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Acromyrmex Hystrix
ACROMYRMEX HYSTRIX is a species of leaf-cutter ant , a New World ant of the subfamily Myrmicinae
Myrmicinae
of the genus Acromyrmex. CONTENTS * 1 Distribution * 2 Subspecies * 2.1 Synonyms * 3 See also * 4 References DISTRIBUTIONThis species can be found in regions including the Amazon and Ecuador
Ecuador
. SUBSPECIES * Acromyrmex hystrix ajax Santschi , 1925 * Acromyrmex hystrix hystrix Latreille , 1802 SYNONYMS * Acromyrmex emilii Santschi , 1925 * Atta hystrix Latreille , 1802 * Formica hystrix Latreille, 1802SEE ALSO * List of leafcutter ants REFERENCES * ^ " Acromyrmex hystrix (Latreille, 1802) - Encyclopedia of Life". Eol.org. 2009-01-15. Retrieved 2010-08-20. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-06-16. Retrieved 2010-08-22
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Ecuador
Coordinates : 2°00′S 77°30′W / 2.000°S 77.500°W / -2.000; -77.500 REPUBLIC OF ECUADOR _República del Ecuador_ (Spanish ) _ Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: * "Dios, patria y libertad" (Spanish ) * "Pro Deo, Patria et Libertate" (Latin ) * "God, homeland and freedom" ANTHEM: Salve, Oh Patria_ (Spanish) _Hail, Oh Homeland_ CAPITAL Quito
Quito
00°9′S 78°21′W / 0.150°S 78.350°W / -0.150; -78.350
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Amazon Rainforest
The AMAZON RAINFOREST (Portuguese : _Floresta Amazônica_ or _Amazônia_; Spanish : _Selva Amazónica_, _Amazonía_ or usually _Amazonia_; French : _Forêt amazonienne_; Dutch : _Amazoneregenwoud_), also known in English as AMAZONIA or the AMAZON JUNGLE , is a moist broadleaf forest in the Amazon biome
Amazon biome
that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America. This basin encompasses 7,000,000 square kilometres (2,700,000 sq mi), of which 5,500,000 square kilometres (2,100,000 sq mi) are covered by the rainforest. This region includes territory belonging to nine nations
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Genus
A GENUS (/ˈdʒiːnəs/ , pl. GENERA) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms in biology . In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family . In binomial nomenclature , the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus. E.g. _ Felis catus _ and _ Felis silvestris _ are two species within the genus _ Felis _. _Felis_ is a genus within the family Felidae . The composition of a genus is determined by a taxonomist . The standards for genus classification are not strictly codified, so different authorities often produce different classifications for genera. There are some general practices used, however, including the idea that a newly defined genus should fulfill these three criteria to be descriptively useful: * monophyly – all descendants of an ancestral taxon are grouped together (i.e
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Subfamily
In biological classification , a SUBFAMILY ( Latin
Latin
: subfamilia, plural subfamiliae) is an auxiliary (intermediate) taxonomic rank , next below family but more inclusive than genus . Standard nomenclature rules end subfamily botanical names with "-oideae", and zoological names with "-inae". SEE ALSO * International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants * International Code of Zoological Nomenclature * Rank (botany) * Rank (zoology) SOURCES * ^ McNeill, J.; Barrie, F.R.; Buck, W.R.; Demoulin, V.; Greuter, W.; Hawksworth, D.L.; Herendeen, P.S.; Knapp, S.; Marhold, K.; Prado, J.; Prud'homme Van Reine, W.F.; Smith, G.F.; Wiersema, J.H.; Turland, N.J. (2012). International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code) adopted by the Eighteenth International Botanical Congress Melbourne, Australia, July 2011. Regnum Vegetabile 154. A.R.G. Gantner Verlag KG
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Felix Santschi
FELIX SANTSCHI (1 December 1872 – 20 November 1940) was a Swiss entomologist known for discovering that ants use the sun as a compass and for describing about 2000 taxa of ants. Santschi is known for his pioneering work on the navigational abilities of ants . In one experiment, he investigated the way harvester ants used the sky to navigate . He found that as long as even a small patch of sky was visible, the ants could return directly to the nest after gathering food. However, when the sky was completely hidden, they lost their sense of direction and began moving haphazardly. Some seventy years later it was shown that ants are guided by the polarization of light. REFERENCES * ^ Wehner, Rüdiger (1990). "On the brink of introducing sensory ecology: Felix Santschi (1872–1940) — Tabib-en-Neml". Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology . 27 (4): 295–306. doi :10.1007/bf00164903 . * ^ Wehner, R. (1997)
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List Of Leafcutter Ants
This is a LIST OF LEAFCUTTER ANTS , comprising 42 species from two genera: Atta and Acromyrmex
Acromyrmex

