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Administrative Divisions Of Somalia
Somalia
Somalia
is officially divided into eighteen (18) administrative regions (_gobollada_, singular _gobol_), which in turn are subdivided into ninety (90) districts (plural _degmooyin_; singular _degmo_). On a _de facto_ basis, northern Somalia
Somalia
is now divided up among the autonomous regions of Puntland (which considers itself an autonomous state ) and Somaliland
Somaliland
(a self-declared but un-recognized sovereign state ). In central Somalia, Galmudug is another regional entity that emerged just south of Puntland. For these post-civil war divisions, see _States and regions of Somalia
Somalia
_
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Somali Language
SOMALI /səˈmɑːli, soʊ-/ (_Af-Soomaali_ ) is an Afroasiatic language belonging to the Cushitic branch. It is spoken as a mother tongue by Somalis in Greater Somalia
Somalia
and the Somali diaspora . Somali is an official language of Somalia
Somalia
, Somaliland
Somaliland
, a national language in Djibouti
Djibouti
, and a working language in the Somali Region
Somali Region
of Ethiopia . It is used as an adoptive language by a few neighboring ethnic minority groups and individuals. The Somali language
Somali language
is written officially with the Latin alphabet . CONTENTS * 1 Classification * 2 Geographic distribution * 2.1 Official status * 3 Varieties * 4 Phonology * 5 Grammar * 5.1 Morphology * 5.2 Syntax * 6 Vocabulary * 7 Writing system
Writing system
* 8 Sample text * 8.1 Numbers * 8.2 Days of the week * 9 See also * 10 Notes * 11 References * 12 Further reading * 13 External links CLASSIFICATION Main articles: Afroasiatic languages
Afroasiatic languages
and Cushitic languages Somali is classified within the Cushitic branch of the Afroasiatic family; specifically, as Lowland East Cushitic along with Afar and Saho
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Arabic Language
THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS ARABIC TEXT . Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols .ARABIC ( Arabic
Arabic
: العَرَبِيَّة‎‎, _al-ʻarabiyyah_ (_ listen ) or Arabic
Arabic
: عَرَبِيّ‎‎ ʻarabī_ (_ listen ) or ) is a Central Semitic language complex that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca _ of the Arab world . It is named after the Arabs
Arabs
, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
in the east to the Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. The modern written language ( Modern Standard Arabic ) is derived from Classical Arabic . It is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic
Arabic
(_fuṣḥā_), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam
Islam
. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary
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Jubbada Hoose
LOWER JUBA (Somali : Jubbada Hoose, Arabic : جوبا السفلى‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol ) in southern Somalia
Somalia
. With its capital at Kismayo
Kismayo
, it lies in the autonomous Jubaland
Jubaland
region. It has green forests and wild life animals such as lions, giraffes, hippos, crocodiles, and hyenas. Lower Juba is bordered by Kenya
Kenya
, the Somali regions of Gedo , Middle Juba (Jubbada Dhexe), and the Indian Ocean . The province is named after the Jubba River
Jubba River
that passes through it and empties into the Indian Ocean at Goobweyn
Goobweyn
. The Lag Badana National Park is situated in Lower Juba. Between 1974 and 1975, a major drought referred to as the Abaartii Dabadheer ("The Lingering Drought") occurred in the northern regions of Somalia. The Soviet Union
Soviet Union
, which at the time maintained strategic relations with the Siad Barre government, airlifted some 90,000 people from the devastated regions of Hobyo and Caynaba . New small settlements referred to as Danwadaagaha ("Collective Settlements") were then created in Jubbada Hoose (Lower Jubba) and Jubbada Dhexe (Middle Jubba) regions
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Jubbada Dhexe
MIDDLE JUBA (Somali : Jubbada Dhexe, Arabic : جوبا الأوسط‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol ) in southern Somalia
Somalia
. With its capital at Bu\'aale , it is located in the autonomous Jubaland
Jubaland
region. Middle Juba is bordered by the Somali regions of Gedo , Bay , Lower Shebelle (Shabellaha Hoose), Lower Juba (Jubbada Hoose), and the Indian Ocean . The region is named after the Jubba River
