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Adam And Eve
ADAM AND EVE, according to the creation myth of the Abrahamic religions , were the first man and woman and the ancestors of all humans. The story of Adam
Adam
and Eve
Eve
is central to the belief that God created human beings in the Garden of Eden , although they fell away from that state into the present world full of death, wickedness, pain and suffering. It provides the basis for the belief that humanity is in essence a single family, with everyone descended from a single pair of original ancestors. It also provides much of the scriptural basis for the doctrines of the fall of man and original sin that are important beliefs in Christianity
Christianity
, but which are not generally held in Judaism or Islam
Islam

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Hubris
HUBRIS (/ˈhjuːbrɪs/ , also HYBRIS, from ancient Greek ὕβρις) describes a personality quality of extreme or foolish pride or dangerous overconfidence . In its ancient Greek context, it typically describes behavior that defies the norms of behavior or challenges the gods, and which in turn brings about the downfall, or nemesis , of the perpetrator of hubris. The adjectival form of the noun hubris is "hubristic". Hubris
Hubris
is usually perceived as a characteristic of an individual rather than a group, although the group the offender belongs to may unintentionally suffer consequences from the wrongful act. Hubris
Hubris
often indicates a loss of contact with reality and an overestimation of one's own competence, accomplishments or capabilities
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Human Evolutionary Genetics
HUMAN EVOLUTIONARY GENETICS studies how one human genome differs from another human genome, the evolutionary past that gave rise to it, and its current effects. Differences between genomes have anthropological , medical and forensic implications and applications. Genetic data can provide important insight into human evolution
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Myth
A MYTH is any traditional story consisting of events that are ostensibly historical, explaining the origins of a cultural practice or natural phenomenon. The word "myth" is derived from the Greek word MYTHOS (μῦθος), which simply means "story". Mythology
Mythology
can refer either to the study of myths, or to a body or collection of myths. Myth
Myth
can mean 'sacred story', 'traditional narrative' or 'tale of the gods'. A myth can also be a story to explain why something exists. Human cultures' mythologies usually include a cosmogonical or creation myth , concerning the origins of the world, or how the world came to exist. The active beings in myths are generally gods and goddesses, heroes and heroines, or animals and plants. Most myths are set in a timeless past before recorded time or beginning of the critical history. A myth can be a story involving symbols that are capable of multiple meanings
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Evil
EVIL, in a general context is the absence or opposite of that which is described as being good . Often, evil denotes profound immorality . In certain religious contexts, evil has been described as a supernatural force. Definitions of evil vary, as does the analysis of its motives. However, elements that are commonly associated with evil involve unbalanced behavior involving anger , revenge , fear , hatred , psychological trauma , expediency, selfishness , ignorance , or neglect . In cultures with an Abrahamic religious influence, evil is usually perceived as the dualistic antagonistic opposite of good , in which good should prevail and evil should be defeated
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Shame
SHAME is a painful, social emotion that can be seen as resulting "...from comparison of the self 's action with the self\'s standards ...". but which may equally stem from comparison of the self's state of being with the ideal social context's standard. Thus, shame may stem from volitional action or simply self-regard; no action by the shamed being is required: simply existing is enough. Both the comparison and standards are enabled by socialization . Though usually considered an emotion , shame may also variously be considered an affect , cognition , state, or condition . The roots of the word shame are thought to derive from an older word meaning "to cover"; as such, covering oneself, literally or figuratively, is a natural expression of shame
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Setting (narrative)
The SETTING is both the time and geographic location within a narrative or within a work of fiction . A literary element , the setting helps initiate the main backdrop and mood for a story. Setting has been referred to as story world or milieu to include a context (especially society ) beyond the immediate surroundings of the story. Elements of setting may include culture , historical period , geography , and hour . Along with the plot , character , theme , and style , setting is considered one of the fundamental components of fiction . CONTENTS * 1 Role * 2 Types * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References ROLESetting is an important element in a narrative and in some works the setting becomes a character itself. The term setting is often used to refer to the social milieu in which the events of a novel occur and novelist Donna Levin has described how this social milieu shapes the characters’ values
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Wisdom Tradition
WISDOM TRADITION is a synonym for Perennialism , the idea that there is a perennial or mystic inner core to all religious or spiritual traditions , without the trappings, doctrinal literalism, sectarianism , and power structures that are associated with institutionalized religion. The Wisdom Tradition
Tradition
provides a conceptual framework for the development of the inner self, living a spiritual life, and the realization of enlightenment or of union with God
God
. Ken Wilber frequently uses the term in the plural in his own books, shadowing the theologian Huston Smith
Huston Smith
who popularized the usage. In this context it can be considered synonymous with esotericism , but does not have the faintly Western/Middle Eastern/theosophical nuances that are sometimes associated with the latter term
