HOME  TheInfoList.com 
Addition ADDITION (often signified by the plus symbol "+") is one of the four basic operations of arithmetic , with the others being subtraction , multiplication and division . The addition of two whole numbers is the total amount of those quantities combined. For example, in the picture on the right, there is a combination of three apples and two apples together, making a total of five apples. This observation is equivalent to the mathematical expression "3 + 2 = 5" i.e., "3 add 2 is equal to 5". Besides counting fruits, addition can also represent combining other physical objects. Using systematic generalizations, addition can also be defined on more abstract quantities, such as integers , rational numbers , real numbers and complex numbers and other abstract objects such as vectors and matrices . In arithmetic, rules for addition involving fractions and negative numbers have been devised amongst others. In algebra, addition is studied more abstractly [...More...]  "Addition" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Renaissance The RENAISSANCE (UK : /rɪˈneɪsəns/ , US : /rɛnəˈsɑːns/ ) is a period in European history , covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries. It is an extension of the Middle Ages Middle Ages , and is bridged by the Age of Enlightenment Age of Enlightenment to modern history . It grew in fragments, with the very first traces found seemingly in Italy Italy , coming to cover much of Europe, for some scholars marking the beginning of the modern age . The intellectual basis of the Renaissance Renaissance was its own invented version of humanism , derived from the concept of Roman Humanitas and the rediscovery of classical Greek philosophy, such as that of Protagoras Protagoras , who said that "Man is the measure of all things." This new thinking became manifest in art, architecture, politics, science and literature [...More...]  "Renaissance" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

English Language ENGLISH is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now the third most widespread native language in the world, after Standard Chinese Standard Chinese and Spanish , as well as the most widely spoken Germanic language . Named after the Angles Angles , one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to Great Britain Great Britain , it ultimately derives its name from the Anglia (Angeln) peninsula in the Baltic Sea Baltic Sea . It is closely related to the other West Germanic languages Germanic languages of Frisian , Low German/Low Saxon , German , Dutch , and Afrikaans Afrikaans . The English vocabulary has been significantly influenced by French (a Romance language ), Norse (a North Germanic language ), and by Latin Latin [...More...]  "English Language" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Verb A VERB, from the Latin Latin verbum meaning word, is a word (part of speech ) that in syntax conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand). In the usual description of English , the basic form, with or without the particle to, is the infinitive . In many languages , verbs are inflected (modified in form) to encode tense , aspect , mood , and voice . A verb may also agree with the person , gender or number of some of its arguments , such as its subject , or object . Verbs have tenses: present, to indicate that an action is being carried out; past, to indicate that an action has been done; future, to indicate that an action will be done [...More...]  "Verb" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Compound (linguistics) In linguistics , a COMPOUND is a lexeme (less precisely, a word ) that consists of more than one stem . COMPOUNDING, COMPOSITION or NOMINAL COMPOSITION is the process of word formation that creates compound lexemes. That is, in familiar terms, compounding occurs when two or more words are joined to make one longer word. The meaning of the compound may be similar to or different from the meanings of its components in isolation. The component stems of a compound may be of the same part of speech—as in the case of the English word footpath, composed of the two nouns foot and path—or they may belong to different parts of speech, as in the case of the English word blackbird, composed of the adjective black and the noun bird. With very few exceptions, English compound words are stressed on their first component stem. The process occurs readily in other Germanic languages Germanic languages for different reasons [...More...]  "Compound (linguistics)" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Iteration ITERATION is the act of repeating a process, either to generate an unbounded sequence of outcomes, or with the aim of approaching a desired goal, target or result. Each repetition of the process is also called an "iteration", and the results of one iteration are used as the starting point for the next iteration. In the context of mathematics or computer science , iteration (along with the related technique of recursion ) is a standard building block of algorithms . CONTENTS * 1 Mathematics Mathematics * 2 Computing * 3 Education * 4 Relationship with recursion * 5 Other terminology * 6 See also * 7 References MATHEMATICSITERATION in mathematics may refer to the process of iterating a function i.e. applying a function repeatedly, using the output from one iteration as the input to the next [...More...]  "Iteration" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Underline An UNDERLINE, also called an underscore , is a more or less horizontal line immediately below a portion of writing . Single and occasionally double ("doubleunderscore") underlining is used in handwritten or typewritten documents as a way to emphasise key text. In printed documents underlining is generally avoided, with italics or small caps often used instead, or (especially in headings) using capitalization or bold type . In a manuscript to be typeset , various forms of underlining were therefore conventionally used to indicate that text should be set in special type such as italics , part of a procedure known as markup . Underlines are sometimes used as a diacritic , to indicate that a letter has a different pronunciation from its nonunderlined form [...More...]  "Underline" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

