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Administrative Divisions Of Somalia
Somalia
Somalia
is officially divided into eighteen (18) administrative regions (gobollada, singular gobol),[1] which in turn are subdivided into ninety (90) districts (plural degmooyin; singular degmo). On a de facto basis, northern Somalia
Somalia
is now divided up among the autonomous regions of Puntland
Puntland
(which considers itself an autonomous state) and Somaliland
Somaliland
(a self-declared but unrecognized sovereign state)
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Somali Language
Somali /səˈmɑːli, soʊ-/[4][5] (Af-Soomaali [æ̀f sɔ̀ːmɑ́ːlì])[6] is an Afroasiatic language belonging to the Cushitic branch. It is spoken as a mother tongue by Somalis
Somalis
in Greater Somalia
Somalia
and the Somali diaspora. Somali is an official language of Somalia, Somaliland,[7] a national language in Djibouti, and a working language in the Somali Region
Somali Region
of Ethiopia
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Federal States
A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing states or regions under a central (federal) government. In a federation, the self-governing status of the component states, as well as the division of power between them and the central government, is typically constitutionally entrenched and may not be altered by a unilateral decision of either party, the states or the federal political body. Alternatively, federation is a form of government in which sovereign power is formally divided between a central authority and a number of constituent regions so that each region retains some degree of control over its internal affairs.[1][2] The governmental or constitutional structure found in a federation is considered to be federalist, or to be an example of federalism. It can be considered the opposite of another system, the unitary state. France, for example, has been unitary for multiple centuries
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List Of Members Of The Federal Parliament Of Somalia
This is a list of members of the 10th Parliament of Somalia. was elected in Somali parliamentary election held in 2016 It covers both Upper House
Upper House
(Senate) and Lower House
Lower House
(House of the People) members in the national bicameral legislature, based in Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia
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Mohamed Osman Jawari
Mohamed Osman Jawari
Mohamed Osman Jawari
(Somali: Maxamed Cismaan Jawaari, Arabic: محمد عثمان جواري‎) (born December 7, 1945 in Afgooye, Somalia) is a Somali attorney and politician. He is the current Speaker of the Federal Parliament of Somalia
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Legislature
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city. Legislatures form important parts of most governments; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of government. Laws enacted by legislatures are known as legislation. Legislatures observe and steer governing actions and usually have exclusive authority to amend the budget or budgets involved in the process. The members of a legislature are called legislators
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Hassan Ali Khayre
Hassan Ali Khayre
Hassan Ali Khayre
(Somali: Xasan Cali Khayre, Arabic: حسن علي خيري) is the current Prime Minister of Somalia. He was appointed on 23 February 2017 by Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed[1] and unanimously approved by the Parliament on 1 March 2017.[2] Khayre is a former aid worker and oil executive
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Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed (Somali: Maxamed Cabdulaahi Maxamed Farmaajo, Arabic: محمد عبد الله محمد‎; born 11 March 1962) is a Somali diplomat and politician who is the 9th and current President of Somalia. He was previously Prime Minister of Somalia
Somalia
from November 2010 until June 2011 and is the founder and Chairman of the Tayo Political Party
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Executive (government)
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state. The executive executes and enforces law. In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial) — an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group of people. In such a system, the executive does not pass laws (the role of the legislature) or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). Instead, the executive enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary. The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order. Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations. In the Westminster political system, the principle of separation of powers is not as entrenched
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Arabic Language
Arabic
Arabic
(Arabic: العَرَبِيَّة‎) al-ʻarabiyyah [ʔalʕaraˈbijːah] ( listen) or (Arabic: عَرَبِيّ‎) ʻarabī [ˈʕarabiː] ( listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world.[4] It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
in the east to the Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic
Arabic