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Chronology Of The Bible
The CHRONOLOGY OF THE BIBLE is an elaborate system of lifespans, "generations," and other means by which the passage of events is measured, beginning with Creation and extending through other significant events. A widespread scholarly understanding is that the Bible marks out a world cycle (Great Year) of 4,000 years, beginning with Creation and ending, presumably, around 164 BCE, with the year AM 2666 for the exodus representing 26 2/3 of 100 years or two-thirds of the total." It was theological in intent, not historical in the modern sense, and functions as an implied prophecy whose key lies in the identification of the final event. The count begins with creation and Year 1. The passage of time from the Creation to the Exodus is measured by adding the ages of the Patriarchs at the birth of their firstborn sons, later through express statements, and later still by the synchronised reigns of the kings of Israel and Judah
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Israelites
The ISRAELITES (/ˈɪzriəˌlaɪtsˌ/ ; Hebrew : בני ישראל‎‎ Bnei Yisra'el) were a Semitic-speaking people of the ancient Near East , who inhabited a part of Canaan during the tribal and monarchic periods . The ancient Israelites
Israelites
are considered to be an outgrowth of the indigenous Canaanite populations that long inhabited the Southern Levant , Syria
Syria
, ancient Israel
Israel
and the Transjordan . In the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
, the term Israelites
Israelites
refers to the direct descendants of any of the sons of the patriarch Jacob
Jacob
, or to the descendants of the people who are called Israel, and to a worshiper of the God
God
of Israel, Yahweh
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Tate Collection
TATE is an institution that houses the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
's national collection of British art, and international modern and contemporary art. It is a network of four art museums: Tate Britain
Tate Britain
, London (until 2000 known as the Tate
Tate
Gallery, founded 1897), Tate Liverpool
Tate Liverpool
(founded 1988), Tate St Ives
Tate St Ives
, Cornwall
Cornwall
(founded 1993) and Tate Modern
Tate Modern
, London (founded 2000), with a complementary website, Tate
Tate
Online (created 1998). Tate
Tate
is not a government institution, but its main sponsor is the UK Department for Culture, Media and Sport
Department for Culture, Media and Sport

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Form Criticism
FORM CRITICISM is a method of biblical criticism that classifies units of scripture by literary pattern and then attempts to trace each type to its period of oral transmission. Form criticism seeks to determine a unit's original form and the historical context of the literary tradition. Form criticism was originally developed for Old Testament
Old Testament
studies by Hermann Gunkel , Martin Noth , Gerhard von Rad , and other scholars, who used it to supplement the documentary hypothesis with reference to its oral foundations. It later came to be applied to the Gospels by Karl Ludwig Schmidt , Martin Dibelius , Rudolf Bultmann , and Robert M. Price among others. Over the past few decades, form criticism's emphasis on oral tradition has waned in Old Testament
Old Testament
studies
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Parable
A PARABLE is a succinct, didactic story, in prose or verse that illustrates one or more instructive lessons or principles. It differs from a fable in that fables employ animals, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of nature as characters, whereas parables have human characters. A parable is a type of analogy . Some scholars of the canonical gospels and the New Testament
New Testament
apply the term "parable" only to the parables of Jesus
Jesus
, though that is not a common restriction of the term. Parables such as "The Prodigal Son " are central to Jesus' teaching method in the canonical narratives and the apocrypha
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Yahwist
The JAHWIST, or YAHWIST, often abbreviated J, is one of the hypothesized sources of the Pentateuch ( Torah
Torah
), together with the Deuteronomist , the Elohist and the Priestly source . According to the basic four-source hypothesis first proposed by Julius Wellhausen
Julius Wellhausen
, the J Source is the oldest strand of the Pentateuch, dating back to the 9th or 10th century BCE; this dating has more recently fallen out of favor. It originally received its name from its characteristic use of the term Yahweh
Yahweh
(German Jahwe, Hebrew יהוה ) for God. During most of the 20th century the dominant belief among scholars was that the Torah
Torah
had been composed by intertwining four originally separate and complete documents, of which the Jahwist was one—this was called the documentary hypothesis
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Priestly Source
The PRIESTLY SOURCE (or simply P) is, according to the documentary hypothesis , one of four sources of the Torah
Torah
, together with the Jahwist , the Elohist and the Deuteronomist . The characteristics of the Priestly source include a set of claims that are contradicted by non-Priestly passages and therefore uniquely characteristic: no sacrifice before the institution is ordained by God at Sinai , the exalted status of Aaron
Aaron
and the priesthood, and the use of the divine title El Shaddai before God reveals his name to Moses
Moses
, to name a few. P was written to show that even when all seemed lost, God remained present with Israel
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Torah
Outline of Bible-related topics Bible
Bible
book Bible
Bible
portal * v * t * e The TORAH (/ˈtɔːrəˌˈtoʊrə/ ; Hebrew
Hebrew
: תּוֹרָה‎, "instruction, teaching") is the central reference of Judaism
Judaism
. It has a range of meanings. It can most specifically mean the first five books (Pentateuch) of the twenty-four books of the Tanakh
Tanakh
, and it usually includes the rabbinic commentaries (perushim ). The term "Torah" means instruction and offers a way of life for those who follow it; it can mean the continued narrative from Book
Book
of Genesis to the end of the Tanakh, and it can even mean the totality of Jewish teaching, culture and practice
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