1 (number) 1 (ONE, also called UNIT, UNITY, and (MULTIPLICATIVE) IDENTITY) is a number , numeral , and glyph . It represents a single entity, the unit of counting or measurement . For example, a line segment of unit length is a line segment of length 1. It is also the first of the infinite sequence of natural numbers , followed by 2. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 As a number * 3 As a digit * 4 Mathematics * 4.1 Table of basic calculations * 5 In technology * 6 In science * 7 In philosophy * 8 In literature * 9 In comics * 10 In sports * 11 In other fields * 12 See also * 13 References * 14 External links ETYMOLOGYThe word one can be used as a noun, an adjective and a pronoun. It comes from the English word an, which comes from the ProtoGermanic root *ainaz. The ProtoGermanic root *ainaz comes from the ProtoIndoEuropean root *oino [...More...]  "1 (number)" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Decimal The DECIMAL numeral system (also called BASETEN positional numeral system , and occasionally called DENARY) is the standard system for denoting integer and noninteger numbers . It is the extension to noninteger numbers of the Hindu–Arabic numeral system . The way of denoting numbers in the decimal system is often referred to as Decimal Decimal notation. A decimal numeral, or just decimal, or, improperly decimal number, refers generally to the notation of a number in the decimal system, which contains a decimal separator (for example 10.00 or 3.14159). Sometimes these terms are used for the any numeral in the decimal system. A decimal may also refer to any digit after the decimal separator, such as in "3.14 is the approximation of π to two decimals". The numbers that may be represented in the decimal system are the decimal fractions , that is the fractions of the form a/10n, where a is an integer, and n is a nonnegative integer [...More...]  "Decimal" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Computer A COMPUTER is a device that can be instructed to carry out arbitrary sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically. The ability of computers to follow generalized sets of operations, called programs , enables them to perform an extremely wide range of tasks. Such computers are used as control systems for a very wide variety of industrial and consumer devices . This includes simple special purpose devices like microwave ovens and remote controls , factory devices such as industrial robots and computer assisted design , but also in general purpose devices like personal computers and mobile devices such as smartphones . The Internet Internet is run on computers and it connects millions of other computers. Since ancient times, simple manual devices like the abacus aided people in doing calculations [...More...]  "Computer" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Infix Notation Infix Infix notation Prefix notation ("Polish") * v * t * e INFIX NOTATION is the notation commonly used in arithmetical and logical formulae and statements. It is characterized by the placement of operators between operands —"infixed operators"—such as the plus sign in 2 + 2. CONTENTS * 1 Usage * 2 Order of operations * 3 Further notations * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links USAGE Infix Infix notation is more difficult to parse by computers than prefix notation (e.g. + 2 2) or postfix notation (e.g. 2 2 +). However many programming languages use it due to its familiarity. It is more used in arithmetic, e.g. 5 × 6. ORDER OF OPERATIONSIn infix notation, unlike in prefix or postfix notations, parentheses surrounding groups of operands and operators are necessary to indicate the intended order in which operations are to be performed [...More...]  "Infix Notation" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Counting COUNTING is the action of finding the number of elements of a finite set of objects. The traditional way of counting consists of continually increasing a (mental or spoken) counter by a unit for every element of the set, in some order, while marking (or displacing) those elements to avoid visiting the same element more than once, until no unmarked elements are left; if the counter was set to one after the first object, the value after visiting the final object gives the desired number of elements. The related term enumeration refers to uniquely identifying the elements of a finite (combinatorial) set or infinite set by assigning a number to each element. Counting Counting using tally marks at Hanakapiai Beach Counting Counting sometimes involves numbers other than one; for example, when counting money, counting out change, "counting by twos" (2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, ...), or "counting by fives" (5, 10, 15, 20, 25, ...) [...More...]  "Counting" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Equality (mathematics) In mathematics , EQUALITY is a relationship between two quantities or, more generally two mathematical expressions , asserting that the quantities have the same value, or that the expressions represent the same mathematical object . The equality between A and B is written A = B, and pronounced A equals B. The symbol "=" is called an "equals sign ". Thus there are three kinds of equality, which are formalized in different ways. * Two symbols refer to the same object. * Two sets have the same elements. * Two expressions evaluate to the same value, such as a number, vector, function or set.These may be thought of as the logical, settheoretic and algebraic concepts of equality respectively [...More...]  "Equality (mathematics)" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Ancient Greece ANCIENT GREECE was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (c. 600 AD). Immediately following this period was the beginning of the Early Middle Ages and the Byzantine Byzantine era. Roughly three centuries after the Late Bronze Age collapse of Mycenaean Greece , Greek urban poleis began to form in the 8th century BC, ushering in the period of Archaic Greece Archaic Greece and colonization of the Mediterranean Basin . This was followed by the period of Classical Greece , an era that began with the GrecoPersian Wars , lasting from the 5th to 4th centuries BC. Due to the conquests by Alexander the Great of Macedonia , Hellenistic civilization flourished from Central Asia to the western end of the Mediterranean Sea [...More...]  "Ancient Greece" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius ANICIUS MANLIUS SEVERINUS BOëTHIUS, commonly called BOETHIUS (English: /boʊˈiːθiəs/ ; also BOETIUS /boʊˈiːʃəs/ ; c. 480–524 AD), was a Roman senator , consul , magister officiorum , and philosopher of the early 6th century. He was born four years after Odoacer Odoacer deposed the last Roman Emperor Roman Emperor and declared himself King of Italy , and entered public service under Ostrogothic King Theodoric the Great , who later imprisoned and executed him in 524 on charges of conspiracy to overthrow him. While jailed, Boethius Boethius composed his Consolation of Philosophy , a philosophical treatise on fortune, death, and other issues, which became one of the most popular and influential works of the Middle Ages Middle Ages [...More...]  "Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 

Apple The APPLE TREE ( Malus Malus pumila, commonly and erroneously called Malus domestica) is a deciduous tree in the rose family best known for its sweet, pomaceous fruit , the APPLE. It is cultivated worldwide as a fruit tree , and is the most widely grown species in the genus Malus Malus . The tree originated in Central Asia Central Asia , where its wild ancestor, Malus sieversii , is still found today. Apples have been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe, and were brought to North America by European colonists . Apples have religious and mythological significance in many cultures, including Norse , Greek and European Christian traditions . Apple Apple trees are large if grown from seed. Generally apple cultivars are propagated by grafting onto rootstocks, which control the size of the resulting tree [...More...]  "Apple" on: Wikipedia Yahoo 