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Portal
PORTAL may refer to: * Portal (architecture) , a monumental gate or door, or the extremities (ends) of a tunnel * Portals in fiction , magical or technological doorways that connect two locations, dimensions, or points in time * _ Portal _, a video game series developed by Valve Corporation CONTENTS* 1 Computing * 1.1 Gateways to information * 1.2 Other computing * 2 Art, entertainment, and media


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Main Page
The 1983 ATLANTIC HURRICANE SEASON was the least active Atlantic hurricane season in 53 years. Although the season begins by convention on June 1, there were no tropical depressions until July 23, and only four of the season's seven depressions became tropical storms . Tropical Depression Three became Hurricane Alicia_(satellite image pictured)_ on August 17 and made landfall in Texas the next day, breaking thousands of glass windows in Houston's skyscrapers, killing 22 people and causing $1.7 billion in damage. The storm that became Hurricane Barry formed on August 25, crossed Florida, and made landfall near Brownsville, Texas
Brownsville, Texas
, dissipating five days later. Hurricane Chantal stayed out at sea, and was absorbed by a front on September 15. Tropical Depression Six formed on September 19 and caused heavy rains in the Caribbean
Caribbean

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Acromyrmex Hystrix
ACROMYRMEX HYSTRIX is a species of leaf-cutter ant , a New World ant of the subfamily Myrmicinae
Myrmicinae
of the genus Acromyrmex. CONTENTS * 1 Distribution * 2 Subspecies * 2.1 Synonyms * 3 See also * 4 References DISTRIBUTIONThis species can be found in regions including the Amazon and Ecuador
Ecuador
. SUBSPECIES * Acromyrmex hystrix ajax Santschi , 1925 * Acromyrmex hystrix hystrix Latreille , 1802 SYNONYMS * Acromyrmex emilii Santschi , 1925 * Atta hystrix Latreille , 1802 * Formica hystrix Latreille, 1802SEE ALSO * List of leafcutter ants REFERENCES * ^ " Acromyrmex hystrix (Latreille, 1802) - Encyclopedia of Life". Eol.org. 2009-01-15. Retrieved 2010-08-20. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-06-16. Retrieved 2010-08-22
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * _Special_ (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials , a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on _The Blind Leading the Naked _ * "Special", a song on _ The Documentary _ album by GameFILM AND TELEVISION * Special (lighting) , a stage light that is used for a single, s
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Leaf-cutter Ant
LEAFCUTTER ANTS, a non-generic name , are any of 47 species of leaf-chewing ants belonging to the two genera Atta and Acromyrmex
Acromyrmex
. These species of tropical , fungus-growing ants are all endemic to South and Central America , Mexico
Mexico
, and parts of the southern United States . Leafcutter ants can carry more than 20 times their body weight and cut and process fresh vegetation (leaves, flowers, and grasses) to serve as the nutritional substrate for their fungal cultivars." Acromyrmex
Acromyrmex
and Atta ants have much in common anatomically; however, the two can be identified by their external differences. Atta ants have three pairs of spines and a smooth exoskeleton on the upper surface of the thorax , while Acromyrmex
Acromyrmex
ants have four pairs and a rough exoskeleton. Next to humans, leafcutter ants form the largest and most complex animal societies on Earth
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Species
In biology , a SPECIES (abbreviated SP., with the plural form SPECIES abbreviated SPP.) is the basic unit of biological classification and a taxonomic rank . A species is often defined as the largest group of organisms in which two individuals can produce fertile offspring , typically by sexual reproduction . While this definition is often adequate, looked at more closely it is problematic . For example, with hybridisation , in a species complex of hundreds of similar microspecies , or in a ring species , the boundaries between closely related species become unclear. Other ways of defining species include similarity of DNA , morphology , or ecological niche . All species are given a two-part name , a "binomial". The first part of a binomial is the genus to which the species belongs. The second part is called the specific name or the specific epithet (in botanical nomenclature , also sometimes in zoological nomenclature )
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Hymenoptera
Apocrita