Jubba River
that runs through it. DISTRICTS Middle Juba consists of three districts: * Bu\'aale District * Jilib District * Sakow District NOTES * ^ "Somalia". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 6 December 2013. * ^ " Middle Juba Region" (PDF). Retrieved 30 December 2013
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Gedo
GEDO (Somali : Gedo, Arabic : جوبا الوسطى‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol ), formerly part of the historic Upper Juba
Juba
Region in southern Somalia
Somalia
. Its regional capital is Garbahaarreey . Gedo
Gedo
is a region created in 1980s and is bordered by the Ogaden in Ethiopia
Ethiopia
, the North Eastern Province in Kenya
Kenya
, and the Somali regions of Bakool , Bay , Jubbada Dhexe (Middle Juba), and Jubbada Hoose (Lower Juba) further down east. The southern parts of Gedo, west of the Jubba River , used to be part of the old British Transjuba region during half of the seventy years of colonial era in Africa from 1890 to 1960. The British and Italians fought over twice in this area of Horn of Africa
Horn of Africa
. Gedo
Gedo
region's population exploded in the last twenty years reaching almost one million in the early 1990s after the civil war erupted in Mogadishu
Mogadishu
. Most of the newcomers to the region, suddenly left and resettled different parts of world. This immigration made Buuloxaawo the second largest district in Gedo. Luuq used to be the second largest city and district after Bardera . At one time Buuloxaawo District was the largest city and district in the region
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Bay, Somalia
BAY (Somali : Baay, Arabic : باي‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol ) in southern Somalia
Somalia
. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Districts * 3 Major towns * 4 Notes * 5 External links OVERVIEWIt is bordered by the Somalian regions of Bakool
Bakool
, Hiran , Lower Shebelle (Shabeellaha Hoose), Middle Juba (Jubbada Dhexe), and Gedo . Baidoa
Baidoa
used to be the capital of the old Upper Juba region, which today also includes Gedo and Bakool, as well as most parts of the Middle Juba region. Present regions were created in the 1970s by the then ruling military regime. Bay's current capital is Baidoa
Baidoa
. DISTRICTSThe Bay region consists of five districts: * Baidoa
Baidoa
District * Buurhakaba District * Diinsoor District * Qasahdhere District * Berdaale district MAJOR TOWNS * Baidoa
Baidoa
* Dinsoor * Burhakaba * Berdaale NOTES * ^ "News in Brief, 21st March 2014" (PDF). Embassy of The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Retrieved 11 July 2014. * ^ "Somalia". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 6 December 2013. * ^ "Bay Region" (PDF)
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Bakool
BAKOOL (Somali : Bakool, Arabic : باكول‎‎) is a region (gobol ) in southwestern Somalia
Somalia
. CONTENTS * 1 Overiew * 2 Districts * 3 Major towns * 4 Notes * 5 External links OVERIEWIt is bordered by the Somali regions of Hiiraan , Bay and Gedo . Bakool, like Gedo and Bay, as well as most parts of the Jubbada Dhexe (Middle Juba) region, used to be a part of the old Upper Region, which was subdivided in the mid-1980s. It has its capital at Xuddur . In March 2014, Somali Armed Forces assisted by an Ethiopian battalion with AMISOM
AMISOM
re-captured the Bakool
Bakool
province's capital Hudur from the Al-Shabaab militant group. The offensive was part of an intensified military operation by the allied forces to remove the insurgent group from the remaining areas in southern Somalia
Somalia
under its control. DISTRICTSThe Bakool
Bakool
region consists of five districts: * Ceelbare District * Rabdhuure District * Tiyeegloow District * Waajid District * Xuddur District MAJOR TOWNS * Ceelbarde * Rabdhuure * Waajid * Xuddur * Tiyeegloow NOTES * ^ "Senior al-Shabaab leader Robow \'in talks\' with government". Sabahi. 7 July 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2014
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Shabeellaha Hoose
LOWER SHEBELLE (Somali : Shabeellaha Hoose, Arabic : شبيلي السفلى‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol ) in southern Somalia
Somalia
. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Districts * 3 Major towns * 4 Notes * 5 External links OVERVIEWIt is bordered by the Somali regions of Banaadir , Middle Shebelle (Shabeellaha Dhexe), Hiran , Bay and Middle Juba (Jubbada Dhexe), and the Indian Ocean . Lower Shebelle is named after the Shebelle River