is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form (Modern Standard Arabic) [5]. The modern written language (Modern Standard Arabic) is derived from Classical Arabic
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Constitution Of Somalia
A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed.[1] These rules together make up, i.e. constitute, what the entity is. When these principles are written down into a single document or set of legal documents, those documents may be said to embody a written constitution; if they are written down in a single comprehensive document, it is said to embody a codified constitution. Some constitutions (such as the constitution of the United Kingdom) are uncodified, but written in numerous fundamental Acts of a legislature, court cases or treaties.[2] Constitutions concern different levels of organizations, from sovereign states to companies and unincorporated associations. A treaty which establishes an international organization is also its constitution, in that it would define how that organization is constituted
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List Of Political Parties In Somalia
Contents1 Overview and Background 2 Parties2.1 National 2.2 Regional3 See also 4 ReferencesOverview and Background[edit] During the civilian administration which existed prior to the seizure of power by the Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC) in 1969, there were a number of local political parties. Most notable of these early institutions was the Somali Youth League, the nation's first political organization. Upon assuming office, the SRC (led by Siad Barre) outlawed all extant political parties,[1] and advocated a form of scientific socialism inspired by Maoist China and the Soviet Union.[2] Following the outbreak of the civil war in 1991 that saw the ouster of the Barre regime, many of the few remaining political parties gave way to autonomous or semi-autonomous regional states, or fragmented into feuding militia groups
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Woqooyi Galbeed
Woqooyi Galbeed (Somali: Woqooyi Galbeed, Arabic: وقويي جالبيد‎), also known as Maroodi Jeex, is an administrative region (gobol) located in northwestern Somaliland.[1][2] It's considered to be the most populous region in Somalia.Contents1 Overview 2 Demographics 3 Districts 4 Major cities 5 References 6 External linksOverview Marrodi Jeex or Waqooyi Galbeed is bordered by Ethiopia to the south, the Somaliand region of Awdal to the west, Togdheer to the east, and the Gulf of Aden to the north. The highest point in the region is Buurta Wagar (2004 meters), which rises southeast of Berbera. Its capital is Hargeisa
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Federal Government Of Somalia
The Federal Government of Somalia
Somalia
(FGS) (Somali: Dowladda Federaalka Soomaaliya, Arabic: حكومة الصومال الاتحادية‎) is the internationally recognised government of Somalia, and the first attempt to create a central government in Somalia
Somalia
since the anarchic collapse of the Somali Democratic Republic. It replaced the Transitional Federal Government
Transitional Federal Government
of Somalia
Somalia
on 20 August 2012 with the adoption of the Constitution of Somalia. The Federal Government of Somalia
Somalia
was established on August 20, 2012, following the end of the interim mandate of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG).[1] It officially comprises the executive branch of government, with the parliament serving as the legislative branch
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Somali Council Of Ministers
The Cabinet of Somalia is the Council of Ministers of the Federal Government of Somalia. It consists of Ministers appointed by the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister may dismiss members of the cabinet, and new appointees must again be approved by the Parliament. The cabinet meets weekly on Thursdays in Mogadishu. There may be additional meetings if circumstances require it. The Prime Minister chairs the meetings.Contents1 Constitutional and legal basis1.1 Appointment2 Functions of cabinet 3 Cabinet officials3.1 Cabinet members4 See also 5 Notes 6 ReferencesConstitutional and legal basis[edit] Appointment[edit] Article 97, Section 3 of the Constitution of the Somalia says that the Prime Minister“ shall appoint deputy prime ministers, ministers, state ministers, and deputy ministers
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Judiciary Of Somalia
The judiciary of Somalia is defined by the Provisional Constitution of the Federal Republic of Somalia. It stipulates that the national court structure is to be organized into three tiers: the Constitutional Court, Federal Government level courts, and Federal Member State level courts. A future nine-member Judicial Service Commission is empowered to appoint any federal tier member of the judiciary. It also selects and presents potential Constitutional Court judges to the House of the People of the Federal Parliament for approval. If endorsed, the President then appoints the candidate as a judge of the Constitutional Court
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