد عبد الله محمد‎; born 11 March 1962) is a Somali diplomat and politician who is the 9th and current President of Somalia . He was previously Prime Minister of Somalia
Somalia
from November 2010 until June 2011 and is the founder and Chairman of the Tayo Political Party . He became the President of Somalia
Somalia
after winning the 2017 Somali presidential election with the votes of 184 of the total of 328 members of the Somali Parliament
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Arabic Language
ARABIC ( Arabic
Arabic
: العَرَبِيَّة‎‎, al-ʻarabiyyah ( listen ) or Arabic
Arabic
: عَرَبِيّ‎‎ ʻarabī ( listen ) or ) is a Central Semitic language complex that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world . It is named after the Arabs , a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. The modern written language ( Modern Standard Arabic
Modern Standard Arabic
) is derived from Classical Arabic
Classical Arabic
. It is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media
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Somali Language
SOMALI /səˈmɑːli, soʊ-/ (Af-Soomaali ) is an Afroasiatic language belonging to the Cushitic branch. It is spoken as a mother tongue by Somalis in Greater Somalia
Somalia
and the Somali diaspora . Somali is an official language of Somalia
Somalia
, Somaliland , a national language in Djibouti
Djibouti
, and a working language in the Somali Region
Somali Region
of Ethiopia . It is used as an adoptive language by a few neighboring ethnic minority groups and individuals. The Somali language
Somali language
is written officially with the Latin alphabet
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Executive (government)
The EXECUTIVE is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state . The executive executes and enforces law . In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers , authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative , judicial ) — an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group of people. In such a system, the executive does not pass laws (the role of the legislature) or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). Instead, the executive enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary. The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order . Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations . In the Westminster political system , the principle of separation of powers is not as entrenched
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Somali Council Of Ministers
The CABINET OF SOMALIA is the Council of Ministers of the Federal Government of Somalia
Somalia
. It consists of Ministers appointed by the Prime Minister . The Prime Minister may dismiss members of the cabinet, and new appointees must again be approved by the Parliament. The cabinet meets weekly on Thursdays in Mogadishu
Mogadishu
. There may be additional meetings if circumstances require it. The Prime Minister chairs the meetings. CONTENTS* 1 Constitutional and legal basis * 1.1 Appointment * 2 Functions of cabinet * 3 Cabinet officials * 3.1 Cabinet members * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL BASISAPPOINTMENTArticle 97, Section 3 of the Constitution of the Somalia
Somalia
says that the Prime Minister “ shall appoint deputy prime ministers, ministers, state ministers, and deputy ministers
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Federal Government Of Somalia
The FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OF SOMALIA (FGS) (Somali : Dowladda Federaalka Soomaaliya, Arabic : حكومة الصومال الاتحادية‎‎) is the internationally recognised government of the Federal Republic of Somalia
Somalia
. The Federal Government of Somalia
Somalia
was established on August 20, 2012, following the end of the interim mandate of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG). It officially comprises the executive branch of government, with the parliament serving as the legislative branch. It is headed by the President of Somalia , to whom the Cabinet reports through the Prime Minister
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Elections In Somalia
ELECTIONS IN SOMALIA were last held during the tenure of Somalia
Somalia
's socialist administration in the 1980s. Popular elections were planned for the parliament in 2012, but were not held. The provisional constitution of the country does, however, provide for an electoral system. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Post-transition * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links OVERVIEWDuring the civilian administration that existed prior to the seizure of power by the Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC) in 1969, there were a number of local political parties. Most notable of these early institutions was the Somali Youth League , the nation's first political organization
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Awdalland
AWDALLAND (Somali : Awdalland
Awdalland
Arabic : أرض أودال‎‎) is a region in Northwestern Somalia
Somalia
, centered on Borama , the capital of the Awdal
Awdal
province. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Demographics * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORY Main article: Adel Sultanate Awdalland
Awdalland
(also spelled Adelland) takes its name from the Adel Sultanate , a medieval empire which rose to power during the 16th century. The area along the Ethiopian border is abundant with ruined cities. These cities were described by Richard F. Burton , a British explorer in 1856, as the first footsteps in East Africa and by A. T. Curle as the unsolved riddle of Africa. In 1995, after the collapse of the Somalian central government, a local separatist movement known as the " Awdal
Awdal
Republic" or "Awdalland Republic" briefly sought independence
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