Shebelle River
, which passes through it. Until 1984, when the regions were reassigned, it was part of the larger Benadir
Benadir
region and its capital was Mogadishu
Mogadishu
. However, the provincial capital is now Merca
Merca
. DISTRICTS Lower Shebelle consists of the following districts: * Afgoi District * Awdhagle District * Baraawe District * Kurtunwarey District * Qoriyoley District * Merca
Merca
District * Sablaale District * Walaweyn District MAJOR TOWNS * Afgooye
Afgooye
* Awdhagle * Barawa
Barawa
* Merca
Merca
* Sablale * Wanlaweyn NOTES * ^ "News in Brief, 21st March 2014" (PDF). Embassy of The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
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Banaadir
BENAADIR (Somali : _Banaadir_, Arabic : بنادر‎‎) is an administrative region (_gobol _) in southeastern Somalia
Somalia
. It covers the same area as the city of Mogadishu
Mogadishu
, Somalia's capital. Although by far the smallest administrative region in Somalia, it has the largest population, estimated at 1,650,227 (including 369,288 internally displaced persons ) in 2014. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Population * 3 Districts * 4 References * 5 External links OVERVIEWBenaadir is bordered by the Somali regions of Middle Shebelle (Shabeellaha Dhexe) and Lower Shebelle (Shabeellaha Hoose), as well as the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
. "Benaadir" is derived from the Persian _bandar_, which means "port", in reference to the coastal cities of Mogadishu
Mogadishu
and Barawa . The place name reflects the region's medieval position as a key trade center with Persia and the Arabian peninsula . Benaadir is also known for its local breed of goats . Its capital is Mogadishu, although the administrative region itself is coextensive with the city. Benaadir is much smaller than the historical region of Benadir , which covers most of the country's central and southern seaboard opposite the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
and up to the Juba River , including Mogadishu
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Shabeellaha Dhexe
MIDDLE SHEBELLE (Somali : Shabeellaha Dhexe, pronunciation (help ·info ) Arabic : شبيلي الوسطى‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol ) in southern Somalia
Somalia
. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Districts * 3 Major towns * 4 References * 5 External links OVERVIEWIt is bordered by the Somali regions of Galguduud
Galguduud
, Hiran , Lower Shebelle (Shabellaha Hoose), and Banaadir , as well as the Indian Ocean . As part of the former Benadir region, Middle Shabelle's capital was Mogadishu
Mogadishu
up until the mid-1980s, when the town of Jowhar
Jowhar
became the capital. It is named after the Shebelle River
Shebelle River
that passes through this region. Middle Shebelle is principally inhabited by various sub-clans of the Somali Mudulood clan; most notably the Abgaal . Other Mudulood subclans that reside in the region include the Udeejeen , Moobleen and Hiilebi , who live alongside the Galje'l and Hawadle. There are also members of the non-Somali ethnic minority Bantu group (Kaboole). The region supports livestock production, rain-fed and gravity irrigated agriculture and fisheries, with an annual rainfall between 150 and 500 millimeters covering an area of approximately 60,000 square kilometers. It has a 400 km coastline on the Indian Ocean
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Hiiraan
HIRAN (Somali : Hiiraan, Arabic : هيران‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol ) in south-central Somalia
Somalia
. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Districts * 3 Major towns * 4 References * 5 Notes * 6 External links OVERVIEWHiran is bordered by the Somali Region of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
to the northwest, as well as the Somalian provinces of Galgudud to the northeast, Middle Shebelle (Shabeellaha Dhexe) to the south, Lower Shebelle (Shabellaha Hoose) to the southwest, and Bay and Bakool
Bakool
to the west. The Shebelle River
Shebelle River
flows into Hiran from Ethiopia, coursing through the provincial capital of Beledweyne
Beledweyne

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Galguduud
GALGUDUUD (Somali : Galgaduud, Arabic : جلجدود‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol ) in central Somalia . CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Districts * 3 Major towns * 4 Small towns * 5 Notes * 6 External links OVERVIEWIt is bordered by Ethiopia , the Somali regions of Mudug , Hiran and Middle Shebelle (Shabeellaha Dhexe), and the Indian Ocean . Galguduud's capital is Dhusamareb . DISTRICTSThe Galguduud region consists of eight districts: * Abudwaq District * Adado District * Dhusa Mareb District * Guri\'el District * Balanbale District * Godinlabe District MAJOR TOWNS * Adado * Abudwak * Dhusamareb * Guriel * Godinlabe * El Buur * Galhareeri * Galinsoor * Balan-Bale * El Garas * Ceeldhere * Herale SMALL TOWNS * Wahbo * Masagaway * Waniinle * Cigo * Maraysuuley * Tixle * Tuulo aflax NOTES * ^ http://allgalgaduud.com/2017/01/top-dhageyso-gudoomiyaha-cusub-ee-gobolka-galgaduud-oo-arimo-xasaasi-ah-ka-hadlay/ * ^ "Somalia". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 6 December 2013. * ^ "Galgaduud Region" (PDF). Retrieved 30 January 2014
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Mudug
MUDUG (Somali : Mudug, is an administrative region (gobol ) in north-central Somalia
Somalia
. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Districts * 3 Major towns * 4 Small towns in Mudug
Mudug
* 5 Notes * 6 External links OVERVIEWIt is bordered by the Ogaden , the Somali regions of Nugal and Galguduud , and the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
. The provincial capital is Galkayo . DISTRICTSThe Mudug
Mudug
region consists of five districts: * Galkayo District * Galdogob District * Hobyo District * Harardhere District * Jariban District MAJOR TOWNS * Galkayo * hobyo * xarardheere * goldogob * jariiban SMALL TOWNS IN MUDUG * harfo * afbarwaaqo * Tawfiiq * Bacadweyn * Beyra * Beer-dhagahtur * Bil\'il * Jariban * Garacad * Bur Salah * Rigomane * Wisil * Afbarwaaqo * Ceel Dibir * Ceel Guula * Ceel Duale * War galo * Kalabayr * Bacadweyne * Khayr-qabe * rigoomane * roox NOTES * ^ "Somalia". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 6 December 2013. * ^ " Mudug
Mudug
Region" (PDF)
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Nugaal
NUGAL (Somali : _Nugaal_, Arabic : نوغال‎‎) is an administrative region (_gobol _) in northeastern Somalia
Somalia
. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Districts * 3 Major towns * 4 Notes OVERVIEWIt is bordered by Somali provinces of Sool to the west, Bari to the north, and Mudug to the south and Somali region of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
. The Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
flanks the province to the east. Nugal is centered on Garowe , the capital of the autonomous Puntland macro-region. A major geographic feature of the region is the _ Nugaal Valley _, a large shallow drainage basin fed by the Nugal and Dheer seasonal rivers during the April–June rainy season. DISTRICTSThe Nugal region consists of four districts: * Burtinle District * Eyl District * Garowe District * Dangorayo District MAJOR TOWNS * Burtinle * Dangorayo * Eyl * Garowe * Godobjiraan NOTES * ^ "Somalia". _The World Factbook_. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 6 December 2013. * ^ "Nugaal Region" (PDF). Retrieved 30 January 2014
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Bari, Somalia
BARI (Somali : _Bari_, Arabic : باري‎‎) is an administrative region (_gobol _) in northeastern Somalia
Somalia
. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Demographics * 3 Administrative divisions * 4 Major towns * 5 Notes OVERVIEWIt is bordered by the Somali regions of Sanaag and Sool to the west, Nugal to the south, the Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Aden
to the north and the Indian Ocean to the east. It is located the tip of horn of Africa
Africa
. In terms of landmass, Bari is the largest province in the Federal Republic of Somalia. The highest point in this region is Mount Bahaya , the third tallest mountain in Somalia
Somalia
with an elevation of 2120 meters; other notable peaks include Karkaar . DEMOGRAPHICSMost of the inhabitants of the Bari region belong to the Somali ethnic group; in particular the Harti , Dashiishe Majerteen and Warsangeli branches of the Harti and Meheri also Jambeel who live in northern Somali regions, the Leelkase Darod and the Madhiban . According 2015 census the population was 373,000 inhabitants
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